Results for 'Eugen Wolff'

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  1.  11
    A dynamical systems perspective on infant action and its development.Eugene C. Goldfield & Peter H. Wolff - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell. pp. 1--29.
  2. Perception and Action.Eugene C. Goldfield, Peter H. Wolff, A. Barbu-Roth, Alan Costall & Lorraine E. Bahrick - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell.
     
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  3.  1
    X. Ueber neuere Beiträge zur Geschichte der Poetik.Eugen Wolff - 1891 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 4 (2):251-259.
  4.  9
    Eugen von Philippowics sagt in seiner Freiburger Antrittsrede „Über Aufgabe und Methode der politischen Ökonomie”, 1886, S. 26/27. [REVIEW]Hellmuth Wolff - 1924 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 4 (1):272-272.
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  5.  4
    Recht und Rechtsverwirklichung: Probleme der Gesetzgebung und der Rechtsphilosophie.Eugen Huber - 1921 - Basel: Helbing & Lichtenhahn.
    The Making of Modern Law: Foreign, Comparative and International Law, 1600-1926, brings together foreign, comparative, and international titles in a single resource. Its International Law component features works of some of the great legal theorists, including Gentili, Grotius, Selden, Zouche, Pufendorf, Bijnkershoek, Wolff, Vattel, Martens, Mackintosh, Wheaton, among others. The materials in this archive are drawn from three world-class American law libraries: the Yale Law Library, the George Washington University Law Library, and the Columbia Law Library.Now for the first (...)
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  6.  11
    The proximity of the past: Eugenics in american culture.Peggy Pascoe, Jonathan P. Spiro & Tamsen Wolff - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):667-678.
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  7.  10
    Il Moderno in teoria e in prassi. L’esempio della Germania.Christof Dipper - 2016 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 28 (55).
    Starting from a reconstruction of the origins of the concept of “modernity” in the late Nineteenth century and of the different interpretations of it in the context of the German social sciences, the essay articulates its radical ambivalences. After establishing that modernity cannot be measured on a scale of progress, neither can it be identified with a specific value, Christof Dipper suggests that there are many conceptions of modernity as there are societies, and that these are not necessarily following a (...)
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  8. Stereotypical Inferences: Philosophical Relevance and Psycholinguistic Toolkit.Eugen Fischer & Paul E. Engelhardt - 2017 - Ratio 30 (4):411-442.
    Stereotypes shape inferences in philosophical thought, political discourse, and everyday life. These inferences are routinely made when thinkers engage in language comprehension or production: We make them whenever we hear, read, or formulate stories, reports, philosophical case-descriptions, or premises of arguments – on virtually any topic. These inferences are largely automatic: largely unconscious, non-intentional, and effortless. Accordingly, they shape our thought in ways we can properly understand only by complementing traditional forms of philosophical analysis with experimental methods from psycholinguistics. This (...)
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  9.  30
    Zen in the Art of Archery.Eugen Herrigel & R. F. C. Hull - 1955 - Philosophy East and West 5 (3):263-264.
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  10. Das Atom und die Freiheit des Willens.Eugen Mayer - 1950 - Karlsruhe-Durlach,: Verlagsdruckerei Gebr. Tron.
     
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  11. Zombie intuitions.Eugen Fischer & Justin Sytsma - 2021 - Cognition 215 (C):104807.
    In philosophical thought experiments, as in ordinary discourse, our understanding of verbal case descriptions is enriched by automatic comprehension inferences. Such inferences have us routinely infer what else is also true of the cases described. We consider how such routine inferences from polysemous words can generate zombie intuitions: intuitions that are ‘killed’ (defeated) by contextual information but kept cognitively alive by the psycholinguistic phenomenon of linguistic salience bias. Extending ‘evidentiary’ experimental philosophy, this paper examines whether the ‘zombie argument’ against materialism (...)
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  12. Critical ordinary language philosophy: A new project in experimental philosophy.Eugen Fischer - 2023 - Synthese 201 (3):1-34.
    Several important philosophical problems (including the problems of perception, free will, and scepticism) arise from antinomies that are developed through philosophical paradoxes. The critical strand of ordinary language philosophy (OLP), as practiced by J.L. Austin, provides an approach to such ‘antinomic problems’ that proceeds from an examination of ‘ordinary language’ (how people ordinarily talk about the phenomenon of interest) and ‘common sense’ (what they commonly think about it), and deploys findings to show that the problems at issue are artefacts of (...)
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  13. Intuitions' Linguistic Sources: Stereotypes, Intuitions and Illusions.Eugen Fischer & Paul E. Engelhardt - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (1):67-103.
    Intuitive judgments elicited by verbal case-descriptions play key roles in philosophical problem-setting and argument. Experimental philosophy's ‘sources project’ seeks to develop psychological explanations of philosophically relevant intuitions which help us assess our warrant for accepting them. This article develops a psycholinguistic explanation of intuitions prompted by philosophical case-descriptions. For proof of concept, we target intuitions underlying a classic paradox about perception, trace them to stereotype-driven inferences automatically executed in verb comprehension, and employ a forced-choice plausibility-ranking task to elicit the relevant (...)
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  14. Experimental ordinary language philosophy: a cross-linguistic study of defeasible default inferences.Eugen Fischer, Paul E. Engelhardt, Joachim Horvath & Hiroshi Ohtani - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1029-1070.
    This paper provides new tools for philosophical argument analysis and fresh empirical foundations for ‘critical’ ordinary language philosophy. Language comprehension routinely involves stereotypical inferences with contextual defeaters. J.L. Austin’s Sense and Sensibilia first mooted the idea that contextually inappropriate stereotypical inferences from verbal case-descriptions drive some philosophical paradoxes; these engender philosophical problems that can be resolved by exposing the underlying fallacies. We build on psycholinguistic research on salience effects to explain when and why even perfectly competent speakers cannot help making (...)
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  15. Lingering stereotypes: Salience bias in philosophical argument.Eugen Fischer & Paul E. Engelhardt - 2019 - Mind and Language 35 (4):415-439.
    Many philosophical thought experiments and arguments involve unusual cases. We present empirical reasons to doubt the reliability of intuitive judgments and conclusions about such cases. Inferences and intuitions prompted by verbal case descriptions are influenced by routine comprehension processes which invoke stereotypes. We build on psycholinguistic findings to determine conditions under which the stereotype associated with the most salient sense of a word predictably supports inappropriate inferences from descriptions of unusual (stereotype-divergent) cases. We conduct an experiment that combines plausibility ratings (...)
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  16.  7
    The Sacred Books of the East.Eugen Wilhelm, F. Max Muller & L. H. Mills - 1889 - American Journal of Philology 10 (1):91.
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  17. Dreptatea socială.Eugen Huzum - 2011 - In Concepte și teorii social-politice. Iasi: Institutul European. pp. 59-83.
    Conceptul de dreptate socială este unul dintre cele mai controversate concepte ale filosofiei politice. Foarte puține aspecte legate de acest concept nu sunt înconjurate de controverse și dezbateri argumentative. Unele dintre cele mai importante astfel de controverse sunt cele legate de definirea, de specificarea și de legitimitatea lui. Prima este, în esență, o controversă în privința răspunsului la următoarea întrebare: care este conceptul care surprinde cel mai bine trăsătura fundamentală a dreptății și nedreptății sociale? A doua este o controversă în (...)
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  18. Projects and Methods of Experimental Philosophy.Eugen Fischer & Justin Sytsma - 2023 - In Alexander Max Bauer & Stephan Kornmesser (eds.), The Compact Compendium of Experimental Philosophy. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 39-70.
    How does experimental philosophy address philosophical questions and problems? That is: What projects does experimental philosophy pursue? What is their philosophical relevance? And what empirical methods do they employ? Answers to these questions will reveal how experimental philosophy can contribute to the longstanding ambition of placing philosophy on the ‘secure path of a science’, as Kant put it. We argue that experimental philosophy has introduced a new methodological perspective – a ‘meta-philosophical naturalism’ that addresses philosophical questions about a phenomenon by (...)
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  19.  10
    An Introduction to the Study of Saxon Settlement in Transylvania During the Middle Ages.Eugen Weber - 1956 - Mediaeval Studies 18 (1):50-60.
  20.  15
    A Marxist View of French Philosophy.Eugen Weber - 1964 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (1):72-77.
  21. Clemenceau.Eugen Weber - 1989 - History of European Ideas 10 (6):743-745.
     
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  22.  6
    Cultures Apart.Eugen Weber - 1979 - Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (3):481.
  23.  12
    ‚Wohl dem, der keine Heimat hat.‘ Nietzsches Gedicht Der Freigeist im Lichte seiner Philosophie betrachtet.Eugen Wenzel - 2015 - Nietzscheforschung 22 (1):201-212.
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  24. Philosophical intuitions , heuristics , and metaphors.Eugen Fischer - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3):569-606.
    : Psychological explanations of philosophical intuitions can help us assess their evidentiary value, and our warrant for accepting them. To explain and assess conceptual or classificatory intuitions about specific situations, some philosophers have suggested explanations which invoke heuristic rules proposed by cognitive psychologists. The present paper extends this approach of intuition assessment by heuristics-based explanation, in two ways: It motivates the proposal of a new heuristic, and shows that this metaphor heuristic helps explain important but neglected intuitions: general factual intuitions (...)
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  25. Grundentscheidungstheorie und theologische Sündenlehre.Eugen J. Cooper - 1992 - In Klaus Demmer, Karl-Heinz Ducke & Wilhelm Ernst (eds.), Moraltheologie im Dienst der Kirche: Festschrift für Wilhelm Ernst zum 65. Geburtstag. Leipzig: Benno Verlag.
     
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  26.  17
    Essai de logique ternaire sémiotique et philosophique.Eugen Cosinschi - 2009 - New York: Peter Lang. Edited by M. Cosinschi-Meunier.
    La démarche tient d'une « science de l'entre-deux » à la recherche de l'intervalle qui permettra de déchiffrer l'opposition de termes contraires et faire résonner leur fonction corrélative.
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  27.  1
    Familia ființei: soluții terminologice.Eugen S. Cucerzan - 2002 - Cluj-Napoca: "Grinta".
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  28.  4
    Religious Freedom in Tertullian Political Thought: Sources and Coordinates for a Contemporary Rethinking.Eugen Tănăsescu & Daniel Dăneci-Pătrău - 2023 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 24 (1):156-167.
    The article intends to argue that the roots of religious freedom in the West can be found many centuries before the time of the Reformation, namely in the writings of Christian apologists who wrote in defense of the right to practice the Christian faith in the Roman Empire, in the political context of the time, which was otherwise tolerant of the religious pluralism present in its space. Moreover, we talk about Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, known as Tertullian (160-225): "the first (...)
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  29.  85
    Inappropriate stereotypical inferences? An adversarial collaboration in experimental ordinary language philosophy.Eugen Fischer, Paul E. Engelhardt & Justin Sytsma - 2020 - Synthese 198 (11):10127-10168.
    This paper trials new experimental methods for the analysis of natural language reasoning and the development of critical ordinary language philosophy in the wake of J.L. Austin. Philosophical arguments and thought experiments are strongly shaped by default pragmatic inferences, including stereotypical inferences. Austin suggested that contextually inappropriate stereotypical inferences are at the root of some philosophical paradoxes and problems, and that these can be resolved by exposing those verbal fallacies. This paper builds on recent efforts to empirically document inappropriate stereotypical (...)
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  30. Idealistische Neuphilologie Festschrift Für Karl Vossler Zum 6. September 1922.Eugen Lerch, Karl Vossler & Victor Klemperer - 1922 - Winter.
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  31.  21
    The use of digital twins in healthcare : socio-ethical benefits and socio-ethical risks.Eugen Octav Popa, Mireille Hilten, Elsje Oosterkamp & Marc Jeroen Bogaardt - 2021 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 17 (1).
    Anticipating the ethical impact of emerging technologies is an essential part of responsible innovation. One such emergent technology is the digital twin which we define here as a living replica of a physical system. A digital twin combines various emerging technologies such as AI, Internet of Things, big data and robotics, each component bringing its own socio-ethical issues to the resulting artefacts. The question thus arises which of these socio-ethical themes surface in the process and how they are perceived by (...)
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  32. Aspectos de la “Convivencia entre las tres culturas “en España.Eugen Heinen - 2006 - Escritos 14 (32):14-59.
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  33. Conceptual control: On the feasibility of conceptual engineering.Eugen Fischer - 2020 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-29.
    This paper empirically raises and examines the question of ‘conceptual control’: To what extent are competent thinkers able to reason properly with new senses of words? This question is crucial for conceptual engineering. This prominently discussed philosophical project seeks to improve our representational devices to help us reason better. It frequently involves giving new senses to familiar words, through normative explanations. Such efforts enhance, rather than reduce, our ability to reason properly, only if competent language users are able to abide (...)
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  34. Die phänomenologische Philosophie Edmund Husserls in der gegenwärtigen Kritik.Eugen Fink - 1933 - Kant Studien 38 (1-2):319-383.
  35. The Principle of Responsibility for Illness and its Application in the Allocation of Health Care: A Critical Analysis.Eugen Huzum - 2008 - In Olaru Bogdan (ed.), Autonomy, Responsibility, and Health Care. Critical Essays. Zeta Books. pp. 191-220.
    In this paper I analyze a view that is increasingly spreading among philosophers and even physicians. Many of them believe that it is right to apply the principle of responsibility for illness in the allocation of health care. I attempt to show that this idea is unacceptable.
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  36.  5
    The Sacred Books of the Old Testament.Eugen Wilhelm, Paul Haupt, C. Siegfried & R. E. Brunnow - 1894 - American Journal of Philology 15 (2):223.
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  37. Cioran: o mitologie a nedesăvârșirilor.Eugen Simion - 2014 - București: Editura Tracus Arte.
     
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  38.  4
    Konstantin Frantz' Schriften und Leben.Eugen Stamm - 1907 - Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint.
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  39. How to practise philosophy as therapy: Philosophical therapy and therapeutic philosophy.Eugen Fischer - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):49-82.
    Abstract: The notion that philosophy can be practised as a kind of therapy has become a focus of debate. This article explores how philosophy can be practised literally as a kind of therapy, in two very different ways: as philosophical therapy that addresses “real-life problems” (e.g., Sextus Empiricus) and as therapeutic philosophy that meets a need for therapy which arises in and from philosophical reflection (e.g., Wittgenstein). With the help of concepts adapted from cognitive and clinical psychology, and from cognitive (...)
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  40. Some Obstacles to Applying the Principle of Individual Responsibility for Illness in the Rationing of Medical Services.Eugen Huzum - 2010 - Romanian Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):104-113.
    Lately, more and more authors have asserted their belief that one of the criteria which, together with the medical ones, can and should be applied in the policy of selecting and/or prioritizing the patients in need for the allocation of medical resources with limited availability, is the principle of individual responsibility for illness. My intention in this study is to highlight some very serious obstacles looming against the attempt to apply this principle in the distribution of the medical services with (...)
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  41. Ce este multiculturalismul?Eugen Huzum - 2009 - In Gugiuman Ana (ed.), Idei si valori perene in stiintele socio- umane. Studii şi cercetări. Argonaut. pp. 45-60.
    Un articol cu un asemenea titlu pare să nu mai aibă nevoie de precizări referitoare la obiectivul său. Ce alt obiectiv aş putea avea decât acela de a răspunde la întrebarea din titlu? Principalul meu scop este, într-adevăr, definirea şi prezentarea cât mai exhaustivă a tezelor multiculturalismului (în limitele de spaţiu de care trebuie să ţin seama în cadrul articolului). Am în vedere, trebuie menționat, doar multiculturalismul ca teorie politică normativă, nu şi multiculturalismul ca multiculturalitate sau pluralism cultural, ca prezenţă (...)
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  42.  37
    The Ontology of Play.Eugen Fink - 1960 - Philosophy Today 4 (2):95.
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  43. Mind the metaphor! A systematic fallacy in analogical reasoning.Eugen Fischer - 2015 - Analysis 75 (1):67-77.
    Conceptual metaphors facilitate both productive and pernicious analogical reasoning. This article addresses the question: When and why does the frequently helpful use of metaphor become pernicious? By applying the most influential theoretical framework from cognitive psychology in analysing the philosophically most prominent example of pernicious metaphorical reasoning, we identify a philosophically relevant but previously undescribed fallacy in analogical reasoning with metaphors. We then outline an explanation of why even competent thinkers commit this fallacy and obtain a psychologically informed ‘debunking’ explanation (...)
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  44. Responsible innovation in the age of science conspiracism.Eugen O. Popa & Vincent Blok - 2022 - Journal of Responsible Innovation 1 ( 1):1.
    Responsible innovation is centered around the ideal that societal stakeholders are entitled to participate in scientific and technological decision-making by voicing their needs and worries. Individuals who believe in science conspiracies (referred to here as ‘science conspiracists’) pose a challenge to implementing this ideal because it is not clear under what conditions their inclusion in responsible innovation exercises is possible and advisable. Yet precisely because of this uncertain status, science conspiracists constitute an instructive case in point to travel towards the (...)
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  45.  6
    Oase des Glücks: Gedanken zu einer Ontologie des Spiels.Eugen Fink - 2023 - K. Alber.
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  46. Emil Lasks Wertsystem.Eugen Herrigel - 1923 - Rivista di Filosofia 12:100.
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  47.  96
    The Ontology of Play.Eugen Fink - 1974 - Philosophy Today 18 (2):147-161.
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  48. Can Luck Egalitarianism Be Really Saved By Value Pluralism?Eugen Huzum - 2011 - Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai Philosophia 2.
    In this paper I discuss a frequent reply to what is usually called ‘the harshness objection,’ or “the abandonment objection” to luck egalitarianism. This objection has been used by Elizabeth Anderson to argue that luck egalitarianism is not, in any of its versions, an adequate interpretation of the ideal of social justice. According to the luck egalitarian reply discussed in this paper, luck egalitarianism can be saved from the harshness objection by value pluralism. After a few short considerations on luck (...)
     
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  49.  8
    Sein, Wahrheit, Welt.Eugen Fink - 1958 - Den Haag,: M. Nijhoff.
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  50. Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy: Outline of a Philosophical Revolution.Eugen Fischer - 2011 - New York: Routledge.
    _Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy_ provides new foundations and methods for the revolutionary project of philosophical therapy pioneered by Ludwig Wittgenstein. The book vindicates this currently much-discussed project by reconstructing the genesis of important philosophical problems: With the help of concepts adapted from cognitive linguistics and cognitive psychology, the book analyses how philosophical reflection is shaped by pictures and metaphors we are not aware of employing and are prone to misapply. Through innovative case-studies on the genesis of classical problems about (...)
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