24 found
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  1. Understanding Human Agency.Erasmus Mayr - 2011 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Our self-understanding as human agents includes a commitment to three crucial claims about human agency: that agents must be active, that actions are part of the natural order of the universe, and that intentional actions can be explained by the agent's reasons for acting. While all of these claims are indispensable elements of our view of ourselves as human agents, they are in continuous conflict and tension with one another, especially once one adopts the currently predominant view of what the (...)
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  2.  38
    Metaphysics: An Introduction to Contemporary Debates and Their History.Anna Marmodoro & Erasmus Mayr - 2019 - New York: Oup Usa. Edited by Erasmus Mayr.
    This volume introduces readers to a selected number of core issues in metaphysics that have been central in the history of philosophy and remain foundational to contemporary debates, that is: substances; properties; modality and essence; causality; determinism and free will. Anna Marmodoro and Erasmus Mayr take a neo-Aristotelian approach both in the selection and presentation of the topics. But Marmodoro and Mayr's discussion is not narrowly partisan-it consistently presents opposing sides of the debate and addresses issues from different philosophical traditions, (...)
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  3. Anscombe and Intentional Agency Incompatibilism.Erasmus Mayr - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-23.
    In “Causality and Determination”, Anscombe stressed that, in her view, physical determinism and free action were incompatible. As the relevant passage suggests, her espousal of incompatibilism was not merely due to specific features of human ‘ethical’ freedom, but due to general features of agency, intentionality, and voluntariness. For Anscombe went on to tentatively suggest that lack of physical determination was required for the intentional conduct of animals we would not classify as ‚free‘, too. In this paper, I examine three different (...)
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  4.  48
    “An Erring Conscience is an Absurdity”: The Later Kant on Certainty, Moral Judgment and the Infallibility of Conscience.Franz Knappik & Erasmus Mayr - 2019 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 101 (1):92-134.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie Jahrgang: 101 Heft: 1 Seiten: 92-134.
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  5. Varieties of constitutivism.Matthias Haase & Erasmus Mayr - 2019 - Philosophical Explorations 22 (2):95-97.
    Volume 22, Issue 2, June 2019, Page 95-97.
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  6.  82
    Blame for constitutivists: Kantian constitutivism and the victim’s special standing to complain.Erasmus Mayr - 2019 - Philosophical Explorations 22 (2):117-129.
    Constitutivists about moral norms are often suspected of providing an overly “self-centered” account of morality which does not take seriously enough morality’s interpersonal nature. This worry see...
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  7.  39
    Alternative possibilities and asymmetry.Erasmus Mayr - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):105-125.
    It has often been noted that many of our intuitive assessments of particular actions suggest that there is an asymmetry between blameworthy and praiseworthy actions with regard to the question of whether moral responsibility requires that the agent could have acted otherwise. It is a quite different question, though, whether such an asymmetry between good and bad cases can be supported by more systematic considerations. In this paper, I will develop a new argument for a restricted version of the asymmetry, (...)
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  8.  61
    Adaptive abilities.Erasmus Mayr & Barbara Vetter - 2023 - Philosophical Issues 33 (1):140-154.
    Abilities, in contrast to mere dispositions, propensities, or tendencies, abilities seem to be features of agents that put the agent herself in control. But what is the distinguishing feature of abilities vis‐à‐vis other kinds of powers? Our aim in this paper is to point, in answer to this question, to a crucial feature of abilities that existing accounts have tended to neglect: their adaptivity. Adaptivity is a feature of how abilities are exercised. The main reason for its relative neglect has (...)
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  9.  51
    Reasons and Causes: Do Dispositions Help Us Resolve the Old Debate?Erasmus Mayr - 2016 - Jurisprudence 7 (3):685-691.
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  10.  60
    Kant and Hegel on purposive action.Arto Laitinen, Erasmus Mayr & Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Philosophical Explorations 21 (1):90-107.
    This essay discusses Kant and Hegel’s philosophies of action and the place of action within the general structure of their practical philosophy. We begin by briefly noting a few things that both unite and distinguish the two philosophers. In the sections that follow, we consider these and their corollaries in more detail. In so doing, we map their differences against those suggested by more standard readings that treat their accounts of action as less central to their practical philosophy. Section 2 (...)
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  11.  19
    Gewissen und Gewissenhaftigkeit beim späten Kant.Erasmus Mayr & Franz Knappik - 2013 - In Stefano Bacin, Alfredo Ferrarin, Claudio La Rocca & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Akten des XI. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Boston: de Gruyter. pp. 329-342.
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  12.  35
    Acting sub specie boni.Erasmus Mayr - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (sup2):55-72.
    On a traditional view of human agency, intentional actions are performed sub specie boni: Agents, in acting intentionally, must see some good in what they are doing. This view has come under heavy criticism, which has partly focussed on several putative counterexamples, and partly on the view’s underlying rationale. In this paper, I defend one version of the sub specie boni view and try to show that it still deserves its old standing as the “default view” about acting with an (...)
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  13.  29
    Kommentar zu The Normativity of Rationality.Erasmus Mayr - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 71 (4):571-577.
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  14.  38
    Rational Powers in Action: Instrumental Rationality and Extended Agency, by Sergio Tenenbaum.Erasmus Mayr - forthcoming - Mind.
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  15.  17
    The Problem of Consequential Waywardness: Between Internalism and Externalism about Intentional Agency.Erasmus Mayr - 2013 - In Markus Stepanians & Benedikt Kahmen (eds.), Critical Essays on "Causation and Responsibility". De Gruyter. pp. 271-298.
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  16.  18
    Wissenschaftsreflexion: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven Auf Theorie, Praxis Und Ethik der Wissenschaften.Michael Jungert, Andreas Frewer & Erasmus Mayr (eds.) - 2020 - Paderborn: Brill Mentis.
    Wissenschaftsreflexion: eine neue interdisziplinäre Perspektive auf die Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Wissenschaften sowie auf die praktischen Auswirkungen von wissenschaftlicher Forschung und Erkenntnis. Die Wissenschaften sehen sich gegenwärtig mit Blick auf ihre Geltungs- und Wahrheitsansprüche, ihre Vertrauenswürdigkeit und ihre Rolle in der Gesellschaft vor grundlegende Herausforderungen gestellt. Die Diskussionen betreffen dabei so unterschiedliche Themen wie Unsicherheit, Scheitern oder "Fake News“ in den Wissenschaften, Klimawandel, Gentechnik, Impfungen und Alternativmedizin oder Evolutionstheorien. Nur eine interdisziplinär angelegte Reflexion über die Rolle der Wissenschaften, ihren (...)
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  17.  22
    A Kantian Plea for Virtues? 13.Erasmus Mayr - 2013 - In Julia Peters (ed.), Aristotelian Ethics in Contemporary Perspective. Routledge. pp. 195.
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  18. Hart, Punishment and Excusing Conditions.Erasmus Mayr - 2014 - In C. G. Pulman (ed.), Hart on Responsibility. New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
  19.  54
    II—Kantian Benevolence.Erasmus Mayr - 2018 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 92 (1):225-245.
    Kantians may be unable to derive all of benevolence from reverence for rational agency, but the remaining lacuna is not as extensive as Arpaly thinks. For while we should take seriously Kantian worries about separating benevolence from reverence, a considerable part of benevolence can be explained in terms of reverence for rational agency on a plausible intepretation of the latter. Furthermore, Kantians have an irreducible role for benevolence within their ethics, which is different from the role of a self-standing virtue.
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  20.  1
    Joseph Raz on responsibility and secure competence.Erasmus Mayr - 2024 - Jurisprudence 15 (1):99-115.
    In the last two chapters of his book ‘From Normativity to Responsibility’, Joseph Raz developed, in outline, an intriguing account of responsibility, which is based on what he called the Rational Functioning Principle and on the idea of a domain of secure competence. With these two ideas, Raz argued, we could best delimit the scope of ‘responsibility’ in the sense of something ‘being to one’s credit or discredit as a rational agent’. In the following, I will argue that, while identifying (...)
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  21. Neo-Aristotelism, Identity Theory and mental Causation.Erasmus Mayr - 2013 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 120 (1):109-116.
  22.  5
    Neo-Aristotelismus, Identitätstheorie und mentale Verursachung.Erasmus Mayr - 2013 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 120 (1):109-116.
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  23.  25
    Replik.Erasmus Mayr - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 67 (1).
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  24.  9
    Normativität, Geltung und Verpflichtung: Festschrift für Wilhelm Vossenkuhl zum 65. Geburtstag.Wilhelm Vossenkuhl, Stephan Sellmaier, Erasmus Mayr & Erich Ammereller (eds.) - 2011 - Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
    Die Frage nach der Begrundung ethischer Verbindlichkeit und der Geltung ethischer Normen steht im Zentrum der Ethik als Wissenschaft. Diese Grundfragen der Normativitat aus verschiedenen Blickwinkeln zu beleuchten, ist Ziel der Beitrage dieses Bandes. Im ersten Teil werden zunachst die Grundlagen der Normativitat behandelt. Die Beitrage des zweiten Teils setzen sich mit Normativitat unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Stellung des Individuums auseinander. Der dritte Teil fasst schliesslich normative Fragen gesellschaftlicher Ordnung in den Blick, wobei auch spezifische Probleme aus den Bereichsethiken behandelt (...)
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