Results for 'Experimentation'

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  1.  7
    Transformative Experimentation, Perspectival Diversity, and the Polycentric Liberal Order.Aylon R. Manor - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):323-338.
    Proponents of political experiments in living, such as Elizabeth Anderson and Ryan Muldoon, often emphasize their potential to generate useful observational data about the relation between social rules and ethically desirable outcomes. This paper highlights another epistemic dimension of political experiments: their potential to transform the cognitive perspectives of participants. I argue that this transformative dimension of experimentation offers an endogenous societal mechanism for increasing perspectival diversity. I explore the implications of this mechanism for institutional design.
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  2. Some tests of attention theory with cats.Experimentally Naive Kittens - 1970 - In D. Mostofsky (ed.), Attention: Contemporary Theory and Analysis. Appleton-Century-Crofts.
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  3. Christian Mannes.Learning Sensory-Motor Coordination Experimentation - 1990 - In G. Dorffner (ed.), Konnektionismus in Artificial Intelligence Und Kognitionsforschung. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 95.
     
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  4.  26
    Experimentation and Scientific Realism.Ian Hacking - 1982 - Philosophical Topics 13 (1):71-87.
  5.  8
    Exploratory Experimentation and the Role of Histochemical Techniques in the Work of Jean Brachet, 1938-1952.Richard M. Burian - 1997 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (1):27 - 45.
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  6.  5
    The ethics and politics of human experimentation.Paul Murray McNeill - 1993 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author finds that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees for the protection of the interests (...)
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  7.  5
    Animal experimentation: A philosopher's changing views.Michael Allen Fox - 1987 - Between the Species 3 (2):3.
  8. A philosophers changing views.M. Fox & Animal Experimentation - 1987 - Between the Species 3 (2):55-80.
     
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  9.  6
    Experimentation in Children: Sharing in Sociality.Richard A. Mccormick - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (6):41-46.
  10.  12
    Convenience experimentation.Ulrich Krohs - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):52-57.
  11.  13
    The Play of Nature: Experimentation as Performance.Robert P. Crease - 1993 - Indiana University Press.
    "Crease’s brilliantly exploited theatrical analogy places scientific theorizing back into the wider context of experimental inquiry." —Robert C. Scharff Crease attacks the "mystical" account of experimentation embraced by the positivist and Kantian varieties of philosophy of science, according to which experimentation takes a backseat to theory.
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  12.  12
    Varieties of Exploratory Experimentation in Nanotoxicology.Kevin Elliott - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):313 - 336.
    There has been relatively little effort to provide a systematic overview of different forms of exploratory experimentation (EE). The present paper examines the growing subdiscipline of nanotoxicology and suggests that it illustrates at least four ways that researchers can engage in EE: searching for regularities; developing new techniques, simulation models, and instrumentation; collecting and analyzing large swaths of data using new experimental strategies (e.g., computer-based simulation and "high-throughput" instrumentation); and structuring an entire disciplinary field around exploratory research agendas. In (...)
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  13.  1
    Experimentation and the Meaning of Scientific Concepts.Theodore Arabatzis - 2012 - In Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice. de Gruyter. pp. 149-166.
  14.  19
    Animal experimentation: The legacy of Claude Bernard.Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):195 – 210.
    Claude Bernard, the father of scientific physiology, believed that if medicine was to become truly scientiifc, it would have to be based on rigorous and controlled animal experiments. Bernard instituted a paradigm which has shaped physiological practice for most of the twentieth century. ln this paper we examine how Bernards commitment to hypothetico-deductivism and determinism led to (a) his rejection of the theory of evolution; (b) his minima/ization of the role of clinical medicine and epidemiological studies; and (c) his conclusion (...)
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  15.  8
    The Moral Case for Experimentation on Animals.H. J. McCloskey - 1987 - The Monist 70 (1):64-82.
    The moral case for experimentation on animals rests both on the goods to be realized, the evils to be avoided thereby, and on the duty to respect persons and to secure them in the enjoyment of their natural moral rights. Some experimentation on animals presents no problems of justification as it involves no harm at all to the animals which are the subject of experiments and is such as to seek to achieve an advance in knowledge. Experiments on (...)
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  16.  7
    Human experimentation committees: professional or representative?Robert M. Veatch - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (5):31-40.
  17.  8
    Imagination in Thought Experimentation: Sketching a Cognitive Approach to Thought Experiments.Margherita Arcangeli - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 571--587.
    We attribute the capability of imagination to the madman as to the scientist, to the novelist as to the metaphysician, and last but not least to ourselves. The same, apparently, holds for thought experimentation. Ernst Mach was the first to draw an explicit link between these two mental acts; moreover -in his perspective- imagination plays a pivotal role in thought experimentation. Nonetheless, it is not clear what kind of imagination emerges from Mach’s writings. Indeed, heated debates among cognitive (...)
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  18.  6
    Medical Experimentation: Personal Integrity and Social Policy.S. M. Rajah - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (3):155-155.
  19.  3
    Experimentation in early genetics: The implications of the historical character of science for scientific realism.Marga Vicedo - 1999 - In Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Biology and epistemology. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 215--243.
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  20.  6
    Experimentation and the legitimacy of idealization.Ronald Laymon - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (2-3):353 - 375.
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  21.  70
    The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human Rights in Human Experimentation.George J. Annas - 1992 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This important new work surveys the source and ramifications of the famed Nuremburg Code -- recognized around the world as one of the cornerstones of modern bioethics.
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  22.  5
    Human subjects in medical experimentation: a sociological study of the conduct and regulation of clinical research.Bradford H. Gray - 1975 - Huntington, N.Y.: R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
  23.  10
    Early Modern Experimentation on Live Animals.Domenico Bertoloni Meli - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (2):199-226.
    Starting from the works by Aselli on the milky veins and Harvey on the motion of the heart and the circulation of the blood, the practice of vivisection witnessed a resurgence in the early modern period. I discuss some of the most notable cases in the century spanning from Aselli’s work to the investigations of fluid pressure in plants and animals by Stephen Hales. Key figures in my study include Johannes Walaeus, Jean Pecquet, Marcello Malpighi, Reinier de Graaf, Richard Lower, (...)
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  24. Experimentation in economics.Francesco Guala - manuscript
    3.1 Experiments and causal analysis 3.2 The severity approach 3.3 Objectivist vs. Subjectivist approaches 3.4 “Low” vs. “high-level” hypothesis testing 3.5 Novelty and construct independence 4. External validity..
     
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  25.  5
    Animal Experimentation in Psychology and the Question of Scientific Merit.Denise Russell - 1997 - Ethics and the Environment 2 (1):43 - 52.
    Nonhuman animals are widely used in psychological research and the level of suffering and death is high. This is usually said to be justified by appealing to the scientific merit of the research. This article looks at notions of scientific merit, queries whether they are as clear-cut as commonly supposed, and argues that with contemporary conceptions it is too easy for any research to count as meritorious. A tightening of the notion of scientific merit is suggested, providing a ground for (...)
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  26. Human experimentation in the eighteenth century: Natural boundaries and valid testing.Londa Schiebinger - 2004 - In Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.), The moral authority of nature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 384--408.
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  27.  10
    Animal experimentation: the moral issues.P. R. Sedgwick - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):59-59.
  28.  10
    The rationality of political experimentation.Gregory Robson - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 20 (1):67-98.
    Theorists from John Stuart Mill to Robert Nozick have argued that citizens can gain insight into the demands of justice by experimenting with diverse forms of political life. I consider the rationa...
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  29.  3
    Arguments for Experimentation in Biology.Jane Maienschein - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:180 - 195.
    By 1900 most biologists accepted experimentation as appropriate for at least parts of biology. Some claimed experimentation as the best or only proper approach to biology, while others regarded it as an acceptable addition to existing methodologies. Different researchers defined experimentation in different ways, and they held different aspirations for their experimental programs. This paper explores three sets of ideas, represented respectively by the French in the 1870s, the Germans in the 1880s, and the Americans in the (...)
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  30.  4
    Experimentation on children and proxy consent.Donald Vandeveer - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):281-294.
    This essay explores the plausibility of attempting to justify the imposition of risk on young children, in the course of therapeutic treatment or nontherapeutic research, by an appeal to proxy consent. In particular, Richard McCormick's reliance on this type of defense is examined and rejected, and an alternative basis for determining the justifiability of such treatment is partially sketched – one which avoids any attempt to ‘construct’ consent on the part of the child. CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  31.  3
    Science, ecological validity and experimentation.Siu L. Chow - 1987 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 17 (2):181–194.
    Some important meta-theoretical insights about experimental psychology are integrated into the "conjectures and refutations" framework in order to reinforce a realist's view of scientific methodology. Some issues which may be difficult for the realist's position are discussed. It is argued that there is no need for the evidential observation to mimic the phenomenon of interest; such a mimicry may even be counter-productive. A case is also made that questions about ecological validity are not relevant to the rationale of experimentation.
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  32. The Many Varieties of Experimentation in Second-Order Cybernetics: Art, Science, Craft.L. D. Richards - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):621-622.
    Open peer commentary on the article ““Black Box” Theatre: Second-Order Cybernetics and Naturalism in Rehearsal and Performance” by Tom Scholte. Upshot: Scholte proposes using the theatre as a laboratory for experimenting with ideas in second-order cybernetics, adding to the repertoire of approaches for advancing this way of thinking. Second-order cybernetics, as art, science and craft, raises questions about the forms of experimentation most useful in such a laboratory. Theatre provides an opportunity to “play” with the dynamics of human interactions (...)
     
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  33.  3
    Cultivating famine: data, experimentation and food security, 1795–1848.John Lidwell-Durnin - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):159-181.
    Collecting seeds and specimens was an integral aspect of botany and natural history in the eighteenth century. Historians have until recently paid less attention to the importance of collecting, trading and compiling knowledge of their cultivation, but knowing how to grow and maintain plants free from disease was crucial to agricultural and botanical projects. This is particularly true in the case of food security. At the close of the eighteenth century, European diets (particularly among the poor) began shifting from wheat- (...)
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  34.  4
    Human Experimentation: The Ethical Questions Persist.Robert M. Veatch & Sharmon Sollitto - 1973 - Hastings Center Report 3 (3):1-3.
  35.  10
    Human Experimentation. A Guided Step into the Unknown.John Watts - 1988 - Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (1):46-46.
  36. Biomedical experimentation with children: Balancing the need for protective measures with the need to respect children's developing ability to make significant life decisions for themselves.D. N. Weisstub, S. N. Verdun-Jones & J. Walker - 1998 - In David N. Weisstub (ed.), Research on human subjects: ethics, law, and social policy. Kidlington, Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press. pp. 380--404.
     
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  37.  2
    Antimal experimentation and human rights.Rick Bogle - 2003 - Human Rights Review 4 (2):53-61.
  38.  2
    Discussions:Experimentation on emotion.Charlas S. Myees - 1901 - Mind 10 (1):114-115.
  39. Self-experimentation: A call for change.Allen Neuringer - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):79-94.
     
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  40.  1
    Experimentation on emotion.Charles S. Myers - 1901 - Mind 10 (37):114-115.
  41.  2
    L'expérimentation en psychologie Par le somnambulisme provoqué.H. Beaunis - 1885 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 20:1 - 36.
  42.  1
    L'expérimentation comme rhétorique de la preuve : L'exemple du Traité d'insectologie de Charles Bonnet / Experiment as rhetoric of proof : The example of Charles Bonnet's Traité d'insectologie.Réné Sigrist - 2001 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (4):419-449.
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  43.  6
    Experimentation within the psycho-analytic session.R. J. Spilsbury - 1956 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 7 (28):338-342.
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  44. Embryo experimentation-moral reservations.H. Tenhave - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):280-281.
     
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  45. Embryo experimentation, personhood and human rights.Anton van Niekerk & Liezl van Zyl - 1996 - South African Journal of Philosophy 15 (4):139-143.
     
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  46.  1
    Expérimentation sémiotique chez Eugène lonesco.Isaak Revzine - 1971 - Semiotica 4 (3):240-262.
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  47.  2
    Medical experimentation, informed consent and using people.An Cocking Andju Stin Oakledey - 1994 - Bioethics 8 (4):293–311.
  48.  1
    Controlled experimentation in criticism.Stephen C. Pepper - 1964 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 23 (1):153-158.
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  49.  11
    Expérimentation et clinique électroencéphalographiques entre physiologie, neurologie et psychiatrie (Suisse, 1935-1965).Vincent Pidoux - 2010 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 63 (2):439-472.
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  50.  4
    L'expérimentation sur l'être humain.Marie-Geneviève Pinsart - 2002 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 100 (3):466-499.
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