Results for 'Emily Mailey'

991 found
Order:
  1.  73
    BDNF mediates improvements in executive function following a 1-year exercise intervention.Regina L. Leckie, Lauren E. Oberlin, Michelle W. Voss, Ruchika S. Prakash, Amanda Szabo-Reed, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Siobhan M. Phillips, Neha P. Gothe, Emily Mailey, Victoria J. Vieira-Potter, Stephen A. Martin, Brandt D. Pence, Mingkuan Lin, Raja Parasuraman, Pamela M. Greenwood, Karl J. Fryxell, Jeffrey A. Woods, Edward McAuley, Arthur F. Kramer & Kirk I. Erickson - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2. Idealizations and Understanding: Much Ado About Nothing?Emily Sullivan & Kareem Khalifa - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):673-689.
    Because idealizations frequently advance scientific understanding, many claim that falsehoods play an epistemic role. In this paper, we argue that these positions greatly overstate idealiza...
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  3. Inductive Risk, Understanding, and Opaque Machine Learning Models.Emily Sullivan - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (5):1065-1074.
    Under what conditions does machine learning (ML) model opacity inhibit the possibility of explaining and understanding phenomena? In this article, I argue that nonepistemic values give shape to the ML opacity problem even if we keep researcher interests fixed. Treating ML models as an instance of doing model-based science to explain and understand phenomena reveals that there is (i) an external opacity problem, where the presence of inductive risk imposes higher standards on externally validating models, and (ii) an internal opacity (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4.  48
    Representation and productive ambiguity in mathematics and the sciences.Emily Grosholz - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Viewed this way, the texts yield striking examples of language and notation that are irreducibly ambiguous and productive because they are ambiguous.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  5.  38
    The Content and Focus of the Codes of Ethics of the World's Largest Transnational Corporations.Emily F. Carasco & Jang B. Singh - 2003 - Business and Society Review 108 (1):71-94.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  6. Representation and Productive Ambiguity in Mathematics and the Sciences.Emily R. Grosholz - 2006 - Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):244-246.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  7.  36
    Science demands explanation, religion tolerates mystery.Emily G. Liquin, S. Emlen Metz & Tania Lombrozo - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104398.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  8. Misconceptions about coercion and undue influence: Reflections on the views of irb members.Emily Largent, Christine Grady, Franklin G. Miller & Alan Wertheimer - 2012 - Bioethics 27 (9):500-507.
    Payment to recruit research subjects is a common practice but raises ethical concerns relating to the potential for coercion or undue influence. We conducted the first national study of IRB members and human subjects protection professionals to explore attitudes as to whether and why payment of research participants constitutes coercion or undue influence. Upon critical evaluation of the cogency of ethical concerns regarding payment, as reflected in our survey results, we found expansive or inconsistent views about coercion and undue influence (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  9. Welfare, Abortion, and Organ Donation: A Reply to the Restrictivist.Emily Carroll & Parker Crutchfield - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (2):290-295.
    We argued in a recent issue of this journal that if abortion is restricted,1 then there are parallel obligations for parents to donate body parts to their children. The strength of this obligation to donate is proportional to the strength of the abortion restrictions. If abortion is never permissible, then a parent must always donate any organ if they are a match. If abortion is sometimes permissible and sometimes not, then organ donation is sometimes obligatory and sometimes not. Our argument (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. Negative Epistemic Exemplars.Mark Alfano & Emily Sullivan - 2019 - In Stacey Goguen & Benjamin Sherman (eds.), Overcoming Epistemic Injustice: Social and Psychological Perspectives. Rowman & Littlefield.
    In this chapter, we address the roles that exemplars might play in a comprehensive response to epistemic injustice. Fricker defines epistemic injustices as harms people suffer specifically in their capacity as (potential) knowers. We focus on testimonial epistemic injustice, which occurs when someone’s assertoric speech acts are systematically met with either too little or too much credence by a biased audience. Fricker recommends a virtue­theoretic response: people who do not suffer from biases should try to maintain their disposition towards naive (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  11. Online trust and distrust.Mark Alfano & Emily Sullivan - 2021 - In Michael Hannon & Jeroen de Ridder (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology. New York: Routledge.
    Trust makes cooperation possible. It enables us to learn from others and at a distance. It makes democratic deliberation possible. But it also makes us vulnerable: when we place our trust in another’s word, we are liable to be deceived—sometimes intentionally, sometimes unintentionally. Our evolved mechanisms for deciding whom to trust and whom to distrust mostly rely on face-to-face interactions with people whose reputation we can both access and influence. Online, these mechanisms are largely useless, and the institutions that might (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  81
    The growth of mathematical knowledge.Emily Grosholz & Herbert Breger (eds.) - 2000 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book draws its inspiration from Hilbert, Wittgenstein, Cavaillès and Lakatos and is designed to reconfigure contemporary philosophy of mathematics by making the growth of knowledge rather than its foundations central to the study of mathematical rationality, and by analyzing the notion of growth in historical as well as logical terms. Not a mere compendium of opinions, it is organised in dialogical forms, with each philosophical thesis answered by one or more historical case studies designed to support, complicate or question (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  13.  29
    Demystifying Legal Reasoning.Larry Alexander & Emily Sherwin (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Demystifying Legal Reasoning defends the proposition that there are no special forms of reasoning peculiar to law. Legal decision makers engage in the same modes of reasoning that all actors use in deciding what to do: open-ended moral reasoning, empirical reasoning, and deduction from authoritative rules. This book addresses common law reasoning when prior judicial decisions determine the law, and interpretation of texts. In both areas, the popular view that legal decision makers practise special forms of reasoning is false.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  14.  37
    Improving informed consent: Stakeholder views.Emily E. Anderson, Susan B. Newman & Alicia K. Matthews - 2017 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 8 (3):178-188.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  15.  11
    Children are more exploratory and learn more than adults in an approach-avoid task.Emily G. Liquin & Alison Gopnik - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104940.
  16. Humility in networks.Mark Alfano & Emily Sullivan - 2021 - In Mark Alfano, Michael Patrick Lynch & Alessandra Tanesini (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Humility. New York, NY: Routledge.
    What do humility, intellectual humility, and open-mindedness mean in the context of inter-group conflict? We spend most of our time with ingroup members, such as family, friends, and colleagues. Yet our biggest disagreements —— about practical, moral, and epistemic matters —— are likely to be with those who do not belong to our ingroup. An attitude of humility towards the former might be difficult to integrate with a corresponding attitude of humility towards the latter, leading to smug tribalism that masquerades (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  87
    Bureaucratic Tools in (Gendered) Organizations: Performance Metrics and Gender Advisors in International Development.Emily Springer - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (1):56-80.
    This article contributes to a growing conversation about the role of numbers in promoting gendered agendas in potentially contradictory ways. Drawing from interviews with gender advisors—the professionals tasked with mainstreaming gender in development projects—in an East African country, I begin from the paradox that gender advisors articulate a strong preference for qualitative data to best capture the lives of the women they aim to assist while voicing a need for quantitative metrics. I demonstrate that gender advisors come to imagine metrics (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. Body Movement & Ethical Responsibility for a Situation.Emily S. Lee - 2014 - In Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, and Race. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 233-254.
    Exploring the intimate tie between body movement and space and time, Lee begins with the position that body movement generates space and time and explores the ethical implications of this responsibility for the situations one’s body movements generate. Whiteness theory has come to recognize the ethical responsibility for situations not of one’s own making and hence accountability for the results of more than one’s immediate personal conscious decisions. Because of our specific history, whites have developed a particular embodiment and body (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  19.  22
    Patient‐Centered Outcomes Research: Stakeholder Perspectives and Ethical and Regulatory Oversight Issues.Emily A. Largent, Joel S. Weissman, Avni Gupta, Melissa Abraham, Ronen Rozenblum, Holly Fernandez Lynch & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 40 (1):7-17.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  20.  28
    Patient‐Engaged Research: Choosing the “Right” Patients to Avoid Pitfalls.Emily A. Largent, Holly Fernandez Lynch & Matthew S. McCoy - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (5):26-34.
    To ensure that the information resulting from research is relevant to patients, the Patient‐Centered Outcomes Research Institute eschews the “traditional health research” paradigm, in which investigators drive all aspects of research, in favor of one in which patients assume the role of research partner. If we accept the premise that patient engagement can offer fresh perspectives that shape research in valuable ways, then at least two important sets of questions present themselves. First, how are patients being engaged—and how should they (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  21.  8
    Anthropology and the Cultural Study of Science.Emily Martin - 1998 - Science, Technology and Human Values 23 (1):24-44.
    This essay explores how the distinctively anthropological concept of culture provides uniquely valuable insights into the workings of science in its cultural context. Recent efforts by anthropologists to dislodge the traditional notion of culture as a homogenous, stable whole have opened up a variety of ways of imagining culture that place power differentials, flux, and contradiction at its center. Including attention to a wide variety of social domains outside the laboratory, attending to the ways nonscientists actively engage with scientific knowledge, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  22.  21
    The partial unification of domains, hybrids, and the growth of mathematical knowledge.Emily R. Grosholz - 2000 - In Emily Grosholz & Herbert Breger (eds.), The growth of mathematical knowledge. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 81--91.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  23.  28
    Successful communication does not drive language development: Evidence from adult homesign.Emily M. Carrigan & Marie Coppola - 2017 - Cognition 158 (C):10-27.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  79
    IRB Decision-Making with Imperfect Knowledge: A Framework for Evidence-Based Research Ethics Review.Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):951-969.
    Institutional Review Board decisions hinge on the availability and interpretation of information. This is demonstrated by the following well-known historical example. In 2001, 24-year-old Ellen Roche died from respiratory distress and organ failure as a result of her participation in a study at Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center. The non-therapeutic physiological study, “Mechanisms of Deep Inspiration-Induced Airway Relaxation,” was designed to examine airway hyperresponsiveness in healthy individuals in order to better understand the pathophysiology of asthma. Participants inhaled hexamethonium, a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  25.  19
    Expanding insurance coverage for in vitro fertilisation with preimplantation genetic testing: putting the cart before the horse.Emily C. Lisi - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (3):202-204.
    Madison Kilbride recently argued that insurance ) should cover in vitro fertilisation with preimplantation genetic testing services for couples at high risk of having a child affected with a genetic condition. She argues that IVF-PGT meets CMS’s definition of ‘medically necessary care’, where such care includes ‘services or supplies needed to diagnose or treat an illness, injury, condition, disease or its symptoms’. Kilbride argues that IVF-PGT satisfies this definition in two ways: as a diagnostic tool and as a treatment. Contradicting (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. Cartesian method and the problem of reduction.Emily R. Grosholz - 1994 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 184 (1):119-121.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  27.  94
    Cartesian method and the problem of reduction.Emily Grosholz - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Cartesian method, construed as a way of organizing domains of knowledge according to the "order of reasons," was a powerful reductive tool. Descartes made significant strides in mathematics, physics, and metaphysics by relating certain complex items and problems back to more simple elements that served as starting points for his inquiries. But his reductive method also impoverished these domains in important ways, for it tended to restrict geometry to the study of straight line segments, physics to the study of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  28.  65
    Thought, Choice, and Other Causes in Aristotle’s Account of Luck.Emily Kress - 2021 - Apeiron 54 (4):615-648.
    In Physics 2.4–6, Aristotle offers an account of things that happen “by luck” and “spontaneously”. Many of these things are what we might think of as “lucky breaks”: cases where things go well for us, even though we don’t expect them to. In Physics 2.5, Aristotle illustrates this idea with the case of a man who goes to the market for some reason unrelated to collecting a debt he is owed. While he is there, this man just so happens to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  43
    Of Drowning Children and Doubtful Analogies.Emily A. Largent - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (4):26-28.
    In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, James Sabin and his colleagues ask what responsibility investigators in a learning health organization have to patients when research—particularly research of which patients might be unaware—illuminates problematic aspects of the patients' care. Sabin and his colleagues were confronted by this question in the midst of designing a randomized controlled trial that sought to determine if an educational intervention targeted at patients with atrial fibrillation and their clinicians reduces underuse of oral anticoagulants. Worried (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  14
    Precision Medicine Research: An Exception or An Exemplar?Emily A. Largent - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):149-151.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  33
    Long term impact of emotional, social and cognitive intelligence competencies and GMAT on career and life satisfaction and career success.Emily Amdurer, Richard E. Boyatzis, Argun Saatcioglu, Melvin L. Smith & Scott N. Taylor - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  32.  19
    A Proposal for Fair Compensation for Research Participants.Emily E. Anderson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):62-64.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 62-64.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  19
    Law v Canada: New Directions for Equality Under the Canadian Charter?Emily Grabham - 2002 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 22 (4):641-661.
    The equality provision in section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 1982 was drafted with a vision of promoting substantive equality. Following challenges to this vision during the 1990s by a group of conservative Supreme Court judges, the recent judgment of Iacobucci J in Law v Canada (1999) has been welcomed for reasserting section 15's substantive ideal. But despite the effective manner in which the provision was drafted, and despite the recent guidelines set out in Law, interpretations (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  13
    More on Social Darwinism.Emily R. Grace & M. F. Ashley Montagu - 1942 - Science and Society 6 (1):71 - 78.
  35.  27
    More on Social Darwinism.Emily R. Grace & Mf Ashley Montagu - forthcoming - Science and Society.
  36.  12
    On Moving the Table: Reflections on an Author-Meets-Reader Session.Emily Grabham - 2018 - Feminist Legal Studies 26 (3):381-384.
    Through a commentary on the enriching experience of receiving feedback through the Brewing Legal Times author-meets-reader session in February 2018, this piece reflects on the intellectual generosity and scholarly labour that makes such sessions an important form of academic social reproduction.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Chapter 1. Thucydides.Emily Greenwood - 2023 - In Marnie Hughes-Warrington & Daniel Woolf (eds.), History from loss: a global introduction to histories written from defeat, colonization, exile and imprisonment. New York: Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  1
    Fictions of dialogue in Thucydides.Emily Greenwood - 2008 - In Simon Goldhill (ed.), The end of dialogue in antiquity. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 15.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  64
    Infelicitous Sex.Emily Sherwin - 1996 - Legal Theory 2 (3):209-231.
    Proposing and consenting to sex are things that ordinary people manage to do all the time, yet legal regulation of sex seems to be an intractable problem. No one is satisfied with rape law, but no one knows quite what to do about it.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  40.  7
    Leibniz's Science of the Rational.Emily Grosholz & Elhanan Yakira - 1998 - Franz Steiner Verlag.
    This book explicates Leibnizian analysis as a search for conditions of intelligibility, and reconsiders his use of principles and methods as well as his account of truth in this way. Via careful reading of well-known, lesser known, and previously unedited texts, it gives a more accurate picture of his philosophical intentions, as well as the relevance of his project to contemporary debate. Two case studies are included, one concerning logic and the other arithmetic; they illustrate a theory of intelligibility that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  41.  9
    Starry Reckoning: Reference and Analysis in Mathematics and Cosmology.Emily Rolfe Grosholz - 2016 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book deals with a topic that has been largely neglected by philosophers of science to date: the ability to refer and analyze in tandem. On the basis of a set of philosophical case studies involving both problems in number theory and issues concerning time and cosmology from the era of Galileo, Newton and Leibniz up through the present day, the author argues that scientific knowledge is a combination of accurate reference and analytical interpretation. In order to think well, we (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  19
    A Call for Radical Transparency regarding Research Payments.Emily E. Anderson & Brandon Brown - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):45-47.
    In the target article “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Fernandez Lynch et al. call for more information sharing about research payment amounts to study parti...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  25
    Similarity of wh-Phrases and Acceptability Variation in wh-Islands.Emily Atkinson, Aaron Apple, Kyle Rawlins & Akira Omaki - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  44. A Problem with Conceptually Relating Race and Class, Regarding the Question of Choice.Emily S. Lee - 2017 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 38 (2):349-368.
    The close association of particular races with particular classes invites a means to exhibit disdain for a race via class. Class and race do not simply occupy a list of social problems, because generally, specific races correlate with particular classes. Racism is presently unacceptable, but not classism. We may feel sympathy for the poor, but we do not refrain from disdain. The disdain of the poor centers on Neoclassical economics’ insistence on choice in regards to class. The language of choice (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  31
    How Symbolic and Iconic Languages Bridge the Two Worlds of the Chemist.Emily Grosholz & Roald Hoffmann - 2000 - In Nalini Bhushan & Stuart Rosenfeld (eds.), Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 230.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46.  3
    Introduction.Emily S. Lee - 2014 - In Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, and Race. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 1-18.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47. Postcolonial Ambivalence and Phenomenological Ambiguity: Towards Recognizing Asian American Women's Agency.Emily S. Lee - 2016 - Critical Philosophy of Race 4 (1):56-73.
    Homi Bhabha brings attention to the figure of the postcolonial metropolitan subject—a third world subject who resides in the first world. Bhabha describes the experiences of the “colonial” subject as ambivalently split. As much as his work is insightful, Bhabha's descriptions of the daily life of postcolonial metropolitan subjects as split and doubled is problematic. His analysis lends only to the possibility of these splittings/doublings as schizophrenically wholly arising. His analysis cannot account for the agonistic moments when the colonial subject (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  16
    Flexible survivors 1.Emily Martin - 2000 - Cultural Values 4 (4):512-517.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  49.  44
    Global Translatio: The “Invention” of Comparative Literature, Istanbul, 1933.Emily Apter - 2003 - Critical Inquiry 29 (2):253-281.
  50.  37
    An Empirical Investigation of The Experience of Anger.Emily L. Stevick - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:132-148.
1 — 50 / 991