Results for 'Erika Bataglia da Costa'

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  1.  18
    The derealization of the old city in the ideal city.Erika Bataglia da Costa - 2008 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 1:29-33.
    In this study we intend to investigate the ancient city as the state unable to guarantee the protection and enforcement of justice between individuals and the birth of the Republic undemocratic libel resultant of the failure and the decay of the old city. Plato tries to convince men that it is life in a community that makes it possible to happiness in our short roaming in the world. The ontology of the property falls here as a strategy of persuasion on (...)
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  2.  69
    On Suppes' Set Theoretical Predicates.Newton C. A. da Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (1):95-112.
  3.  42
    Pragmatic Probability.Newton C. A. Da Costa - 1986 - Erkenntnis 25 (2):141 - 162.
  4. The Model-Theoretic Approach in the Philosophy of Science.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Steven French - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):248 - 265.
    An introduction to the model-theoretic approach in the philosophy of science is given and it is argued that this program is further enhanced by the introduction of partial structures. It is then shown that this leads to a natural and intuitive account of both "iconic" and mathematical models and of the role of the former in science itself.
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  5.  58
    A semantical Analysis of the Calculi C n.Newton C. A. Da Costa & E. H. Alves - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal Fo Formal Logic 18 (4):621-630.
  6. Definability and Invariance.N. C. A. da Costa & A. A. M. Rodrigues - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (1):1-30.
    In his thesis Para uma Teoria Geral dos Homomorfismos (1944), the Portuguese mathematician José Sebastião e Silva constructed an abstract or generalized Galois theory, that is intimately linked to F. Klein’s Erlangen Program and that foreshadows some notions and results of today’s model theory; an analogous theory was independently worked out by M. Krasner in 1938. In this paper, we present a version of the theory making use of tools which were not at Silva’s disposal. At the same time, we (...)
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  7.  28
    On paraconsistent deontic logic.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Walter A. Carnielli - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (3-4):293-305.
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  8.  70
    Is there a zande logic?Newton C. A. Da Costa, Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (1):41-54.
    The issue of what consequences to draw from the existence of non-classical logical systems has been the subject of an interesting debate across a diversity of fields. In this paper the matter of alternative logics is considered with reference to a specific belief system and its propositions :the Azande are said to maintain beliefs about witchcraft which, when expressed propositionally, appear to be inconsistent. When the Azande have been presented with such inconsistencies, they either fail to see them as such (...)
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  9.  81
    Pragmatic Truth and the Logic of Induction.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):333-356.
    We apply the recently elaborated notions of 'pragmatic truth' and 'pragmatic probability' to the problem of the construction of a logic of inductive inference. It is argued that the system outlined here is able to overcome many of the objections usually levelled against such attempts. We claim, furthermore, that our view captures the essentially cumulative nature of science and allows us to explain why it is indeed reasonable to accept and believe in the conclusions reached by inductive inference.
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  10. Suppes Predicates for Space-Time.Newton C. A. Da Costa, Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 1997 - Synthese 112 (2):271-279.
    We formulate Suppes predicates for various kinds of space-time: classical Euclidean, Minkowski's, and that of General Relativity. Starting with topological properties, these continua are mathematically constructed with the help of a basic algebra of events; this algebra constitutes a kind of mereology, in the sense of Lesniewski. There are several alternative, possible constructions, depending, for instance, on the use of the common field of reals or of a non-Archimedian field (with infinitesimals). Our approach was inspired by the work of Whitehead (...)
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  11.  22
    Community Health Impact Assessment in Ghana: Contemporary Concepts and Practical Methods.Da-Costa Aboagye, Kwame Akuffo & Hafiz T. A. Khan - 2019 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 56:004695801984529.
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  12. .coordenação de Arnaldo de Pinho E. António Martins da Costa - 2008 - In Sampaio Bruno (ed.), Dispersos. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda.
     
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  13. Meridionale aux VIII', IX־ et X־ Siecles.G. Da Costa-Louillet & Saints de Sicile Et D'ltalie - forthcoming - Byzantion.
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  14.  10
    Re: What is Wealth Inequality?Jade Crimson Rose Da Costa - 2022 - Studies in Social Justice 16 (3):649-651.
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  15.  82
    An Intensional Schrödinger Logic.Newton C. A. da Costa & Décio Krause - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (2):179-194.
    We investigate the higher-order modal logic , which is a variant of the system presented in our previous work. A semantics for that system, founded on the theory of quasi sets, is outlined. We show how such a semantics, motivated by the very intuitive base of Schrödinger logics, provides an alternative way to formalize some intensional concepts and features which have been used in recent discussions on the logical foundations of quantum mechanics; for example, that some terms like 'electron' have (...)
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  16.  62
    On Russell's Principle of Induction.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1991 - Synthese 86 (2):285 - 295.
    An improvement on Horwich's so-called "pseudo-proof" of Russell's principle of induction is offered, which, we believe, avoids certain objections to the former. Although strictly independent of our other work in this area, a connection can be made and in the final section we comment on this and certain questions regarding rationality, etc.
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  17. G. Marcel: A dimensão metafísca da Esperança.M. Barbosa da Costa Freitas - 1989 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 45 (4):531-548.
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  18.  36
    On the Logic of Belief.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (3):431 - 446.
  19.  33
    Nietzsche and Cosmology: A Possible Way of Enriching the Practice of Science.Wigson Rafael Silva da Costa & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira - 2023 - Perspectives on Science 31 (4):503-533.
    In this paper we will present the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche’s main reflections on the scientific enterprise, its relation to the metaphysical tradition, and how the German author drew on the nineteenth century cosmological discussion to develop a worldview that ultimately endorses a dynamic and more creative form of science, whose representations and values should not be separated from human interests.
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  20.  42
    The making of extraordinary facts: authentication of singularities of nature at the Royal Society of London in the first half of the eighteenth century.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):265-288.
    This paper is concerned with the particular problems raised by observations of phenomena outside the common course of nature for their validation as knowledge. It examines to what extent the content of the reports and, in particular, their lack of intrinsic plausibility affected the methods used in their authentication and the assessment of testimony at the Royal Society in the first half of the eighteenth century. I show that literary strategies were usually necessary but not sufficient for the validation of (...)
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  21.  6
    The Philosophical Writing and the Drama of Knowledge in Plato.Gilmário Guerreiro da Costa - 2015 - In Gabriele Cornelli (ed.), Plato's Styles and Characters: Between Literature and Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 137-156.
  22. On the theory of inconsistent formal systems.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (4):497-510.
  23.  12
    Ethical potentialities on physical education as a vehicle for ethical education through sports.Luísa Ávila da Costa, Michael McNamee & Teresa Lacerda - 2016 - Recerca.Revista de Pensament I Anàlisi 18:29-48.
    Sports occupy an interesting ethical space from a pedagogic point of view, being included in physical education curricula in most Western countries. The approach of physical education to sports as vehicle for ethical education is too limited when it is restricted to their minimal functional, constitutive and regulatory goals. This essay’s aim is to argue the extent to which the ethical potential of physical education can embrace more than functional purposes, or whether that will be neglected in terms of limited (...)
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  24.  74
    Quasi-Truth, Supervaluations and Free Logic.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Otavio Bueno - 1999 - History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (3-4):215-226.
    The partial structures approach has two major components: a broad notion of structure (partial structure) and a weak notion of truth (quasi-truth). In this paper, we discuss the relationship between this approach and free logic. We also compare the model-theoretic analysis supplied by partial structures with the method of supervaluations, which was initially introduced as a technique to provide a semantic analysis of free logic. We then combine the three formal frameworks (partial structures, free logic and supervaluations), and apply the (...)
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  25.  16
    O desafio da igualdade de género à luz da herança e das contradições de Rousseau.Marta Nunes da Costa - 2019 - Doispontos 16 (1).
    Rousseau é reconhecido como um dos grandes filósofos da nossa tradição ocidental, sobretudo pelo impacto que os seus ideais tiveram na definição da ideologia moderna de viés republicano e até mesmo liberal. Porém, apesar da defesa incansável daqueles que viriam a ser os ideais revolucionários franceses, Rousseau insiste em manter uma prática de desigualdade naturalizada, considerando as mulheres como inferiores e eternas desiguais dos homens. Mary Wollstonecraft foi a primeira a fazer a denúncia da contradição do pensamento de Rousseau, na (...)
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  26.  20
    A historicização da herança geracional segundo a teoria freudiana: um imperativo para os estudos psicanalíticos feministas.Virginia Helena Ferreira da Costa - 2021 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 33 (58).
    Procuramos expor o pluralismo de leituras da obra freudiana mediante a exploração da hipótese de historicização da formação psíquica dos sujeitos, especialmente relativa ao complexo de Édipo e Supereu. Partindo da perspectiva de estudos feministas, verificamos no corpus teórico freudiano se há a possibilidade de que o avanço sócio-histórico seja um fator de modificação de concepções que, na leitura freudiana clássica, seriam lidas como imutáveis, fixas e rígidas cultural e historicamente. Madelon Sprengnether, Nancy Chodorow e Judith Butler serão retomadas para (...)
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  27.  17
    A “sociologização” da psicanálise em Dialética do Esclarecimento: sobre Sohn-Rethel e o inquietante.Virginia Helena Ferreira da Costa - 2016 - Doispontos 13 (3).
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  28.  21
    $\alpha$-models and the systems $T$ and $T^\ast$.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (3):443-454.
  29.  21
    Samba e religião presença e resistência na cidade de São Paulo.Ênio José da Costa Brito - 2018 - Horizonte 16 (49):379-398.
    This paper is a critic analysis of a doctorate thesis and a master dissertation, which subjects are the samba and the afro religions in the city of São Paulo. Both consider the samba and the religion as manifestations and cultural expressions through which the black population in afro-diaspora rebuilded and reupdated memories via religiosity, rythm, dance and performan.
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  30.  31
    Geographical expansion and the reconfiguration of medical authority: Garcia de Orta’s Colloquies on the Simples and Drugs of India.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):74-81.
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  31.  12
    Anatomical Expertise and the Hermaphroditic Body.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2007 - Spontaneous Generations 1 (1):78.
    In his influential work, A social history of truth, Steven Shapin has argued for the central role of social status in the assessment of experimental knowledge. In his view, in seventeenth-century England, gentlemen were considered the right kind of persons to trust because of their freedom of action, codes of virtue and honour. These characteristics ensured credibility and, hence, compelled assent. However, Shapin does not put sufficient emphasis on the relevance of the testifier’s competence in the validation of knowledge. When (...)
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  32.  44
    Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Steven French - 2003 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    Da Costa and French explore the consequences of adopting a 'pragmatic' notion of truth in the philosophy of science. Their framework sheds new light on issues to do with belief, theory acceptance, and the realism-antirealism debate, as well as the nature of scientific models and their heuristic development.
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  33.  4
    Democracia e estado social em Tocqueville.Robson Francisco da Costa - 2019 - Cadernos PET-Filosofia (Parana) 17 (2).
    Esta pesquisa pretende investigar sobretudo a relação entre Sociedade e Estado. A sociedade sob a perspectiva de Tocqueville enquanto corpo coletivo democrático, ou igual. A igualdade é entendida pelo autor como um “fato social”. Tocqueville chama de estado social de igualdade de condições a conjuntura política organizacional do povo americano por ele encontrado à época de sua visita aos EUA. Já o Estado, visto pelo autor como resultado das condições da sociedade, sendo este, instituição arquitetada dentro de parâmetros democráticos de (...)
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  34.  24
    The medical understanding of monstrous births at the Royal Society of London during the first half of the eighteenth century.Palmira da Costa - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):157-175.
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  35.  22
    The medical understanding of monstrous births at the Royal Society of London during the first half of the eighteenth century.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):157-175.
    The fact that monstrous births were not represented in independent learned publications of the eighteenth century, except for the case of hermaphrodites, does not mean that the interest in them had disappeared or that they were no more considered proper objects of inquiry. This paper focuses on the medical understanding of monstrosity at the Royal Society of London. I point to the use of monstrous births in strengthening the authority of medical practitioners and lecturers. I also show some of their (...)
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  36.  60
    A semantical analysis of the calculi Cn.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18:621.
  37.  23
    Un outil d’évaluation des compétences cognitives des jeunes polyhandicapés : le P2CJP.Maria Pereira Da Costa & Régine Scelles - 2012 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 6 (2):110-123.
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  38.  31
    The natural history files.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (3):583-587.
  39.  73
    A modal ontology of properties for quantum mechanics.Newton da Costa, Olimpia Lombardi & Mariano Lastiri - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3671-3693.
    Our purpose in this paper is to delineate an ontology for quantum mechanics that results adequate to the formalism of the theory. We will restrict our aim to the search of an ontology that expresses the conceptual content of the recently proposed modal-Hamiltonian interpretation, according to which the domain referred to by non-relativistic quantum mechanics is an ontology of properties. The usual strategy in the literature has been to focus on only one of the interpretive problems of the theory and (...)
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  40.  74
    Quantum Mechanics: Ontology Without Individuals.Newton da Costa & Olimpia Lombardi - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (12):1246-1257.
    The purpose of the present paper is to consider the traditional interpretive problems of quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of a modal ontology of properties. In particular, we will try to delineate a quantum ontology that (i) is modal, because describes the structure of the realm of possibility, and (ii) lacks the ontological category of individual. The final goal is to supply an adequate account of quantum non-individuality on the basis of this ontology.
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  41.  95
    Full-blooded anti-exceptionalism about logic.Newton Da Costa & Jonas R. Becker Arenhart - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Logic 15 (2):362-380.
    Problems of logical theory choice are current being widely dis- cussed in the context of anti-exceptionalist views on logic. According to those views, logic is not a special science among others, so, in particular, the methodology for theory choice should be the same in logic as for other scientific disciplines. Richard Routley advanced one such methodology which meshes well with anti-exceptionalism, and argued that it leads one to choosing one single logic, which is a kind of ultralogic. We argue that (...)
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  42.  22
    As contradições do mundo e a unidade do discurso: filosofia e retórica em Antônio Vieira.Admar Almeida da Costa - 2018 - Educação E Filosofia 32 (65).
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  43.  46
    A model theoretic approach to 'natural' reasoning.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1993 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (2):177-190.
    Abstract A general framework is proposed for accommodating the recent results of studies into ?natural? decision making. A crucial element of this framework is the notion of a ?partial structure?, recently introduced into the semantic approach to scientific theories. It is through the introduction of this element that connections can be made with certain problems regarding inconsistency and rationality in general.
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  44.  78
    Pragmatic Truth and Approximation to Truth.Mikenberg Irene, C. A. Da Costa Newton & Chuaqui Rolando - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):201 - 221.
    There are several conceptions of truth, such as the classical correspondence conception, the coherence conception and the pragmatic conception. The classical correspondence conception, or Aristotelian conception, received a mathematical treatment in the hands of Tarski (cf. Tarski [1935] and [1944]), which was the starting point of a great progress in logic and in mathematics. In effect, Tarski's semantic ideas, especially his semantic characterization of truth, have exerted a major influence on various disciplines, besides logic and mathematics; for instance, linguistics, the (...)
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  45.  4
    alpha-models and systems T and T.Newton C. A. da Costa - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15:443.
  46.  33
    Aspects of Paraconsistent Logic.Newton A. da Costa, Jean-Yves Beziau & Otavio S. Bueno - 1995 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 3 (4):597-614.
  47.  35
    Aspects of Paraconsistent Logic.Newton C. A. da Costa, Jean-Yves Béziau & Otávio A. S. Bueno - 1995 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 3 (4):597-614.
  48.  53
    Who Rules the Ruler? On the Misconduct of Journal Editors.Aurora A. C. Teixeira & Mariana Fontes da Costa - 2010 - Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (2):111-128.
    There are very few (published) accounts of editorial misconduct, and those that do exist are almost exclusively focused on medicine-related areas. In the present article we detail a case of editorial misconduct in a rather underexplored domain, the social sciences. This case demonstrates that although legal systems provide different instruments of protection to avoid, compensate for, and punish misconduct on the part of journal editors, the social and economic power unbalance between authors and publishers suggests the importance of alternative solutions (...)
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  49.  34
    Pragmatic truth and approximation to truth.Irene Mikenberg, Newton C. A. da Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):201-221.
  50.  25
    Filosofia e psicoterapia no projeto da análise existencial de Viktor Frankl: a compreensão da pessoa espiritual a partir da transcendência.Marcos Vinícius da Costa Meireles - 2020 - Horizonte 18 (55):418.
    Esta tese, de caráter epistemológico, tem como objetivo demonstrar como a relação entre filosofia e psicoterapia contribui com o empreendimento da Análise Existencial frankliana, permitindo vislumbrar uma concepção de ser humano desde uma dimensão existencial. A relação com a filosofia se deu principalmente a partir das obras de Martin Heidegger, em especial Os fundamentos metafísicos da lógica e Seminários de Zollikon. No tocante à bibliografia de Frankl, destaca-se Logoterapia e Análise Existencial. Esta pesquisa teórico-bibliográfica está dividida em três momentos. No (...)
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