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Esther Engels Kroeker [11]Esther Kroeker [7]Esther R. Kroeker [2]
  1.  24
    Reid's moral psychology: animal motives as guides to virtue.Esther Kroeker - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (S1):122-141.
    My aim in this paper is to show that animal motives play an important role in guiding human agents to virtue, according to Reid. Animal motives, for Reid, are constituted of desires and of their objects. These desires are intrinsic desires for objects other than moral or prudential worth. However, from a rational and moral point of view, animal motives are good and useful parts of the human constitution that lead to happiness, teach self-government, create the habit of acting virtuously, (...)
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  2.  7
    Reid on Natural Signs, Taste and Moral Perception.Esther R. Kroeker - 2009 - In Sabine Roeser (ed.), Reid on Ethics. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  3.  14
    The Science of Human Nature in the Scottish Enlightenment.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2020 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 18 (3):227-232.
  4.  46
    Explaining our Choices: Reid on Motives, Character and Effort.Esther Kroeker - 2007 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 5 (2):187-212.
    Libertarians, like Thomas Reid, hold that motives do not causally necessitate our choices. The problem that arises is to explain how the agent decides to act according to one motive and not the other. In light of some objections brought up by Leibniz and Edwards but also by contemporary compatibilists such as Haji and Goetz, I examine Thomas Reid's possible answer to this problem. I argue that to explain our choices Reid would appeal not only to motives and character traits (...)
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  5.  18
    Reid's Non-Humean Theory of Moral Motives.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (S1):205-224.
    Contrary to the widespread view that Reid and Hume agree that reason, alone, is inert, I argue that they disagree on this point. Both accept that reason plays a role in forming moral sentiments, and that affections are components of moral evaluations. However, I show that for Reid moral evaluations (comprised of moral judgments and moral affections) are different from moral motives (which are not comprised of affections). Moral motives for Reid are mind‐independent states of affairs that are grasped by (...)
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  6.  14
    Reid: Action and Will.Esther R. Kroeker - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):311-311.
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  7.  17
    Love, Reason and Morality.Katrien Schaubroeck & Esther Kroeker (eds.) - 2016 - New York: Routledge.
    This book brings together new essays that explore the connection between love and reasons. The observation that considerations of love carry significant weight in the deliberative process opens up new perspectives in the classic discussion about practical reasons, and gives rise to many interesting questions about the nature of love’s reasons, about their source and legitimacy, about their relation to moral and epistemic reasons, and about the extent to which love is sensitive to reasons. The contributors to this volume orient (...)
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  8.  9
    Where the conflict really lies: Plantinga’s Reidian discourse.Esther Kroeker - 2014 - Philosophia Reformata 79 (1):21-36.
  9.  49
    Response to Keith Lehrer: Thomas Reid on Common Sense and Morals.Esther Kroeker - 2013 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 11 (2):131-143.
    This paper is a response to Keith Lehrer's ‘Reid on Common Sense and Morals.’ I start by defending the general claim that it is appropriate to call Reid a moral realist. I continue by discussing three aspects of Reid's account of moral ideas. First, our first moral conceptions are non-propositional mental states that are essential ingredients of moral perception. Our first moral conceptions are not gross, indistinct and egocentric but are uninformed mental states that might be about others. Second, moral (...)
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  10. Thomas Reid: Theory of Action.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Thomas Reid: Theory of Action Thomas Reid made important contributions to the fields of epistemology and philosophy of mind, and is often regarded as the founder of the common sense school of philosophy. However, he also offered key arguments and observations concerning human agency and morality. Reid carefully criticized the views of his contemporaries, and defended … Continue reading Reid: Theory of Action →.
     
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  11. A common sense response to Hume's moral atheism : Reid on morality and theism.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2018 - In Charles Bradford Bow (ed.), Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment. [Oxford, United Kingdom]: Oxford University Press.
  12.  13
    Aaron Garrett and James A. Harris , Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century: Morals, Politics, Art, Religion.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (2):218-224.
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  13.  36
    Hume's an Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals : A Critical Guide.Esther Engels Kroeker & Willem Lemmens (eds.) - 2021 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Hume considered his Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals to be one of his best works. In it he offers his most elegant and approachable account of the origins and scope of morality. With the hope of reaching a broad audience, he argues that morality is neither rigid nor austere, but is rather a product of sentiments that all human beings share, and which they are naturally inclined to recognize and act upon. In this Critical Guide, a team of distinguished (...)
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  14.  12
    Hume's Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals and The Whole Duty of Man.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2020 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 18 (2):117-132.
    I examine, in this paper, the contents of one of the most famous religious texts of the early modern period, The Whole Duty of Man, and I show that Hume's Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Man is an attempt to reappropriate and replace the Anglican devotional with his own moral philosophy. Hume would reject the devotional's general methodology, its claims about the foundation of morality, and its list of duties. However, a careful reading of The Whole Duty of Man reveals (...)
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  15.  23
    Is religion natural?Esther Engels Kroeker & Willem Lemmens - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 81 (4):343-350.
    Why is religion such a widespread human experience? In enlightenment Scotland, philosophers had already attempted to answer this question turning to natural histories of mankind, and to a careful analysis of the human mind and of those cognitive capacities responsible for religious-type beliefs and attitudes. This early approach is also echoed today, as scholars from the cognitive sciences seek to show how religious-type beliefs and practices are produced either directly or as a by-product of natural cognitive processes. Others continue to (...)
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  16. Perceiving Design? Reid's Design Discourse.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2024 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 62 (2):239-262.
    Abstractabstract:Thomas Reid, I argue in this paper, holds that the belief that the works of nature are the effects of an intelligent cause is an instinctive or natural belief that may also be rational. After presenting the details of Reid's design argument, I turn to his account of human perception of the inner states of other human beings. I argue that perceptual beliefs of inner states, and hence beliefs in mental qualities such as intelligence and wisdom, involve natural signs that (...)
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  17.  78
    Reasons of love: an introduction.Esther Kroeker & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2013 - Philosophical Explorations 16 (3):280 - 284.
  18.  32
    Reid's Response to Hume's Moral Critique of Religion.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (1):85-100.
    My aim in this paper is to present Reid's answer to Hume's claim that religion is contrary to natural human moral passions. Religion, according to Hume, weakens natural human inclinations toward virtue and invents new species of merit. Reid would respond, first, that morality is indeed tied to human nature, and that Hume fails to recognize that a sense of justice is natural as well. Since justice does not arise within human social conventions, Reid would conclude that justice is not (...)
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  19.  87
    Thomas Reid. Essays on the Active Powers of Man. Edited by James A. Harris and Knud Haakonssen.Esther Kroeker - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):275-279.
    For anyone interested in Reid's moral psychology and ethics, the new edition of his Essays on the Active Powers of Man is a welcome addition to the Edinburgh Collection. This book, first announced as the sixth, finally arrives as the seventh of a ten volume collection, The Edinburgh Edition of Thomas Reid, edited by Knud Haakonssen, which contains Reid's published and unpublished writings. During his lifetime, Reid published three volumes: An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common (...)
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  20.  50
    Thomas Reid Today.Esther Engels Kroeker - 2015 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 13 (2):95-114.
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