Results for 'Evidence'

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  1. Derrick K. S. au. Ethics & Narrative In Evidence-Based - 2002 - In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-cultural perspectives on the (im) possibility of global bioethics. Boston: Kluwer Academic.
     
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  2. Inference,".Evidence Truth - 1974 - American Philosophical Quarterly 11:79-92.
     
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  3. of variable Important to teaching performance. He wanted to get a list of meas-able variables; he wanted variables for which he could obtain evidence. He suc-ceeded well in doing this. Another example of a skill, evaluated in a different set of studies, was skill of the practitioner in leaving a patient. The skilled practitioner (1) gives. [REVIEW]Evidence Of Skill Ffirtohmlmde & Anecdotal Records - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship.
     
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  4. The Autobiography of John Stuart Mill a Lecture Delivered in the New Hall of Science, Old Street, City Road, Under the Auspices of "the Christian Evidence Society".John Stuart Mill & Christian Evidence Society - 1874 - Hodder & Stoughton.
     
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  5.  11
    A call for total nursing role reformation: Perceptions of Ghanaian nurses.Luke Laari & Sinegugu Evidence Duma - 2023 - Nursing Inquiry 30 (3):e12549.
    Nurses in Ghana believe that training, practise, practitioner and policy reforms are required for total nursing profession reform to be effective. Their views for role reformation in the nursing profession, which is currently needed, are not only academic but also clinically relevant in the pursuit of health equity and quality nursing care. We explored and described nurses’ views on their roles in the profession using data collected from 24 professional nurses in three regional hospitals in Ghana. Using an inductive descriptive (...)
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  6.  34
    First-order Logics of Evidence and Truth with Constant and Variable Domains.Abilio Rodrigues & Henrique Antunes - 2022 - Logica Universalis 16 (3):419-449.
    The main aim of this paper is to introduce first-order versions of logics of evidence and truth, together with corresponding sound and complete Kripke semantics with variable and constant domains. According to the intuitive interpretation proposed here, these logics intend to represent possibly inconsistent and incomplete information bases over time. The paper also discusses the connections between Belnap-Dunn’s and da Costa’s approaches to paraconsistency, and argues that the logics of evidence and truth combine them in a very natural (...)
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  7.  72
    Evidence for the Distinctness of Embarrassment, Shame, and Guilt: A Study of Recalled Antecedents and Facial Expressions of Emotion.Dacher Keltner - 1996 - Cognition and Emotion 10 (2):155-172.
  8.  43
    Evidence‐based medicine: why all the fuss? This is why.A. Miles, P. Bentley, A. Polychronis & J. Grey - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):83-86.
  9.  9
    Taxometric evidence for a dimensional latent structure of hypnotic suggestibility.Mikhail Reshetnikov & Devin B. Terhune - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 98:103269.
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  10. New theory about old evidence. A framework for open-minded Bayesianism.Sylvia9 Wenmackers & Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2016 - Synthese 193 (4).
    We present a conservative extension of a Bayesian account of confirmation that can deal with the problem of old evidence and new theories. So-called open-minded Bayesianism challenges the assumption—implicit in standard Bayesianism—that the correct empirical hypothesis is among the ones currently under consideration. It requires the inclusion of a catch-all hypothesis, which is characterized by means of sets of probability assignments. Upon the introduction of a new theory, the former catch-all is decomposed into a new empirical hypothesis and a (...)
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  11.  54
    Evidence for the activation of sensorimotor information during visual word recognition: The body–object interaction effect.Paul D. Siakaluk, Penny M. Pexman, Laura Aguilera, William J. Owen & Christopher R. Sears - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):433-443.
  12.  67
    Dynamic Logics of Evidence-Based Beliefs.J. Benthem & E. Pacuit - 2011 - Studia Logica 99 (1-3):61-92.
    This paper adds evidence structure to standard models of belief, in the form of families of sets of worlds. We show how these more fine-grained models support natural actions of “evidence management”, ranging from update with external new information to internal rearrangement. We show how this perspective leads to new richer languages for existing neighborhood semantics for modal logic. Our main results are relative completeness theorems for the resulting dynamic logic of evidence.
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  13. Evidence, coherence and epistemic akrasia.Ram Neta - 2018 - Episteme 15 (3):313-328.
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  14. lb. RIGHTS.What Was Self-Evident Alas - 2009 - In Matt Zwolinski (ed.), Arguing About Political Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 123.
  15.  25
    Replies: Evidence and Sensibility.John M. Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):656-677.
  16.  66
    Taking stock of evidence‐based medicine: opportunities for its continuing evolution.Stephen Buetow, Ross Upshur, Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):399-404.
  17.  23
    Current evidence for automatic Theory of Mind processing in adults.Dana Schneider, Virginia P. Slaughter & Paul E. Dux - 2017 - Cognition 162 (C):27-31.
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  18. How Dialogic Settings Influence Evidence Use in Adolescent Students.Fabrizio Macagno & Elizabeth Mayweg-Paus - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Padagogische Psychologie 30:121-132.
    This study examines how evidence is used differently in argumentative discourse compared to individual arguments. Applying a 1×2 crossover study design, 37 secondary school students were asked either to discuss a social issue with their partner before individually writing an essay outlining their opinion or, vice versa, first to discuss and then to write. As background information, they were provided with pieces of evidence with different levels of quality. Dialogs and essays were analyzed regarding (a) the type of (...)
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  19.  57
    Evidence-Based Neuroethics, Deep Brain Stimulation and Personality - Deflating, but not Bursting, the Bubble.Jonathan Pugh, Laurie Pycroft, Hannah Maslen, Tipu Aziz & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - Neuroethics 14 (1):27-38.
    Gilbert et al. have raised important questions about the empirical grounding of neuroethical analyses of the apparent phenomenon of Deep Brain Stimulation ‘causing’ personality changes. In this paper, we consider how to make neuroethical claims appropriately calibrated to existing evidence, and the role that philosophical neuroethics has to play in this enterprise of ‘evidence-based neuroethics’. In the first half of the paper, we begin by highlighting the challenges we face in investigating changes to PIAAAS following DBS, explaining how (...)
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  20.  34
    The variety of evidence thesis and its independence of degrees of independence.Jürgen Landes - 2020 - Synthese 198 (11):1-31.
    The intuitive Variety of Evidence Thesis states that, ceteris paribus, more varied evidence for a hypothesis confirms it more strongly than less varied evidence. Recent Bayesian analyses have raised serious doubts in its validity. Claveau suggests the existence of a novel type of counter-example to this thesis: a gradual increase in source independence can lead to a decrease in hypothesis confirmation. I show that Claveau’s measure of gradual source independence suffers from two unsuspected types of inconsistencies. I (...)
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  21.  57
    Reidian Evidence.Patrick Rysiew - 2005 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (2):107-121.
  22.  31
    Conciliatory Views on Peer Disagreement and the Order of Evidence Acquisition.Marc Andree Weber - 2022 - Kriterion – Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):33-50.
    The evidence that we get from peer disagreement is especially problematic from a Bayesian point of view since the belief revision caused by a piece of such evidence cannot be modelled along the lines of Bayesian conditionalisation. This paper explains how exactly this problem arises, what features of peer disagreements are responsible for it, and what lessons should be drawn for both the analysis of peer disagreements and Bayesian conditionalisation as a model of evidence acquisition. In particular, (...)
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  23.  40
    What Constitutes “Good” Evidence for Public Health and Social Policy-making? From Hierarchies to Appropriateness.Justin O. Parkhurst & Sudeepa Abeysinghe - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):665-679.
    Within public health, and increasingly other areas of social policy, there are widespread calls to increase or improve the use of evidence for policy-making. Often these calls rest on an assumption that increased evidence utilisation will be a more efficient or effective means of achieving social goals. Yet a clear elucidation of what can be considered “good evidence” for policy is rarely articulated. Many of the current discussions of best practise in the health policy sector derive from (...)
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  24.  85
    Evidence for anti-intellectualism about know-how from a sentence recognition task.Ian Harmon & Zachary Horne - 2016 - Synthese 193 (9).
    An emerging trend in cognitive science is to explore central epistemological questions using psychological methods. Early work in this growing area of research has revealed that epistemologists’ theories of knowledge diverge in various ways from the ways in which ordinary people think of knowledge. Reflecting the practices of epistemology as a whole, the vast majority of these studies have focused on the concept of propositional knowledge, or knowledge-that. Many philosophers, however, have argued that knowing how to do something is importantly (...)
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  25.  17
    Beyond ‘evidence’. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating evidence into clinical practice: an alternative to evidence-based approaches. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12, 248-256.M. Gupta - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):296-298.
  26.  83
    Robust and Discordant Evidence: Methodological Lessons from Clinical Research.Spencer Phillips Hey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (1):55-75.
    The concordance of results that are “robust” across multiple scientific modalities is widely considered to play a critical role in the epistemology of science. But what should we make of those cases where such multimodal evidence is discordant? Jacob Stegenga has recently argued that robustness is “worse than useless” in these cases, suggesting that “different kinds of evidence cannot be combined in a coherent way.” In this article I respond to this critique and illustrate the critical methodological role (...)
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  27.  45
    Converging Evidence for the Processing Costs Associated with Ambiguous Quantifier Comprehension.Corey T. McMillan, Danielle Coleman, Robin Clark, Tsao-Wei Liang, Rachel G. Gross & Murray Grossman - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  28.  50
    Evidence for practice, epistemology, and critical reflection.Mark Avis & Dawn Freshwater - 2006 - Nursing Philosophy 7 (4):216-224.
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  29.  21
    Experimental Evidence Relating to the Person-Situation Interactionist Model of Ethical Decision Making.James C. Gaa, Bryan K. Church, Khalid Nainar & Mohamed Shehata - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (3):2013-155.
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  30.  51
    Continuing the evidence‐based health care debate in 2006. The progress and price of EBM.Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):385-398.
  31.  41
    Propensity, evidence, and diagnosis.J. L. Mackie - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):345-346.
  32.  16
    Evidence-informed physical therapy management of performance-related musculoskeletal disorders in musicians.Cliffton Chan & Bronwen Ackermann - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  33.  81
    Linguistic Evidence against Predicativism.Wolfram Hinzen - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):591-608.
    The view that proper names are uniformly predicates has recently gained prominence. I review linguistic evidence against it. Overall, the linguistic evidence suggests that proper names function as predicates when they appear in a grammatically predicative position and as referential expressions when they are grammatically in a referential position. Conceptual grounds on which the predicativist view might nonetheless be upheld include ‘uniformity’, i.e., that a single semantic value be lexically specified for names in all of their occurrences irrespective (...)
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  34. Evidence for Skill Level Differences in the Thought Processes of Golfers During High and Low Pressure Situations.Amy E. Whitehead, Jamie A. Taylor & Remco C. J. Polman - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  26
    Evidence of stable individual differences in implicit learning.Priya B. Kalra, John D. E. Gabrieli & Amy S. Finn - 2019 - Cognition 190 (C):199-211.
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  36.  95
    A Question of Evidence.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1993 - Hypatia 8 (2):172 - 189.
    I outline a pragmatic account of evidence, arguing that it allows us to underwrite two implications of feminist scholarship: that knowledge is socially constructed and constrained by evidence, and that social relations, including gender, race, and class, are epistemologically significant. What makes the account promising is that it abandons any pretense of a view from nowhere, the view of evidence as something only individuals gather or have, and the view that individual theories face experience in isolation.
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  37.  30
    Developmental evidence and introspection.Shaun Nichols - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):64-65.
  38.  44
    Evidence of coordination as a cure for concept eliminativism.Andrea Scarantino - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):223-224.
    I argue that Machery stacks the deck against hybrid theories of concepts by relying on an unduly restrictive understanding of coordination between concept parts. Once a less restrictive notion of coordination is introduced, the empirical case for hybrid theories of concepts becomes stronger, and the appeal of concept eliminativism weaker.
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  39.  81
    Electrophysiological evidence of the time course of attentional bias in non-patients reporting symptoms of depression with and without co-occurring anxiety.Sarah M. Sass, Wendy Heller, Joscelyn E. Fisher, Rebecca L. Silton, Jennifer L. Stewart, Laura D. Crocker, J. Christopher Edgar, Katherine J. Mimnaugh & Gregory A. Miller - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  40.  21
    Spatializing Emotion: No Evidence for a Domain‐General Magnitude System.Benjamin Pitt & Daniel Casasanto - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2150-2180.
    People implicitly associate different emotions with different locations in left-right space. Which aspects of emotion do they spatialize, and why? Across many studies people spatialize emotional valence, mapping positive emotions onto their dominant side of space and negative emotions onto their non-dominant side, consistent with theories of metaphorical mental representation. Yet other results suggest a conflicting mapping of emotional intensity (a.k.a., emotional magnitude), according to which people associate more intense emotions with the right and less intense emotions with the left (...)
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  41.  32
    Unpossessed Evidence: What’s the Problem?Joe Milburn - 2023 - Topoi 42 (1):107-120.
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  42.  20
    The Role of Skeptical Evidence in the First and Second “Meditations”. Article 2. Certitudo.Oleg Khoma - 2017 - Sententiae 36 (2):18-29.
    The author argues that according to Sextus Empiricus, (a) the "sensual" nature of the phenomenon is a metaphorical notion, since it is indistinguishably extended both to sensuality and thinking; (b) the phenomenon manifest itself with irresistible force of impact, through a wide range of passive states of mind; (c) the impact of phenomena is always mediated by our ego, because all skeptic expressions are strongly correlated with the first person singular. The article proves that Descartes could not refute the “excess” (...)
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  43.  10
    Evidence for a distinct kind of noun.Nancy N. Soja - 1994 - Cognition 51 (3):267-284.
  44. Evidence and presumptions for analyzing and detecting misunderstandings.Fabrizio Macagno - 2018 - Pragmatics and Cognition 24 (2):263-296.
    The detection and analysis of misunderstandings are crucial aspects of discourse analysis, and presuppose a twofold investigation of their structure. First, misunderstandings need to be identified and, more importantly, justified. For this reason, a classification of the types and force of evidence of a misunderstanding is needed. Second, misunderstandings reveal differences in the interlocutors’ interpretations of an utterance, which can be examined by considering the presumptions that they use in their interpretation. This paper proposes a functional approach to misunderstandings (...)
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  45.  22
    Evidence of the paranormal: A skeptic's reactions.Martin Gardner - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):587.
  46.  41
    Evidence for Consciousness.William P. Banks - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):270-272.
  47.  27
    Evidence for practice and the authority of experts: there can be no former without the latter: a commentary an Nunn (2008).Andrew Miles - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):679-681.
  48.  22
    Evidence-Based Research Ethics.Michael Kalichman - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):85-87.
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  49.  15
    Further evidence for, and some against, a planning–control dissociation.Paul van Donkelaar & Paul R. Dassonville - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):52-53.
    We summarize a number of recent results from our own experiments as well as those from other laboratories. Some of these results support Glover's planning/control dissociation and some are at odds with it. We suggest that the model needs to be further refined and expanded.
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  50.  41
    Neuropsychological evidence and the semantic/episodic distinction.Alan D. Baddeley - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):238.
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