Results for 'Engelen Bart'

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  1.  62
    The Ethics of Nudging: An Overview.Andreas T. Schmidt & Bart Engelen - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (4).
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  2.  27
    Ethical Criteria for Health-Promoting Nudges: A Case-by-Case Analysis.Bart Engelen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):48-59.
    Health-promoting nudges have been put into practice by different agents, in different contexts and with different aims. This article formulates a set of criteria that enables a thorough ethical evaluation of such nudges. As such, it bridges the gap between the abstract, theoretical debates among academics and the actual behavioral interventions being implemented in practice. The criteria are derived from arguments against nudges, which allegedly disrespect nudgees, as these would impose values on nudgees and/or violate their rationality and autonomy. Instead (...)
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  3.  82
    The Politics of Envy: Outlaw Emotions in Capitalist Societies.Alfred Archer, Alan Thomas & Bart Engelen - forthcoming - In Sara Protasi (ed.), The Moral Psychology of Envy. Rowman and Littlefield.
  4.  23
    Effective Vote Markets and the Tyranny of Wealth.Alfred Archer, Bart Engelen & Viktor Ivanković - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (1):39-54.
    What limits should there be on the areas of life that are governed by market forces? For many years, no one seriously defended the buying and selling votes for political elections. In recent years, however, this situation has changed, with a number of authors defending the permissibility of vote markets. One popular objection to such markets is that they would lead to a tyranny of wealth, where the poor are politically dominated by the rich. In a recent paper, Taylor :313–328, (...)
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  5.  34
    Nudging, Transparency, and Watchfulness.Viktor Ivanković & Bart Engelen - 2019 - Social Theory and Practice 45 (1):43-73.
    Nudges have been criticized for working ‘in the dark’, influencing people without their full awareness. To assess whether this property renders nudging an illegitimate policy tool in liberal democracies, we argue that in scrutinizing nudge transparency, we should adequately divide our focus between nudging techniques, the nudgers employing them, and the nudgees subjected to them. We develop an account of what it means for nudgees to be ‘watchful’, a disposition that enables them to resist and circumvent nudges. We argue that (...)
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  6.  24
    Paternalism Revisited: Definitions, Justifications and Techniques. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2018 - Political Theory 46 (3):478-486.
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  7.  49
    Nudging and Autonomy: Analyzing and Alleviating the Worries.Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (1):137-156.
    One of the most pervasive criticisms of nudges has been the claim that they violate, undermine or decrease people’s autonomy. This claim, however, is seldom backed up by an explicit and detailed conception of autonomy. In this paper, we aim to do three things. First, we want to clear up some conceptual confusion by distinguishing the different conceptions used by Cass Sunstein and his critics in order to get clear on how they conceive of autonomy. Second, we want to add (...)
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  8.  41
    The Sexual Ethics of HPV Vaccination for Boys.Jeroen Luyten, Bart Engelen & Philippe Beutels - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (1):27-42.
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is a leading cause of cervical cancer in women but the virus is increasingly being linked to several other cancers in men and women alike. Since the introduction of safe and effective but also expensive vaccines, many developed countries have implemented selective vaccination programs for girls. Some however argue that these programs should be expanded to include boys, since (1) HPV constitutes non-negligible health risks for boys as (...)
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  9.  12
    A New Definition of and Role for Preferences in Positive Economics.Bart Engelen - 2017 - Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (3):254-273.
    Positive economic models aim to provide truthful explanations of significant economic phenomena. While the notion of ‘preferences’ figures prominently in micro-economic models, it suffers from a remarkable lack of conceptual clarity and rigor. After distinguishing narrow homo economicus models from broader ones and rehearsing the criticisms both have met, I go into the most promising attempt to date at addressing them, developed by Hausman. However, his definition of preferences as ‘total comparative evaluations’, I argue, plays into the general disregard that (...)
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  10.  7
    Against the Secret Ballot: Toward a New Proposal for Open Voting.Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys - 2013 - Acta Politica 48 (4):490-507.
    The secret ballot is considered a central feature of free and fair elections all over the world. While the reasons to uphold it seem to be overwhelming, we argue that the secret ballot is only second-best at best and that a modified version of open voting might prove to be more democratic. Instead of denying the various problems and difficulties that an open system might encounter, we want to offer a genuine proposal that can avoid these numerous pitfalls. After rehearsing (...)
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  11.  4
    Talking Money. How Market-Based Valuation Can Undermine Environmental Protection.Stijn Neuteleers & Bart Engelen - 2015 - Ecological Economics 1117.
    In this paper, we want to analyze conceptually whether and when merely using economic discourse – talking money – can crowd out people's positive attitudes towards environmental goods and their reasons to protect them. We concentrate on the specific case of market-based or monetary valuation as an instance of ‘commodification in discourse’ and argue that it can have the same moral problems as real commodification. We aim to bring together insights from philosophy, ethics, economics and psychology to argue that there (...)
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  12.  7
    Solving the Paradox: The Expressive Rationality of the Decision to Vote.Bart Engelen - 2006 - Rationality and Society 18 (4):419-441.
    The renowned paradox of voting arises when one tries to explain the decision to go out and vote in an exclusively instrumental framework. Instead of postulating that voters always derive utility from the act of voting, I want to search for the reasons that underlie the absence or presence of a preference for voting. In my noninstrumental account of expressive rationality, citizens want to express who they are and what they care about. Whether or not one votes therefore depends on (...)
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  13.  24
    Why Compulsory Voting Can Enhance Democracy.Bart Engelen - 2007 - Acta Politica 42 (1):23-39.
    Even though more than half of all citizens in the world are currently able to exercise the right to elect their leaders, many of them choose not to vote. This article considers the role of compulsory voting in order to enhance the democratic values of political participation and equality. Raising turnout considerably, it is an effective instrument to motivate citizens to express their voice in public life, thereby ensuring that their concerns will be heeded. Opponents of compulsory voting, however, argue (...)
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  14.  31
    Paternalism RevisitedGovernment Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?, by Le GrandJulianNewBill. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015.Why Nudge? The Politics of Libertarian Paternalism, by SunsteinCass R.New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - forthcoming - Political Theory:009059171667222.
  15.  62
    Open Your Eyes? Why Nozick's Experience Machine Does Not Refute Hedonism.Bart Engelen - 2010 - Film and Philosophy 14:33-46.
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  16. Conference Report: Intensive Program 2000: Ethical Questions of the Financial World and the External Debt in the South. Bilbao, 15 – 25 February 2000. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2000 - Ethical Perspectives 7 (2-3):194-197.
    Observations from the Point of View of the Relationship between Economy and EthicsThe main goal of this review is not to discuss the different lectures one by one in order of appearance. In my opinion, it will be much more interesting to analyze the symposium thematically. First, I will discuss the way in which the problem of external debt as such has been presented. Secondly, I will focus on the different points of view from which the problem has been discussed. (...)
     
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  17. The Ethics of Sex Selection for Non-Medical Reasons: A Defence of Common Sense.Bart Engelen & Antoon Vandevelde - 2004 - Ethical Perspectives 11 (1):76-89.
    In the previous issue of Ethical Perspectives David Heyd defends the permissibility of sex selection for non-medical reasons. He tries to show that there is nothing inherently wrong with this practice and that allowing it does not lead to undesirable consequences. There are several difficulties with his analysis, but the main objection is that it ultimately relies on a crude form of utilitarianism. Along with some critical comments on his article, we provide ethical arguments in support of the intuitive condemnation (...)
     
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  18.  9
    Compulsory Voting and its Effects on Political Participation, Interest and Efficacy.Bart Engelen & Marc Hooghe - unknown
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  19. Introducing Philosophy Through Film, Key Texts, Discussion, and Film Selections. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):514-517.
     
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  20.  10
    The Ethics of Nudging and Beyond: Response to Commentaries.Bart Engelen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):W9-W13.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page W9-W13.
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  21.  21
    Tolerance: A Virtue?: Toward a Broad and Descriptive Definition of Tolerance.Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (1):44-54.
    This article focuses on the difficult issue of what exactly goes on when an individual tolerates something. It focuses on the problem of why an individual would ever choose to allow for some practice that he deerns unacceptable while having the power to do something about it. After distinguishing between different attitudes , this article argues that individuals can have various reasons for deciding to tolerate what they deern wrong. As such, we defend a broad conception of tolerance, which goes (...)
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  22.  14
    Een kritische vergelijking Van twee levensfilosofieën.Bart Engelen - 2006 - Bijdragen 67 (3):288-308.
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  23.  8
    Nietzsche En Boeddha - Nietzsche And BuddhaEen Kritische Vergelijking Van Twee Levensfilosofieën - A Critical Comparison Of Two Philosophies Of Life.Bart Engelen - 2006 - Bijdragen 67 (3):288-308.
    Nietzsche has often been interpreted as criticizing Buddhism for its pessimistic nihilism, since it supposedly aims at the otherworldly goal of nirvanaand the extinction of suffering. This article tries to adjust this view by focusing on the aspects of Buddhism of which Nietzsche implicitly or explicitly approves. It also relates these to some striking similarities between their views of the world, the individual, life in general and how to deal with it. This article shows that Nietzsche, in his criticism of (...)
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  24.  4
    The Community of Advantage: A Behavioral Economist’s Defence of the Market, Robert Sugden. Oxford University Press, 2018, Xxii + 320 Pages. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2019 - Economics and Philosophy 35 (3):581-586.
  25.  3
    The Sources of Cooperation: On Strong Reciprocity and its Theoretical Implications.Bart Engelen - 2008 - Theory and Psychology 18 (4):527-544.
    This article focuses on the explanations of human cooperation that dominate the fields of psychology, philosophy, economics and other social sciences. It argues that these accounts all frame cooperation in egoistic terms and thus cannot solve the evolutionary puzzle of strong reciprocity, defined as a propensity to cooperate with others similarly disposed and to punish others who violate norms, even at a personal cost and without any prospect of present or future rewards. This article shows that strong reciprocity accounts for (...)
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  26.  3
    Thinking Things Through: The Value and Limitations of James Buchanan’s Public Choice Theory.Bart Engelen - 2007 - Review of Political Economy 19 (2):165-179.
    James Buchanan, one of the founders of Public Choice theory, applies the conceptual apparatus of economics to the public domain. This article investigates which assumptions are crucial to Buchanan’s project, concentrating on methodological individualism and the Homo Economicus model. It shows that Buchanan from time to time moves away from these economic concepts, though only in minor ways. The article also focuses on Buchanan’s normative emphasis on the role of institutions in coordinating self-interested individual actions in mutually beneficial ways. Criticizing (...)
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  27.  11
    Populaire cultuur en populaire filosofie.Bart Engelen - 2011 - Filosofie En Praktijk 32 (1):6-18.
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  28.  9
    Book Review of Philippe Van Parijs. Just Democracy: The Rawls-Machiavelli Programme. Colchester: ECPR, 2011. 174 Pp. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2013 - Ethical Perspectives 20 (1):202-207.
  29.  2
    PhD Thesis Summary: Rationality and Institutions: An Inquiry Into the Normative Implications of Rational Choice Theory.Bart Engelen - 2008 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):185-187.
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  30.  1
    Book Review of 'Beyond Conventional Economics', Edited by Giuseppe Eusepi and Alan Hamlin.Bart Engelen - 2008 - Review of Social Economy 66 (3):408-412.
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  31.  2
    Public Health, Well-Being and Reciprocity.Bart Engelen - 2005 - Ethical Perspectives 12 (1):41-66.
    Public-health measures are very effective and efficient means of improving health, yet public health is either neglected by the literature or fraught with unease, mainly due to the combination of the aggregate-distributive tension with the element of compulsion.The author argues that this unease can be decreased by 1) a pluralist-holistic view of health, situating the normative value of health in its effect on well-being, incorporating both the objective and subjective source of the value of health; and 2) by a rich (...)
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  32.  48
    Exemplars and Nudges: Combining Two Strategies for Moral Education.Engelen Bart, Thomas Alan, Alfred Archer & van de Ven Niels - 2018 - Journal of Moral Education 47 (3):346-365.
    This article defends the use of narratives about morally exemplary individuals in moral education and appraises the role that ‘nudge’ strategies can play in combination with such an appeal to exemplars. It presents a general conception of the aims of moral education and explains how the proposed combination of both moral strategies serves these aims. An important aim of moral education is to make the ethical perspective of the subject—the person being educated—more structured, more salient and therefore more ‘navigable’. This (...)
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  33.  17
    Bart Engelen's Rationality and Institutions: On the Normative Implications of Rational Choice Theory. Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag, 2008. 276 Pp. [REVIEW]Shaun P. Hargreaves Heap - 2009 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):132.
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  34.  56
    Eye of the Universe: Henry Sidgwick and the Problem Public: Bart Schultz.Bart Schultz - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (2):155-188.
    Henry Sidgwick has gone down in the history of philosophy as both the great, classical utilitarian moral theorist who authored The Methods of Ethics, and an outstanding exemplar of intellectual honesty and integrity, one whose personal virtues were inseparable from his philosophical strengths and method. Yet this construction of Sidgwick the philosopher has been based on a too limited understanding of Sidgwick's casuistry and leading practical ethical concerns. As his friendship with John Addington Symonds reveals, Sidgwick was deeply entangled in (...)
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  35. Unbelievable Errors: An Error Theory About All Normative Judgments.Bart Streumer - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Unbelievable Errors defends an error theory about all normative judgements: not just moral judgements, but also judgements about reasons for action, judgements about reasons for belief, and instrumental normative judgements. This theory states that normative judgements are beliefs that ascribe normative properties, but that normative properties do not exist. It therefore entails that all normative judgements are false. -/- Bart Streumer also argues, however, that we cannot believe this error theory. This may seem to be a problem for the (...)
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  36.  41
    Quantity Implicatures.Bart Geurts - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Gricean pragmatics. Saying vs. implicating ; Discourse and cooperation ; Conversational implicatures ; Generalised vs. particularised ; Cancellability ; Gricean reasoning and the pragmatics of what is said -- The standard recipe for Q-implicatures. The standard recipe ; Inference to the best explanation ; Weak implicatures and competence ; Relevance ; Conclusion -- Scalar implicatures. Horn scales and the generative view ; Implicatures and downward entailing environments ; Disjunction : exclusivity and ignorance ; Conclusion -- Psychological plausibility. Charges of psychological (...)
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  37.  14
    About the Distinction Between Working Memory and Short-Term Memory.Bart Aben, Sven Stapert & Arjan Blokland - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  38.  11
    Presuppositions and Pronouns.Bart Geurts - 1999 - Elsevier.
    In this volume, Geurts takes discourse representation theory (DRT), and turns it into a unified account of anaphora and presupposition, which he applies not only to the standard problem cases but also to the interpretation of modal expressions, attitude reports, and proper names. The resulting theory, for all its simplicity, is without doubt the most comprehensive of its kind to date. The central idea underlying Geurts' 'binding theory' of presupposition is that anaphora is just a special case of presupposition projection. (...)
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  39. Can We Believe the Error Theory?Bart Streumer - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (4):194-212.
    According to the error theory, normative judgements are beliefs that ascribe normative properties, even though such properties do not exist. In this paper, I argue that we cannot believe the error theory, and that this means that there is no reason for us to believe this theory. It may be thought that this is a problem for the error theory, but I argue that it is not. Instead, I argue, our inability to believe the error theory undermines many objections that (...)
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  40.  2
    The Property Species: Mine, Yours, and the Human Mind.Bart J. Wilson - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    What is property, and why does our species happen to have it? In The Property Species, the economist Bart Wilson explores how we acquire, perceive, and know the custom of property, and why this might be relevant to social scientists, philosophers, and legal scholars for understanding how property works in the twenty-first century.
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  41.  9
    On Borel Ideals.Fons van Engelen - 1994 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 70 (2):177-203.
    We show that a first category homogeneous zero-dimensional Borel set X can be embedded in as an ideal on ω if and only if X is homeomorphic to X × X if and only if X is Wadge-equivalent to X × X. Furthermore, we determine the Wadge classes of such X, thus giving a complete picture of the possible descriptive complexity of Borel ideals on ω. We also discuss the connection with ideals of compact sets.
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  42. Reasons and Impossibility.Bart Streumer - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 136 (3):351-384.
    Many philosophers claim that it cannot be the case that a person ought to perform an action if this person cannot perform this action. However, most of these philosophers do not give arguments for the truth of this claim. In this paper, I argue that it is plausible to interpret this claim in such a way that it is entailed by the claim that there cannot be a reason for a person to perform an action if it is impossible that (...)
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  43. The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians.Bart Schultz - 2017 - Princeton University Press.
    A colorful history of utilitarianism told through the lives and ideas of Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and its other founders In The Happiness Philosophers, Bart Schultz tells the colorful story of the lives and legacies of the founders of utilitarianism—one of the most influential yet misunderstood and maligned philosophies of the past two centuries. Best known for arguing that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong," utilitarianism was developed (...)
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  44.  61
    Entertaining Alternatives: Disjunctions as Modals.Bart Geurts - 2005 - Natural Language Semantics 13 (4):383-410.
  45.  66
    Why Formal Objections to the Error Theory Fail.Bart Streumer & Daniel Wodak - 2021 - Analysis 81 (2):254-262.
    Many philosophers argue that the error theory should be rejected because it is incompatible with standard deontic logic and semantics. We argue that such formal objections to the theory fail. Our discussion has two upshots. First, it increases the dialectical weight that must be borne by objections to the error theory that target its content rather than its form. Second, it shows that standard deontic logic and semantics should be revised.
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  46. Model-Preference Default Theories.Bart Selman & Henry A. Kautz - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 45 (3):287-322.
  47. Are There Irreducibly Normative Properties?Bart Streumer - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):537-561.
    Frank Jackson has argued that, given plausible claims about supervenience, descriptive predicates and property identity, there are no irreducibly normative properties. Philosophers who think that there are such properties have made several objections to this argument. In this paper, I argue that all of these objections fail. I conclude that Jackson's argument shows that there are no irreducibly normative properties.
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  48. Scalar Implicature and Local Pragmatics.Bart Geurts - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (1):51-79.
    Abstract: The Gricean theory of conversational implicature has always been plagued by data suggesting that what would seem to be conversational inferences may occur within the scope of operators like believe , for example; which for bona fide implicatures should be an impossibility. Concentrating my attention on scalar implicatures, I argue that, for the most part, such observations can be accounted for within a Gricean framework, and without resorting to local pragmatic inferences of any kin d. However, there remains a (...)
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  49.  87
    The Crisis of Consent: How Stronger Legal Protection May Lead to Weaker Consent in Data Protection.Bart W. Schermer, Bart Custers & Simone van der Hof - 2014 - Ethics and Information Technology 16 (2):171-182.
    In this article we examine the effectiveness of consent in data protection legislation. We argue that the current legal framework for consent, which has its basis in the idea of autonomous authorisation, does not work in practice. In practice the legal requirements for consent lead to ‘consent desensitisation’, undermining privacy protection and trust in data processing. In particular we argue that stricter legal requirements for giving and obtaining consent as proposed in the European Data protection regulation will further weaken the (...)
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  50. Good News About the Description Theory of Names.Bart Geurts - 1997 - Journal of Semantics 14 (4):319-348.
    This is an attempt at reviving Kneale's version of the description theory of names, which says that a proper name is synonymous with a definite description of the form ‘the individual named so-and-so’. To begin with, I adduce a wide range of observations to show that names and overt definites are alike in all relevant respects. I then turn to Kripke's main objection against Kneale's proposal, and endeavour to refute it. In the remainder of the paper I elaborate on Kneale's (...)
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