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Elvio Baccarini
University of Trieste
  1.  80
    The Moral Bioenhancement of Psychopaths.Elvio Baccarini & Luca Malatesti - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):697-701.
    We argue that the mandatory moral bioenhancement of psychopaths is justified as a prescription of social morality. Moral bioenhancement is legitimate when it is justified on the basis of the reasons of the recipients. Psychopaths expect and prefer that the agents with whom they interact do not have certain psychopathic traits. Particularly, they have reasons to require the moral bioenhancement of psychopaths with whom they must cooperate. By adopting a public reason and a Kantian argument, we conclude that we can (...)
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  2. Having a Reason and Distributive Justice in The Order of Public Reason.Elvio Baccarini - 2013 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 9 (1):25-51.
    In the first part of the paper, Gaus’ ground for the ideal of persons as free and equal is described. Doubts are raised about the appropriateness of the use of his account of this ideal as endogenous to our moral practice. Th e worries are related to the use of the concept of having a reason that Gaus makes in his book, as well as to the aptness of his account of our moral practice from the viewpoint of our moral (...)
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  3.  8
    Public Reason and Reliability Democracy.Elvio Baccarini - 2020 - Filozofija I Društvo 31 (1):12-23.
    The article starts with a sketch of Prijic Samarzija?s hybrid theory. After that, it provides an overview of the virtue epistemology theory, to which she attributes a relevant influence on her own position, as well as that of reliability democracy which constitutes her view about democratic legitimacy. Secondly, her proposal is discussed and confronted with a slightly amended version of the leading liberal democratic theory of democratic legitimacy, formulated and defended by John Rawls. nema.
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  4. The Disorder Status of Psychopathy.Luca Malatesti & Elvio Baccarini - 2022 - In Luca Malatesti, John McMillan & Marko Jurjako (eds.), Psychopathy: Its Uses, Validity and Status. Cham: Springer. pp. 291-309.
    In this chapter, we investigate whether psychopathy is a mental disorder. We argue that addressing this question requires engaging, at least, with three principal issues that have conceptual, empirical, and normative dimensions. First, it must be established whether current measures of psychopathy individuate a unitary class of individuals. By this we mean that persons classifed as psychopaths should share some relevant similarities that support explanation, prediction, and treatment. Second, it must be proven that psychopathy harms the person who has it. (...)
     
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  5.  12
    The Policy Maker: On Ethics and Public Policy.Elvio Baccarini - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 4 (3).
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  6. The Moral and Cognitive Value of Art.Elvio Baccarini & Milica Urban - 2013 - Etica E Politica 15 (1):474-505.
    This paper is about the notions of the artistic, aesthetic, cognitive and moral value of art and their interconnectedness. The main concern is to try to advocate the cognitivist claim about the artistic value of artworks’ contribution to the advance of knowledge, as well as for the relevance of the moral dimension for artistic value. This is a discussion of the intersection of the debate about moral and aesthetic value. The central part of the paper is focused on a debate (...)
     
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  7. Sergio Cremaschi Su Metaetica Ed Etica Applicata.Elvio Baccarini - 2011 - Etica E Politica 13 (1):355-361.
    Cremaschi’s book presents a critical exposition of the development of contemporary moral philosophy. A virtue of the book rarely found in other philosophical survays is the parallel representation of the themes discussed both in the Anglo-Saxon tradition and in the continental one. The final part of the book is devoted to recent developments in applied ethics.
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  8. Moral Epistemological Coherentism, Contextualism, and Consensualism.Elvio Baccarini - 2009 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):69-89.
    The discussion regards moral epistemology as the research of a proper methodology in moral thinking. Coherentism is proposed as the appropriate methodology in the individual context of moral thinking (because of the fact that all the alternatives to coherentism, at least understood as a regulatory ideal, are opposed to rationality), while a qualified form of consensualism is proposed as the appropriate methodology in the context of communitarian or public justification of beliefs.
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  9.  26
    Art, Moral Understanding, Radical Changes.Elvio Baccarini - 2018 - Rivista di Estetica 69:40-53.
  10. (Bioethics: The Liberal Philosophical Analysis)(Torino: Trauben, 2002), 273 P.Elvio Baccarini - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (7-9):99.
     
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  11. Carla Bagnoli, Il Dilemma Morale Ei Limiti Della Teoria Etica (Moral Dilemma and the Limits of Ethical Theory).Elvio Baccarini - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8:208-211.
     
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  12. Emanuela Ceva, Giustizia E Conflitti di Valori: Una Proposta Procedurale (Justice and Conflicts of Values: A Proceduralist Proposal).Elvio Baccarini - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 32:249-255.
     
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  13. Filozofija politike Johna Lockea. [REVIEW]Elvio Baccarini - 2011 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 31 (1):227-229.
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  14. Giovanni Boniolo, Il Limite E Il Ribelle: Etica, Naturalismo, Darwinismo (The Limit and the Rebel: Ethics, Naturalism, Darwinism).Elvio Baccarini - 2004 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 10:166-169.
     
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  15. Liberalni nacionalizam: argument samopoštovanja: Liberal Nationalism: The Argument of Self-Respect.Elvio Baccarini - 2010 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 30 (1-2):295-310.
    Pitanje ovoga članka jest treba li nacionalnu pripadnost uvrstiti na popis primarnih dobara, odnosno, postoji li snažna veza između nacionalne pripadnosti i primarnih dobara o kojima se govori u klasičnoj liberalnoj formulaciji do mjere da njezina zaštita zaslužuje uvrštenje među njih. O ovom pitanju, na izravan ili manje izravan način, raspravljaju vodeći autori liberalne nacionalističke paradigme. U ovom tekstu posebno se raspravlja pretpostavljena veza između zaštite nacionalne pripadnosti i primarnog dobra društvenih osnova samopoštovanja. Unatoč određenoj potrebi javnog priznanja nacionalne pripadnosti, (...)
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  16. Multikulturalno građanstvo. [REVIEW]Elvio Baccarini - 2004 - Prolegomena 3 (2):217-219.
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  17. Politics of Identity and Liberalism.Elvio Baccarini - 2011 - Etica E Politica 13 (2):287-304.
     
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  18. Public Reason, Evolutionary Ethics, Attribution of Moral Status.Elvio Baccarini - 2008 - Filozofski Vestnik 29 (3):107 - +.
     
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  19. Raphael Cohen-Almagor, The Right to Die with Dignity: An Argument in Ethics, Medicine, and Law (New Brunswick, New Jersey, and London: Rutgers University Press, 2001), 304 Pp. [REVIEW]Elvio Baccarini - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (7-9):211.
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  20. Rationality in Belief and Action,.Elvio Baccarini (ed.) - 2006 - Rijeka.
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  21. Scetticismo Humeano E Filosofia Morale.Elvio Baccarini - 1999 - Etica E Politica 1 (1).
    James Allan’s book A Sceptical Theory of Morality and Law is an interesting and first–rate attempt of using a humean theory as a model for a contemporary sceptical view in ethics and philosophy of law. In presenting Hume’s theory, Allan explicitly declares that he is not interested in an exegeses of Hume’s theory, but he intends to use it as a critical tool for contemporary moral discussions. Allan’s books surely represents a major contribution to contemporary moral discussions, and some of (...)
     
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  22. The Right to Die with Dignity. A Discussion of Cohen-Almagor's Book.Elvio Baccarini - 2004 - Etica E Politica 6 (2):1-11.
    Cohen-Almagor's book represents a remarkable contribution to the discussion of the right to die with dignity. It offers the discussion of a wide range of topics. They include: the terminology respectful of human dignity ; the question of autonomy; the sanctity-of life – quality of life debate; criticism of some extreme quality-of-life position; criticism of Ronald Dworkin's distinction between critical and experiential interests and the consequences this author draws from it; active and passive euthanasia; the Dutch experience and the Oregon (...)
     
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  23. Moralni, Politički I Društveni Odgovori Na Društvene Devijacije (Eng. Moral, Political, and Social Responses to Antisocial Deviation).Snježana Prijić-Samaržija, Luca Malatesti & Elvio Baccarini (eds.) - 2016 - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in Rijeka.
    Ovaj je zbornik nastao kao rezultat istraživanja provedenog unutar istoimenoga znanstveno-istraživačkoga projekta na kojemu su urednici istovremeno bili i glavni istraživači, a ostali autori članovi istraživačke skupine. Kao svjedoci različitih vrsta otklona od prevladavajućeg, uobičajenoga, normalnoga, pozitivnog ili ponašanja koje se karakterizira kao asocijalno, zapitali smo se – što postojeće čini normom, treba li odstupanje od norme nužno smatrati devijacijom i kakvi su poželjni društveni odgovori na odstupanja od normi. Često se smatra ispravnim upravo ono što je prevladavajuće, a ono (...)
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  24. Duty to Die: Dužnost umiranja.Milica Urban & Elvio Baccarini - 2010 - Prolegomena 9 (1):45-69.
    In contemporary debates on euthanasia, physician assisted suicide and withholding and withdrawing life prolonging treatments, besides commonly used reasons, which are based on presumption of freedom and avoidance of pain, there is also an idea of a duty to die. Given that individuals are also members of society, and that they have families and loved ones, it is necessary to discuss cases when illness causes severe burdens for lives of loved ones. We consider that patient’s just assessment of duty to (...)
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  25.  9
    Which Theory of Public Reason?Elvio Baccarini - 2020 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):199-214.
    Rawlsian public reason requires public decisions to be justified through reasons that each citizen can accept as reasonable, free and equal. It has been objected that this model of public justification puts unfair burdens on marginalized groups. A possible version of the criticism is that the alleged unfairness is constituted by what Miranda Fricker and other authors call epistemic injustice. This form of injustice obtains when some agents are unjustly treated as not reliable, or when they are deprived of epistemic (...)
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  26.  32
    The Liberal View on Some Common Issues in the Moral Debate About Cloning.Elvio Baccarini - 2005 - Synthesis Philosophica 20 (2):443-459.
    It is from the mere announcement of the possibility of human cloning that moralists have formulated critical arguments against the permissibility of introducing this practice. A critical survey of these arguments, however, shows that they are not well founded, i.e. that frequently they are not such that they can be used as legitimate arguments in the debate about what is publicly permissible in a state, that they rely on mistaken premises, or that they are non coherent with permissions in relation (...)
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  27.  32
    Art, Knowledge and Testimony.Iris Vidmar & Elvio Baccarini - 2010 - Synthesis Philosophica 25 (2):333-348.
    In this paper we want to explore different epistemological benefits that we gain by dealing with some artworks, and our focus is on narrative arts. We claim that there is a sense in which narrative arts can be similar to testimony, in that they provide information which can be epistemologically valuable for cognitive agents such as we are. We identify at least two broad categories of these epistemological benefits, the first one includes ‘facts stating’ and in that sense is parallel (...)
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  28.  53
    Questions of Life and Death.Elvio Baccarini - unknown
    The research started with a definition of the general ethical background to be applied in bioethical discussions, particularly regarding aspects of morality that have to be enforced by the community. Only those moral beliefs that can be accepted by consensus in a free discussion can be enforced. It follows that the basic principle of a well ordered society is the equality (and possible upwards extension) of the basic liberties. Therefore, whenever it is possible to respect the principle of autonomy in (...)
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  29.  29
    Man and Culture/Mensch Und Kultur.Zagorka Golubović, Heda Festini, Ivan Cifrić, Stephen Grant, Elvio Baccarini, Joško Žanić, Myroslav Feodosijevič Hryschko, Janko M. Lozar, Petar Mihatov & Caroline Guibet Lafaye - 2008 - Synthesis Philosophica 23 (1):1.
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  30.  29
    Umjetnost, znanje, svjedočanstvo.Iris Vidmar & Elvio Baccarini - 2010 - Synthesis Philosophica 25 (2):333-348.
    U ovom radu želimo istražiti različite epistemološke koristi koje dobivamo putem nekih umjetničkih djela, pri čemu smo primarno usredotočeni na narativne umjetnosti. Tvrdimo da u određenom smislu, narativne umjetnosti mogu biti slične svjedočanstvu, utoliko što pružaju informacije koje mogu biti epistemološki vrijedne za kognitivne djelatnike kakvi smo mi. Razlikujemo barem dvije šire kategorije tih epistemoloških vrijednosti, od kojih prva uključuje ‘navođenje činjenica’ i u tom je smislu pandan paradigmatskom slučaju svjedočanstva u kojem ono što informator govori može biti izvor znanja (...)
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  31.  26
    Une vue libérale sur quelques questions courantes dans le débat éthique autour du clonage.Elvio Baccarini - 2005 - Synthesis Philosophica 20 (2):443-459.
    Dès la simple annonce de la possibilité de cloner des humains, les moralistes ont formulé des argyuments contre l’introduction d’une telle pratique, la jugeant inadmissible. Or, un examen critique de ces arguments montre qu’il ne sont pas bien fondés, c’est-à-dire que, souvent, ils ne sont pas propres à être mis en avant en tant qu’arguments légitimes dans les débats sur ce qui est publiquement admissible, qu’ils reposent sur des prémisses erronées, ou qu’ils ne sont pas cohérents avec l’admissibilité d’autres formes (...)
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  32.  28
    Öffentliche Vernunft und Verlängerung der Lebenszeit.Elvio Baccarini - 2008 - Synthesis Philosophica 23 (1):73-92.
    Der Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, ob die Verlängerung der L ebenszeit zu den in der Verfassung einer gut eingerichteten Gesellschaft verankerten Grundfragen gehört, sei es als schutzwürdiges Recht oder aber als Verbot. Der letztere Fall bezieht sich auf die Frage, ob es Umstände gebe, die von gesetzgebenden gesellschaftlichen Grundeinrichtungen ins Feld geführt werden könnten, um ein Verbot von Forschungen oder bestimmten technologischen Praktiken, die das Ziel einer wesentlichen L ebenszeitverlängerung verfolgen, durchzusetzen. Es mag als offenkundig erscheinen, dass entsprechende (...)
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  33.  37
    Reflective Equilibrium and Methodology of Science.Elvio Baccarini - 1992 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 6 (3):175 – 180.
    Abstract In The Rational and the Social James Brown argues against the use of the method of reflective equilibrium in attempting to justify methodological norms. For, according to Brown, this would involve a circularity for that method presupposes an account of good scientific practice. In this paper it is argued that the method can be sustained without such a presupposition using either conherentism, reliabilism or defeasible foundationalism. That being so there is no circularity in applying it within normative methodology of (...)
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  34.  25
    Eugenio Lecaldano on Bioethics.Elvio Baccarini - 2001 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):73-81.
    Eugenio Lecaldano offers an important contribution to the tradition of Italian liberal thought. In his book on bioethics, he deals with the subject’s most relevant topics by adopting a utilitarian perspective, which clearly demonstrates the influence of J.S. Mill’s philosophy. The indication of some significant analogies and the distinction between different moral problems are some of the most interesting and useful aspects of Lecaldano’s work.
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  35.  2
    Consent or Public Reason? Legitimacy of Norms Applied in ASPD and COVID-19 Situations.Elvio Baccarini - 2021 - Filozofija I Društvo 32 (4):674-694.
    This paper extends Alan John Simmons?s conceptual distinction between Lockean and Kantian conceptions of legitimacy that he applied to the question of the legitimacy of states, to the issue of legitimacy of public decisions. I criticise the consent conception of legitimacy defended by Simmons, and I defend the Rawlsian version of the justificatory conception of legitimacy from his objection. The approach of this paper is distinctive because the two conceptions are assessed by investigating, using the method of reflective equilibrium, their (...)
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  36.  25
    Giustizia E Conflitti di Valori (Justice and Conflicts of Values): Una Proposta Procedurale.Elvio Baccarini - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):249-255.
  37.  83
    Rational Consensus and Coherence Methods in Ethics.Elvio Baccarini - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40 (1):151-159.
    The method of reflective equilibrium implies that moral principles received from philosophical reasoning and considered moral judgments received intuitively are finally justified if they cohere with each other. This idea is combined with the proposal of rational consensus (Lehrer), which shows the way in which divergences of judgements could be made to converge. This second method is used to the end of rendering more plausible the intuitions used in reflective equilibrium, and, so, to show the appropriateness of the coherentist method (...)
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  38.  20
    Igor Primorac (ur.): Suvremena filozofija seksualnosti.Elvio Baccarini - 2003 - Prolegomena 2 (1):93-95.
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  39.  17
    Mill’s Case for Plural Voting and the Need for Balanced Public Decisions.Elvio Baccarini & Viktor Ivanković - unknown
    This paper revisits John Stuart Mill’s famous proposal for plural voting, according to which universal suffrage is conjoined with the possibility for some to claim and utilise multiple votes if they meet a particular set of qualifications. We observe the proposal in the light of Mill’s own historical context, but we also evaluate it with respect to the changing social and political conditions that ensued. Surely, the proposal faces criticisms in both contexts taken separately, but some of the previously prominent (...)
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  40.  13
    Liberalni Nacionalizam: Argument Autonomije.Elvio Baccarini - 2008 - Prolegomena 7 (2):153-179.
    Must liberalism, in dealing with issues of basic rights and primary goods, take into account national belonging as a particularly important form of cultural belonging? The paper first discusses liberalism which is frequently defined as difference-blind and which considers citizens solely on the basis of some of their abstract and common features. The alternative position is liberal nationalism, according to which individuals and their primary goods stand at the center of considerations of justice, but which also finds it impossible to (...)
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  41.  16
    Will Kymlicka, Multikulturalno građanstvo.Elvio Baccarini - 2004 - Prolegomena 3 (2):217-219.
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  42.  23
    The Philosophy of John Rawls: Thirty Years After A Theory of Justice.Elvio Baccarini - 2001 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):187-187.
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  43.  70
    Rawls and the Question of Physician-Assisted Suicide.Elvio Baccarini - 2001 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):331-345.
    Rawls’s theory of justice is capable of providing an important contribution to the question of physician-assisted suicide (PAS). PAS should be guaranteed as a right to make decisions in accordance with the conception of the good the individual formulates as a rational being. This defense is supported, therefore, by a Kantian premise. But it is also possible to oppose this kind of proposal by relying on differentaspects of Kant’s theory, i.e. on some variant of the famous argument against suicide based (...)
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  44.  16
    Public Reason and Extension of Lifespan.Elvio Baccarini - 2008 - Synthesis Philosophica 23 (1):73-92.
    The paper is mainly concerned with the problem of whether the question of extension of lifespan may be included in the constitutional essentials of a well ordered society; either as a right that must be protected, or as a prohibition. More precisely, when put in the terms of a possible prohibition, the question is about whether there are reasons that may be endorsed in the basic legislative institutions of a society, as a matter of the constitutional essentials of a state, (...)
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  45.  15
    La raison publique et l'allongement de l'espérance de vie.Elvio Baccarini - 2008 - Synthesis Philosophica 23 (1):73-92.
    L’article se penche sur la question de savoir si l’allongement de l’espérance de vie peut faire partie des principes de base de la constitution d’une société bien ordonnée, que ce soit en tant que droit à protéger ou en tant qu’interdit. Plus précisément, si on décide de l’interdire, la question est de savoir s’il existe des fondements sur lesquels puisse s’appuyer une interdiction de recherches scientifiques ou technologiques qui visent à allonger sensiblement l’espérance de vie, dans les institutions législatives fondamentales (...)
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  46.  14
    Einige gemeinsame fragen in der moralischen klonierungsdebatte aus liberaler sicht.Elvio Baccarini - 2005 - Synthesis Philosophica 20 (2):443-459.
    Auf die bloße Ankündigung der Möglichkeit menschlichen Klonens formulierten die Moralisten kritische Argumente gegen die Zulässigkeit der Einführung dieser Praxis. Ein kritischer Blick auf diese Argumente zeigt jedoch, dass sie nicht wohl fundiert sind, d.h. dass sie nicht als legitime Argumente in der Debatte um das in einem Staat öffentlich zulässige zu verwenden sind, denn sie stützen sich auf falsche Prämissen oder sie sind unvereinbar mit Erlaubnissen im Hinblick auf andere Formen der menschlichen Reproduktion. Jedes Argument zugunsten des Verbotes menschlichen (...)
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  47.  14
    Javni Um I Produžetak Trajanja Života.Elvio Baccarini - 2008 - Synthesis Philosophica 23 (1):73-92.
    Tekst se bavi problemom može li produžetak trajanja ljudskog života biti uključen u ustavna temeljna pitanja dobro uređenog društva, bilo kao pravo koje treba biti zaštićeno, ili kao zabrana. Kada govorimo o mogućoj zabrani, pitanje je postoje li razlozi na koje je moguće pozvati se u temeljnim zakonodavnim ustanovama društva, kao osnovu za zabranu istraživanja, ili tehnološke prakse, u cilju značajnog produžetka trajanja ljudskog života. Može se činiti očitim da, ako ne postoji pozitivan odgovor na to pitanje, zabrana ovih aktivnosti (...)
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  48.  12
    Art, connaissance et témoignage.Iris Vidmar & Elvio Baccarini - 2010 - Synthesis Philosophica 25 (2):333-348.
    Dans cet article, nous souhaitons étudier les différents avantages épistémologiques qu’on tire de certains ouvrages artistiques, en nous focalisant sur les arts narratifs. Nous affirmons que, dans un certain sens, les arts narratifs peuvent ressembler au témoignage, dans la mesure où ils fournissent des informations susceptibles d’être épistémologiquement précieuses aux acteurs cognitifs que nous sommes. Nous distinguons au moins deux catégories larges de ces avantages épistémologiques. La première comprend « l’énoncé des faits » et dans ce sens représente le pendant (...)
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  49.  12
    Kunst, Wissen und Zeugnis.Iris Vidmar & Elvio Baccarini - 2010 - Synthesis Philosophica 25 (2):333-348.
    In diesem Paper möchten wir den unterschiedlichen epistemologischen Vorzügen auf den Grund gehen, die wir in der Arbeit mit einigen Kunstwerken erlangen, wobei unser Schwerpunkt in der narrativen Kunst liegt. Wir behaupten, die narrativen Künste könnten in gewissem Sinne dem Zeugnis ähneln, insofern sie Informationen besorgten, die epistemologisch wertvoll für kognitive Agenten wie uns seien. Wir identifizieren zumindest zwei breite Kategorien dieser epistemologischen Vorzüge, die Erste schließt „Tatsachenangaben“ ein und ist in diesem Sinne vergleichbar mit dem paradigmatischen Fall des Zeugnisses, (...)
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  50.  18
    Društvo I Spoznaja: Uvod U Socijalnu Spoznajnu Teoriju.Elvio Baccarini - 2002 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):110-112.
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