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  1.  20
    Togolese Lay People's and Health Professionals’ Views About the Acceptability of Physician-Assisted Suicide.Lonzozou Kpanake, Kolou S. Dassa, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):621-624.
    Aim To study the views on the acceptability of physician-assisted-suicide of lay people and health professionals in an African country, Togo.Method In February–June 2012, 312 lay people and 198 health professionals in Togo judged the acceptability of PAS in 36 concrete scenarios composed of all combinations of four factors: the patient's age, the level of incurability of the illness, the type of suffering and the patient's request for PAS. In all scenarios, the patients were women receiving the best possible care. (...)
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  2.  15
    Duty to Provide Care to Ebola Patients: The Perspectives of Guinean Lay People and Healthcare Providers.Lonzozou Kpanake, Tamba Kallas Tonguino, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):599-605.
    AimTo examine the views of Guinean lay people and healthcare providers regarding the acceptability of HCPs’ refusal to provide care to Ebola patients.MethodFrom October to December 2015, lay people and HCPs in Conakry, Guinea, were presented with 54 sample case scenarios depicting a HCP who refuses to provide care to Ebola patients and were instructed to rate the extent to which this HCP’s decision is morally acceptable. The scenarios were composed by systematically varying the levels of four factors: the risk (...)
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  3.  20
    Perceived Acceptability of Organizational Layoffs and Job Alliances During a Recession: A Mapping of Portuguese People’s Views.Joana Margarida Sequeira Neto & Etienne Mullet - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 152 (4):1149-1157.
    The present study aimed to explore and map the views of Portuguese laypersons regarding the acceptability of downsizing and restructuring measures during a recession. Two hundred and seven participants with various levels of training in economics were presented with a number of realistic scenarios depicting various measures, and were asked to indicate the extent to which they considered them to be acceptable. The scenarios were created by varying three factors likely to have an impact on people’s views: the magnitude of (...)
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  4.  17
    Acceptability in France of Induced Abortion for Adolescents.Paul Clay Sorum, Etienne Mullet, Elizabeth Legrain, Céline Peccarisi & María Teresa Muñoz Sastre - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):26-32.
    Background: This study investigated the factors affecting the acceptability in France of abortions. Method: 80 study participants from Toulouse and 124 from Metz judged the acceptability of abortion in 64 vignettes composed of five factors: 1) the adolescent's age (15 or 17.5 years), 2) the adolescent's plans to continue schooling or not, 3) the fetus' age (1, 2, 3, or 4 months), 4) the adolescent's parents' agreement or not, and 5) the agreement or not of baby's father. Results: Three clusters (...)
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  5.  8
    Slave Descendants’ Views Regarding National Policies on Reparations: A Martinican Perspective.Roseline Armange & Etienne Mullet - 2016 - Social Science Information 55 (4):511-530.
    The present study concerned the views regarding the acceptability of possible national policies related to slavery by people whose families were directly affected in the past. It was conducted in the island of Martinique, and 298 descendants of slaves participated. Three qualitatively different personal positions were found; these positions were designated Skeptics, Reparationists and Undetermined. For people holding a Skeptic position, nothing meaningful can be done to repair the horrors of slavery. However a national policy that includes public acknowledgment of (...)
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  6.  47
    Cambodian Patients' and Health Professionals' Views Regarding the Allocation of Antiretroviral Drugs.Stephanie Nann, Jean-Phlippe Dousset, Chanthy Sok, Pisey Khim, Sopheap Y., Paul Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):96-103.
    The way Cambodian patients and health professionals judge the priority of HIV-infected patients in relation to the allocation of antiretroviral drugs was examined. Participants were either HIV-infected patients attending the HIV/AIDS Care and Support Centre for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Phnom Penh (29 females and 21 males) or members of the staff (9 physicians, 6 pharmacists and 15 health counsellors and health educators). They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting a patient's situation and were instructed to (...)
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  7.  12
    Allocation of Antiretroviral Drugs to HIV-Infected Patients in Togo: Perspectives of People Living with HIV and Healthcare Providers.Lonzozou Kpanake, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):845-851.
    Aim To explore the way people living with HIV and healthcare providers in Togo judge the priority of HIV-infected patients regarding the allocation of antiretroviral drugs. Method From June to September 2015, 200 adults living with HIV and 121 healthcare providers living in Togo were recruited for the study. They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting the situation of an HIV-infected patient and were instructed to judge the extent to which the patient should be given priority for (...)
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  8.  22
    Perceived Legitimacy of Executives Bonuses in Time of Global Crisis: A Mapping of Portuguese People’s Views.Joana Margarida Sequeira Neto & Etienne Mullet - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (3):421-429.
    The present study aimed to explore and map the views of Portuguese laypersons regarding the legitimacy of bonuses for senior executives. Two hundred eight participants, with various levels of training in economics, were presented with a number of concrete scenarios depicting the circumstances in which senior executives have received bonuses of variable amounts, and they were asked to indicate the extent to which such bonuses may be considered as legitimate. The scenarios were created by varying four factors likely to have (...)
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  9.  11
    The Granting of Forgiveness in an Intergroup Context: African and Asian Social Representations.Etienne Mullet, Stéphanie Nann, Joachim Kadima Kadiangandu, Félix Neto & María da Conceição Pinto - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (2):195-214.
    The model for representing intergroup forgiveness suggested by Neto, Pinto & Mullet has been extended through the examination of data from a large sample of Asian and African adults who have been personally affected by long-term wars and conflicts in their area. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that a nine-factor model could adequately fit the whole set of data. Overall, a large majority of the participants agreed with the view that forgiveness as an intergroup process was conceivable. For a (...)
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  10.  8
    Peoples’ Views About the Acceptability of Executive Bonuses and Compensation Policies.Marco Heimann, Étienne Mullet & Jean-François Bonnefon - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):661-671.
    We applied a technique borrowed from the field of bioethics to test whether justice-related factors influence laypersons’ decisions concerning business ethics. In the first experiment, participants judged the acceptability of remuneration policies and in the second that of executive bonuses. In each study, participants judged a set of 36 situations. To create the scenarios, we varied retributive justice—the amount of remuneration; procedural justice—the clarity of the procedure that determined the remuneration; distributive justice—the extent of the distribution of bonus payments amongst (...)
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  11. Deciding to End a Patient's Life.S. Frileux, M. T. Munoz Sastre, Etienne Mullet & P. Sorum - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29:330-336.
  12. Colombian People's Positions Regarding Physician-Assisted Suicide.Claudia Pineda Marín, Lina Franco Sierra, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (3):286-289.
    The views on the acceptability of physician-assisted suicide of lay people in a Latin American country, Colombia, have been examined. In July 2019–January 2020, 134 lay people in Bogota judged the acceptability of physician-assisted suicide in 48 realistic scenarios composed of all combinations of four factors: the patient's age, the level of incurability of the illness, the type of suffering, and the patient's request for physician-assisted suicide. In all scenarios, the patients were women receiving the best possible care. The ratings (...)
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  13.  43
    The Instruction Set of Questionnaires Can Affect the Structure of the Data: Application to Self-Rated State Anxiety.Stéphane Vautier, Etienne Mullet & Sylvie Bourdet-Loubère - 2003 - Theory and Decision 54 (3):249-259.
    The present study tested the assumption that self-ratings, such as those used for measuring state anxiety, do not measure a one-dimensional transcendent entity but involve decisions based on a multi-dimensional judgment. Two groups of subjects were presented with a balanced nine-item state anxiety questionnaire. Each group received a different set of instructions (a standard set and an altered instruction set suggesting unidimensionality of the questions in the questionnaire). It was hypothesized that this change in instructions would impact the structure of (...)
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  14.  8
    Mapping French Laypeople’s Views on Nonhuman Animal Experimentation.Maria Teresa Muñoz Sastre, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2018 - Society and Animals 28 (3):272-290.
    French positions regarding nonhuman animal experimentation were examined. A total of 163 participants were presented with 72 vignettes depicting an experimental protocol. They were composed according to a five-factor design: the fate of the animal, environment in which the animal was raised, main objective of the experiment, degree of pain inflicted, and species involved. Through cluster analysis of participants’ acceptability judgments, six qualitatively different positions were found. Four had already been described by observation of the functioning of animal ethics committees: (...)
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  15.  13
    Haitian People's Expectations Regarding Post‐Disaster Humanitarian Aid Teams’ Actions.Lonzozou Kpanake, Ronald Jean‐Jacques, Paul Clay Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (4):385-393.
    The way people at the receiving end of humanitarian assistance perceive this intervention may provide invaluable bottom-up feedback to improve the quality of the intervention. We analyzed and mapped Haitians’ views regarding international humanitarian aid in cases of natural disaster. Two hundred fifty participants–137 women and 113 men aged 18-67–who had suffered from the consequences of the earthquake in 2010 were presented with a series of vignettes depicting a humanitarian team's action and were asked to what extent these actions corresponded (...)
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  16.  8
    Mapping Mozambican People’s Views on Corruption Amnesty Laws.Germano Vera Cruz & Etienne Mullet - 2019 - Social Science Information 58 (1):84-102.
    This study examines Mozambican citizens’ positions regarding corruption amnesty laws. A series of realistic vignettes was presented to 303 Mozambican adults who were asked to rate the extent to which amnesty applicants deserved to be amnestied, according to three factors: the applicant’s status, the amount of money embezzled, and the applicant’s attitude during the hearing. Three qualitatively different positions were found. For 30%, officials convicted of corruption would never deserve to be amnestied. For 28%, repentant attitude was the only determinant (...)
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  17.  29
    Cognitive Algebra in Sport Decision-Making.Patricia Rulence-Pâques, Eric Fruchart, Vincent Dru & Etienne Mullet - 2005 - Theory and Decision 58 (4):387-406.
    Two studies examined whether simple algebraic rules that have been shown to be operative in many applied settings may also be found in sport decision-making. The theoretical framework for these studies was the Functional Theory of Cognition (Anderson, Contributions to information integration theory. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1996). The way in which novices but already experienced team sport players (soccer, basketball, and handball players) combine different informational cues (relative importance of the game, numerical status of the team, current score, and time (...)
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  18.  10
    Forgiveness-Related Motives: A Structural and Cross-Cultural Approach.Sandrine Ballester, Fatima Chatri, Maria Teresa Muñoz Sastre, Sheila Rivière & Etienne Mullet - 2011 - Social Science Information 50 (2):178-200.
    The structure of the motives invoked by people for forgiveness and for unforgiveness was assessed, and the relationships between these motives and demographic characteristics, conceptualizations of forgiveness, forgivingness, personality and culture were examined. Forgiveness appeared to be fueled mainly by three largely independent kinds of motives: having recovered sympathy for a repentant offender, applying a moral principle and preserving a meaningful relationship. Forgiveness may sometimes, however, amount to exploiting the offense for dominating or for challenging the offender as well as (...)
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  19.  8
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Acceptability in France of Induced Abortion for Adolescents”.María Teresa Muñoz Sastre, Celine Peccarisi, Elizabeth Legrain, Etienne Mullet & Paul Clay Sorum - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):W3 - W3.
    Background: This study investigated the factors affecting the acceptability in France of abortions. Method: 80 study participants from Toulouse and 124 from Metz judged the acceptability of abortion in 64 vignettes composed of five factors: 1) the adolescent's age, 2) the adolescent's plans to continue schooling or not, 3) the fetus' age, 4) the adolescent's parents' agreement or not, and 5) the agreement or not of baby's father. Results: Three clusters were noted: 1) abortion is never acceptable, 2) abortion is (...)
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  20.  4
    Perspective-Taking Judgments Among Young Adults, Middle-Aged, and Elderly People.Catherine Ligneau-Hervé & Etienne Mullet - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 11 (1):53-60.
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