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Fernando Leal [16]Fernando Antonio Leal [1]Fernando de Barros Leal [1]
  1.  24
    On the Importance of Questioning Within the Ideal Model of Critical Discussion.Fernando Leal - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (4):405-431.
    Both questions as abstract objects and the speech acts, here called requests, by which we ask them play an enormous role in all argumentative practices. Nonetheless, there is hardly a proper systematic treatment of questions and requests in current argumentation theories. This paper is a first attempt at providing such a systematic treatment. This is achieved by following the ideal model of a critical discussion as elaborated over the years by the Amsterdam school of pragma-dialectics. After introducing the distinction between (...)
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  2.  53
    Ethics is fragile, goodness is not.Fernando Leal - 1995 - AI and Society 9 (1):29-42.
    This paper first illustrates what kind of ethical issues arise from the new information, communication and automation technology. It then argues that we may embrace the popular idea that technology is ethically neutral or even ambivalent without having to close our eyes to those issues and in fact, that the ethical neutrality of technology makes them all the more urgent. Finally, it suggests that the widely ignored fact of normal responsible behaviour offers a new and fruitful starting point for any (...)
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  3.  27
    Is Natural Selection in Trouble? When Emotions Run High in a Philosophical Debate.Fernando Leal - 2022 - Argumentation 36 (4):541-567.
    This paper deals in detail with a fairly recent philosophical debate centered around the ability of the theory of natural selection to account for those phenotypical changes which can be argued to make organisms better adapted to their environments. The philosopher and cognitive scientist Jerry Fodor started the debate by claiming that natural selection cannot do the job. He follows two main lines of argumentation. One is based on an alleged conceptual defect in the theory, the other on alleged empirical (...)
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  4.  16
    Argumentation Ab Homine in Philosophy.Fernando Leal - 2021 - Informal Logic 41 (2):219-243.
    Argumentation that uses the beliefs of one’s opponents to refute them is well known. This paper proposes that there is a hitherto unnoticed counterpart to it, to be called ab homine, in which speakers/writers argue through the manner in which they deliver a message. Since the manner of delivery can never be turned into a premise or premises, this form of argumentation—although somewhat resembling Aristotle’s ethos—is much closer to the peculiar force of Socratic elenchos.
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  5.  15
    Argumentation in Philosophical Controversies.Fernando Leal & Hubert Marraud - 2022 - Argumentation 36 (4):455-479.
    Anyone interested in philosophical argumentation should be prepared to study philosophical debates and controversies because it is an intensely dialogical, and even contentious, genre of argumentation. There is hardly any other way to do them justice. This is the reason why the present special issue addresses philosophical argumentation within philosophical debates. Of the six articles in this special issue, one deals with a technical aspect, the diagramming of arguments, another contrasts two moments in philosophical argumentation, Antiquity and the twentieth century, (...)
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  6.  5
    Filosofía de los ideales políticos.Fernando Antonio Leal - 1992 - San José: Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica.
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  7.  13
    Frans H. van Eemeren and Bart Garssen (Eds.): From Argument Schemes to Argumentative Relations in the Wild: A Variety of Contributions to Argumentation Theory: Cham (CH), Springer (= Argumentation Library, 35), 2020, 289 pp.Fernando Leal - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (3):389-397.
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  8.  6
    Leading a Philosophical Life in Dark Times: The Case of Leonard Nelson and His Followers.Fernando Leal - 2020-10-05 - In James M. Ambury, Tushar Irani & Kathleen Wallace (eds.), Philosophy as a way of life: historical, contemporary, and pedagogical perspectives. Malden, MA: Wiley. pp. 184–209.
    The author argues that the individual and group life of Leonard Nelson and his followers constitute a case of philosophy as a way of life in the sense described by Pierre Hadot. Philosophy as a theoretical activity was for Nelson not enough; it had to have a practical effect. Insofar as a philosopher first tries to live according to his philosophy, and in that process looks for a transformation of his own life, we can say that this is a proper (...)
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  9. Memorias: algunas consecuencias filosóficas de UNITYP, lógica y ontología: tipos lógicos, grados de generalización y niveles lingüísticos.Iturrioz Leza, José Luis & Fernando Leal (eds.) - 1986 - Guadalajara, Jalisco, México: Universidad de Guadalajara, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras.
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  10.  11
    Is Practical Philosophy for Private Profit or Public Good?Patricia Shipley & Fernando Leal - 2002 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 9 (1):1-9.
    This paper takes a critical look at the rise of the practice of philosophy in the market place in late modernity. Two main forms of such practice are identified: the practice of Socratic Dialogue in small groups in organisations and one-to-one philosophical counselling of individual 'clients'. The relevance of professionalism for commercialised applied practical philosophy is discussed. Philosophical counsellors in particular may be at risk of engaging with vulnerable individuals who are in need of protection from practitioners who are not (...)
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  11.  35
    Is Practical Philosophy for Private Profit or Public Good?: A Critical View of the Practical Turn in Contemporary Philosophy.Patricia Shipley & Fernando Leal - 2002 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 9 (1):1-9.
    This paper takes a critical look at the rise of the practice of philosophy in the market place in late modernity. Two main forms of such practice are identified: the practice of Socratic Dialogue in small groups in organisations and one-to-one philosophical counselling of individual 'clients'. The relevance of professionalism for commercialised applied practical philosophy is discussed. Philosophical counsellors in particular may be at risk of engaging with vulnerable individuals who are in need of protection from practitioners who are not (...)
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  12.  42
    Review of: Frans H. van Eemeren : Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse: Fifty Contributions to the Development of Pragma-Dialectics, Cham , Springer , 880 pp. [REVIEW]Fernando Leal - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (4):527-532.
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  13.  9
    Frans H. van Eemeren (2012): Maniobras estratégicas en el discurso argumentativo. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas & Editorial Plaza y Valdés (Series “Theoria cum Praxi”, No. 9). Spanish translation, by Cristián Santibáñez and María Elena Molina, of: Frans H. van Eemeren (2010): Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation, John Benjamins, Amsterdam (Series “Argumentation in Context”, No. 2). [REVIEW]Fernando Leal - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):129-132.
    Frans H. van Eemeren : Maniobras estratégicas en el discurso argumentativo. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas & Editorial Plaza y Valdés . Spanish translation, by Cristián Santibáñez and María Elena Molina, of: Frans H. van Eemeren : Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation, John Benjamins, Amsterdam.
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  14.  40
    Frans H. van Eemeren (2012): Maniobras estratégicas en el discurso argumentativo. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas & Editorial Plaza y Valdés (Series “Theoria cum Praxi”, No. 9). Spanish translation, by Cristián Santibáñez and María Elena Molina, of: Frans H. van Eemeren (2010): Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation, John Benjamins, Amsterdam (Series “Argumentation in Context”, No. 2). [REVIEW]Fernando Leal - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):129-132.
    Each one of the five books authored or co-authored by Frans van Eemeren which have so far been translated into Spanish clearly fulfills a different role. Following the chronological order, we first have Speech Acts in Argumentative Discussions (van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1984; Spanish translation 2013), a book that contains the theoretical spadework in the field of pragmatics on which the whole edifice of pragma-dialectics is erected. Then follows Argumentation, Communication, and Fallacies (van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1992; Spanish translation 2002, (...)
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