Results for 'Emile Aarts'

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  1.  28
    Two acts of social intelligence: the effects of mimicry and social praise on the evaluation of an artificial agent.Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris de Ruyter & Emile Aarts - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
  2.  50
    Two acts of social intelligence: the effects of mimicry and social praise on the evaluation of an artificial agent. [REVIEW]Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris Ruyter & Emile Aarts - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
    This paper describes a study of the effects of two acts of social intelligence, namely mimicry and social praise, when used by an artificial social agent. An experiment ( N = 50) is described which shows that social praise—positive feedback about the ongoing conversation—increases the perceived friendliness of a chat-robot. Mimicry—displaying matching behavior—enhances the perceived intelligence of the robot. We advice designers to incorporate both mimicry and social praise when their system needs to function as a social actor. Different ways (...)
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  3.  66
    On the inference of personal authorship: Enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information☆.Henk Aarts, Ruud Custers & Daniel M. Wegner - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):439-458.
    Three experiments examined whether the mere priming of potential action effects enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur. In a computer task, participants and the computer independently moved a rapidly moving square on a display. Participants had to press a key, thereby stopping the movement. However, the participant or the computer could have caused the square to stop on the observed position, and accordingly, the stopped position of the square could be conceived of as the potential effect (...)
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  4.  8
    Regulating Privacy and Biobanks in the Netherlands.Aart C. Hendriks & Rachèl E. van Hellemondt - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):68-84.
    The Netherlands does not have any specific legislation pertaining to human biological materials and data collection by biobanks. Instead, these issues are governed by a patchwork of laws, codes of practices, and other ethical instruments, where special emphasis is given to the right to privacy and self-determination. While draft legislation for biobanking was scheduled to enter into force in 2007, as of mid-2015 such legislation was still under consideration, with the intent that it would focus particularly on individual self-determination, the (...)
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  5. Emil Cioran: El último Dandi (entrevistas con Emil Cioran, 18987 y 1990).Emil Cioran - 2010 - A Parte Rei 67:1.
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  6.  31
    Evidence for the automatic evaluation of self-generated actions.Kristien Aarts, Jan De Houwer & Gilles Pourtois - 2012 - Cognition 124 (2):117-127.
  7.  21
    Hammacher, Emil, Privatdozent an der Universität Bonn: Die Bedeutung der Philosophie Hegels für die G e g e n w a r t.Emil Hammacher - 1911 - Kant Studien 16 (1-3).
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  8.  19
    Hammacher, Emil, Privatdozent an der Universität Bonn: Die Bedeutung der Philosophie Hegels für die G e g e n w a r t.Emil Hammacher - 1911 - Kant Studien 16 (1-3):455.
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  9. Disability.Aart Hendriks & Oliver Lewis - 2014 - In Yann Joly & Bartha Maria Knoppers (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Medical Law and Ethics. Routledge.
     
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  10.  54
    Unconscious reward cues increase invested effort, but do not change speed–accuracy tradeoffs.Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):330-335.
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  11.  9
    Utitz, Emil, Grundlegung der allgemeinen Kunstwissenschaft.Emil Utitz - 1920 - Kant Studien 25 (1).
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  12.  6
    Émile Benveniste.Émile Benveniste, Andrew Eastman & Chloé Laplantine - 2010 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 31 (1):133-136.
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  13.  27
    Non‐associative Lambek Categorial Grammar in Polynomial Time.Erik Aarts & Kees Trautwein - 1995 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):476-484.
    We present a new axiomatization of the non-associative Lambek calculus. We prove that it takes polynomial time to reduce any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar to an equivalent context-free grammar. Since it is possible to recognize a sentence generated by a context-free grammar in polynomial time, this proves that a sentence generated by any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar can be recognized in polynomial time.
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  14.  35
    Emile Durkheim on Morality and Society.Emile Durkheim - 1973 - University of Chicago Press.
    Selections from Durkheim's writings focus on the nature of his conception of society and its moral context.
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  15. Professional ethics and civic morals.Emile Durkheim - 1957 - New York: Routledge.
    In Professional Ethics and Civic Morals , Emile Durkheim outlined the core of his theory of morality and social rights which was to dominate his work throughout the course of his life. In Durkheim's view, sociology is a science of morals which are objective social facts, and these moral regulations form the basis of individual rights and obligations. This book is crucial to an understanding of Durkheim's sociology because it contains his much-neglected theory of the state as a moral (...)
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  16.  10
    Metaphor and non-metaphor: the semantics of adjective noun combinations.Jan M. G. Aarts - 1979 - Tübingen: Niemeyer. Edited by Joseph P. Calbert.
    The book series Linguistische Arbeiten (LA) publishes high-quality work in linguistics that addresses current issues in synchrony and diachrony, theoretically or empirically oriented.
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  17. Associations between psychologists' thinking styles and accuracy on a diagnostic classification task.Alexander A. Aarts, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Pierre M. Souren & Jos I. M. Egger - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):119-130.
    The present study investigated whether individual differences between psychologists in thinking styles are associated with accuracy in diagnostic classification. We asked novice and experienced clinicians to classify two clinical cases of clients with two co-occurring psychological disorders. No significant difference in diagnostic accuracy was found between the two groups, but when combining the data from novices and experienced psychologists accuracy was found to be negatively associated with certain decision making strategies and with a higher self-assessed ability and preference for a (...)
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  18.  25
    Increasing reproducibility and interpretability of microbiota-gut-brain studies on human neurocognition and intermediary microbial metabolites.Esther Aarts & Sahar El Aidy - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    In this commentary, we point to guidelines for performing human neuroimaging studies and their reporting in microbiota-gut-brain articles. Moreover, we provide a view on interpretational issues in MGB studies, with a specific focus on gut microbiota–derived metabolites. Thus, extending the target article, we provide recommendations to the field to increase reproducibility and relevance of this type of MGB study.
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  19.  89
    Proving theorems of the second order Lambek calculus in polynomial time.Erik Aarts - 1994 - Studia Logica 53 (3):373 - 387.
    In the Lambek calculus of order 2 we allow only sequents in which the depth of nesting of implications is limited to 2. We prove that the decision problem of provability in the calculus can be solved in time polynomial in the length of the sequent. A normal form for proofs of second order sequents is defined. It is shown that for every proof there is a normal form proof with the same axioms. With this normal form we can give (...)
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  20.  46
    Perceiving an exclusive cause of affect prevents misattribution.Kirsten I. Ruys, Henk Aarts, Esther K. Papies, Masanori Oikawa & Haruka Oikawa - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1009-1015.
    Affect misattribution occurs when affective cues color subsequent unrelated evaluations. Research suggests that affect misattribution decreases when one is aware that affective cues are unrelated to the evaluation at hand. We propose that affect misattribution may even occur when one is aware that affective cues are irrelevant, as long as the source of these cues seems ambiguous. When source ambiguity exists, affective cues may freely influence upcoming unrelated evaluations. We examined this using an adapted affect misattribution procedure where pleasant and (...)
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  21.  13
    Syntactic Gradience: The Nature of Grammatical Indeterminacy.Bas Aarts - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be defined and differentiated. Professor Aarts addresses the tension between linguistic concepts and the continuous phenomena they describe by testing and categorizing grammatical vagueness and indeterminacy. He considers to what extent gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of (...)
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  22.  12
    Ethics and the sociology of morals.Emile Durkheim - 1993 - Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. Edited by Robert T. Hall.
    Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) was one of the founders of modern sociology. Ethics and the Sociology of Morals (La science positive de la morale en Allemagne) laid the foundation for Durkheim's future work. More than a review of current thought, it was a proclamation that ethics needed to be liberated from its philosophical bondage and developed as a distinct branch of sociology. Written when Durkheim was charting the course of his own research, it provides a unique key to the interpretation (...)
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  23.  79
    Goal-directed behavior.Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.) - 2012 - New York, NY: Psychology Press.
    This volume presents chapters from internationally renowned scholars in the area of goals and social behavior.
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  24.  6
    Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings in Social Theory. Various & Émile Durkheim - 2009 - Routledge.
    _Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings in Social Theory_ includes reissues of three seminal works by eminent French thinker Emile Durkheim, one of the founding father s of Sociology. This collection brings together the following import sociological works: _Sociology and Philosophy_, which first appeared in English in 1953; the hugely influential _Socialism and Saint-Simon_, first published in English in 1959; and Durkheim’s book with Marcel Mauss on sociological classification, entitled _Primitive Classification_, whose first English publication was in 1969.
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  25. L'attention et la justification des croyances perceptives.Émile Thalabard - 2020 - Lato Sensu: Revue de la Société de Philosophie des Sciences 7 (3):1-15.
    This essay defends the claim that endogenous attention is necessary for the justification of perceptual beliefs. I criticize the so-called phenomenal approach, according to which perceptual experiences provide justification in virtue of being phenomenally conscious. I specifically target Siegel and Silins’ (2014 ; 2019) version of the phenomenal approach. As against their view, I claim that perceptual justification cannot be understood without reference to the cognitive mechanisms which underlie the mobilization of reasons in support of propositional attitudes – attention being (...)
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  26. Articles in English-yotsukura, S.Fgam Aarts - 1974 - Foundations of Language 12 (2):297-300.
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  27.  3
    Contemporary Dutch linguistics.Flor Aarts & Theo van Els (eds.) - 1989 - Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
  28.  4
    Fuzzy Grammar:A Reader: A Reader.Bas Aarts, David Denison, Evelien Keizer & Gergana Popova (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book brings together classic and recent papers in the philosophical and linguistic analysis of fuzzy grammar, gradience in meaning, word classes, and syntax. Issues such as how many grains make a heap, when a puddle becomes a pond, and so forth, have occupied thinkers since Aristotle and over the last two decades been the subject of increasing interest among linguists as well as in fields such as artificial intelligence and computational linguistics. The work is designed to be of use (...)
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  29.  21
    Intentionality and temporal binding: Do causality beliefs increase the perceived temporal attraction between events?S. Antusch, H. Aarts, H. Marien & R. Custers - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102835.
  30.  24
    Emil L. Post. Finite combinatory processes—formulation 1. The journal of symbolic logic, vol. 1 (1936), pp. 103–105.Alonzo Church & Emil L. Post - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):43-43.
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  31.  24
    There is a fire burning in my heart: The role of causal attribution in affect transfer.Masanori Oikawa, Henk Aarts & Haruka Oikawa - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):156-163.
  32. Global Capitalism and the State.Jan Aart Scholte - 2000 - In Andrew Linklater (ed.), International Relations: Critical Concepts in Political Science. Routledge.
  33.  52
    The elementary forms of the religious life.Émile Durkheim - 1926 - New York,: The Macmillan company. Edited by Joseph Ward Swain.
    In The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), Emile Durkheim sets himself the task of discovering the enduring source of human social identity. He investigates what he considered to be the simplest form of documented religion - totemism among the Aborigines of Australia. For Durkheim, studying Aboriginal religion was a way 'to yield an understanding of the religious nature of man, by showing us an essential and permanent aspect of humanity'. The need and capacity of men and women to (...)
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  34.  8
    Emil Brunner on love & marriage: selections from 'The divine imperative'.Emil Brunner - 1970 - London,: Fontana.
  35.  27
    Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts’ Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands.Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  36.  27
    Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW]Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees van Woerkum - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.
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  37. La nature et la portée de la méthode scientifique. Exposés et textes chosis de philosophie des sciences.Émile Simard - 1956 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 64 (2):244-244.
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  38.  4
    Anfang und Grenzen des Sinns: für Emil Angehrn.Emil Angehrn, Brigitte Hilmer, Georg Lohmann & Tilo Wesche (eds.) - 2006 - Weilerswist: Velbrück Wissenschaft.
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  39. Adaptive Control of Human Action: The Role of Outcome Representations and Reward Signals.Hans Marien, Henk Aarts & Ruud Custers - 2014 - In Ezequiel Morsella & T. Andrew Poehlman (eds.), Consciousness and action control. Frontiers Media SA.
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  40.  15
    Sociology and Philosophy.Émile Durkheim - 1974 - Simon & Schuster.
  41. Les trois moments de la philosophie théologique de l'histoire: Augustin, Vico, Herder: situation actuelle.Emile Callot - 1974 - Paris: La Pensée universelle.
  42.  8
    Les Formes élémentaires de la Vie Religieuse: Le Système Totémique en Australie.Émile Durkheim - 2018 - Paris,: F. Alcan.
    Durkheim écrit ce livre avec un but double : d'abord il voulait expliquer ce qui crée une société, ce qui la tient ensemble ; ensuite il voulait éclaircir l'influence qu'a la société sur la pensée logique. Pour Durkheim, la religion est la clé utilisée pour déverrouiller ces deux problématiques.Dans ce livre, Durkheim argumente que les représentations religieuses sont en fait des représentations collectives : l'essence du religieux ne peut être que le sacré. Il est une caractéristique qui se trouve universellement (...)
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  43.  19
    Does Controlled Donation after Circulatory Death Violate the Dead Donor Rule?Emil J. Nielsen Busch & Marius T. Mjaaland - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (2):4-11.
    The vital status of patients who are a part of controlled donation after circulatory death (cDCD) is widely debated in bioethical literature. Opponents to currently applied cDCD protocols argue that they violate the dead donor rule, while proponents of the protocols advocate compatibility. In this article, we argue that both parties often misinterpret the moral implications of the dead donor rule. The rule as such does not require an assessment of a donor’s vital status, we contend, but rather an assessment (...)
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  44. Non-conscious goal pursuit and the effortful control of behavior.Ran R. Hassin, Henk Aarts, Baruch Eitam, Ruud Custers & Tali Kleiman - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
  45.  1
    Pragmatisme Et Sociologie.Emile Durkheim - 2019 - Librairie Philosophique J Vrin.
    A l'epoque ou le pragmatisme se presente comme la seule theorie de la verite existante, Emile Durkheim propose, dans ce cours inedit prononce a la Sorbonne en 1913-1914, de s'interroger sur les rapports que cette pensee entretient avec la sociologie et la philosophie. Se demarquant d'emblee des theses majeures du pragmatisme, Durkheim n'en reconnait pas moins la puissance critique a l'egard du rationalisme, et insiste sur les enjeux qui naissent d'une telle confrontation. Si l'ensemble de la tradition philosophique et (...)
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  46.  5
    Les Formes élémentaires de la Vie Religieuse: Le Système Totémique en Australie.Émile Durkheim - 2018 - Paris,: F. Alcan.
    Durkheim écrit ce livre avec un but double : d'abord il voulait expliquer ce qui crée une société, ce qui la tient ensemble ; ensuite il voulait éclaircir l'influence qu'a la société sur la pensée logique. Pour Durkheim, la religion est la clé utilisée pour déverrouiller ces deux problématiques.Dans ce livre, Durkheim argumente que les représentations religieuses sont en fait des représentations collectives : l'essence du religieux ne peut être que le sacré. Il est une caractéristique qui se trouve universellement (...)
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  47.  39
    Introduction to Emile Durkheim's "Anti-Semitism and Social Crisis".Chad Alan Goldberg & Emile Durkheim - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (4):299 - 323.
    Emile Durkheim's "Antis?mitisme et crise sociale," written in 1899 during the Dreyfus Affair in France, is introduced. The introduction summarizes the principal contributions that "Antis?mitisme et crise sociale" makes to the sociology of anti-Semitism, relates those contributions to Durkheim's broader theoretical assumptions and concerns, situates his analysis of anti-Semitism in its social and historical context, contrasts it to other analyses of anti-Semitism (Marxist and Zionist) that were prominent in Durkheim's time, indicates some of the revisions and additions that a (...)
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  48.  11
    The Role of Physicians in Expanded Access to Investigational Drugs: A Mixed-Methods Study of Physicians’ Views and Experiences in The Netherlands.Eline M. Bunnik & Nikkie Aarts - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (2):319-334.
    Treating physicians have key roles to play in expanded access to investigational drugs, by identifying investigational treatment options, assessing the balance of risks and potential benefits, informing their patients, and applying to the regulatory authorities. This study is the first to explore physicians’ experiences and moral views, with the aim of understanding the conditions under which doctors decide to pursue expanded access for their patients and the obstacles and facilitators they encounter in the Netherlands. In this mixed-methods study, semi-structured interviews (...)
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  49. Kühn, Emil, Kants Prolegomena in sprachlicher Hinsicht. [REVIEW]Emil Kraus - 1918 - Kant Studien 22:143.
     
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  50. Finite combinatory processes—formulation.Emil L. Post - 1936 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 1 (3):103-105.
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