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Farshid Baghai
Villanova University
  1. The Whole of Reason in Kant’s Critical Philosophy.Farshid Baghai - 2019 - Dialogue 58 (2):251-286.
    Kant often compares reason to an organized body, which suggests that reason should be understood as a whole from which all possible uses of the faculties of reason are derived. However, Kant does not elaborate his conception of the whole of reason. Nor does the secondary literature. This paper suggests that the wholeness of reason is the apodictic modality of reason, i.e., the necessary standard that determines what can systematically belong to reason, and thus works as the systematic condition for (...)
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    The Disciplinary Conception of Enlightenment in Kant’s Critical Philosophy.Farshid Baghai - 2020 - Critical Horizons 21 (2):130-152.
    Kant does not completely work out his philosophical conception of enlightenment. The definition of enlightenment that he offers in his well-known essay on the topic does not seem to completely match the definition that he puts forward later in his essay on the pantheism controversy and in the third Critique. It remains unclear how the two definitions relate to each other and whether and how they rest on the same principle. The lack of clarity in Kant’s conception of enlightenment is (...)
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    Why Is There a Doctrine of Method in Critique of Pure Reason?Farshid Baghai - 2018 - Idealistic Studies 48 (2):99-132.
    Kant characterizes Critique of Pure Reason as “a treatise on the method”. But he does not clearly work out the Doctrine of Method of the Critique. Most interpreters of the Critique do not work out the Doctrine of Method either. This paper outlines the systematic place and significance of the Doctrine of Method within the structure of the Critique. It suggests that the Doctrine of Method supplies the methodological conditions, or systematic laws, of possible cognitions of reason. In other words, (...)
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    Systematic Needs of the Doctrine of Elements in Critique of Pure Reason.Farshid Baghai - 2018 - Idealistic Studies 48 (1):1-24.
    Most interpretations of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason focus on its Doctrine of Elements, and ignore that the Doctrine of Elements needs to be grounded systematically in the Doctrine of Method. As a step toward remedying such neglect, this paper outlines the relation between the Doctrine of Elements and the Doctrine of Method within the Critique. It lays out the three systematic needs implied in the Doctrine of Elements, and shows that, in Kant’s account, these needs can be satisfied only (...)
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    The Principle of Reason's Self-Preservation in Kant's Essay on the Pantheism Controversy.Farshid Baghai - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association:1-22.
    In his 1786 essay on the pantheism controversy, ‘What Does It Mean to Orient Oneself in Thinking?’, Kant implies that ‘the maxim of reason's self-preservation [Selbsterhaltung]’ is reason's first principle for orienting itself in thinking supersensible objects. But Kant does not clearly explain what the maxim or principle of reason's self-preservation is and how it fits into his larger project of critical philosophy. Nor does the secondary literature. This article reconstructs Kant's discussion of the principle of reason's self-preservation in ‘What (...)
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    The Concept of Publicness in Kant’s Critical Method of Metaphysics.Farshid Baghai - 2022 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 48 (3):333-360.
    Kant’s writings on political philosophy do not clearly and conclusively determine its place and significance in his critical philosophy. To address this issue, most accounts of Kant’s political philosophy concentrate on his explicitly political texts that cluster around the second and third Critiques. Although many of these interpretations illuminate different aspects of Kant’s political philosophy, they are silent with regard to a concept of publicness that is implied in the first Critique. This article suggests that Kant’s critical method of metaphysics (...)
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    The Concept of Publicness in Kant’s Critical Method of Metaphysics.Farshid Baghai - 2021 - Sage Publications Ltd: Philosophy and Social Criticism 48 (3):333-360.
    Philosophy & Social Criticism, Volume 48, Issue 3, Page 333-360, March 2022. Kant’s writings on political philosophy do not clearly and conclusively determine its place and significance in his critical philosophy. To address this issue, most accounts of Kant’s political philosophy concentrate on his explicitly political texts that cluster around the second and third Critiques. Although many of these interpretations illuminate different aspects of Kant’s political philosophy, they are silent with regard to a concept of publicness that is implied in (...)
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