Results for 'Eric Morgan Hammer'

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  1.  4
    Eric M. Hammer. Logic and Visual Information. Studies in Logic, Language and Information. CSLI Publications, Stanford, and FoLLI, 1996 , Also Distributed by Cambridge University Press, New York, Ix + 124 Pp. [REVIEW]Isabel Luengo - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1395-1396.
  2.  11
    Review: Eric M. Hammer, Logic and Visual Information. [REVIEW]Isabel Luengo - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1395-1396.
  3.  9
    Logic and Visual Information.Eric Hammer - 1995 - CSLI Publications.
    This book examines the logical foundations of visual information: information presented in the form of diagrams, graphs, charts, tables, and maps. The importance of visual information is clear from its frequent presence in everyday reasoning and communication, and also in compution. Chapters of the book develop the logics of familiar systems of diagrams such as Venn diagrams and Euler circles. Other chapters develop the logic of higraphs, Pierce diagrams, and a system having both diagrams and sentences among its well-formed representations. (...)
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  4.  45
    The Diversity of Philosophy Students and Faculty.Eric Schwitzgebel, Liam Kofi Bright, Carolyn Dicey Jennings, Morgan Thompson & Eric Winsberg - 2021 - The Philosophers' Magazine 93:71-90.
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  5.  25
    Reasoning with Sentences and Diagrams.Eric Hammer - 1994 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (1):73-87.
    A formal system is studied having both sentences and diagrams as well-formed representations. Proofs in the system allow inference back and forth between sentences and diagrams, as well as between diagrams and diagrams, and between sentences and sentences. This sort of heterogeneous system is of interest because external representations other than linguistic ones occur commonly in actual reasoning in conjunction with language. Syntax, semantics, and rules of inference for the system are given and it is shown to be sound and (...)
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  6.  73
    Euler’s Visual Logic.Eric M. Hammer & Sun-Joo Shin - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (1):1-29.
    The evolution of Euler diagrams is examined from Euler's original system through the modifications made by Venn and Peirce. It is shown that these modifications were motivated by an attempt to increase the expressivity of the diagrams, but that a side effect of these modifications was a loss of the visual clarity of Euler's original system. Euler's original system is reconstructed from a modern, logical point of view. Formal semantics and rules of inference are provided for this reconstruction of Euler's (...)
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  7.  61
    Towards a Model Theory of Diagrams.Hammer Eric & Danner Norman - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (5):463 - 482.
    A logical system is studied whose well-formed representations consist of diagrams rather than formulas. The system, due to Shin [2, 3], is shown to be complete by an argument concerning maximally consistent sets of diagrams. The argument is complicated by the lack of a straight forward counterpart of atomic formulas for diagrams, and by the lack of a counterpart of negation for most diagrams.
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  8.  22
    A Solution to the Problem of Updating Encyclopedias.Eric Hammer & Edward N. Zalta - 1997 - Computers and the Humanities 31 (1):47-60.
    This paper describes a way of creating and maintaining a `dynamic encyclopedia', i.e., an encyclopedia whose entries can be improved and updated on a continual basis without requiring the production of an entire new edition. Such an encyclopedia is therefore responsive to new developments and new research. We discuss our implementation of a dynamic encyclopedia and the problems that we had to solve along the way. We also discuss ways of automating the administration of the encyclopedia.
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  9.  28
    Diagrams and the Concept of Logical System.Jon Barwise & Eric Hammer - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
  10.  53
    Semantics for Existential Graphs.Eric M. Hammer - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (5):489-503.
    This paper examines Charles Peirce's graphical notation for first-order logic with identity. The notation forms a part of his system of "existential graphs," which Peirce considered to be his best work in logic. In this paper a Tarskian semantics is provided for the graphical system.
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  11.  6
    Peircean Graphs for Propositional Logic.Eric Hammer - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
  12.  55
    The Truths of Logic.Eric M. Hammer - 1996 - Synthese 109 (1):27 - 45.
    Several accounts of logical truth are compared and shown to define distinct concepts. Nevertheless, conditions are given under which they happen to declare exactly the same sentences logically true. These conditions involve the variety of objects in the domain, the richness of the language, and the logical resources available. It is argued that the class of sentences declared logically true by each of the accounts depends on particularities of the actual world.
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  13.  33
    Symmetry as a Method of Proof.Eric Hammer - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (5):523 - 543.
    This paper is a logical study of valid uses of symmetry in deductive reasoning, of what underlying principles make some appeals to symmetry legitimate but others illegitimate. The issue is first motivated informally. A framework is then given covering a fairly broad range of symmetry arguments, and the formulation of symmetry provided is shown to be a valid principle of reasoning, as is a slightly stronger principle of reasoning, one that is shown to be in some sense as strong as (...)
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  14.  16
    Linear Notation for Existential Graphs.Eric Hammer - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (186):129-140.
    A linear notation for Charles S. Peirce's alpha and beta diagrammatic systems of existential graphs is presented. These two systems are equivalent to propositional and first-order logic. Some differences between the linear and graphical notation are analyzed, revealing some of the strengths and weaknesses of Peirce's system.
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  15.  10
    Shin Sun-Joo. The Logical Status of Diagrams. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, and Oakleigh, Victoria, 1995 , Xi + 197 Pp. [REVIEW]Eric M. Hammer - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):341-342.
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  16.  15
    Peirce on Logical Diagrams.Eric Hammer - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (4):807 - 827.
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  17.  10
    Review: Sun-Joo Shin, The Logical Status of Diagrams. [REVIEW]Eric M. Hammer - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):341-342.
  18.  9
    The Calculations of Peirce's 4.453.Eric Hammer - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (4):829 - 839.
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  19.  10
    Peirce's Logic.Eric Hammer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  20.  8
    Pearl Judea. Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference. Series in Representation and Reasoning. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo 1988, Xix + 552 Pp. [REVIEW]Eric Neufeld - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (2):721-721.
  21. 1. Preface Preface (P. Vii).Michael Dickson, Don Howard, Scott Tanona, Mathias Frisch, Eric Winsberg, Arnold Koslow, Paul Teller, Ronald N. Giere, Mary S. Morgan & Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5).
  22.  6
    Thomas Hobbes, Translations of Homer, 2 Vols, Edited by Eric Nelson. Clarendon, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.Dean Hammer - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (1):166-169.
  23.  11
    Roger: A Biography of Roger Revelle. Judith Morgan, Neil Morgan.Eric L. Mills - 1997 - Isis 88 (4):732-733.
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  24. Brill Online Books and Journals.Norbert M. le GoodmanSamuelson, Kenneth Seeskin, David Novak, Ehud Z. Benor, Menachem Kellner, Eric Lawee, Michael Zank, Michael L. Morgan & Avihu Zakai - 1996 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 5 (2).
     
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  25.  63
    The Logic of Knowledge Based Obligation.Eric Pacuit, Rohit Parikh & Eva Cogan - 2006 - Synthese 149 (2):311-341.
    Deontic Logic goes back to Ernst Mally’s 1926 work, Grundgesetze des Sollens: Elemente der Logik des Willens [Mally. E.: 1926, Grundgesetze des Sollens: Elemente der Logik des Willens, Leuschner & Lubensky, Graz], where he presented axioms for the notion ‘p ought to be the case’. Some difficulties were found in Mally’s axioms, and the field has much developed. Logic of Knowledge goes back to Hintikka’s work Knowledge and Belief [Hintikka, J.: 1962, Knowledge and Belief: An Introduction to the Logic of (...)
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  26.  10
    Psychology of Religions and the Books That Made It Happen.Morgan John H. - 2011 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):277-298.
    On the centennial of the death of William James (1842-1910), I approached faculty members at eighteen major theological centers of learning requesting them to identify the twelve most important books in the field of the psychology of religion written between James' 1902 classic The Varieties of Religious Experience up to Peter Homan's 1970 Theology After Freud. The request was for each faculty member (by agreement to remain anonymous) to identify the twelve books during that time period (1902-1970) which, in their (...)
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  27.  10
    Against Deep Conventionalism.Eric Moore - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 45 (3):228-240.
    ABSTRACTWilliam Morgan presents two diametrically opposed normative conceptions of sport and athletic excellence from late nineteenth/early twentieth-century British and American athletes. He claims that this example shows that the normative theory of sport presented by broad internalism is false or at least inadequate. As an alternative, he presents the concept of deep conventions, which, he claims, can successfully adjudicate such normative disputes. I argue that Morgan’s counterexample is not nearly so decisive against broad internalism as it might seem (...)
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  28.  3
    Metaphysics to Metafictions: Hegel, Nietzsche, and the End of Philosophy. [REVIEW]Eric V. D. Luft - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):463-464.
    Miklowitz’s central historical thesis is that Hegel’s “bold claims of metaphysics were burst into fragments under blows from Nietzsche’s hammer”. This thesis fails to account for the many profitable readings of Hegel as an epistemologist rather than a metaphysician. In Miklowitz’s reading, Hegel seems to fit the Schopenhauerian caricature of the pompous Schwabian concocting “grandiose... hubristic” pretensions to absolute knowledge “that would have made even Faust blush”.
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  29.  13
    Biological Individuality and the Foetus Problem.William Morgan - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-18.
    The Problem of Biological Individuality is the problem of how to count organisms. Whilst counting organisms may seem easy, the biological world is full of difficult cases such as colonial siphonophores and aspen tree groves. One of the main solutions to the Problem of Biological Individuality is the Physiological Approach. Drawing on an argument made by Eric Olson in the personal identity debate, I argue that the Physiological Approach faces a metaphysical problem - the ‘Foetus Problem’. This paper illustrates (...)
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  30.  1
    Weaving the World: Simone Weil on Science, Mathematics, and Love.Vance G. Morgan - 2005 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    "_Weaving the World_ is a well-written and lucid overview of Simone Weil's writings on science and mathematics. This book will be of great benefit for anyone who wishes to pursue Weil's thought in depth." —_Eric O. Springsted, President of the American Weil Society_ "_Weaving the World_ is a detailed account of the philosophy of science and knowledge of Simone Weil. It is a very useful contribution to our understanding of one of the deepest and most incandescent thinkers of the twentieth (...)
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  31.  1
    Biological Individuality and the Foetus Problem.William Morgan - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-18.
    The Problem of Biological Individuality is the problem of how to count organisms. Whilst counting organisms may seem easy, the biological world is full of difficult cases such as colonial siphonophores and aspen tree groves. One of the main solutions to the Problem of Biological Individuality is the Physiological Approach. Drawing on an argument made by Eric Olson in the personal identity debate, I argue that the Physiological Approach faces a metaphysical problem - the ‘Foetus Problem’. This paper illustrates (...)
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  32.  8
    Conventionalism Defended: A Reply to Moore.William Morgan - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (1):98-107.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent article in this Journal, Eric Moore criticized an earlier essay of mine published in this same Journal on two fronts. On the first, he criticized my criticisms of broad internalism for relying on abstract moral principles too far removed from the practice of sport to adjudicate normative conflicts in which disputants cannot agree on what is the purpose of sport. On the second front, he criticized my reliance on what he called Rorty’s “controversial” views of truth (...)
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  33. Eric T. Olson Warum Wir Tiere Sind.Eric Olson - manuscript
    Was sind wir? Wie immer man sich zu dieser Frage stellt, eines scheint offenkundig: Wir sind Tiere, genauer gesagt: menschliche Tiere, Mitglieder der Art Homo sapiens. Dabei mag es überraschen, daß viele Philosophen diese vermeintlich banale Tatsache abstreiten. Plato, Augustinus, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Kant und Hegel, um nur einige herausragende zu nennen, waren alle der Meinung, wir seien keine Tiere. Es mag zwar sein, daß unsere Körper Tiere sind. Doch sind wir nicht mit unseren Körpern gleichzusetzen. Wir sind etwas (...)
     
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  34. (Hammer@Ucla.Edu and [email protected]).Rhonda Hammer & Douglas Kellner - unknown
    John Hartley opens his short history of cultural studies by evoking a sense of the contested nature of the field in the contemporary moment and the intense debates about its objects, scope, methods, and goals: “Even within intellectual communities and academic institutions, there is little agreement about what counts as cultural studies, either as a critical practice or an institutional apparatus. On the contrary, the field is riven by fundamental disagreements about what cultural studies is for, in whose interests it (...)
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  35.  5
    Critical Realism and Spirituality: Theism, Atheism, and Meta-Reality / Edited by Mervyn Hartwig and Jamie Morgan.Mervyn Hartwig & Jamie Morgan (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    The rise of neo-integrative worldviews : towards a rational spirituality for the coming planetary civilization -- Beyond fundamentalism : spiritual realism, spiritual literacy and education -- Realism, literature and spirituality -- Judgemental rationality and the equivalence of argument : realism about God, response to Morgan's critique -- Transcendence and God : reflections on critical realism, the "new atheism", and Christian theology -- Human sciences at the edge of panentheism : God and the limits of ontological realism -- Beyond East (...)
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  36.  56
    Eric Gill's Review of Chesterton's.Eric Gill - 1991 - The Chesterton Review 17 (1):119-122.
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  37. Eric Weil L'avenir de la Philosophie. Violence Et Langage. Huit Études Sur Eric Weil.Eric Weil & Jean Quillien - 1987
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  38.  86
    The Self-Ownership Proviso: A New and Improved Lockean Proviso*: Eric Makc.Eric Mack - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):186-218.
    In this essay I propose to explicate and defend a new and improved version of a Lockean proviso—the self-ownership proviso . I shall presume here that individuals possess robust rights of self-ownership. I shall take it that each individual has strong moral claims over the elements which constitute her person, e.g., her body parts, her talents, and her energies. However, in the course of the essay, I shall be challenging what I take to be the standard conception of self-ownership and (...)
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  39.  55
    Kant and the Metaphysics of Causality.Eric Watkins - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a book about Kant's views on causality as understood in their proper historical context. Specifically, Eric Watkins argues that a grasp of Leibnizian and anti-Leibnizian thought in eighteenth-century Germany helps one to see how the critical Kant argued for causal principles that have both metaphysical and epistemological elements. On this reading Kant's model of causality does not consist of events, but rather of substances endowed with causal powers that are exercised according to their natures and circumstances. This (...)
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  40.  14
    Mr. Eric Gill's Reply.Eric Gill - 1920 - New Blackfriars 1 (7):434-435.
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  41.  10
    Barbara Spofford Morgan 1887-1971.Diana Morgan Laylin - 1970 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 44:221 - 222.
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  42.  45
    Eric Winsberg, Review of Wittgenstein, Finitism, and the Foundations of Mathematics by Mathieu Marion. [REVIEW]Eric Winsberg - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):533-536.
  43.  17
    Eric Mack/Christopher W. Morris', an Essay on the Modern State.Eric Mack - 2000 - Noûs 34 (1):153–164.
  44. Morgan’s Canon, Meet Hume’s Dictum: Avoiding Anthropofabulation in Cross-Species Comparisons.Cameron Buckner - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (5):853-871.
    How should we determine the distribution of psychological traits—such as Theory of Mind, episodic memory, and metacognition—throughout the Animal kingdom? Researchers have long worried about the distorting effects of anthropomorphic bias on this comparative project. A purported corrective against this bias was offered as a cornerstone of comparative psychology by C. Lloyd Morgan in his famous “Canon”. Also dangerous, however, is a distinct bias that loads the deck against animal mentality: our tendency to tie the competence criteria for cognitive (...)
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  45.  51
    Self-Critical Federal Science? The Ethics Experiment Within the U.S. Human Genome Project: ERIC T. JUENGST.Eric T. Juengst - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):63-95.
    On October 1, 1988, thirty-five years after co-discovering the structure of the DNA molecule, Dr. James Watson launched an unprecedented experiment in American science policy. In response to a reporter's question at a press conference, he unilaterally set aside 3 to 5 percent of the budget of the newly launched Human Genome Project to support studies of the ethical, legal, and social implications of new advances in human genetics. The Human Genome Project, by providing geneticists with the molecular maps of (...)
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  46.  61
    Are Causes of Belief Reasons for Belief? Silver on Evil, Religious Experience, and Theism: Eric Snider.Eric Snider - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (2):185-202.
    David Silver has argued that there is an illegitimate circularity in Plantinga's account of how a Christian theist can defend herself against the potential defeater presented by Paul Draper's formulation of the problem of evil. The way out of the circle for the theist, thinks Silver, would be by adopting a kind of evidentialism: she needs to make an appeal to evidence that is independent of the reasons she has for holding theistic belief in the first place. I shall argue (...)
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  47. La Collection Jean-Jacques Rousseau de la Bibliothèque [de] J. Pierpont Morgan Lettres, Notes Manusrites [!] Et Éditions.Jean-Jacques Rousseau, J. Pierpont Morgan & Albert Schinz - 1925 - Smith College.
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  48. Spinoza on the Politics of Philosophical Understanding Susan James and Eric Schliesser Angels and Philosophers: With a New Interpretation of Spinoza's Common Notions.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (3pt3):497-518.
    In this paper I offer three main challenges to James (2011). All three turn on the nature of philosophy and secure knowledge in Spinoza. First, I criticize James's account of the epistemic role that experience plays in securing adequate ideas for Spinoza. In doing so I criticize her treatment of what is known as the ‘conatus doctrine’ in Spinoza in order to challenge her picture of the relationship between true religion and philosophy. Second, this leads me into a criticism of (...)
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  49.  32
    Moral Individualism: Agent-Relativity and Deontic Restraints*: Eric Mack.Eric Mack - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (1):81-111.
    My goal in this essay is to say something helpful about the philosophical foundations of deontic restraints, i.e., moral restraints on actions that are, roughly speaking, grounded in the wrongful character of the actions themselves and not merely in the disvalue of their results. An account of deontic restraints will be formulated and offered against the backdrop of three related, but broader, contrasts or puzzles within moral theory. The plausibility of this account of deontic restraints rests in part on how (...)
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  50.  1
    The Hammer of the Cartesians: Henry More's Philosophy of Spirit and the Origins of Modern Atheism.David Leech - 2013 - Peeters.
    Henry More was probably the most important English philosopher between Hobbes and Locke. Described as the 'hammer' of the Cartesians, More attacked Descartes' conception of spirit as undermining its very intelligibility. This work, which analyses an episode in the evolution of the concept of spiritual substance in early modernity, looks at More's rational theology within the context of the great seventeenth century Cartesian controversies over spirit, soul-body interaction, and divine omnipresence. This work argues that More's new, univocal spirit conception, (...)
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