Results for 'Emanuele Amodio'

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  1. Sobre Los Orígenes y Actualidad Del Estado / Emanuele Amodio, Miguel Ángel Latouche.Emanuele Amodio & Miguel Ángel Latouche (eds.) - 2009 - Fundación Manuel García-Pelayo.
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  2.  6
    El silencio de los antropólogos. Historia y antropología: una ambigua relación.Emanuele Amodio - 2010 - Arbor 186 (743):377-392.
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  3. Linda L. Emanuel and Ezekiel J. Emanuel.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
  4. Inside the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: For a Decentralized Approach. Interview of James Brusseau by Marco Emanuele.James Brusseau & Marco Emanuele - 2021 - The Science of Where.
    Interview by Marco Emanuele of James Brusseau. October 27, 2021, The Science of Where. Topics include: AI ethics, Accelerationism, Decentralization.
     
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  5. Aristotele Nella Critica E Negli Studi Contemporanei Scritti di Emanuele Severino [Et Al.].Emanuele Severino & Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore - 1957 - Società Editrice "Vita E Pensiero,".
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  6. Lying with Presuppositions.Emanuel Viebahn - 2020 - Noûs 54 (3):731-751.
    It is widely held that all lies are assertions: the traditional definition of lying entails that, in order to lie, speakers have to assert something they believe to be false. It is also widely held that assertion contrasts with presupposition and, in particular, that one cannot assert something by presupposing it. Together, these views imply that speakers cannot lie with presuppositions—a view that Andreas Stokke has recently explicitly defended. The aim of this paper is to argue that speakers can lie (...)
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  7. Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of Covid-19.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Ross Upshur, Beatriz Thome, Michael Parker, Aaron Glickman, Cathy Zhang, Connor Boyle & James P. Phillips - 2020 - New England Journal of Medicine:10.1056/NEJMsb2005114.
    Four ethical values — maximizing benefits, treating equally, promoting and rewarding instrumental value, and giving priority to the worst off — yield six specific recommendations for allocating medical resources in the Covid-19 pandemic: maximize benefits; prioritize health workers; do not allocate on a first-come, first-served basis; be responsive to evidence; recognize research participation; and apply the same principles to all Covid-19 and non–Covid-19 patients.
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  8.  1
    Gramsci and Trotsky in the Shadow of Stalinism: The Political Theory and Practice of Opposition.Emanuele Saccarelli - 2007 - Routledge.
    This book examines the legacy of Antonio Gramsci and Leon Trotsky in the shadow of Stalinism in order to reassess the very different and distorted academic reception of the two figures, as well as to contribute to the revitalization of Marxism for our time. While Gramsci and Trotsky lived and died in a similar fashion, as revolutionary Marxist leaders and theoreticians, their reception in academia could not be more different. Gramsci has become tremendously popular, becoming a central figure in many (...)
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  9. The Lying-Misleading Distinction: A Commitment-Based Approach.Emanuel Viebahn - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy 118 (6):289-319.
    The distinction between lying and mere misleading is commonly tied to the distinction between saying and conversationally implicating. Many definitions of lying are based on the idea that liars say something they believe to be false, while misleaders put forward a believed-false conversational implicature. The aim of this paper is to motivate, spell out, and defend an alternative approach, on which lying and misleading differ in terms of commitment: liars, but not misleaders, commit themselves to something they believe to be (...)
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  10.  39
    To: “ Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,” Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto, Interpretation, 3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (2):Y1-Y1.
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  11.  38
    To: “Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,”Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto,Interpretation,3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (4):Y1-Y1.
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  12. Opening Up Closings.Emanuel A. Schegloff & Harvey Sacks - 1973 - Semiotica 8 (4).
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  13. Filosofia E Critica Della Filosofia Nel Pensiero Ebraico: Convegno Internazionale di Studi, Napoli, 25-27 Febbraio 2002.Paolo Amodio, Gianluca Giannini & Giuseppe Lissa (eds.) - 2004 - Giannini.
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  14.  4
    To: “Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,” Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto, Interpretation, 3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2015 - Interpretation 3 (4):Y1-Y1.
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  15.  13
    The Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Health Professionals: A Cross-Sectional Study.Emanuele Maria Giusti, Elisa Pedroli, Guido E. D'Aniello, Chiara Stramba Badiale, Giada Pietrabissa, Chiara Manna, Marco Stramba Badiale, Giuseppe Riva, Gianluca Castelnuovo & Enrico Molinari - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  16.  81
    Non-Literal Lies.Emanuel Viebahn - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (6):1367-1380.
    Many recent definitions of lying are based on the notion of what is said. This paper argues that says-based definitions of lying cannot account for lies involving non-literal speech, such as metaphor, hyperbole, loose use or irony. It proposes that lies should instead be defined in terms of assertion, where what is asserted need not coincide with what is said. And it points to possible implications this outcome might have for the ethics of lying.
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  17. Is the P300 Component a Manifestation of Context Updating?Emanuel Donchin & Michael G. H. Coles - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):357.
  18.  53
    What Kind of Novelties Can Machine Learning Possibly Generate? The Case of Genomics.Emanuele Ratti - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83:86-96.
    Machine learning (ML) has been praised as a tool that can advance science and knowledge in radical ways. However, it is not clear exactly how radical are the novelties that ML generates. In this article, I argue that this question can only be answered contextually, because outputs generated by ML have to be evaluated on the basis of the theory of the science to which ML is applied. In particular, I analyze the problem of novelty of ML outputs in the (...)
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  19.  32
    Luciano Amodio, Storia E Dissoluzione: L'Ereditli di Hegel E Marx Nella Ri {Lessione Contemporanea (Macerata: Quodlibet, 2003). Andreas Arndt, Karol Bal, Henning Ottmann, Klaus Michelle Kodalle, and Klaus Vieweg, Eds., Glauben Und Wissen (Conference Publication of 24th International Hegel Congress, 2002)(Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 2003). [REVIEW]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 2004 - The Owl of Minerva 36 (1):05.
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  20. An Ethical Framework for Global Vaccine Allocation.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Adam Kern, Allen E. Buchanan, Cecile Fabre, Daniel Halliday, Joseph Heath, Lisa M. Herzog, R. J. Leland, Ephrem T. Lemango, Florencia Luna, Matthew McCoy, Ole F. Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, G. Owen Schaefer, Kok-Chor Tan, Christopher Heath Wellman, Jonathan Wolff & Henry S. Richardson - 2020 - Science 1:DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2803.
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, such as health care system strain and stress, as well as (...)
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  21.  12
    Ambiguity and Zeugma.Emanuel Viebahn - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (4):749-762.
    In arguing against a supposed ambiguity, philosophers often rely on the zeugma test. In an application of the zeugma test, a supposedly ambiguous expression is placed in a sentence in which several of its supposed meanings are forced together. If the resulting sentence sounds zeugmatic, that is taken as evidence for ambiguity; if it does not sound zeugmatic, that is taken as evidence against ambiguity. The aim of this article is to show that arguments based on the second direction of (...)
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  22.  92
    Big Data Biology: Between Eliminative Inferences and Exploratory Experiments.Emanuele Ratti - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):198-218.
    Recently, biologists have argued that data - driven biology fosters a new scientific methodology; namely, one that is irreducible to traditional methodologies of molecular biology defined as the discovery strategies elucidated by mechanistic philosophy. Here I show how data - driven studies can be included into the traditional mechanistic approach in two respects. On the one hand, some studies provide eliminative inferential procedures to prioritize and develop mechanistic hypotheses. On the other, different studies play an exploratory role in providing useful (...)
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  23.  21
    Cultivating Moral Attention: a Virtue-Oriented Approach to Responsible Data Science in Healthcare.Emanuele Ratti & Mark Graves - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1819-1846.
    In the past few years, the ethical ramifications of AI technologies have been at the center of intense debates. Considerable attention has been devoted to understanding how a morally responsible practice of data science can be promoted and which values have to shape it. In this context, ethics and moral responsibility have been mainly conceptualized as compliance to widely shared principles. However, several scholars have highlighted the limitations of such a principled approach. Drawing from microethics and the virtue theory tradition, (...)
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  24.  22
    Explainable Machine Learning Practices: Opening Another Black Box for Reliable Medical AI.Emanuele Ratti & Mark Graves - 2022 - AI and Ethics:1-14.
    In the past few years, machine learning (ML) tools have been implemented with success in the medical context. However, several practitioners have raised concerns about the lack of transparency—at the algorithmic level—of many of these tools; and solutions from the field of explainable AI (XAI) have been seen as a way to open the ‘black box’ and make the tools more trustworthy. Recently, Alex London has argued that in the medical context we do not need machine learning tools to be (...)
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  25.  57
    Lying with Pictures.Emanuel Viebahn - 2019 - British Journal of Aesthetics 59 (3):243-257.
    Pictures are notably absent from the current debate about how to define lying. Theorists in this debate tend to focus on linguistic means of communication and do not consider the possibility of lying with photographs, drawings and other kinds of pictures. The aim of this paper is to show that such a narrow focus is misguided: there is a strong case to be made for the possibility of lying with pictures and this possibility allows for insights concerning the question of (...)
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  26.  5
    Science, Technology, and Virtues: Contemporary Perspectives.Emanuele Ratti & Tom Stapleford (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
  27. Principles for Allocation of Scarce Medical Interventions.Govind Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2009 - The Lancet 373 (9661):423--431.
    Allocation of very scarce medical interventions such as organs and vaccines is a persistent ethical challenge. We evaluate eight simple allocation principles that can be classified into four categories: treating people equally, favouring the worst-off, maximising total benefits, and promoting and rewarding social usefulness. No single principle is sufficient to incorporate all morally relevant considerations and therefore individual principles must be combined into multiprinciple allocation systems. We evaluate three systems: the United Network for Organ Sharing points systems, quality-adjusted life-years, and (...)
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  28. Etica, Bioetica E Diritto Nell'età Delle Biotecnologie: Atti di Una Giornata di Studio Con Stefano Rodotà.Paolo Amodio (ed.) - 2005 - Partagées.
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  29. Luoghi Del Bonheur.: Elementi Per Un'antropologia Tra Libertinismi E Mondo Dei Lumi.Paolo Amodio - 2005 - Giannini.
    L’idea di bonheur è una delle chiavi principali per penetrare l’intreccio e le prospettive etico-sociali tra XVII e XVIII secolo. Chiaramente distinta, dagli stessi teorici, in senso linguistico, semantico e concettuale, dalla nozione di felicità, l’idea di bonheur, che indica un orientamento particolare del problema del benessere umano in senso individuale e collettivo, percorre l’antropologia moderna quale luogo ove rimisurare il destino solitario dell’uomo e la sua possibilità mondana, per diventare il criterio della nuova organizzazione sociale, economica e politica della (...)
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  30. Världsmaskinen: Emanuel Swedenborgs Naturfilosofi.David Dunér - 2004 - Bokförlaget Nya Doxa.
    The Swedish natural philosopher Emanuel Swedenborg thought in his early scientific career that the world was like a gigantic machine, following the laws of mechanics and geometry. The work presented here is a study of his mechanistic worldview and metaphorical way of thinking up to the year 1734, examining most of his fields of interest, from geometry and metaphysics to technology and mining engineering.
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  31.  86
    Communitarian International Relations: The Epistemic Foundations of International Relations.Emanuel Adler - 2005 - Routledge.
    In Emanuel Adler's distinctive constructivist approach to international relations theory, international practices evolve in tandem with collective knowledge of the material and social worlds. This book - comprising a selection of his journal publications, a new introduction and three previously unpublished articles - points IR constructivism in a novel direction, characterized as 'communitarian'. Adler's synthesis does not herald the end of the nation-state; nor does it suggest that agency is unimportant in international life. Rather, it argues that what mediates between (...)
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  32.  2
    Clinical Psychological Figures in Healthcare Professionals: Resilience and Maladjustment as the “Cost of Care”.Emanuele Maria Merlo, Anca Pantea Stoian, Ion G. Motofei & Salvatore Settineri - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Background: The health professionals are involved in the paths of care for patients with different medical conditions. Their life is frequently characterized by psychopathological outcomes so that it is possible to identify consistent burdens. Besides the possibility to develop pathological outcomes, some protective factors such as resilience play a fundamental role in facilitating the adaptation process and the management of maladaptive patterns. Personal characteristics and specific indexes such as burdens and resilience are essential variables useful to study in-depth ongoing conditions (...)
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  33.  11
    Social Cognition 2.0: An Interactive Memory Systems Account.David M. Amodio - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (1):21-33.
  34.  6
    The Higher the Score, the Darker the Core: The Nonlinear Association Between Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism.Emanuel Jauk & Scott Barry Kaufman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  35.  8
    Vom Gemeingeist Zum Habitus: Husserls Ideen Ii: Sozialphilosophische Implikationen der Phänomenologie.Emanuele Caminada - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Dieses Buch bietet die erste systematische Interpretation von Husserls Ideen für eine reine Phänomenologie und phänomenologische Philosophie anhand der neuen kritischen Edition von Ideen II. Es ermöglicht eine phänomenologische Auslegung des allgemein-metaphysischen Problems, wie physische, mentale und soziale Tatsachen zusammenhängen. Das Buch diskutiert und interpretiert detailliert einige von Husserls zentralen Konzeptionen und zeigt die Konsequenzen seines Denkansatzes und seiner Theorieentwicklung. Natur und Gemeingeist sind Husserl zufolge die Grundbegriffe der naturalistischen und der personalistischen Einstellungen und dienen als Leitfaden der Unterscheidung zwischen (...)
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  36.  13
    Infinite Lotteries, Spinners, Applicability of Hyperreals†.Emanuele Bottazzi & Mikhail G. Katz - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica.
    We analyze recent criticisms of the use of hyperreal probabilities as expressed by Pruss, Easwaran, Parker, and Williamson. We show that the alleged arbitrariness of hyperreal fields can be avoided by working in the Kanovei–Shelah model or in saturated models. We argue that some of the objections to hyperreal probabilities arise from hidden biases that favor Archimedean models. We discuss the advantage of the hyperreals over transferless fields with infinitesimals. In Paper II we analyze two underdetermination theorems by Pruss and (...)
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  37. The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics.Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Comprehensive in scope and research, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students alike.
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  38. The Routine as Achievement.Emanuel A. Schegloff - 1986 - Human Studies 9 (2-3):111 - 151.
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  39.  9
    Internality, Transfer, and Infinitesimal Modeling of Infinite Processes†.Emanuele Bottazzi & Mikhail G. Katz - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica.
    ABSTRACTA probability model is underdetermined when there is no rational reason to assign a particular infinitesimal value as the probability of single events. Pruss claims that hyperreal probabilities are underdetermined. The claim is based upon external hyperreal-valued measures. We show that internal hyperfinite measures are not underdetermined. The importance of internality stems from the fact that Robinson’s transfer principle only applies to internal entities. We also evaluate the claim that transferless ordered fields may have advantages over hyperreals in probabilistic modeling. (...)
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  40.  64
    ‘Models of’ and ‘Models For’: On the Relation Between Mechanistic Models and Experimental Strategies in Molecular Biology.Emanuele Ratti - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (2):773-797.
    Molecular biologists exploit information conveyed by mechanistic models for experimental purposes. In this article, I make sense of this aspect of biological practice by developing Keller’s idea of the distinction between ‘models of’ and ‘models for’. ‘Models of (phenomena)’ should be understood as models representing phenomena and are valuable if they explain phenomena. ‘Models for (manipulating phenomena)’ are new types of material manipulations and are important not because of their explanatory force, but because of the interventionist strategies they afford. This (...)
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  41.  19
    Patient Education as Empowerment and Self-Rebiasing.Fabrice Jotterand, Antonio Amodio & Bernice S. Elger - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (4):553-561.
    The fiduciary nature of the patient-physician relationship requires clinicians to act in the best interest of their patients. Patients are vulnerable due to their health status and lack of medical knowledge, which makes them dependent on the clinicians’ expertise. Competent patients, however, may reject the recommendations of their physician, either refusing beneficial medical interventions or procedures based on their personal views that do not match the perceived medical indication. In some instances, the patients’ refusal may jeopardize their health or life (...)
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  42.  12
    Semantic Pluralism.Emanuel Viebahn - 2018 - Frankfurt, Germany: Klostermann.
    What is the content of a sentence in context? A proposition, says the standard propositional view accepted in much of semantics. A set of propositions, says the hitherto little-explored view of Semantic Pluralism. The aim of this book is to motivate, develop and defend Semantic Pluralism. To achieve this aim, the book puts forward two arguments against Contextualism, the most popular propositional theory. It spells out two versions of Semantic Pluralism: Flexible Pluralism, which takes many expressions to be context-sensitive, and (...)
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  43.  1
    World Ordering: A Social Theory of Cognitive Evolution.Emanuel Adler - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Drawing on evolutionary epistemology, process ontology, and a social-cognition approach, this book suggests cognitive evolution, an evolutionary-constructivist social and normative theory of change and stability of international social orders. It argues that practices and their background knowledge survive preferentially, communities of practice serve as their vehicle, and social orders evolve. As an evolutionary theory of world ordering, which does not borrow from the natural sciences, it explains why certain configurations of practices organize and govern social orders epistemically and normatively, and (...)
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  44. Ways of Using Words: On Semantic Intentions.Emanuel Viebahn - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 100 (1):93-117.
    Intentionalism is the view that demonstratives, gradable adjectives, quantifiers, modals and other context‐sensitive expressions are intention‐sensitive: their semantic value on a given use is fixed by speaker intentions. The first aim of this paper is to defend Intentionalism against three recent objections, according to which speakers at least sometimes do not have suitable intentions when using supposedly intention‐sensitive expressions. Its second aim is to thereby shed light on the so far little‐explored question of which kinds of intentions can be semantically (...)
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  45.  40
    Which Values Are Important for Patients During Involuntary Treatment? A Qualitative Study with Psychiatric Inpatients.Emanuele Valenti, Domenico Giacco, Christina Katasakou & Stefan Priebe - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (12):832-836.
  46.  59
    Undue Inducement: Nonsense on Stilts?Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):9-13.
    1. The opinions expressed are the author's own. They do not reflect any position or policy of the National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, or any of the authors affiliated organizations.
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  47. Vom Gemeingeist Zum Habitus: Husserls Ideen Ii: Sozialphilosophische Implikationen der Phänomenologie.Emanuele Caminada - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Dieses Buch bietet die erste systematische Interpretation von Husserls Ideen für eine reine Phänomenologie und phänomenologische Philosophie anhand der neuen kritischen Edition von Ideen II. Es ermöglicht eine phänomenologische Auslegung des allgemein-metaphysischen Problems, wie physische, mentale und soziale Tatsachen zusammenhängen. Das Buch diskutiert und interpretiert detailliert einige von Husserls zentralen Konzeptionen und zeigt die Konsequenzen seines Denkansatzes und seiner Theorieentwicklung. Natur und Gemeingeist sind Husserl zufolge die Grundbegriffe der naturalistischen und der personalistischen Einstellungen und dienen als Leitfaden der Unterscheidung zwischen (...)
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  48. Lying, Misleading, and Fairness.Emanuel Viebahn - 2022 - Ethics 132 (3):736-751.
    Sam Berstler defends a general moral advantage for misleading over lying by arguing that liars, but not misleaders, act unfairly toward the other members of their linguistic community. This article spells out three difficulties for Berstler’s account. First, though Berstler aims to avoid an error theory, it is dubitable that her account fits with intuitions on the matter. Second, there are some lies that do not exhibit the unfairness Berstler identifies. Third, fairness is not the only morally relevant difference between (...)
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  49.  66
    Mechanistic Models and the Explanatory Limits of Machine Learning.Emanuele Ratti & Ezequiel López-Rubio - unknown
    We argue that mechanistic models elaborated by machine learning cannot be explanatory by discussing the relation between mechanistic models, explanation and the notion of intelligibility of models. We show that the ability of biologists to understand the model that they work with severely constrains their capacity of turning the model into an explanatory model. The more a mechanistic model is complex, the less explanatory it will be. Since machine learning increases its performances when more components are added, then it generates (...)
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  50.  11
    The Elephant in the Room: What Matters Cognitively in Cumulative Technological Culture.François Osiurak & Emanuelle Reynaud - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:1-57.
    Cumulative technological culture refers to the increase in the efficiency and complexity of tools and techniques in human populations over generations. A fascinating question is to understand the cognitive origins of this phenomenon. Because CTC is definitely a social phenomenon, most accounts have suggested a series of cognitive mechanisms oriented toward the social dimension, thereby minimizing the technical dimension and the potential influence of non-social, cognitive skills. What if we have failed to see the elephant in the room? What if (...)
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