Results for 'Eric D. Kodish'

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  1.  31
    Both Sides of the Coin: Randomization from the Perspectives of Physician-Investigators and Patient-Subjects.Eric D. Kodish, Kathleen A. Kassimatis & Tsiao Yi Yap - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):380-386.
    Randomization is the “gold standard” design for clinical research trials and is accepted as the best way to reduce bias. Although some controversy remains over this matter, we believe equipoise is the fundamental ethical requirement for conducting a randomized clinical trial. Despite much attention to the ethics of randomization, the moral psychology of this study design has not been explored. This article analyzes the ethical tensions that arise from conducting these studies and examines the moral psychology of this design from (...)
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  2.  18
    Disclosure of Research Result to Research Participants: Needs and Attitudes of Adolescents and Parents.Conrad Vincent Fernandez, Shaureen Taweel, Eric D. Kodish & Charles Weijer - unknown
    BACKGROUND: Researchers have a moral responsibility to offer to return research results to participants, but the needs and attitudes of parents and adolescents with cancer in paediatric oncology regarding the issue are relatively unknown.OBJECTIVES: To explore the needs of potential research participants or their guardians with respect to the offer of a return of research results. METHODS: A questionnaire was used in a focus group and in telephone interviews with eight adolescents and 12 parents of children with cancer. The participants (...)
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  3.  22
    Comprehension and computation in Bayesian problem solving.Eric D. Johnson & Elisabet Tubau - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:137658.
    Humans have long been characterized as poor probabilistic reasoners when presented with explicit numerical information. Bayesian word problems provide a well-known example of this, where even highly educated and cognitively skilled individuals fail to adhere to mathematical norms. It is widely agreed that natural frequencies can facilitate Bayesian reasoning relative to normalized formats (e.g. probabilities, percentages), both by clarifying logical set-subset relations and by simplifying numerical calculations. Nevertheless, between-study performance on “transparent” Bayesian problems varies widely, and generally remains rather unimpressive. (...)
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  4.  11
    Theophany: The Neoplatonic Philosophy of Dionysius the Areopagite.Eric D. Perl - 2007 - State University of New York Press.
    Situates Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite as a Neoplatonic philosopher in the tradition of Plotinus and Proclus.
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  5.  10
    Loneliness in the Era of COVID-19.Eric D. Miller - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  6.  91
    The Presence of the Paradigm: Immanence and Transcendence In Plato’s Theory of Forms.Eric D. Perl - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):339 - 362.
    DISCUSSIONS OF THE ONTOLOGICAL STATUS of Plato’s forms too often take for granted that immanence and transcendence are opposed to each other: if the forms are in instances then they are not separate from them, while if the forms are separate then they are not in instances. This assumption is sometimes associated with the theory that there is a change in Plato’s thought between the early or Socratic dialogues, in which forms are regarded as immanent, and the middle dialogues and (...)
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  7. The Demiurge and the Forms.Eric D. Perl - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (1):81-92.
  8.  34
    Forms and Meanings: Texts, Performances, and Audiences from Codex to Computer.Eric D. Friedman, Roger Chartier, Lydia G. Cochrane, Milad Doueihi & David D. Hall - 1997 - Substance 26 (1):163.
  9.  27
    Preference, principle, and political casuistry.Eric D. Knowles & Peter H. Ditto - 2012 - In Jon Hanson & John Jost (eds.), Ideology, Psychology, and Law. Oup Usa. pp. 341.
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  10.  70
    An Analysis of the Philosophy of Universal Human Rights.Eric D. Smaw - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):39-58.
    This project is, in part, motivated by my contention that one cannot adequately answer the question regarding the proper justification for human rights until one has answered the metaphysical question regarding the fundamental nature of human rights and the ontological question regarding the proper status of human rights. I offer a sustained analysis of metaphysical, ontological, and justificatory questions regarding human rights with the purpose of illustrating the point that theories that fail to engage in such analyses are inadequate. In (...)
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  11.  42
    The Motion of Intellect On the Neoplatonic Reading of Sophist 248e-249d.Eric D. Perl - 2014 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 8 (2):135-160.
    This paper defends Plotinus’ reading ofSophist248e-249d as an expression of the togetherness or unity-in-duality of intellect and intelligible being. Throughout the dialogues Plato consistently presents knowledge as a togetherness of knower and known, expressing this through the myth of recollection and through metaphors of grasping, eating, and sexual union. He indicates that an intelligible paradigm is in the thought that apprehends it, and regularly regards the forms not as extrinsic “objects” but as the contents of living intelligence. A meticulous reading (...)
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  12.  13
    Johannes Morsink, Inherent Human Rights: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.Eric D. Smaw - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (4):585-588.
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  13.  47
    Reflexivity, complexity, and the nature of social science.Eric D. Beinhocker - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (4):330-342.
    In 1987, George Soros introduced his concepts of reflexivity and fallibility and has further developed and applied these concepts over subsequent decades. This paper attempts to build on Soros's framework, provide his concepts with a more precise definition, and put them in the context of recent thinking on complex adaptive systems. The paper proposes that systems can be classified along a ‘spectrum of complexity’ and that under specific conditions not only social systems but also natural and artificial systems can be (...)
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  14. The Propositional Logic of Frege’s Grundgesetze: Semantics and Expressiveness.Eric D. Berg & Roy T. Cook - 2017 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 5 (6).
    In this paper we compare the propositional logic of Frege’s Grundgesetze der Arithmetik to modern propositional systems, and show that Frege does not have a separable propositional logic, definable in terms of primitives of Grundgesetze, that corresponds to modern formulations of the logic of “not”, “and”, “or”, and “if…then…”. Along the way we prove a number of novel results about the system of propositional logic found in Grundgesetze, and the broader system obtained by including identity. In particular, we show that (...)
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  15.  58
    Ethical and Legal Issues in Enhancement Research on Human Subjects.Maxwell J. Mehlman, Jessica W. Berg, Eric T. Juengst & Eric Kodish - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):30--45.
    The United States, along with other nations and international organizations, has developed an elaborate system of ethical norms and legal rules to govern biomedical research using human subjects. These policies govern research that might provide direct health benefits to participants and research in which there is no prospect for participant health benefits. There has been little discussion, however, about how well these rules would apply to research designed to improve participants’ capabilities or characteristics beyond the goal of good health. When (...)
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  16. Neither One Nor Many: God and the Gods in Plotinus, Proclus, and Aquinas.Eric D. Perl - 2010 - Dionysius 28.
     
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  17.  8
    Hard history in hard contexts: Teaching slavery and its legacy in a Neo-Confederate space.Eric D. Moffa - 2022 - Journal of Social Studies Research 46 (4):293-302.
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  18.  7
    Developing a living lab in ethics: Initial issues and observations.Eric Racine, Bénédicte D'Anjou, Clara Dallaire, Vincent Dumez, Caroline Favron-Godbout, Anne Hudon, Marjorie Montreuil, Catherine Olivier, Ariane Quintal & Vanessa Chenel - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (2):153-163.
    Living labs are interdisciplinary and participatory initiatives aimed at bringing research closer to practice by involving stakeholders in all stages of research. Living labs align with the principles of participatory research methods as well as recent insights about how participatory ways of generating knowledge help to change practices in concrete settings with respect to specific problems. The participatory, open, and discussion‐oriented nature of living labs could be ideally suited to accompany ethical reflection and changes ensuing from reflection. To our knowledge, (...)
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  19. The Last Temptation of Giorgio Agamben? The Antichrist, the Katechon, and the Mystery of Evil.Eric D. Meyer - manuscript
    Abstract: Giorgio Agamben's recent works have been preoccupied with a certain obscure passage from St. Paul's 'Second Epistle to the Thessalonians,' which describes the portentous events that must occur before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ can take place---specifically, the appearance of a 'man of lawlessness' (the Antichrist?) and the exposure of who or what is currently restraining the 'man of lawlessness' from being exposed as the Antichrist: a mysterious agency called the 'katechon.' In 'The Mystery of Evil: Benedict XVI (...)
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  20.  83
    The Power of All Things.Eric D. Perl - 1997 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (3):301-313.
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  21. Sense-perception and intellect in Plato.Eric D. Perl - 1997 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 15 (1):15-34.
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  22. St. Gregory Palamas and the Metaphysics of Creation.Eric D. Perl - 1989 - Dionysius 13:105-130.
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  23. Jung and the mind-body problem.Eric D. Goodwyn - 2019 - In Jon Mills (ed.), Jung and Philosophy. Routledge.
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  24.  7
    Human rights and the war in Kosovo.Eric D. Gordy - 2000 - Human Rights Review 1 (2):69-77.
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  25.  14
    Special Issue Editors’ Introduction: “Genomics and the Human Genome Project”.Eric D. Green & Christopher R. Donohue - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (4):625-629.
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  26.  35
    Uterus collectors: The case for reproductive justice for African American, Native American, and Hispanic American female victims of eugenics programs in the United States.Eric D. Smaw - 2021 - Bioethics 36 (3):318-327.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 3, Page 318-327, March 2022.
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  27. september 11th fifteen years after.Eric D. Meyer - 2017 - Blog of the APA.
    Fifteen years after the September 11th terror attacks, the United States still exists in a state of exception or state of emergency, in which the executive branch claims extraordinary powers to carry out bombing strikes or drone attacks in foreign nations and to engage in surveillance against its citizens outside the boundaries of international and constitutional law. This blog-piece argues for a restoration of the constitutional limiuts on sovereign executive powers and a cessation of the war on terrorism.
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  28.  9
    Single crystal growth of plutonium compounds from molten metal fluxes.Eric D. Bauer, Paul H. Tobash, Jeremy N. Mitchell & John L. Sarrao - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (19-21):2466-2491.
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  29.  1
    Economic Ontology and the Science of Nonpachydermology.Eric D. Beinhocker - 2018 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 2 (1):17-22.
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  30.  53
    The Living Image.Eric D. Perl - 1995 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 69:191-204.
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  31.  74
    The House that Jack Built.Eric D. Perl - 2017 - Ancient Philosophy 37 (1):169-184.
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  32.  22
    Lessened by Addition: Procession by Diminution in Proclus and Aquinas.Eric D. Perl - 2019 - Review of Metaphysics 72 (4):685-716.
  33.  3
    Ending Wars Well: Order, Justice, and Conciliation in Contemporary Post-Conflict.Eric D. Patterson - 2012 - Yale University Press.
    Though scholars of political science and moral philosophy have long analyzed the justifications for and against waging war as well as the ethics of warfare itself, the problem of _ending_ wars has received less attention. In the first book to apply just war theory to this phase of conflict, Eric Patterson presents a three-part view of justice in end-of-war settings involving order, justice, and reconciliation. Patterson’s case studies range from successful applications of _jus post bellum,_ such as the U.S. (...)
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  34.  3
    Pseudo‐Dionysius.Eric D. Perl - 2005 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia & Timothy B. Noone (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 540–549.
    This chapter contains sections titled: God beyond being Creation as theophany Goodness, beauty, and love Evil Hierarchy Knowledge Symbolism Christological consummation.
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  35. The Good of the Intellect.Eric D. Perl - 2009 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:25-39.
    Recent continental philosophy often seeks to retrieve Neoplatonic transcendence, or the Good, while ignoring the place of intellect in classical and medieval Neoplatonism. Instead, it attempts to articulate an encounter with radical transcendence in the immediacy of temporality, individuality, and affectivity.On the assumption that there is no intellectual intuition (Kant), intellectual consciousness is reduced to ratiocination and is taken to be “poor in intuition” (Marion). In this context, the present paper expounds Plotinus’ phenomenology of intellectual experience to show how intellect, (...)
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  36.  13
    The Good of the Intellect.Eric D. Perl - 2009 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:25-39.
    Recent continental philosophy often seeks to retrieve Neoplatonic transcendence, or the Good, while ignoring the place of intellect in classical and medieval Neoplatonism. Instead, it attempts to articulate an encounter with radical transcendence in the immediacy of temporality, individuality, and affectivity.On the assumption that there is no intellectual intuition (Kant), intellectual consciousness is reduced to ratiocination and is taken to be “poor in intuition” (Marion). In this context, the present paper expounds Plotinus’ phenomenology of intellectual experience to show how intellect, (...)
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  37. Why is Beauty Form? Plotinus' Theory of Beauty in Phenomenological Perspective.Eric D. Perl - 2007 - Dionysius 25.
  38.  16
    It Is As It Does: Genital Form and Function in Sex Reassignment Surgery.Eric D. Plemons - 2014 - Journal of Medical Humanities 35 (1):37-55.
    Surgeons who perform sex reassignment surgeries define their goals and evaluate their outcomes in terms of two kinds of results: aesthetic and functional. Since the neogenitals fashioned through sex reassignment surgeries do not enable reproductive function, surgeons must determine what the function of the genitals is or ought to be. A review of surgical literature demonstrates that questions of what constitute genital form and function, while putatively answered in the operating room, are not answerable in the discourses of clinical evaluation (...)
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  39. Samuel Moyn and the new history of human rights.Eric D. Weitz - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (1):84-93.
  40. Sins of the Founding Fathers.D. Smaw Eric - 2017 - Archiv Fuer Rechts Und Sozialphilosphie 103 (3):389-409.
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  41.  5
    Sins of the Founding Fathers.Eric D. Smaw - 2017 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 103 (3):389-409.
    In this paper, I offer substantial philosophical and pragmatic analyses of slavery, apprenticeships, and segregation in the United States and British West Indies. I do so to illustrate the extent to which American and British philosophy, politics, law, and economics were entwined with the oppression of African-Americans and African-Caribbeans. I argue that, as the institution of slavery collapsed and abolitionists began calling for reparations, judges and politicians ignored the claims of abolitionists and thereby perverted justice. As a result, we now (...)
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  42.  2
    No Exit: Death Drive, Dystopia, and the Long Winter of the American Dream in Harold Ramis's The Ice Harvest.Eric D. Smith - 2024 - Utopian Studies 34 (3):380-398.
    Abstractabstract:This article examines Harold Ramis’s 2005 noir comedy The Ice Harvest as the critically dystopian counter-panel to his beloved 1993 film Groundhog Day, a film frequently discussed within the paradigm of utopia. While starkly different in genre, tone, and reception, the two films comprise a dialectical dyad that registers the historical transition from the utopian cultural effervescence of the early 1990s to the tragic foreclosure of imaginative horizons and the dystopian transformation of economic, political, and social landscapes in the new (...)
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  43.  15
    Setting Expectations for the Federal Role in Public Health Emergencies.Eric D. Hargan - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):8-12.
    I would like to begin by discussing the legal and administrative framework of the role of the federal government in public health. At the heart of it is, of course, the Constitution. At the Department of Health and Human Services we depend, as does much of the federal government, on our power to regulate interstate commerce. Since the Supreme Court in 1942 removed essentially any restraint from the meaning of interstate commerce in Wickard v. Filburn, the federal government has been (...)
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  44.  3
    Setting Expectations for the Federal Role in Public Health Emergencies.Eric D. Hargan - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):8-12.
    I would like to begin by discussing the legal and administrative framework of the role of the federal government in public health. At the heart of it is, of course, the Constitution. At the Department of Health and Human Services we depend, as does much of the federal government, on our power to regulate interstate commerce. Since the Supreme Court in 1942 removed essentially any restraint from the meaning of interstate commerce in Wickard v. Filburn, the federal government has been (...)
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  45.  54
    Announcing the Divine Silence.Eric D. Perl - 2008 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 82 (4):555-560.
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  46.  95
    Every Life Is a Thought.Eric D. Perl - 2006 - Philosophy and Theology 18 (1):143-167.
    The distinction between persons and things reflects the opposition between reason and nature that is characteristic of modern thought: persons are constituted by rationality, self-consciousness, free will, and moral agency; things are taken to be merely natural or material beings, devoid of reason and the products of entirely mechanistic forces. Persons, as ends in themselves, alone deserve moral consideration; things (including all plants and animals) deserve no moral consideration. Accordingly in much modern thought, nature, including the human body, becomes a (...)
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  47.  39
    Every Life Is a Thought.Eric D. Perl - 2006 - Philosophy and Theology 18 (1):143-167.
    The distinction between persons and things reflects the opposition between reason and nature that is characteristic of modern thought: persons are constituted by rationality, self-consciousness, free will, and moral agency; things are taken to be merely natural or material beings, devoid of reason and the products of entirely mechanistic forces. Persons, as ends in themselves, alone deserve moral consideration; things (including all plants and animals) deserve no moral consideration. Accordingly in much modern thought, nature, including the human body, becomes a (...)
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  48.  29
    Esse Tantum and the One.Eric D. Perl - 2011 - Quaestiones Disputatae 2 (1-2):185-200.
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  49.  41
    John Scottus Eriugena.Eric D. Perl - 2001 - International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (1):114-116.
  50.  4
    Maximus Confessor.Eric D. Perl - 2005 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia & Timothy B. Noone (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 432–433.
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