37 found
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  1.  57
    Brainhood, Anthropological Figure of Modernity.Fernando Vidal - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (1):5-36.
    If personhood is the quality or condition of being an individual person, brainhood could name the quality or condition of being a brain. This ontological quality would define the `cerebral subject' that has, at least in industrialized and highly medicalized societies, gained numerous social inscriptions since the mid-20th century. This article explores the historical development of brainhood. It suggests that the brain is necessarily the location of the `modern self', and that, consequently, the cerebral subject is the anthropological figure inherent (...)
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  2.  43
    Phenomenology of the Locked-In Syndrome: an Overview and Some Suggestions.Fernando Vidal - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (2):119-143.
    There is no systematic knowledge about how individuals with Locked-in Syndrome experience their situation. A phenomenology of LIS, in the sense of a description of subjective experience as lived by the ill persons themselves, does not yet exist as an organized endeavor. The present article takes a step in that direction by reviewing various materials and making some suggestions. First-person narratives provide the most important sources, but very few have been discussed. LIS barely appears in bioethics and neuroethics. Research on (...)
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  3.  56
    The Moral Authority of Nature.Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.) - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
    For thousands of years, people have used nature to justify their political, moral, and social judgments. Such appeals to the moral authority of nature are still very much with us today, as heated debates over genetically modified organisms and human cloning testify. The Moral Authority of Nature offers a wide-ranging account of how people have used nature to think about what counts as good, beautiful, just, or valuable. The eighteen essays cover a diverse array of topics, including the connection of (...)
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  4.  22
    What Makes Neuroethics Possible?Fernando Vidal - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (2):32-58.
    Since its emergence in the early 2000s, neuroethics has become a recognized, institutionalized and professionalized field. A central strategy for its successful development has been the claim that it must be an autonomous discipline, distinct in particular from bioethics. Such claim has been justified by the conviction, sustained since the 1990s by the capabilities attributed to neuroimaging technologies, that somehow ‘the mind is the brain’, that the brain sciences can illuminate the full range of human experience and behavior, and that (...)
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  5.  2
    The Moral Authority of Nature.Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.) - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
    For thousands of years, people have used nature to justify their political, moral, and social judgments. Such appeals to the moral authority of nature are still very much with us today, as heated debates over genetically modified organisms and human cloning testify. _The Moral Authority of Nature_ offers a wide-ranging account of how people have used nature to think about what counts as good, beautiful, just, or valuable. The eighteen essays cover a diverse array of topics, including the connection of (...)
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  6. Psychology in the 18th Century: A View From Encyclopaedias.Fernando Vidal - 1993 - History of the Human Sciences 6 (1):89-119.
  7. Introduction. Doing What Comes Naturally.Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal - 2004 - In Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.), The Moral Authority of Nature. University of Chicago Press. pp. 1--23.
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  8.  19
    Miracles, Science, and Testimony in Post-Tridentine Saint-Making.Fernando Vidal - 2007 - Science in Context 20 (3):481-508.
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  9.  91
    Brains, Bodies, Selves, and Science: Anthropologies of Identity and the Resurrection of the Body.Fernando Vidal - 2002 - Critical Inquiry 28 (4):930-974.
  10.  19
    Introduction: From “The Popularization of Science Through Film” to “The Public Understanding of Science”.Fernando Vidal - 2018 - Science in Context 31 (1):1-14.
    Science in film, and usual equivalents such asscience on filmorscience on screen, refer to the cinematographic representation, staging, and enactment of actors, information, and processes involved in any aspect or dimension of science and its history. Of course, boundaries are blurry, and films shot as research tools or documentation also display science on screen. Nonetheless, they generally count asscientific film, andscience inandon filmorscreentend to designate productions whose purpose is entertainment and education. Moreover, these two purposes are often combined, and inherently (...)
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  11. Jean Starobinski and the History of the Human Sciences.Fernando Vidal - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (1):73-85.
    The name of the Genevan critic Jean Starobinski will most likely evoke masterful\nreadings of Rousseau and Montaigne, or insightful reconstructions of the world\nof the Enlightenment. With the possible exception of the history of melancholy,\nmuch more rarely will it be associated with the history of psychology and\npsychiatry. A small number of the critic’s contributions to this field have\nappeared in some of his books. Most of them, however, remain scattered, and\nnothing suggests that they are known as widely as they deserve.\nStarobinski’s work in (...)
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  12. Reviews : Graham Richards, Mental Machinery, Part I: The Origins and Conse Quences of Psychological Ideas From 1600 to 1850. London: Athlone Press, 1992. £50.00. Xi + 490pp. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (1):136-138.
  13.  8
    La place de la psychologie dans l’ordre des sciences.Fernando Vidal - 1994 - Revue de Synthèse 115 (3-4):327-353.
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  14.  12
    The ‘Way of Flowers’ and the Care of Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Japan.Yukiko Himeno, Osamu Inoue & Fernando Vidal - 2020 - Arxiu D’Etnografia de Catalunya 21:27-68.
    Tracheostomy with invasive ventilation may be required for the survival of patients at advanced stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In Japan it has been shown that a proactive approach toward TIV may prolong the survival of ALS patients by over 10 years by preventing the lethal respiratory failure that generally occurs within 3-5 years of the onset of the disease. Measures to prolong life expectancy without foregoing quality of life have produced better results in Japan than in other developed countries. (...)
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  15.  22
    Savant Relics: Brains and Remains of Scientists, Edited by Marco Beretta, Maria Conforti, and Paolo Mazzarello, 2016. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (3):285-288.
  16.  12
    Les Raisons du Corps Selon Starobinski.Fernando Vidal - 2020 - Scienza E Filosofia 23.
    Jean Starobinski on the Reason of Body In posthumous homage to Jean Starobinski on the centennial of his birth, this article sketches his thought on the «reasons of the body», linking it to certain contemporary fields of research. Prolonging the «somatic turn» of the 1980s, more recent «emotional» and «interoceptive turns» claim to reintegrate the body into history, the humanities and the neurocognitive sciences. Starobinski’s perspective helps bring their limits to light. Conversely, approaching his critical enterprise from their vantage point (...)
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  17.  15
    The Locked-in Syndrome: Perspectives from Ethics, History, and Phenomenology.Fernando Vidal - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (2):115-118.
    The existential situation of persons who suffer from the locked-in syndrome raises manifold issues significant to medical anthropology, phenomenology, biomedical ethics, and neuroethics that have not yet been systematically explored. The present special issue of Neuroethics illustrates the joint effort of a consolidating network of scholars from various disciplines in Europe, North America and Japan to go in that direction, and to explore LIS beyond clinical studies and quality of life assessments.
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  18. Human Persons and Human Brains : A Historical Perspective Within the Christian Tradition.Fernando Vidal - 2010 - In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking Human Nature: A Multidisciplinary Approach. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Company.
     
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  19. "Les mystères de la douleur divine". Une "prière" du jeune Jean Piaget pour l'année 1916.Fernando Vidal - 1994 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 126:97.
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  20. Onanism, Enlightenment Medicine, and the Immanent Justice of Nature.Fernando Vidal - 2004 - In Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.), The Moral Authority of Nature. University of Chicago Press. pp. 254--81.
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  21. Piaget Antes De Ser Piaget.Fernando Vidal - 1999 - Revista Agustiniana 40:399-401.
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  22. University of Geneva.Fernando Vidal - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (1).
     
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  23. Book Reviews-Constructing Scientific Psychology. Karl Lashley's Mind-Brain Debates.Nadine M. Weidman & Fernando Vidal - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (2):337-338.
     
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  24. 1. Did Philosophers Have to Become Fixated on Truth? Did Philosophers Have to Become Fixated on Truth?(Pp. 803-824).Geoffrey Winthrop‐Young, O. K. Werckmeister, J. M. Mancini, Ian Hunter & Fernando Vidal - 2002 - Critical Inquiry 28 (4).
     
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  25.  31
    Introduction: Knowledge, Belief, and the Impulse to Natural Theology.Fernando Vidal & Bernhard Kleeberg - 2007 - Science in Context 20 (3):381-400.
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  26.  16
    Accuracy, Authenticity, Fidelity: Aesthetic Realism, the “Deficit Model,” and the Public Understanding of Science.Fernando Vidal - 2018 - Science in Context 31 (1):129-153.
    Argument“Deficit model” designates an outlook on the public understanding and communication of science that emphasizes scientific illiteracy and the need to educate the public. Though criticized, it is still widespread, especially among scientists. Its persistence is due not only to factors ranging from scientists’ training to policy design, but also to the continuance of realism as an aesthetic criterion. This article examines the link between realism and the deficit model through discussions of neurology and psychiatry in fiction film, as well (...)
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  27.  20
    Frankenstein’s Brain: “The Final Touch”.Fernando Vidal - 2016 - Substance 45 (2):88-117.
    From the classic Frankenstein of 1931 to Matrix, which offers a version of the philosophical fable of the brain in a vat and on to Self/less, in which the consciousness of a dying tycoon is transferred to a younger man’s body, cinema has variously explored the relationship between personhood and the body by means of fictions concerning the brain and its contents.1 From the crude disembodied brains of 1950s B-movies to the neuroimaging visuals of 21st-century cyberpunk, these films localize individuality (...)
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  28.  34
    Jean Piaget and the Child Psychologist.Jacques Vonèche & Fernando Vidal - 1985 - Synthese 65 (1):121 - 138.
  29.  12
    B ERNADETTE B ENSAUDE -V INCENT and B RUNO B ERNARDI , Rousseau Et les Sciences. Paris, Budapest and Turin: L'Harmattan, 2003. Pp. 316. ISBN 2-7475-5100-8. €25.90. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (3):368-369.
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  30. The Eighteenth Century As "century Of Psychology".Fernando Vidal - 2000 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 8.
    Although the eighteenth century is not a chief interest of historians of psychology, nor is the history of psychology a main topic of Enlightenment studies, the era has long qualified as what a textbook of modern philosophy called "the century of psychology". The present article examines such a historiographical paradox, and asks in what senses eighteenth-century might deserve that label. For the general historian of the Enlightenment, as for historians of logic, esthetics, moral philosophy, or education, the label is justified (...)
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  31.  10
    Dualisms of Body and Soul: Historiographical Challenges to a Stereotype: Danijela Kambaskovic : Conjunctions of Mind, Soul and Body From Plato to the Enlightenment. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014; Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind, Vol. 15, Xviii+421pp, $179 HB.Fernando Vidal - 2016 - Metascience 25 (1):111-114.
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  32.  9
    Raymond Tallis. Aping Mankind: Neuromania, Darwinitis, and the Misrepresentation of Humanity. Xi + 388 Pp., Bibl., Index. Durham, U.K.: Acumen, 2011. €25. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 2012 - Isis 103 (3):628-629.
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  33.  12
    La Vanité de la Nomenclature. Un Manuscrit Inedit de Jean Piaget.Fernando Vidal, Jean Piaget & Tardieu - 1984 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 6 (1):75 - 106.
    Jean Piaget, connu comme créateur d'une théorie du développement de l'intelligence chez l'enfant, fut un naturaliste précoce. En 1912, à l'âge de seize ans, il prononça une conférence sur « La vanité de la nomenclature » dans le cadre des activités d'un club de jeunes naturalistes; le manuscrit de cette conférence a été retrouvé récemment. L'introduction à la présente édition du manuscrit essaie de montrer l'importance de ce dernier pour une biographie historique de Piaget. D'une part, « La vanité » (...)
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  34.  12
    Jean Piaget's Early Critique of Mendelism: 'La Notion de l'Espèce Suivant l'École Mendélienne' (A 1913 Manuscript).Fernando Vidal - 1992 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 14 (1):113 - 135.
    In 1913, the future psychologist and epistemologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980), then a seventeen-year-old naturalist, gave a talk criticizing 'the notion of the species according to the Mendelian school'. In it, he confounded Mendelism and mutationism, and misunderstood both. He attributed an environmental nature to the 'factors' postulated by Mendel's laws for inherited characteristics, and thought that mutations resulted from the appearance of a new environmental factor. Such misinterpretations are closely related to Piaget's assimilation of the Bergsonian critique of 'mechanistic' science (...)
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  35.  5
    Aping Mankind: Neuromania, Darwinitis, and the Misrepresentation of Humanity. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 2012 - Isis 103:628-629.
  36.  1
    The Beach and the Labyrinth: Experimental Urban Landscapes of the Human.Fernando Vidal - unknown
    In Dark City, people live in a city that is constantly in the dark. The city is in fact a laboratory constructed by a race of Strangers who live below the urban surface to do experiments aimed at discovering what makes human beings human. The Strangers will survive only by becoming like them. To find out what humanity is, but assuming it is essentially related to memory, every day they paralyze all human activity, extract memories from individuals, mix them, and (...)
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  37.  1
    Rousseau Et les Sciences. [REVIEW]Fernando Vidal - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (3):368-369.
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