Results for 'Emily E. Wheeler'

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  1.  21
    Drug Firms, the Codification of Diagnostic Categories, and Bias in Clinical Guidelines.Lisa Cosgrove & Emily E. Wheeler - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):644-653.
    The profession of medicine is predicated upon an ethical mandate: first do no harm. However, critics charge that the medical profession’s culture and its public health mission are being undermined by the pharmaceutical industry’s wide-ranging influence. In this article, we analyze how drug firms influence psychiatric taxonomy and treatment guidelines such that these resources may serve commercial rather than public health interests. Moving beyond a conflict-ofinterest model, we use the conceptual and normative framework of institutional corruption to examine how organized (...)
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  2.  33
    Drug Firms, the Codification of Diagnostic Categories, and Bias in Clinical Guidelines.Lisa Cosgrove & Emily E. Wheeler - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):644-653.
    The possibility that industry is exerting an undue influence on the culture of medicine has profound implications for the profession's public health mission. Policy analysts, investigative journalists, researchers, and clinicians have questioned whether academic-industry relationships have had a corrupting effect on evidence-based medicine. Psychiatry has been at the heart of this epistemic and ethical crisis in medicine. This article examines how commercial entities, such as pharmaceutical companies, influence psychiatric taxonomy and treatment guidelines. Using the conceptual framework of institutional corruption, we (...)
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  3.  35
    Conflicts of Interest and the Quality of Recommendations in Clinical Guidelines.Lisa Cosgrove, Harold J. Bursztajn, Deborah R. Erlich, Emily E. Wheeler & Allen F. Shaughnessy - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):674-681.
  4.  20
    From Caveat Emptor to Caveat Venditor : Time to Stop the Influence of Money on Practice Guideline Development.Lisa Cosgrove, Allen F. Shaughnessy, Emily E. Wheeler, Sheldon Krimsky, Shannon M. Peters, Darren J. Freeman-Coppadge & Joel R. Lexchin - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):809-812.
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  5.  23
    Review of Marion Danis, Emily Largent, David Wendler, Sara Chandros Hull, Seema Shah, Joseph Millum, Benjamin Berkman, and Christine Grady, Research Ethics Consultation: A Casebook1. [REVIEW]Emily E. Anderson - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (10):54-55.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 10, Page 54-55, October 2012.
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  6.  52
    “Doctor, Would You Prescribe a Pill to Help Me …?” A National Survey of Physicians on Using Medicine for Human Enhancement.Matthew K. Wynia, Emily E. Anderson, Kavita Shah & Timothy D. Hotze - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):3 - 13.
    Using medical advances to enhance human athletic, aesthetic, and cognitive performance, rather than to treat disease, has been controversial. Little is known about physicians? experiences, views, and attitudes in this regard. We surveyed a national sample of physicians to determine how often they prescribe enhancements, their views on using medicine for enhancement, and whether they would be willing to prescribe a series of potential interventions that might be considered enhancements. We find that many physicians occasionally prescribe enhancements, but doctors hold (...)
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  7.  22
    Improving Informed Consent: Stakeholder Views.Emily E. Anderson, Susan B. Newman & Alicia K. Matthews - 2017 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 8 (3):178-188.
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  8. Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
  9.  7
    Partnering With Research Staff Members to Bridge Gaps in Consent.Emily E. Anderson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):28-30.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 28-30.
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  10.  6
    A Proposal for Fair Compensation for Research Participants.Emily E. Anderson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):62-64.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 62-64.
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  11.  64
    IRB Decision-Making with Imperfect Knowledge: A Framework for Evidence-Based Research Ethics Review.Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):951-969.
    Institutional Review Board decisions hinge on the availability and interpretation of information. This is demonstrated by the following well-known historical example. In 2001, 24-year-old Ellen Roche died from respiratory distress and organ failure as a result of her participation in a study at Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center. The non-therapeutic physiological study, “Mechanisms of Deep Inspiration-Induced Airway Relaxation,” was designed to examine airway hyperresponsiveness in healthy individuals in order to better understand the pathophysiology of asthma. Participants inhaled hexamethonium, a (...)
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  12. Robert E. Wheeler, Dragons for Sale: Studies in Unreason Reviewed By.Mechthild Nagel - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (4):298-299.
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  13. Robert E. Wheeler, Dragons for Sale: Studies in Unreason. [REVIEW]Mechthild Nagel - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14:298-299.
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  14.  7
    A Call for Radical Transparency Regarding Research Payments.Emily E. Anderson & Brandon Brown - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):45-47.
    In the target article “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Fernandez Lynch et al. call for more information sharing about research payment amounts to study parti...
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  15.  14
    The Indus Civilization.E. B. & Mortimer Wheeler - 1961 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 81 (4):460.
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  16. Understanding Research Misconduct: A Comparative Analysis of 120 Cases of Professional Wrongdoing.James Dubois, Emily E. Anderson, John Chibnall, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Chiji Ogbuka & Timothy Rubbelke - 2013 - Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance 5 (20):320-338.
  17.  12
    Personal Narratives of Genetic Testing: Expectations, Emotions, and Impact on Self and Family.Emily E. Anderson & Katherine Wasson - 2015 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 5 (3):229-235.
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  18. Agree or Disagree?Emily E. Anderson - forthcoming - Bioethics.
     
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  19.  10
    Learning From Research Participants.Emily E. Anderson - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (11):14-16.
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  20.  30
    Grand Manner Aesthetics in Landscape: From Canvas to Celluloid.Emily E. Auger - 2009 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 43 (4):pp. 96-107.
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  21.  17
    Community Engagement: Critical to Continued Public Trust in Research.Emily E. Anderson & Stephanie Solomon - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):44-46.
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  22.  6
    Seneca's Response To Stoic Hermeneutics.Emily E. Batinski - 1993 - Mnemosyne 46 (1):69-77.
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  23.  5
    BioEssays 5/2020.Emily E. Puckett, David Orton & Jason Munshi‐South - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (5):2070051.
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  24.  5
    Commensal Rats and Humans: Integrating Rodent Phylogeography and Zooarchaeology to Highlight Connections Between Human Societies.Emily E. Puckett, David Orton & Jason Munshi-South - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (5):1900160.
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  25.  9
    Dance as L'intervention: Health and Aesthetics of Experience in French Contemporary Dance.Emily E. Wilcox - 2005 - Body and Society 11 (4):109-139.
    This article investigates the ways in which discourses and experiences of health and healing have shaped the development of contemporary dance in France. It confronts the problem of how to situate contemporary dance in relation to other dance genres and suggests Robert Desjarlais’ concept of the ‘aesthetic of experience’ as a helpful framework for understanding the ways in which technique and virtuosity operate differently in contemporary dance than in other dance forms. The article is ethnographic and historical and attempts to (...)
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  26. Characterizing Early Maternal Style in a Population of Guide Dogs.Emily E. Bray, Mary D. Sammel, Dorothy L. Cheney, James A. Serpell & Robert M. Seyfarth - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  27.  4
    Zachary A. Matus, Franciscans and the Elixir of Life: Religion and Science in the Later Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017. Pp. 203. ISBN 978-0-8122-4921-7. £52.00. [REVIEW]Emily E. Beck - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (4):703-705.
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  28.  6
    Horace's Rehabilitation of Bacchus.Emily E. Batinski - 1991 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 84 (5):361.
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  29.  48
    Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases.James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  30.  17
    Re-Examining Empirical Data on Conflicts of Interest Through the Lens of Personal Narratives.Emily E. Anderson & Elena M. Kraus - 2011 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 1 (2):91-99.
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  31.  15
    Seneca: The Humanist at the Court of Nero.Emily E. Batinski - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):351 - 353.
  32.  25
    On Textual Individuation.William E. Tolhurst & Samuel C. Wheeler - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 35 (2):187 - 197.
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  33.  9
    Less is More? Effects of Exhaustive Vs. Minimal Emotion Labelling on Emotion Regulation Strategy Planning.Vera Vine, Emily E. Bernstein & Susan Nolen-Hoeksema - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (4):855-862.
    ABSTRACTPrevious research suggests that labelling emotions, or describing affective states using emotion words, facilitates emotion regulation. But how much labelling promotes emotion regulation? And which emotion regulation strategies does emotion labelling promote? Drawing on cognitive theories of emotion, we predicted that labelling emotions using fewer words would be less confusing and would facilitate forms of emotion regulation requiring more cognitively demanding processing of context. Participants mentally immersed themselves in an emotional vignette, were randomly assigned to an exhaustive or minimal emotion (...)
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  34.  9
    Physical Attraction to Reliable, Low Variability Nervous Systems: Reaction Time Variability Predicts Attractiveness.Emily E. Butler, Christopher W. N. Saville, Robert Ward & Richard Ramsey - 2017 - Cognition 158:81-89.
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  35.  3
    Risks to Relationships in Kidney Transplant Research with Living Donors and Recipients.Emily E. Anderson, Sanjeev Akkina & Philip Ghobrial - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):110-112.
    In order to consider how best to address relationship concerns with potential research participants arising in this study, we will first describe unique features...
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  36.  8
    Socioeconomic Status and Adverse Birth Outcomes: A Population-Based Canadian Sample.Emily E. Campbell, Jason Gilliland, Paula D. N. Dworatzek, Barbra De Vrijer, Debbie Penava & Jamie A. Seabrook - 2018 - Journal of Biosocial Science 50 (1):102-113.
    SummaryThis study assessed the strength of the association between socioeconomic status and low birth weight and preterm birth in Southwestern Ontario. Utilizing perinatal and neonatal databases at the London Health Science Centre, maternal postal codes were entered into a Geographic Information System to determine home neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods were defined by dissemination areas. Median household income for each DA was extracted from the latest Canadian Census and linked to each mother. All singleton infants born between February 2009 and February 2014 were (...)
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  37.  11
    The Indus Civilization.Donald E. McCown & Mortimer Wheeler - 1954 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (3):176.
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  38.  25
    The “Pet Effect”.Margaret E. Faulkner & Evangeline A. Wheeler - 2015 - Society and Animals 23 (5):425-438.
    The “pet effect,” whereby interaction with a companion animal reduces the physiological indices of stress, varies with respect to fear of animals, companion animal guardianship, type of companion animal, or types of stress. In this study, a non-clinical sample of 223 undergraduates underwent the Trier Social Stress Test in order to investigate how interaction with a companion animal affected stress levels for people with different levels of trait anxiety, a variable not yet investigated in this paradigm. An index of trait (...)
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  39.  1
    Sharing Research Opportunities on Personal Social Media Accounts and Fair Subject Selection.Emily E. Anderson - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (10):40-42.
    Given that many clinical research studies struggle to meet their recruitment goals, researchers are eager to identify and employ strategies that will maximize reach to eligible and int...
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  40.  1
    Individual Differences in Social and Non-Social Cognitive Control.Kohinoor M. Darda, Emily E. Butler & Richard Ramsey - 2020 - Cognition 202:104317.
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  41.  30
    A Sense of 'Special Connection', Self-Transcendent Values and a Common Factor for Religious and Non-Religious Spirituality.Michael E. Hyland, Philippa Wheeler, Shanmukh Kamble & Kevin S. Masters - 2010 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (3):293-326.
    We examined the hypothesis that a tendency to experience the world in terms of a sense of ‘special’ connection is responsible for the self-transcendent value dimension identified by multi-dimensional scaling and constitutes a common factor for different religious and non-religious interpretations of spirituality. Eight different groups were studied including: six different types of faith leaders in India and the UK, people who self-rated as spiritual but not religious, and those self-rating as neither spiritual nor religious. They completed a questionnaire that (...)
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  42.  27
    Serious Ethical Violations in Medicine: A Statistical and Ethical Analysis of 280 Cases in the United States From 2008–2016. [REVIEW]Heidi A. Walsh, Jessica Mozersky, John T. Chibnall, Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):16-34.
    Serious ethical violations in medicine, such as sexual abuse, criminal prescribing of opioids, and unnecessary surgeries, directly harm patients and undermine trust in the profession of medicine. We review the literature on violations in medicine and present an analysis of 280 cases. Nearly all cases involved repeated instances of intentional wrongdoing, by males in nonacademic medical settings, with oversight problems and a selfish motive such as financial gain or sex. More than half of cases involved a wrongdoer with a suspected (...)
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  43.  8
    COVID-19: Advancing Empirical Bioethics Research.Connie M. Ulrich, Emily E. Anderson & Jennifer K. Walter - 2020 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 11 (3):145-147.
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  44.  24
    NIRS-Based Hyperscanning Reveals Inter-Brain Neural Synchronization During Cooperative Jenga Game with Face-to-Face Communication.Ning Liu, Charis Mok, Emily E. Witt, Anjali H. Pradhan, Jingyuan E. Chen & Allan L. Reiss - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  45.  15
    IRB Chairs' Perspectives on Genotype-Driven Research Recruitment.Laura M. Beskow, Emily E. Namey, Patrick R. Miller, Daniel K. Nelson & Alexandra Cooper - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):1.
    Recruiting research participants based on genetic information generated about them in a prior study is a potentially powerful way to study the functional significance of human genetic variation, but it also presents ethical challenges. To inform policy development on this issue, we conducted a survey of U.S. institutional review board chairs concerning the acceptability of recontacting genetic research participants about additional research and their views on the disclosure of individual genetic results as part of recruitment. Our findings suggest there is (...)
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  46.  3
    Against Consent Form Language Requiring Multiple or Specific Methods of Contraception.Mark G. Kuczewski & Emily E. Anderson - 2018 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 40 (3):11-13.
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  47.  9
    IRB Chairs' Perspectives on Genotype-Driven Research Recruitment.Alexandra Cooper Laura M. Beskow, Emily E. Namey, Patrick R. Miller, Daniel K. Nelson - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):1.
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  48.  1
    No Justification to Exclude State Ward From Pediatric Transplant Research.Kathy J. Forte & Emily E. Anderson - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (4):87-89.
    With an overall estimated 5-year survival rate of 67 percent, bone marrow transplant is a potential cure for patients with primary immune regulatory diseases. Given that Sa...
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  49.  26
    Populations of Cognition: Practices of Inquiry Into Human Populations in Latin America.Edna Suárez-Díaz, Vivette García-Deister & Emily E. Vasquez - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (5):551-563.
    In this special issue we explore practices of scientific inquiry into human populations in Latin America in order to generate new insights into the complex historical and sociopolitical dynamics that have made certain human groups integral to the production of scientific knowledge in and about the region. In important contributions, other scholars have shown that the science of human difference is racist and all too often has been a mediator of development ideologies. To further unpack these arguments we focus attention (...)
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  50.  8
    Body Mass Index and Nationality Moderate the Relationship Between Internalization of the Thin Ideal and Body Dissatisfaction: A Conditional Mediation Model.Silvia Moreno-Domínguez, Guillermina Rutsztein, Thomas A. Geist, Emily E. Pomichter & Antonio Cepeda-Benito - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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