Results for 'Eric B. Horn'

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  1.  17
    On Callicott’s Second-Order Principles.Eric B. Horn - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (4):411-428.
    J. Baird Callicott has proposed two second-order principles which he believes can be used to settle conflicts between his land ethic and traditional human morality. The first of these proposes that ethical obligations arising from “more venerable and intimate” communities should take precedence over those arising from “more recently emerged and impersonal” communities, while the second proposes that “stronger” interests should take precedence over “weaker” ones. Callicott’s first second-order principle fails to specify unambiguously which communities’ obligations should take precedence because (...)
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  2. What Is Thought?Eric B. Baum - 2004 - Cambridge MA: Bradford Book/MIT Press.
    In What Is Thought? Eric Baum proposes a computational explanation of thought.
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  3. Can Phronesis Save the Life of Medical Ethics?Eric B. Beresford - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (3).
    There has been a growing interest in casuistry since the ground breaking work of Jonsen and Toulmin. Casuistry, in their view, offers the possibility of securing the moral agreement that policy makers desire but which has proved elusive to theory driven approaches to ethics. However, their account of casuistry is dependent upon the exercise of phronesis. As recent discussions of phronesis make clear, this requires attention not only to the particulars of the case, but also to the substantive goods at (...)
     
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  4.  22
    Uncertainty and the Shaping of Medical Decisions.Eric B. Beresford - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):6-11.
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  5. Robert B. Horn (Illustrator), Jeff Yoshimi, Mark Deering, Russ McBride, David Fleischman (Illustrator), Thierry Didonna (Illustrator), Jennifer Wedel (Editor), Mapping Great Debates. Can Computers Think?: 7 Maps and a Handbook. [REVIEW]Ayse Pinar Saygin - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (3):442-445.
  6.  39
    Complexity Science : A Worldview Shift.Eric B. Dent - 1999 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 1 (4):5-19.
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  7.  50
    Wittgenstein and Value: The Quest for Meaning.Eric B. Litwack - 2009 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- Wittgenstein's early conception of value -- An outline of tractarian ontology -- Value, the self, and the mystical -- The lecture on ethics -- Language-games, the private language argument and aspect psychology -- Language-games -- The private language argument -- Aspect psychology -- The soul and attitudes towards the living -- Wittgenstein's general conception of the soul -- Ilham Dilman on the soul and seeing-as -- Religious contexts -- J.B. Watson and the denial of the soul -- Attitudes (...)
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  8.  11
    Wittgensteinian Humanism, Democracy, and Technocracy.Eric B. Litwack - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):314-333.
    In this article, the author explores some possible applications of Wittgenstein’s humanistic psychology, epistemology and philosophy of culture for the philosophy of technology, and more particularly, for the question of valuing a possible future technocracy over contemporary democratic systems. Major aspects of the article involve a discussion of some of Wittgenstein’s key views on certainty, cultural relativism, the problem of other minds, and gradual socio-cultural change. In order to examine these problems, the author draws from both a wide range of (...)
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  9.  47
    The Interactional Model: An Alternative to the Direct Cause and Effect Construct for Mutually Causal Organizational Phenomena. [REVIEW]Eric B. Dent - 2003 - Foundations of Science 8 (3):295-314.
    It is time that we in organization sciencesdevelop and implement a new mental model forcause and effect relationships. The dominantmodel in research dates at least to the 1700sand no longer serves the full purposes of thesocial science research problems of the21st century. Traditionally, research is``essentially concerned with two-variableproblems, linear causal trains, one cause andone effect, or with few variables at the most''. However, theliterature is replete with examples ofphenomena in which the traditional cause andeffect construct does not allow for greaterunderstanding (...)
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  10.  19
    Interrupting Intergenerational Trauma: Children of Holocaust Survivors and the Third Reich.Eric B. Vogel, David Matz, Haydee Montenegro & Sandra Mattar - 2015 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 46 (2):185-205.
    This qualitative study used descriptive phenomenology to examine experiences of healing and reconciliation, for children of Holocaust survivors, through dialogue with children of the Third Reich. Descriptive phenomenological interviews with 5 participants yielded several common essential elements. The findings indicated that participants experienced a sense of healing of intergenerational trauma, a reduction in prejudice, and increase in motivation for pro-social behaviors. The degree to which these findings may reflect a shift in sense of identity, as well as the implications of (...)
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  11.  24
    Persuasive Argument and Disagreements of Principle.Eric B. Dayton - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):741 - 749.
    It is commonly said that ethical disputes either involve disagreements of fact or disagreements of principle and that while disagreements of fact can be overcome by rational means, disagreements of principle cannot. The difficulty is supposed to be this: for an argument to be rationally persuasive it must appeal to premises already accepted by the person to be persuaded, and if the premises include the principle in question then they will not be acceptable to that person; however, if the premises (...)
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  12.  15
    Social Networks and Inflammatory Markers in the Framingham Heart Study.Eric B. Loucks, Lisa M. Sullivan, Ralph B. D’Agostino Sr, Martin G. Larson, Lisa F. Berkman & Emelia J. Benjamin - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (6):835-842.
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  13.  41
    Making Someone Child-Sized Forever? Ethical Considerations in Inhibiting the Growth of a Developmentally Disabled Child.Eric B. Schmidt - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (1):46-49.
    In a recent case, parents of a profoundly developmentally disabled child asked physicians to use high-dose oestrogen to inhibit the growth of their child in the interests of allowing better care of her as she ages. The physicians asked whether such an intervention would be ethically acceptable. Such an intervention would seem to violate the rights of the child to bodily integrity and to normal growth, making the intervention ethically objectionable. But in this paper, I argue that in some rare (...)
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  14.  3
    The Theater of Politics: Hannah Arendt, Political Science, and Higher Education.Eric B. Gorham - 2000 - Lexington Books.
    For Hannah Arendt, creating a durable, civil public world was of utmost importance. Though many have discussed Arendt's relevance to the contemporary work of politics, Eric Gorham is the first to examine her ideas of the "space of appearance" in the context of the university classroom. In The Theater of Politics, Gorham examines in detail Arendt's dramaturgical theory of politics and her method of political criticism and maintains that politics can be observed in the classroom, in which students are (...)
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  15.  7
    Reconciling Economics and Ethics in Business Ethics Education: The Case of Objectivism.Eric B. Dent & John A. Parnell - 2015 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 15 (2):131-156.
    Today, capitalism is in question, as the 2013 Academy of Management conference theme claimed. Many view business skeptically because they see capitalism as incompatible with ethics. The same problem pervades the business ethics education classroom. Business ethics can be taught in a way that demonstrates that economics and ethics are compatible and are integrated most directly in the function of management. This essay provides an overview of Ayn Rand’s philosophy as an alternative to current conventions but largely consistent with approaches (...)
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  16. A Bayesian Approach to Relevance in Game Playing.Eric B. Baum & Warren D. Smith - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 97 (1-2):195-242.
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  17. Totalitarianism.Eric B. Litwack - 2015
    Totalitarianism Totalitarianism is best understood as any system of political ideas that is both thoroughly dictatorial and utopian. It is an ideal type of governing notion, and as such, it cannot be realised perfectly. Faced with the brutal reality of paradigmatic cases like Stalin’s USSR and Nazi Germany, philosophers, political theorists and social scientists have … Continue reading Totalitarianism →.
     
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  18.  53
    LXVIII. Direct Observations of the Arrangement and Motion of Dislocations in Aluminium.P. B. Hirsch, R. W. Horne & M. J. Whelan - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (7):677-684.
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  19. Continuing Commentary.Eric B. Baum - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19:155-164.
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  20. Fostering Historical Thinking: The Use of Document Based Instruction for Students with Learning Differences.Eric B. Claravall & Robin Irey - 2022 - Journal of Social Studies Research 46 (3):249-264.
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  21.  17
    Project to Build Programs That Understand.Eric B. Baum - 2009 - In B. Goertzel, P. Hitzler & M. Hutter (eds.), Proceedings of the Second Conference on Artificial General Intelligence. Atlantis Press. pp. 1--6.
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  22.  21
    Virginia Sapiro, "A Vindication of Political Virtue: The Political Theory of Mary Wollstonecraft". [REVIEW]Eric B. Gorham - 1993 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 31 (4):641.
  23. Book Reviews : How to Think About the Earth: Philosophical and Theological Models for Ecology, by Stephen R. L. Clark. London, Mowbray, 1993. Viii + 168pp. Pb. 12.99. [REVIEW]Eric B. Beresford - 1995 - Studies in Christian Ethics 8 (1):100-102.
  24. Drusilla Scott, Everyman Revived: The Common Sense of Michael Polanyi Reviewed By.Eric B. Dayton - 1996 - Philosophy in Review 16 (3):206-207.
  25. Reinhardt Grossmann's "Ontological Reduction". [REVIEW]Eric B. Dayton - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):582.
     
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  26.  35
    The Parental Obligation to Expand a Child's Range of Open Futures When Making Genetic Trait Selections for Their Child.Eric B. Schmidt - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (4):191–197.
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  27.  28
    Course of Action Utilitarianism.Eric B. Dayton - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (4):671 - 684.
    The way individual actions enter into larger courses of action often has an effect on the utility of those individual actions. This simple fact has motivated recent discussions about the intelligibility of act-utilitarianism. It has become clear that act-utilitarianism is incomplete, if not intelligible, without an account of the utility-making properties of courses of action taken as a whole. In this paper I offer a brief discussion of the difficulties of a simple act-utilitarianism and then offer three complementary principles in (...)
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  28. Understanding Well-Being in the Evolutionary Context of Brain Development.Eric B. Keverne - 2005 - In Felicia A. Huppert, Nick Baylis & Barry Keverne (eds.), The Science of Well-Being. Oxford University Press.
     
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  29.  8
    Black Men’s Experience of Police Harassment: A Descriptive Phenomenological Study.Ania Townsell, Eric B. Vogel & Alvin McLean - 2021 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 52 (1):96-117.
    The Black community has a long, well-documented history of being disproportionately harassed by law enforcement. While psychological research has studied this phenomenon, more in-depth research on Black men’s lived-experience of police harassment is needed. This qualitative study used descriptive phenomenology to investigate Black men’s experience of being harassed by law enforcement officers. An analysis of non-structured interviews with a sample of four participants revealed several essential aspects of this experience, including: anxiety in response to the initial awareness of law enforcement’s (...)
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  30. The "Middle Road" of Socratic Political Philosophy: Xenophon's Presentation of Socrates' View of Virtue in the "Memorabilia".Eric B. Buzzetti - 1998 - Dissertation, Boston College
    This study seeks to bring to light Socrates' view of virtue on the basis of the Memorabilia of Xenophon. It opens with a consideration of Gregory Vlastos' account of Socrates' "moral theory" in Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher . The study criticizes Vlastos for overlooking various passages of the Memorabilia that are pertinent to this theme and seemingly inconsistent with his account of it. ;The discussion of Vlastos prepares the way for a consideration of Xenophon. In the first chapter, the (...)
     
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  31.  14
    Developing an Instrument to Measure Objectivism.Eric B. Dent, John A. Parnell & Shawn M. Carraher - 2018 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 18 (1):1-27.
    This article describes the development and validation of a scale specifically designed to measure one's propensity for Objectivism. The scale developed in this article assesses metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and politics. A three-stage process of scale development results in a multidimensional scale that largely supports Rand's original conception of the construct in the United States and Lithuania. Several challenges are identified, including problems with select items referencing specific political preferences and addressing notions of a higher being. Prospects for future research are (...)
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  32.  5
    Did Courtship Drive the Evolution of Mind?Eric B. Baum - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):155-156.
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  33.  20
    Tractatus 5.54–5.5422.Eric B. Dayton - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):275 - 285.
    The text of The Tractatus supports incompatible interpretations of a number of key philosophic positions. For example, the book is neither obviously nominalistic nor obviously realistic. Another difficulty is presented by the apparent. incompatibility of Wittgenstein's theses that propositions are logical pictures of facts, and that propositions are truth-functions of elementary propositions. There are several places in The Tractatus where these two doctrines meet head on, but the central one is the set of passages 5.54-5.5422. This paper is an exegesis (...)
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  34.  46
    The Nature of Smell.Eric B. Keverne - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):281-286.
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  35.  12
    Ontological Reduction.Eric B. Dayton - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):582-583.
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  36.  10
    Visualisation of the Vomeronasal Pheromone Response System.Eric B. Keverne - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (9):802-805.
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  37.  7
    The Love of Wisdom: A Christian Introduction to Philosophy.Eric B. Oldenburg - 2011 - Philosophia Christi 13 (1):223-227.
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  38.  5
    The Ethical and Aesthetic Defense of Animal Analogs: A Reply to Turner.Eric B. Litwack - 2006 - Between the Species 13 (6):5.
    Susan M. Turner has argued that the use of animal analogs ought to be considered categorically unethical on deontological, or rights-grounds, and that some but not all animal analogs are unethical on utilitarian grounds. I claim, on the contrary, that the use of most, if not all animal analogs can be justified from both the utilitarian and animal rights perspectives. Indeed, I believe that a convincing case is to be made for the thesis that animal analogs ought to be promoted (...)
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  39.  28
    Reason and Desire in C. I. Lewis.Eric B. Dayton - 1975 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 11 (4):289 - 304.
    In this paper c i lewis's theory of practical reason is discussed. the purpose is to explicate the role which value experience plays in the thinking of a rational agent who is attempting to determine imperatives of action. lewis, who vehemently opposed noncognitivism in ethics, believed that the objectivity of ethics could be shown to be the result of the logical demands of consistency upon the deliberative consciousness of an active self-determining agent. rightness, for lewis, was not primarily a moral (...)
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  40.  14
    Corticostriatal Field Potentials Are Modulated at Delta and Theta Frequencies During Interval-Timing Task in Rodents.Eric B. Emmons, Rafael N. Ruggiero, Ryan M. Kelley, Krystal L. Parker & Nandakumar S. Narayanan - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  41.  18
    Reconciling Complexity Theory in Organizations and Christian Spirituality.Eric B. Dent - 2003 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 5 (4):124-140.
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  42.  19
    A Pluralistic Approach to Interactional Expertise.Kathryn S. Plaisance & Eric B. Kennedy - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 47:60-68.
    The concept of interactional expertise – characterized by sociologists Harry Collins and Robert Evans as the ability to speak the language of a discipline without the corresponding ability to practice – can serve as a powerful way of breaking down expert/non-expert dichotomies and providing a role for new voices in specialist communities. However, in spite of the vast uptake of this concept and its potential to fruitfully address many important issues related to scientific expertise, there has been surprisingly little critical (...)
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  43.  12
    An Evaluation of What the Mouse Knockout Experiments Are Telling Us About Mammalian Behaviour.Eric B. Keverne - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (12):1091-1098.
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  44. Expanding the Child's Range of Open Futures: A Proposed Basis for the Ethical Assessment of Parental Genetic Trait Selections.Eric B. Schmidt - 2004 - Dissertation, University of Washington
    This dissertation considers the bases upon which ethical assessments of parental genetic trait selections for their children can be made. It argues that if parents engage in genetic trait selections, they must act to expand their child's range of open futures, not to constrict their child's range of open futures or to differentially shift their child's range of open futures. It contends that other proposed distinctions, including distinctions between normal and diseased states and between treatment selections and enhancement selections, do (...)
     
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  45.  2
    Four Views on Hell.Eric B. Oldenburg - 2016 - Philosophia Christi 18 (2):507-512.
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  46.  3
    CAS in War, Bureaucratic Machine in Peace: The US Air Force Example.Eric B. Dent & Cameron G. Holt - 2001 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 3 (3):90-107.
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  47.  23
    The Ethical Imperative of Risk Disclosure in Research: The Answer Is Always Yes.Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Eric B. Haura & Devin Murphy - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):18-19.
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  48.  15
    Charles Taylor. Contemporary Philosophy in Focus. By Ruth Abbey, Editor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. Xi, 220. Right, Wrong and Science: The Ethical Dimensions of the Techno-Scientific Enterprise. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Vol. 81. By Evandro Agazzi. Edited by Craig Dilworth. Atlantic Highlands. [REVIEW]By Eric B. Baum Cambridge - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (2).
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  49.  17
    Acquisition of a Nose-Poke Response in Rats as an Operant.Charles W. Schindler, Eric B. Thorndike & Steven R. Goldberg - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (4):291-294.
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  50.  11
    Direct Observations of the Arrangement and Motion of Dislocations in Aluminium.P. B. Hirsch, R. W. Horne & M. J. Whelan - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (29-31):4553-4572.
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