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Eric Katz
New Jersey Institute of Technology
  1.  66
    Nature as Subject: Human Obligation and Natural Community.Eric Katz - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Written by one of the instrumental figures in environmental ethics, Nature as Subject traces the development of an ethical policy that is centered not on human beings, but on itself. Katz applies this idea to contemporary environmental problems, introducing themes of justice, domination, imperialism, and the Holocaust. This volume will stand as a foundational work for environmental scholars, government and industry policy makers, activists, and students in advanced philosophy and environmental studies courses.
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  2. Environmental Pragmatism.Eric Katz & Andrew Light (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    Environmental pragmatism is a new strategy in environmental thought. It argues that theoretical debates are hindering the ability of the environmental movement to forge agreement on basic policy imperatives. This new direction in environmental thought moves beyond theory, advocating a serious inquiry into the merits of moral pluralism. Environmental pragmatism, as a coherent philosophical position, connects the methodology of classical American pragmatic thought to the explanation, solution and discussion of real issues. This concise, well-focused collection is the first comprehensive presentation (...)
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  3.  42
    Considering De-Extinction: Zombie Arguments and the Walking (And Flying and Swimming) Dead.Eric Katz - 2022 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 25 (2):81-103.
    De-extinction raises anew ontological and epistemological problems that have engaged environmental philosophers for decades. This essay re-examines these issues to provide a fuller understanding—and a critique—of de-extinction. One of my claims is that de-extinction as a philosophical problem merely recycles old issues and debates in the field (hence, “zombie” arguments). De-extinction is a project that arises out of the assertion of human domination of the natural world. Thus the acceptance of de-extinction as an environmental policy is an expression of a (...)
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  4.  5
    Environmental Pragmatism.Andrew Light & Eric Katz - 1996 - Ethics and the Environment 2 (2):199-202.
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  5.  52
    Further Adventures in the Case against Restoration.Eric Katz - 2012 - Environmental Ethics 34 (1):67-97.
    Ecological restoration has been a topic for philosophical criticism for three decades. In this essay, I present a discussion of the arguments against ecological restoration and the objections raised against my position. I have two purposes in mind: to defend my views against my critics, and to demonstrate that the debate over restoration reveals fundamental ideas about the meaning of nature, ideas that are necessary for the existence of any substantive environmentalism. I discuss the possibility of positive restorations, the idea (...)
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  6.  44
    Replacement and Irreversibility: The Problem with Ecological Restoration as Moral Repair.Eric Katz - 2018 - Ethics and the Environment 23 (1):17.
    Abstract:Should the process of ecological restoration be considered a type of moral reparation? In a recent issue of this journal, Ben Almassi (2017) has argued that ecological restoration should be understood as a moral repair, i.e., as "a model for rebuilding the moral conditions of relationships" (20). Ideas of restorative justice and moral repair are appropriate to address human injustice and wrongdoing. But these concepts are vacuous and lose their meaning when addressing the ethics of human activities regarding the natural (...)
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  7.  92
    The Problem of Ecological Restoration.Eric Katz - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):222-224.
  8. The call of the wild: The struggle against domination and the technological fix of nature.Eric Katz - 1992 - Environmental Ethics 14 (3):265-273.
    In this essay, I use encounters with the white-tailed deer of Fire Island to explore the “call of the wild”—the attraction to value that exists in a natural world outside of human control. Value exists in nature to the extent that it avoids modification by human technology. Technology “fixes” the natural world by improving it for human use or by restoring degraded ecosystems. Technology creates a “new world,” an artifactual reality that is far removed from the “wildness” of nature. The (...)
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  9. A pragmatic reconsideration of anthropocentrism.Eric Katz - 1999 - Environmental Ethics 21 (4):377-390.
    For much of its brief history, the field of environmental ethics has been critical of anthropocentrism. I here undertake a pragmatic reconsideration of anthropocentrism. In the first part of this essay, I explain what a pragmatic reconsideration of anthropocentrism means. I differentiate two distinct pragmatic strategies, one substantive and one methodological, and I adopt methodological pragmatism as my guiding principle. In the second part of this essay, I examine a case study of environmental policy—the problem of beach replenishment on Fire (...)
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  10.  61
    Geoengineering, Restoration, and the Construction of Nature.Eric Katz - 2015 - Environmental Ethics 37 (4):485-498.
    An old book by children’s author Dr. Seuss can be an inspiration to examine the ethical and ontological meaning of geoengineering. My argument is based on my critique of the process of ecological restoration as the creation of an artifactual reality. When humanity intentionally interferes with the processes and entities of nature, we change the ontological reality of the natural world. The world becomes a garden, or a zoo, an environment that must be continually managed to meet the goals of (...)
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  11.  6
    Beneath the Surface: Critical Essays in the Philosophy of Deep Ecology.Eric Katz, Andrew Light & David Rothenberg - 2000 - MIT Press.
    The philosophy of deep ecology originated in the 1970s with the Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess and has since spread around the world. Its basic premises are a belief in the intrinsic value of nonhuman nature, a belief that ecological principles should dictate human actions and moral evaluations, an emphasis on noninterference into natural processes, and a critique of materialism and technological progress.This book approaches deep ecology as a philosophy, not as a political, social, or environmental movement. In part I, the (...)
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  12.  12
    The Problem of Ecological Restoration.Eric Katz - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):222-224.
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  13.  31
    Preserving the distinction between nature and artifact.Eric Katz - 2011 - In Gregory E. Kaebnick (ed.), The Ideal of Nature: Debates About Biotechnology and the Environment. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 71.
  14.  45
    Searching for Intrinsic Value.Eric Katz - 1987 - Environmental Ethics 9 (3):231-241.
    Anthony Weston has criticized the place of “inttinsic value” in the development of an environmental ethic, and he has urged a “pragmatic shift” toward a plurality of values based on human desires and experiences. I argue that Weston is mistaken for two reasons: (1) his view of the methodology of environmental ethics is distorted: the intrinsic value of natural entities is not the ground of all moral obligations regarding the environment; and (2) his pragmatic theory of value is too anthropocentric (...)
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  15.  55
    Is There a Place for Animals in the Moral Consideration of Nature.Eric Katz - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics. An Anthology.
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  16.  36
    Understanding moral limits in the duality of artifacts and nature: A reply to critics.Eric Katz - 2002 - Ethics and the Environment 7 (1):138-146.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Ethics & the Environment 7.1 (2002) 138-146 [Access article in PDF] Understanding Moral Limits in the Duality of Artifacts and NatureA Reply to Critics Eric Katz Ned Hettinger and Wayne Ouderkirk present some cogent criticisms of my ideas in environmental ethics, especially those ideas closely associated with my attacks on the process of ecological restoration. Both trace the source of my alleged problems to a pernicious dualism of nature (...)
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  17. Defending the use of animals by business: Animal liberation and environmental ethics.Eric Katz - forthcoming - Business, Ethics and the Environment: The Public Policy Debate.
  18.  7
    Understanding Moral Limits in the Duality of Artifacts and Nature: A Reply to Critics.Eric Katz - 2002 - Ethics and the Environment 7 (1):138-146.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Ethics & the Environment 7.1 (2002) 138-146 [Access article in PDF] Understanding Moral Limits in the Duality of Artifacts and NatureA Reply to Critics Eric Katz Ned Hettinger and Wayne Ouderkirk present some cogent criticisms of my ideas in environmental ethics, especially those ideas closely associated with my attacks on the process of ecological restoration. Both trace the source of my alleged problems to a pernicious dualism of nature (...)
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  19.  40
    Organism, community, and the "substitution problem".Eric Katz - 1985 - Environmental Ethics 7 (3):241-256.
    Holistic accounts of the natural environment in environmental ethics fail to stress the distinction between the concepts of comnlunity and organism. Aldo Leopold’s “Land Ethic” adds to this confusion, for it can be interpreted as promoting either a community or an organic model of nature. The difference between the two concepts lies in the degree of autonomy possessed by constituent entities within the holistic system. Members within a community are autonomous, while the parts of an organism are not. Different moral (...)
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  20.  6
    Six Trees.Eric Katz - 2023 - Environmental Ethics 45 (2):175-197.
    Consider the existence of six identical trees of the same species across a variety of environments. The first tree is in a wild and isolated landscape. The second is in a wilderness park. The third is in a heavily forested “tree plantation” owned by International Paper. The fourth is in the Ramble in Central Park. The fifth is in a suburban yard. The sixth is inside the six-story atrium of a Manhattan skyscraper. This paper begins with the intuition that the (...)
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  21.  30
    The Nazi Comparison in the Debate over Restoration: Nativism and Domination.Eric Katz - 2014 - Environmental Values 23 (4):377-398.
    In this essay, I discuss the comparison between the restoration of natural environments and the Nazi project to develop a pure homeland for native species and authentic Aryan humans. There exists a metaphorical comparison between Nazi eliminationist policies regarding specific human populations and the eradication of invasive and non-native species in ecological restorations. Moreover, there are substantive environmental policies of the Nazi regime that appear to be similar to the goals and methodology of contemporary restoration practice. But there is also (...)
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  22.  1
    Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics.Andrew Light, Jonathan M. Smith, Annie L. Booth, Robert Burch, John Clark, Anthony M. Clayton, Matthew Gandy, Eric Katz, Roger King, Roger Paden, Clive L. Spash, Eliza Steelwater, Zev Trachtenberg & James L. Wescoat (eds.) - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The inaugural collection in an exciting new exchange between philosophers and geographers, this volume provides interdisciplinary approaches to the environment as space, place, and idea. Never before have philosophers and geographers approached each other's subjects in such a strong spirit of mutual understanding. The result is a concrete exploration of the human-nature relationship that embraces strong normative approaches to environmental problems.
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  23.  37
    Imperialism and Environmentalism.Eric Katz - 1995 - Social Theory and Practice 21 (2):271-285.
  24.  64
    Envisioning a De-Anthropocentrised World: Critical Comments on Anthony Weston's 'The Incompleat Eco-Philosopher'.Eric Katz - 2011 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (1):97-101.
    Weston and I will be forever linked in the field of environmental philosophy because of an exchange of essays that were published in the journal Environmental Ethics in 1985 and 1987 on the subject...
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  25. Introduction: Environmental pragmatism and environmental ethics as contested terrain.Andrew Light & Eric Katz - 1996 - In Andrew Light & Eric Katz (eds.), Environmental Pragmatism. Routledge. pp. 1--18.
     
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  26.  38
    Utilitarianism and Preservation.Eric Katz - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (4):357-364.
    In “The Concept of the Irreplaceable,” John N. Martin claims that utilitarian arguments can explain the environmentalist position concerning the preservation of natural objects as long as human attitudes toward preservation are considered along with the direct benefits of environmental preservation. But this type of utilitarian justification is biased in favor of the satisfaction of human preferences. No ethical theory which calculates goodness in terms of the amount of human satisfaction can present an adequate justification of environmental preservation. Since human (...)
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  27. The Nazi Engineers: Reflections on Technological Ethics in Hell.Eric Katz - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):571-582.
    Engineers, architects, and other technological professionals designed the genocidal death machines of the Third Reich. The death camp operations were highly efficient, so these technological professionals knew what they were doing: they were, so to speak, good engineers. As an educator at a technological university, I need to explain to my students—future engineers and architects—the motivations and ethical reasoning of the technological professionals of the Third Reich. I need to educate my students in the ethical practices of this hellish regime (...)
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  28.  9
    Utilitarianism and Preservation.Eric Katz - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (4):357-364.
    In “The Concept of the Irreplaceable,” John N. Martin claims that utilitarian arguments can explain the environmentalist position concerning the preservation of natural objects as long as human attitudes toward preservation are considered along with the direct benefits of environmental preservation. But this type of utilitarian justification is biased in favor of the satisfaction of human preferences. No ethical theory which calculates goodness in terms of the amount of human satisfaction can present an adequate justification of environmental preservation. Since human (...)
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  29.  80
    Anne Frank's Tree: Thoughts on Domination and the Paradox of Progress.Eric Katz - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (3):283-293.
    Consider the significance of Anne Frank's horse chestnut tree. During her years of hiding in the secret annex, Anne thought of the tree as a symbol of freedom, happiness, and peace. As a stand-in for all of Nature, Anne saw the tree as that part of the universe that could not be destroyed by human evil. In this essay, I use Anne's tree as a starting point for a discussion of the domination of both nature and humanity. I connect the (...)
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  30.  13
    Anthropocentric Indirect Arguments: Return of the Plastic-tree Zombies.Eric Katz - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (3):264-266.
    Forget Aldo Leopold. Or Holmes Rolston, III, or Baird Callicott. Forget Arne Naess. I vote for Martin H. Krieger as the most influential environmental philosopher of all time. It has been over 40 y...
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  31. Die musikalischen Stilbegriffe des 17. Jahrhunderts.Erich Katz - 1926 - [Charlottenburg: Druck: W. Flagel].
     
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  32. Pollution Prevention Across the Technological Curriculum: an Interdisciplinary Case Approach.Eric Katz, Burt Kimmelman & Nancy Walters Coppola - 1994 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 14 (3):150-154.
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  33.  29
    A Theory of General Ethics. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (2):215-216.
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  34.  1
    Judaism.Eric Katz - 2001 - In Dale Jamieson (ed.), A Companion to Environmental Philosophy. Malden, Massachusetts, USA: Blackwell. pp. 81–95.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The unnatural Jew: alienation and transcendence Subdue the earth: domination, dominion, and stewardship Environmental regulations: rituals and commandments The treatment of non‐human animals Bal tashchit: Do Not Destroy Conclusion.
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  35.  24
    Healing Natures, Repairing Relationships. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (3):321-322.
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  36.  22
    Svein Anders Noer Lie, Philosophy of Nature: Rethinking Naturalness.Eric Katz - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (1):111-113.
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  37.  15
    Autonomous Nature: Problems of Prediction and Control from Ancient Times to the Scientific Revolution.Eric Katz - 2018 - Environmental Ethics 40 (1):93-94.
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  38.  21
    Naturalness: Is the “Natural” Preferable to the “Artificial”?Eric Katz - 2016 - Environmental Ethics 38 (2):241-244.
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  39.  34
    Nature by design: People, natural process, and ecological restoration.Eric Katz - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 29 (2):213-216.
  40. Convergence and ecological restoration: a counterexample.Eric Katz - 2009 - In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press.
  41.  19
    The Incompleat Eco-Philosopher. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (1):89-92.
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  42.  29
    Nature, Value, Duty: Life on Earth with Holmes Rolston, III.Eric Katz - 2008 - Environmental Ethics 30 (1):89-92.
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  43.  27
    Dark Green Religion. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (3):325-328.
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  44.  20
    Methodology in Applied Environmental Ethics: Comments on Dombrowski and Finsen.Eric Katz - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (1):6.
  45.  16
    Nature and Nationalism: Right-Wing Ecology and the Politics of Identity in Contemporary Germany, Jonathan Olsen , 208 pp., $45 cloth. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2001 - Ethics and International Affairs 15 (1):219-222.
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  46.  15
    Holmes Rolston, III, Three Big Bangs: Matter-Energy, Life, Mind. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2012 - Environmental Ethics 34 (3):313-316.
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  47.  16
    John Dewey and Environmental Philosophy. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 29 (3):313-316.
  48.  8
    Dark Green Religion. [REVIEW]Eric Katz - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (3):325-328.
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  49.  10
    The abstract wild.Eric Katz - 2000 - Environmental Ethics 22 (1):105-108.
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  50.  9
    Dale Jamieson: Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle against Climate Change Failed—And What It Means for Our Future.Eric Katz - 2015 - Environmental Ethics 37 (2):255-256.
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