Results for 'F. Jeffry Pelletier'

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  1.  38
    Non-Singular Reference: Some Preliminaries.F. Jeffry Pelletier - 1975 - Philosophia 5 (4):451-465.
    One of the goals of a certain brand of philosopher has been to give an account of language and linguistic phenomena by means of showing how sentences are to be translated into a "logically perspicuous notation" (or an "ideal language"—to use passe terminology). The usual reason given by such philosophers for this activity is that such a notational system will somehow illustrate the "logical form" of these sentences. There are many candidates for this notational system: (almost) ordinary first-order predicate logic (...)
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  2.  34
    Sortal Quantification and Restricted Quantification.F. Jeffry Pelletier - 1972 - Philosophical Studies 23 (6):400 - 404.
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  3. How to Say Goodbye to the Third Man.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Edward N. Zalta - 2000 - Noûs 34 (2):165–202.
    In (1991), Meinwald initiated a major change of direction in the study of Plato’s Parmenides and the Third Man Argument. On her conception of the Parmenides , Plato’s language systematically distinguishes two types or kinds of predication, namely, predications of the kind ‘x is F pros ta alla’ and ‘x is F pros heauto’. Intuitively speaking, the former is the common, everyday variety of predication, which holds when x is any object (perceptible object or Form) and F is a property (...)
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  4.  48
    On Some Proposals for the Semantics of Mass Nouns.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1974 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):87 - 108.
    Simple mass nouns are words like ‘water’, ‘furniture’ and ‘gold’. We can form complex mass noun phrases such as ‘dirty water’, ‘leaded gold’ and ‘green grass’. I do not propose to discuss the problems in giving a characterization of the words that are mass versus those that are not. For the purposes of this paper I shall make the following decrees: (a) nothing that is not a noun or noun phrase can be mass, (b) no abstract noun phrases are considered (...)
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  5.  10
    Geoff Sutcliffe.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    (although the FOF, unlike the CNF, is still a theorem). The correct version of Problem 62 is (following the format of (Pelletier, 1986)): Natural FOF Negated Conclusion CNF (Ax)r(Pet~(Px m Pf(x))) m Pf(f(x))] Pet Px+ P f(f(x)) + -Pa..
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  6.  18
    Thephilosophyofautomatedtheoremproving.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    Different researchers use "the philosophy of automated theorem p r o v i n g " t o cover d i f f e r e n t concepts, indeed, different levels of concepts. Some w o u l d count such issues as h o w to e f f i c i e n t l y i n d e x databases as part of the philosophy of automated theorem p r o v i n g . (...)
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  7.  43
    Context Dependence and Compositionality.Pelletier Francis Jeffry - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (2):148–161.
    Some utterances of sentences such as ‘Every student failed the midterm exam’ and ‘There is no beer’ are widely held to be true in a conversation despite the facts that not every student in the world failed the midterm exam and that there is, in fact, some beer somewhere. For instance, the speaker might be talking about some particular course, or about his refrigerator. Stanley and Szabó (in Mind and Language v. 15, 2000) consider many different approaches to how contextual (...)
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  8. Francis Jeffry Pelletier and John King-Farlow, Eds., New Essays on Plato Reviewed By.Donald Zeyl - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (2):79-81.
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  9.  36
    Francis Jeffry Pelletier, John King-Farlow : New Essays on Plato. Pp. 183. Guelph, Ontario: Produced for the Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy by the University of Calgary Press, 1983. Paper, $13. [REVIEW]R. W. Jordan - 1986 - The Classical Review 36 (1):142-142.
  10. Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Parmenides, Plato and the Semantics of Not-Being. [REVIEW]Nicholas Denyer - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (2):108-111.
     
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  11.  21
    Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics.Francis Jeffry Pelletier (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press USA.
    A generic statement is a type of generalization that is made by asserting that a "kind" has a certain property. For example we might hear that marshmallows are sweet. Here, we are talking about the "kind" marshmallow and assert that individual instances of this kind have the property of being sweet. Almost all of our common sense knowledge about the everyday world is put in terms of generic statements. What can make these generic sentences be true even when there are (...)
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  12. Kees van Deemter and Stanley Peters, Eds., Semantic Ambiguity and Underspecification Reviewed By.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18 (4):305-309.
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  13. Mass Terms Some Philosophical Problems, Edited by Francis Jeffry Pelletier. --.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1979 - Holland, Boston, D. Reidel Pub. Co.
     
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  14. F.J. PELLETIER "Mass Terms: Some Philosophical Problems". [REVIEW]P. M. Simons - 1980 - History and Philosophy of Logic 1:245.
     
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  15.  22
    Mass Terms: Some Philosophical Problems. Edited by Francis Jeffry Pelletier.Dennis A. Rohatyn - 1980 - Modern Schoolman 57 (4):374-375.
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  16.  7
    New Essays in Philosophy of Language Francis Jeffry Pelletier and Calvin G. Normore, Editors Guelph, Ontario: Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy, 1980. Pp. 223. $10.00. [REVIEW]Michael Stack - 1983 - Dialogue 22 (4):725-727.
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  17.  46
    "Parmenides, Plato, and the Semantics of Not-Being", by Francis Jeffry Pelletier[REVIEW]James Wm Forrester - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):157.
  18.  12
    "New Essays on Aristotle", Ed. By Francis Jeffry Pelletier and John King-Farlow. [REVIEW]Joseph Shea - 1986 - Ancient Philosophy 6:222.
  19.  1
    Critical Notice - F.J. Pelletier Parmenides, Plato, and the Semantics of Not-Being. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press 1990. Pp. Xxi + 166. [REVIEW]Paul Thom - 1992 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):573-586.
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  20.  99
    A Brief History of Natural Deduction.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1999 - History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (1):1-31.
    Natural deduction is the type of logic most familiar to current philosophers, and indeed is all that many modern philosophers know about logic. Yet natural deduction is a fairly recent innovation in logic, dating from Gentzen and Ja?kowski in 1934. This article traces the development of natural deduction from the view that these founders embraced to the widespread acceptance of the method in the 1960s. I focus especially on the different choices made by writers of elementary textbooks?the standard conduits of (...)
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  21. Genericity: An Introduction.Manfred Krifka, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Gregory Carlson, Alice ter Meulen, Gennaro Chierchia & Godehard Link - 1995 - In Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.), The Generic Book. University of Chicago Press. pp. 1--124.
     
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  22.  9
    Mass Terms: Some Philosophical Problems, Edited by F. J. Pelletier[REVIEW]Harold W. Noonan - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):259-260.
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  23. The Psychology of Vagueness: Borderline Cases and Contradictions.Sam Alxatib & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (3):287-326.
    In an interesting experimental study, Bonini et al. (1999) present partial support for truth-gap theories of vagueness. We say this despite their claim to find theoretical and empirical reasons to dismiss gap theories and despite the fact that they favor an alternative, epistemic account, which they call ‘vagueness as ignorance’. We present yet more experimental evidence that supports gap theories, and argue for a semantic/pragmatic alternative that unifies the gappy supervaluationary approach together with its glutty relative, the subvaluationary approach.
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  24.  25
    The Generic Book.Greg N. Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier (eds.) - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    In an attempt to address the theoretical gap between linguistics and philosophy, a group of semanticists, calling itself the Generic Group, has worked to develop a common view of genericity. Their research has resulted in this book, which consists of a substantive introduction and eleven original articles on important aspects of the interpretation of generic expressions. The introduction provides a clear overview of the issues and synthesizes the major analytical approaches to them. Taken together, the papers that follow reflect the (...)
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  25. Content, Context and Composition.Peter Pagin & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2007 - In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.), Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism: New Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.
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  26. "Mass Terms: Some Philosophical Problems". Edited by F. J. Pelletier[REVIEW]M. Lockwood - 1981 - Mind 90:454.
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  27.  35
    Problems in the Representation of the Logical Form of Generics, Plurals, and Mass Nouns.Lenhart K. Schubert & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1987 - In Ernest Lepore (ed.), New Directions in Semantics. Academic Press.
  28.  18
    Post's Functional Completeness Theorem.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Norman M. Martin - 1990 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (3):462-475.
  29. Generics and Defaults.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Nicholas Asher - 1996 - In Handbook of logic and language. Amsterdam [etc.]; Cambridge, MA:
    1: Linguistic and Epistemological Background 1 . 1 : Generic Reference vs. Generic Predication 1 . 2 : Why are there any Generic Sentences at all? 1 . 3 : Generics and Exceptions, Two Bad Attitudes 1 . 4 : Exceptions and Generics, Some Other Attitudes 1 . 5 : Generics and Intensionality 1 . 6 : Goals of an Analysis of Generic Sentences 1 . 7 : A Little Notation 1 . 8 : Generics vs. Explicit Statements of Regularities..
     
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  30.  48
    Mass Expressions.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Lenhart K. Schubert - unknown
    previous theories and the relevance of those criticisms to the new accounts. Additionally, we have included a new section at the end, which gives some directions to literature outside of formal semantics in which the notion of mass has been employed. We looked at work on mass expressions in psycholinguistics and computational linguistics here, and we discussed some research in the history of philosophy and in metaphysics that makes use of the notion of mass.
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  31. The Principle of Semantic Compositionality.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1994 - Topoi 13 (1):11-24.
    The Principle of Semantic Compositionality (sometimes called Frege''s Principle) is the principle that the meaning of a (syntactically complex) whole is a function only of the meanings of its (syntactic) parts together with the manner in which these parts were combined. This principle has been extremely influential throughout the history of formal semantics; it has had a tremendous impact upon modern linguistics ever since Montague Grammars became known; and it has more recently shown up as a guiding principle for a (...)
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  32.  3
    The Theory of Logical Types.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (1):174-177.
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  33.  50
    Gentzen and Jaśkowski Natural Deduction: Fundamentally Similar but Importantly Different.Allen P. Hazen & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (6):1103-1142.
    Gentzen’s and Jaśkowski’s formulations of natural deduction are logically equivalent in the normal sense of those words. However, Gentzen’s formulation more straightforwardly lends itself both to a normalization theorem and to a theory of “meaning” for connectives . The present paper investigates cases where Jaskowski’s formulation seems better suited. These cases range from the phenomenology and epistemology of proof construction to the ways to incorporate novel logical connectives into the language. We close with a demonstration of this latter aspect by (...)
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  34.  50
    Synonymous Logics.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Alasdair Urquhart - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (3):259-285.
    This paper discusses the general problem of translation functions between logics, given in axiomatic form, and in particular, the problem of determining when two such logics are "synonymous" or "translationally equivalent." We discuss a proposed formal definition of translational equivalence, show why it is reasonable, and also discuss its relation to earlier definitions in the literature. We also give a simple criterion for showing that two modal logics are not translationally equivalent, and apply this to well-known examples. Some philosophical morals (...)
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  35.  30
    Belief Change as Propositional Update.Renée Elio & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (4):419-460.
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  36. Did Frege Believe Frege's Principle?Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (1):87-114.
    In this essay I will consider two theses that are associated with Frege,and will investigate the extent to which Frege really believed them.Much of what I have to say will come as no surprise to scholars of thehistorical Frege. But Frege is not only a historical figure; he alsooccupies a site on the philosophical landscape that has allowed hisdoctrines to seep into the subconscious water table. And scholars in a widevariety of different scholarly establishments then sip from thesedoctrines. I believe (...)
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  37.  15
    On Proving Functional Incompleteness in Symbolic Logic Classes.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & W. David Sharp - 1988 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (2):235-248.
  38. The Case for Psychologism in Default and Inheritance Reasoning.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Renée Elio - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):7-35.
    Default reasoning occurs whenever the truth of the evidence available to the reasoner does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion being drawn. Despite this, one is entitled to draw the conclusion “by default” on the grounds that we have no information which would make us doubt that the inference should be drawn. It is the type of conclusion we draw in the ordinary world and ordinary situations in which we find ourselves. Formally speaking, ‘nonmonotonic reasoning’ refers to argumentation in (...)
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  39.  16
    Verification: The Hysteron Proteron Argument.Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Bernard Linsky - 2018 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 6 (6).
    This paper investigates the strange case of an argument that was directed against a positivist verification principle. We find an early occurrence of the argument in a talk by the phenomenologist Roman Ingarden at the 1934 International Congress of Philosophy in Prague, where Carnap and Neurath were present and contributed short rejoinders. We discuss the underlying presuppositons of the argument, and we evaluate whether the attempts by Carnap actually succeed in answering this argument. We think they don’t, and offer instead (...)
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  40.  90
    Descriptive Metaphysics, Natural Language Metaphysics, Sapir-Whorf, and All That Stuff: Evidence From the Mass-Count Distinction.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2011 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6:7.
    Strawson described ‘descriptive metaphysics’, Bach described ‘natural language metaphysics’, Sapir and Whorf describe, well, Sapir-Whorfianism. And there are other views concerning the relation between correct semantic analysis of linguistic phenomena and the “reality” that is supposed to be thereby described. I think some considerations from the analyses of the mass-count distinction can shed some light on that very dark topic.
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  41.  8
    (X): Comments on J. J. Katz's Paper: ``Common Sense in Semantics''.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1982 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 23 (3):316-326.
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  42. A History of Natural Deduction and Elementary Logic Textbooks.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - unknown
    In 1934 a most singular event occurred. Two papers were published on a topic that had (apparently) never before been written about, the authors had never been in contact with one another, and they had (apparently) no common intellectual background that would otherwise account for their mutual interest in this topic.1 These two papers formed the basis for a movement in logic which is by now the most common way of teaching elementary logic by far, and indeed is perhaps all (...)
     
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  43.  59
    The Average American has 2.3 Children.Greg Carlson & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (1):73-104.
    Average‐NPs, such as the one in the title of this paper, have been claimed to be ‘linguistically identical’ to any other definite‐NPs but at the same time to be ‘semantically inconsistent’ with these other definite‐NPs. To some this is an ironclad proof of the irrelevance of semantics to linguistics. We argue that both of the initial claims are wrong: average‐NPs are not ‘linguistically identical’ to other definite‐NPs but instead show a number of interesting divergences, and we provide a plausible semantic (...)
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  44.  33
    Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics.Francis Jeffry Pelletier (ed.) - 2009 - Oup Usa.
    This volume showcases an interplay between leading philosophical and linguistic semanticists on the one side, and leading cognitive and developmental psychologists on the other side. The topic is a class of outstanding questions in the semanticists on the one side, and leading cognitive and developmental psychologists on the other side. The topic is a class of outstanding questions in the semantic and logical theories of generic statements and statements that employ mass terms by looking to the cognitive abilities of speakers (...)
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  45.  79
    Is Compositionality Formally Vacuous?Ali Kazmi & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (6):629-633.
  46.  41
    Second-Order Logic of Paradox.Allen P. Hazen & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2018 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 59 (4):547-558.
    The logic of paradox, LP, is a first-order, three-valued logic that has been advocated by Graham Priest as an appropriate way to represent the possibility of acceptable contradictory statements. Second-order LP is that logic augmented with quantification over predicates. As with classical second-order logic, there are different ways to give the semantic interpretation of sentences of the logic. The different ways give rise to different logical advantages and disadvantages, and we canvass several of these, concluding that it will be extremely (...)
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  47.  13
    Formal Philosophy.Jeffry Pelletier - 1977 - Metaphilosophy 8 (4):320-341.
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  48.  20
    Descriptive Metaphysics, Natural Language Metaphysics, Sapir-Whorf, and All That Stuff: Evidence From the Mass-Count Distinction.Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
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  49.  33
    Are All Generics Created Equal?Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 2009 - In Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics. Oup Usa.
  50.  77
    Some Notes Concerning Fuzzy Logics.Charles Grady Morgan & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):79 - 97.
    Fuzzy logics are systems of logic with infinitely many truth values. Such logics have been claimed to have an extremely wide range of applications in linguistics, computer technology, psychology, etc. In this note, we canvass the known results concerning infinitely many valued logics; make some suggestions for alterations of the known systems in order to accommodate what modern devotees of fuzzy logic claim to desire; and we prove some theorems to the effect that there can be no fuzzy logic which (...)
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