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  1. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience.Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson & Eleanor Rosch - 1991 - MIT Press.
    The Embodied Mind provides a unique, sophisticated treatment of the spontaneous and reflective dimension of human experience.
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  2.  21
    Principles of Biological Autonomy.Francisco J. Varela - 1979 - North-Holland.
  3. The Tree of Knowledge:The Biological Roots of Human Understanding.Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela - 1992 - Cognition.
    "Knowing how we know" is the subject of this book. Its authors present a new view of cognition that has important social and ethical implications, for, they assert, the only world we humans can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence. Written for a general audience as well as for students, scholars, and scientists and abundantly illustrated with examples from biology, linguistics, and new social and cultural phenomena, this revised edition includes a new afterword (...)
     
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  4. Neurophenomenology: A Methodological Remedy for the Hard Problem.F. Varela - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):330-49.
    This paper responds to the issues raised by D. Chalmers by offering a research direction which is quite radical because of the way in which methodological principles are linked to scientific studies of consciousness. Neuro-phenomenology is the name I use here to designate a quest to marry modern cognitive science and a disciplined approach to human experience, thereby placing myself in the lineage of the continental tradition of Phenomenology. My claim is that the so-called hard problem that animates these Special (...)
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  5. Naturalizing Phenomenology: Issues in Contemporary Phenomenology and Cognitive Science.Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.) - 1999 - Stanford University Press.
  6. Radical Embodiment: Neural Dynamics and Consciousness.Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):418-425.
  7.  11
    Ethical Know-How: Action, Wisdom, and Cognition.Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - Stanford University Press.
    How can science be brought to connect with experience? This book addresses two of the most challenging problems facing contemporary neurobiology and cognitive science. Firstly, understanding how we unconsciously execute habitual actions as a result of neurological and cognitive processes that are not formal actions of conscious judgment but part of a habitual nexus of systematic self-organization. Secondly, attempting to create an ethics adequate to our present awareness that there is no such thing as a transcendental self, a stable subject (...)
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  8. Life After Kant: Natural Purposes and the Autopoietic Foundations of Biological Individuality. [REVIEW]Andreas Weber & Francisco J. Varela - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):97-125.
    This paper proposes a basic revision of the understanding of teleology in biological sciences. Since Kant, it has become customary to view purposiveness in organisms as a bias added by the observer; the recent notion of teleonomy expresses well this as-if character of natural purposes. In recent developments in science, however, notions such as self-organization (or complex systems) and the autopoiesis viewpoint, have displaced emergence and circular self-production as central features of life. Contrary to an often superficial reading, Kant gives (...)
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  9. The Specious Present: A Neurophenomenology of Time Consciousness.Francisco Varela - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Franscisco J. Varela, Barnard Pacoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford University Press. pp. 266--314.
  10. On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing.Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2003 - John Benjamins.
    Searches for the sources and means for a disciplined practical approach to exploring human experience.
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  11.  14
    The View From Within: First-Person Approaches to the Study of Consciousness.Jonathan Shear & Francisco J. Varela (eds.) - 1999 - Imprint Academic.
    The study of conscious experience per se has not kept pace with the dramatic advances in PET, fMRI and other brain-scanning technologies. If anything, the standard approaches to examining the 'view from within' involve little more than cataloguing its readily accessible components. Thus the study of lived subjective experience is still at the level of Aristotelian science, leading to a widespread scepticism over the possibility of a truly scientific study of conscious experience. Drawing on a wide range of approaches -- (...)
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  12.  95
    Ways of Coloring.Evan Thompson, A. Palacios & F. J. Varela - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):1-26.
    Different explanations of color vision favor different philosophical positions: Computational vision is more compatible with objectivism (the color is in the object), psychophysics and neurophysiology with subjectivism (the color is in the head). Comparative research suggests that an explanation of color must be both experientialist (unlike objectivism) and ecological (unlike subjectivism). Computational vision's emphasis on optimally prespecified features of the environment (i.e., distal properties, independent of the sensory-motor capacities of the animal) is unsatisfactory. Conceiving of visual perception instead as the (...)
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  13. Guiding the Study of Brain Dynamics by Using First- Person Data: Synchrony Patterns Correlate with Ongoing Conscious States During a Simple Visual Task.Antoine Lutz, Jacques Martinerie, Jean-Philippe Lachaux & Francisco J. Varela - 2002 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Usa 99 (3):1586-1591.
    Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Imagerie Ce´re´brale (LENA), Hoˆpital de La Salpeˆtrie`re, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS).
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  14. First-Person Methodologies: What, Why, How?Francisco Varela & Jonathan Shear - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):1-14.
  15.  23
    Ways of Coloring: Comparative Color Vision as a Case Study for Cognitive Science.Evan Thompson, Adrian Palacios & Francisco J. Varela - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):1-26.
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  16. Beyond the Gap: An Introduction to Naturalizing Phenomenology.Jean-Michel Roy, Jean Petitot, Bernard Pachoud & Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Franscisco J. Varela, Barnard Pacoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford University Press.
     
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  17. Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
  18. The Naturalization of Phenomenology as the Transcendence of Nature: Searching for Generative Mutual Constraints.Francisco J. Varela - 1997 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 5:355-385.
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  19. Present-Time Consciousness.Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):111-140.
    My purpose in this article is to propose an explicitly naturalized account of the experience of present nowness on the basis of two complementary sources: phenomenological analysis and cognitive neuroscience. What I mean by naturalization, and the role cognitive neuroscience plays will become clear as the paper unfolds, but the main intention is to use the consciousness of present time as a study case for the phenomenological framework presented by Depraz in this Special Issue.
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  20.  22
    Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco J. Varela - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (sup1):93-132.
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  21. Phenomenology In Consciousness Research.Francisco Varela - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):330-349.
  22. The Basic Cycle.Natalie Depraz, Francisco Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2003 - In Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (eds.), On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. John Benjamins. pp. 15-63.
  23. Mechanism and Biological Explanation.Francisco Varela & Humberto Maturana - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (3):378-382.
    Machines and Biology have been, since antiquity, closely related. From the zoological figures present in astronomical simulacra, through renaissance mechanical imitations of animals, through Decartes' wind pipe nerves, to present day discussions on the computer and the brain, runs a continuous thread. In fact, the very name of mechanism for an attitude of inquiry throughout the history of Biology reveals this at a philosophical level. More often than not, mechanism is mentioned in opposition to vitalism, as an assertion of the (...)
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  24.  22
    Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco J. Varela - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (Supplement):93-132.
    e argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  25. Intimate Distances: Fragments for a Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation.F. Varela - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):259-271.
    In this article, the author uses his recent experience of organ transplantation as the basis for reflection on phenomenologically-derived notions of lived experience, temporality, selfhood and medical ethics.
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  26.  56
    The Gesture of Awareness: An Account of its Structural Dynamics.Natalie Depraz, F. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2000 - In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. pp. 13--121.
  27. Peer Commentary and Responses 307.Francisco Varela & Jonathan Shear - 1999 - In J. Shear & Francisco J. Varela (eds.), The View From Within: First-Person Approaches to the Study of Consciousness. Imprint Academic. pp. 6--2.
     
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  28. Neural Synchrony and the Unity of Mind: A Neurophenomenological Perspective.F. Varela & Evan Thompson - 2003 - In Axel Cleeremans (ed.), The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
  29. At the Source of Time: Valence and the Constitutional Dynamics of Affect: The Question, the Background: How Affect Originarily Shapes Time.Francisco J. Varela - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):8-10.
    This paper represents a step in the analysis of the key, but much-neglected role of affect and emotions as the originary source of the living present, as a foundational dimension of the moment-to-moment emergence of consciousness. In a more general sense, we may express the question in the following terms: there seems to be a growing consensus from various sources -- philosophical, empirical and clinical -- that emotions cannot be seen as a mere 'coloration' of the cognitive agent, understood as (...)
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  30.  41
    Neurofenomenologia: Metodologiczne Lekarstwo Na Trudny Problem.Francisco Varela - 2010 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1):31-75.
    This paper responds to the issues raised by D. Chalmers by offering a research direction which is quite radical because of the way in which methodological principles are linked to scientific studies of consciousness. Neuro-phenomenology is the name I use here to designate a quest to marry modern cognitive science and a disciplined approach to human experience, thereby placing myself in the lineage of the continental tradition of Phenomenology. My claim is that the so-called hard problem that animates these Special (...)
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  31.  11
    Color Vision: A Case Study in the Foundations of Cognitive Science.Francisco J. Varela & Evan Thompson - 1990 - Revue de Synthèse 111 (1-2):129-138.
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  32. A Science of Consciousness as If Experience Mattered.F. Varela - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness 1996. MIT Press.
  33. A Cognitive View of the Immune System.Francisco Varela - 1994 - World Futures 42 (1):31-40.
  34. Experimental Epistemology: Background and Future.Francisco Varela - unknown - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 5.
  35. Der Baum der Erkenntnis. Die Biologischen Wurzeln des Menschlichen Erkennens.Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela - 1989 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (1):166-169.
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  36. Neural Synchrony and Consciousness: Are We Getting Somewhere?F. Varela - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S26 - S27.
  37.  7
    Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela - 2010 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1):77-124.
    e argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  38. Understanding Origins. Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life.Francisco J. Varela & Jean-Pierre Dupuy - forthcoming - Mind and Society. Dordrecht, Boston, London.
     
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  39. El Arbol Del Conocimiento Las Bases Biol'ogicas Del Conocimiento Humano.Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela - 1990
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  40.  58
    On the Ways to Color.Evan Thompson, Adrian Palacios & Francisco J. Varela - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):56-74.
  41. Truth is What Works : Francisco J. Varela on Cognitive Science, Buddhism, the Inseparability of Subject and Object, and the Exaggerations of Constructivism--A Conversation.Francisco J. Varela & Bernhard Poerksen - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 40 (1):35-53.
  42.  60
    Przerysować Mapę I Przestawić Czas: Fenomenologia I Nauki Kognitywne.Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela - 2010 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 1 (1).
    We argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  43. Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life, Mind and Society.Francisco J. Varela, Jean-Pierre Dupuy & Elias L. Khalil - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  44.  31
    Consciousness: The Inside View.Francisco J. Varela - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (7):318-319.
  45.  18
    Upwards and Downwards Causation in the Brain: Case Studies on the Emergence and Efficacy of Consciousness.F. Varela - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 33--95.
  46.  93
    Autopoiesis and Lifelines: The Importance of Origins.Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):909-910.
    Lifelines provides a useful corrective to “ultra-Darwinism” but it is marred by its failure to cite its scientific predecessors. Rose's argument could have been strengthened by taking greater account of the theory of autopoiesis in biology and of enactive cognitive science.
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  47. Cartas a Elpidio Sobre la Impiedad la Superstición y El Fanatismo En Sus Relaciones Con la Sociedad.Félix Varela & Humberto Piñera Llera - 1944 - Universidad de la Habana.
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  48. Is There an Unconscious in Buddhist Teaching? A Conversation Between Joyce McDougall and His Holiness the Dalai Lama.Francisco Varela - 1998 - In Anthony Molino (ed.), The Couch and the Tree: Dialogues in Psychoanalysis and Buddhism. North Point Press.
     
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  49. Whence Perceptual Meaning? A Cartography of Current Ideas. Red. FJ Varela I JP Dupuy. Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life. [REVIEW]F. J. Varela - 1992 - Mind, and Society. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 130.
     
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  50.  48
    La réduction a l’épreuve de l’expérience.Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch - 2000 - Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
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