Results for 'Equality of opportunity'

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  1.  87
    Against Equality of Opportunity.Matt Cavanagh - 2002 - Clarendon Press.
    These days almost everyone seems to think it obvious that equality of opportunity is at least part of what constitutes a fair society. At the same time they are so vague about what equality of opportunity actually amounts to that it can begin to look like an empty term, a convenient shorthand for the way jobs should be allocated, whatever that happens to be. Matt Cavanagh offers a highly provocative and original new view, suggesting that the (...)
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  2. Equality of Opportunity Globalized?Darrel Moellendorf - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 19 (2).
    The principle of global equality of opportunity is an important part of the commitment to global egalitarianism. In this paper I discuss how a principle of global equality of opportunity follows from a commitment to equal respect for the autonomy of all persons, and defend the principle against some of the criticism that it has received. The particular criticisms that I address contend that a moral view based upon dignity and respect cannot take properties of persons—such (...)
     
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  3. Equality of Opportunity.Richard Arneson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4.  43
    Fair Equality of Opportunity: John Rawls’ Forgotten Principle.Larry A. Alexander - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.
    Although discussions of John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice generally refer to Rawls’ two principles of justice, and although Rawls himself labels his principles “the two principles of justice”, Rawls actually sets forth three distinct principles in the following lexical order: the liberty principle, the fair equality of opportunity principle, and the difference principle. Rawls argues at some length for the priority of the liberty principle over the other two. On the other hand, Rawls offers hardly any argument (...)
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  5. Equality of Opportunity and Opportunity Dominance.Matthias Hild & Alex Voorhoeve - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):117-145.
    All conceptions of equal opportunity draw on some distinction between morally justified and unjustified inequalities. We discuss how this distinction varies across a range of philosophical positions. We find that these positions often advance equality of opportunity in tandem with distributive principles based on merit, desert, consequentialist criteria or individuals' responsibility for outcomes. The result of this amalgam of principles is a festering controversy that unnecessarily diminishes the widespread acceptability of opportunity concerns. We therefore propose to (...)
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  6. Equality of Opportunity for Welfare Defended and Recanted.Richard J. Arneson - 1999 - Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):488–497.
    Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen’s interesting criticisms of the ideal of equality of opportunity for welfare provide a welcome occasion for rethinking the requirements of egalitarian distributive justice.1 In the essay he criticizes I had proposed that insofar as we think distributive justice requires equality of any sort, we should conceive of distributive equality as equal opportunity provision. Roughly put, my suggestion was that equality of opportunity for welfare obtains among a group of people when all (...)
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  7. Equality of Opportunity and Beyond.John Schaar - 1997 - In Louis P. Pojman & Robert Westmoreland (eds.), Equality: Selected Readings. Oup Usa.
     
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  8. Fair Equality of Opportunity in Global Justice.Mark Navin - 2008 - Social Philosophy Today 24:39-52.
    Many political philosophers argue that a principle of ‘fair equality of opportunity’ ought to extend beyond national borders. I agree that there is a place for FEO in a theory of global justice. However, I think that the idea of cross-border FEO is indeterminate between three different principles. Part of my work in this paper is methodological: I identify three different principles of cross-border fair equality of opportunity and I distinguish them from each other. The other (...)
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  9.  76
    Discrimination and Equality of Opportunity.Carl Knight - 2018 - In Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination. London, UK: pp. 140-150.
    Discrimination, understood as differential treatment of individuals on the basis of their respective group memberships, is widely considered to be morally wrong. This moral judgment is backed in many jurisdictions with the passage of equality of opportunity legislation, which aims to ensure that racial, ethnic, religious, sexual, sexual-orientation, disability and other groups are not subjected to discrimination. This chapter explores the conceptual underpinnings of discrimination and equality of opportunity using the tools of analytical moral and political (...)
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  10. Equality of Opportunity as the Noble Lie.Edward Andrew - 1989 - History of Political Thought 10 (4):577-595.
  11.  94
    Fair Equality of Opportunity and Decent Minimums: A Reply to Buchanan.Norman Daniels - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):106-110.
  12. Equality of Opportunity.Robert Young - 1989 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 70 (3):261-280.
     
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  13.  31
    Prenatal Equality of Opportunity.Eszter Kollar & Michele Loi - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (1):35-49.
    In this article, we defend a normative theory of prenatal equality of opportunity, based on a critical revision of Rawls's principle of fair equality of opportunity . We argue that if natural endowments are defined as biological properties possessed at birth and the distribution of natural endowments is seen as beyond the scope of justice, Rawls's FEO allows for inequalities that undermine the social conditions of a property-owning democracy. We show this by considering the foetal programming (...)
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  14. Equality of Opportunity and the Family.David Miller - 2009 - In Debra Satz & Rob Reich (eds.), Toward a Humanist Justice: The Political Philosophy of Susan Moller Okin. Oup Usa.
     
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  15.  34
    Global Equality of Opportunity and Self-Determination in the Context of Immigration.Eszter Kollar - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (6):726-735.
    © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. David Miller’s political philosophy of immigration employs two complementary argumentative strategies to challenge open border theories. The first strategy is to defeat the principled case for open borders, such as the global equality of opportunity argument for more lax immigration control. The second strategy is to establish the democratic community’s prima facie right to determine the shape of its future, including membership and the right to exclude. First, (...)
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  16.  56
    Equality of Opportunity.Michael E. Levin - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (123):110-125.
  17. Equality of Opportunity and Complex Equality: The Special Place of Schooling. [REVIEW]Harry Brighouse - 2007 - Res Publica 13 (2):147-158.
    This paper is an engagement with Equality by John Baker, Kathleen Lynch, Judy Walsh and Sara Cantillon. It identifies a dilemma for educational egalitarians, which arises within their theory of equality, arguing that sometimes there may be a conflict between advancing equality of opportunity and providing equality of respect and recognition, and equality of love care and solidarity. It argues that the latter values may have more weight in deciding what to do than traditional (...)
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  18. Global Equality of Opportunity as an Institutional Standard of Distributive Justice.Daniel Butt - 2012 - In Chi Carmody, Frank J. Garcia & John Linarelli (eds.), Global Justice and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Prospects. Cambridge University Press.
  19.  26
    Equality of Opportunity.Harry van der Linden - unknown
    Harry van der Linden's contribution to: American Justice, ed. Joseph M. Bessette.
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  20. Debate: Equality of Opportunity Defended and Recanted.Richard Ameson - 1999 - Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4).
     
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  21. Equality of Opportunity and Personal Identity.Neven Petrović - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (2):97-111.
    One of the central theses of egalitarian liberals in the domain of distributive justice is that talented individuals should not be allowed to keep their entire market-income even if it flows solely from their greater abilities. This claim is usually supported by one of several arguments or some mixture of them, but in the present paper, I want to concentrate on the version that invokes equality of opportunity as its starting point. Namely, it is claimed that every human (...)
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  22. Fair Equality of Opportunity: John Rawls’ (Best) Forgotten Principle.Larry A. Alexander - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.
    Although discussions of John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice generally refer to Rawls’ two principles of justice, and although Rawls himself labels his principles “the two principles of justice”, Rawls actually sets forth three distinct principles in the following lexical order: the liberty principle, the fair equality of opportunity principle, and the difference principle. Rawls argues at some length for the priority of the liberty principle over the other two. On the other hand, Rawls offers hardly any argument (...)
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  23.  65
    Equality of Opportunity for Education: One-Off or Lifelong?Alexander Brown - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):63–84.
    Adult education has long been the Cinderella of the education system. This is not helped by the fact that there is currently an impasse between employers, government and individuals over who should finance such training. So what, if anything, can philosophers do to help resolve the normative question of who ought to pay, setting aside for the moment the practical question of how this might be put into effect? An important strand of contemporary egalitarian philosophy argues that equality of (...)
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  24. Equality of Opportunity and the Just Society.John H. Schaar - 1980 - In Gene Blocker & Elizabeth Smith (eds.), John Rawls' Theory of Social Justice. Ohio University Press. pp. 162--184.
     
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  25. Equality of Opportunity and Other-Affecting Choice: Why Luck Egalitarianism Does Not Require Brute Luck Equality.Gideon Elford - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):139-149.
    The luck egalitarian view famously maintains that inequalities in individuals’ circumstances are unfair or unjust, whereas inequalities traceable to individuals’ own responsible choices are fair or just. On this basis, the distinction between so-called brute luck and option luck has been seen as central to luck egalitarianism. Luck egalitarianism is interpreted, by advocates and opponents alike, as a view that condemns inequalities in brute luck but permits inequalities in option luck. It is also thought to be expressed in terms of (...)
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  26.  22
    Against Equality of Opportunity.John Mann - 2002 - Philosophy Now 38:42-44.
  27.  33
    Fair Equality of Opportunity Critically Reexamined: The Family and the Sustainability of Health Care Systems.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):583-602.
    A complex interaction of ideological, financial, social, and moral factors makes the financial sustainability of health care systems a challenge across the world. One difficulty is that some of the moral commitments of some health care systems collide with reality. In particular, commitments to equality in access to health care and to fair equality of opportunity undergird an unachievable promise, namely, to provide all with the best of basic health care. In addition, commitments to fair equality (...)
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  28. Equality of Opportunity and Liberal Theory.William Galston - 1986 - In Frank S. Lucash & Judith N. Shklar (eds.), Justice and Equality Here and Now. Cornell University Press. pp. 89--107.
     
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  29. What Equality of Opportunity Could Not Be.Mathias Risse - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):720-747.
    This study is concerned with john R0emer’s Equality of Opportunity} I argue that his theory is committed to compatibilism but that one of its central claims is plausible only within a libertarian view on the free-will problem. Thus Roemer’s theory is troubled by a deep structural inco— herence and should be rejected as an account of equality of opportunity? Let me briefly introduce some background to Roemer’s theory. Contemporary egalitarians face two major challenges: first, they need..
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  30.  11
    Fair Equality of Opportunity Critically Reexamined: The Family and the Sustainability of Health Care Systems.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):583-602.
    A complex interaction of ideological, financial, social, and moral factors makes the financial sustainability of health care systems a challenge across the world. One difficulty is that some of the moral commitments of some health care systems collide with reality. In particular, commitments to equality in access to health care and to fair equality of opportunity undergird an unachievable promise, namely, to provide all with the best of basic health care. In addition, commitments to fair equality (...)
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  31. Defending Equality of Opportunity.John E. Roemer - 2003 - The Monist 86 (2):261-282.
    The theory of equal opportunity as I have expounded it in Roemer uses a language comprising five words: objective, circumstance, type, effort, and policy. The objective is the kind of outcome or well-being or advantage for whose acquisition one wishes to equalize opportunities, in a given population. Circumstances are the set of environmental influences, beyond the individual’s control, that affect his or her chances of acquiring the objective. A type is the group of individuals in the population with a (...)
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  32.  4
    Equality of Opportunity for Education: One‐Off or Lifelong?Alexander Brown - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):63-84.
    Adult education has long been the Cinderella of the education system. This is not helped by the fact that there is currently an impasse between employers, government and individuals over who should finance such training. So what, if anything, can philosophers do to help resolve the normative question of who ought to pay, setting aside for the moment the practical question of how this might be put into effect? An important strand of contemporary egalitarian philosophy argues that equality of (...)
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  33.  76
    Equality of Opportunity.Charles Frankel - 1971 - Ethics 81 (3):191-211.
  34.  1
    Equality of Opportunity: The Question of Ambiguity.Cornelius Kampe - 1988 - Social Philosophy Today 1:113-124.
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  35. Equality of Opportunity and Affirmative Action.Ovadia Ezra - 2007 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (1):22-37.
    This paper deals with the policy of affirmative action as an additional means for achieving equality of opportunity in society. It assumes that in modem society-at least in principle-the superior positions are distributed according to merit, and on the basis of fair competition. I argue that formal equality of opportunity injects apparently neutral requirements, such as experience, into the selection procedure for top positions, that, in fact, act particularly against women, since they allow the past employment (...)
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  36.  71
    Equality of Opportunity and Differences in Social Circumstances.By Andrew Mason - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):368–388.
    It is often supposed that the point of equality of opportunity is to create a level playing-field. This is understood in different ways, however. A common proposal is what I call the neutralization view: that people's social circumstances should not differentially affect their life chances in any serious way. I raise problems with this view, before developing an alternative conception of equal opportunity which allows some variations in social circumstances to create differences in life prospects. The meritocratic (...)
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  37.  47
    Real Equality of Opportunity: BARRY R. GROSS.Barry R. Gross - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):120-142.
    We are often told that we are morally obligated to produce equal opportunity for all. Therefore, it seems we should examine what power we have to produce that desirable state. For it would be nonsense to say we are required to provide what is beyond our power to provide. When we examine this question, we find our power limited by two sets of constraints. One set comprises formal constraints upon the idea itself of equal opportunity. We cannot do (...)
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  38.  43
    Competitive Equality of Opportunity: A Defense.S. J. D. Green - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):5-32.
  39.  1
    Fair Equality of Opportunity in Healthcare.Rui Nunes - 2018 - Conatus 3 (2):83.
    The allocation of resources for health, as well as the distribution of other social goods, being a political problem, can also be observed as belonging to the universe of distributive justice, considering that all citizens must have the necessary means for an acceptable physical, psychological and social performance. Individual autonomy, paradigm of a full citizenship in a modern society, cannot otherwise be achieved. Human dignity seems to imply that no citizen can be excluded from the basic health system due to (...)
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  40. Does Equality (of Opportunity) Make Sense in Education?John Wilson - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 25 (1):27–32.
  41.  24
    Equality of Opportunity and Differences in Social Circumstances.Andrew Mason - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):368 - 388.
    It is often supposed that the point of equality of opportunity is to create a level playing-field. This is understood in different ways, however. A common proposal is what I call the neutralization view: that people's social circumstances should not differentially affect their life chances in any serious way. I raise problems with this view, before developing an alternative conception of equal opportunity which allows some variations in social circumstances to create differences in life prospects. The meritocratic (...)
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  42.  20
    Fair Equality of Opportunity in Our Actual World.Benjamin Sachs - unknown
    Fair equality of opportunity, a principle that governs the competition for desirable jobs, can seem irrelevant in our actual world, for two reasons. First, parents have broad liberty to raise their children as they see fit, which seems to undermine the fair equality of opportunity–based commitment to eliminating the effects of social circumstances on that competition. Second, we already have a well-established principle for distributing jobs, namely meritocracy, thereby leaving no theater in which fair equality (...)
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  43.  95
    Equality of Opportunity.Janet Radcliffe Richards - 1997 - Ratio 10 (3):253–279.
  44. Social Epigenetics and Equality of Opportunity.Michele Loi, Lorenzo Del Savio & Elia Stupka - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (2):142-153.
    Recent epidemiological reports of associations between socioeconomic status and epigenetic markers that predict vulnerability to diseases are bringing to light substantial biological effects of social inequalities. Here, we start the discussion of the moral consequences of these findings. We firstly highlight their explanatory importance in the context of the research program on the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) and the social determinants of health. In the second section, we review some theories of the moral status of health inequalities. (...)
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  45.  40
    IV—Equality of Opportunity.T. D. Campbell - 1975 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75 (1):51-68.
  46.  30
    Equality of Opportunity as a Sensible Educational Ideal.Les Burwood - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 26 (2):257–259.
  47.  4
    Equality of Opportunity for Education: One-Off or Lifelong?Alexander Brown - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):63-84.
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  48.  39
    Equality of Opportunity: Derivative Not Fundamental.Richard J. Arneson - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):316-330.
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  49.  79
    Equality of Opportunity, Old and New.Andrew Mason - 2001 - Ethics 111 (4):760-781.
  50.  20
    Equality of Opportunity and the Precarization of Labour Markets.Simon Birnbaum - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (2):187-207.
    How can we equalize opportunities while respecting people’s freedom? According to a view that I call libertarian resourcism, people’s fair shares of resources should normally take the form of uncon...
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