Results for 'Elliott R. Sober'

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  1.  32
    The Modern Synthesis: Its Scope and Limits.Elliott R. Sober - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:314 - 321.
    This paper locates the contributions of Kauffman and Ayala to this symposium in the context of recent discussions of the adequacy of the Modern Synthesis. The neglect of morphology and development described by Kauffman is understandable in view of the belief that selection is the most powerful evolutionary force. His idea that properties of order may be explained by nonselective mechanisms is also examined. The paper subsequently takes up Ayala's criticism of S.J. Gould's view that macroevolution is a process "decoupled" (...)
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  2. How to Tell When Simpler, More Unified, or Less A D Hoc Theories Will Provide More Accurate Predictions.Malcolm R. Forster & Elliott Sober - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):1-35.
    Traditional analyses of the curve fitting problem maintain that the data do not indicate what form the fitted curve should take. Rather, this issue is said to be settled by prior probabilities, by simplicity, or by a background theory. In this paper, we describe a result due to Akaike [1973], which shows how the data can underwrite an inference concerning the curve's form based on an estimate of how predictively accurate it will be. We argue that this approach throws light (...)
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  3.  82
    Fitness and the Twins.Elliott Sober - 2020 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 12 (1):1-13.
    Michael Scriven’s (1959) example of identical twins (who are said to be equal in fitness but unequal in their reproductive success) has been used by many philosophers of biology to discuss how fitness should be defined, how selection should be distinguished from drift, and how the environment in which a selection process occurs should be conceptualized. Here it is argued that evolutionary theory has no commitment, one way or the other, as to whether the twins are equally fit. This is (...)
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  4. The Misuse of Sober's Selection for/Selection of Distinction.R. Goode & P. E. Griffiths - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):99-108.
    Elliott Sober''s selection for/selection of distinction has been widely used to clarify the idea that some properties of organisms are side-effects of selection processes. It has also been used, however, to choose between different descriptions of an evolutionary product when assigning biological functions to that product. We suggest that there is a characteristic error in these uses of the distinction. Complementary descriptions of function are misrepresented as mutually excluding one another. This error arises from a failure to appreciate (...)
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  5. Plantinga’s Probability Arguments Against Evolutionary Naturalism.Branden Fitelson & Elliott Sober - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):115–129.
    In Chapter 12 of Warrant and Proper Function, Alvin Plantinga constructs two arguments against evolutionary naturalism, which he construes as a conjunction E&N .The hypothesis E says that “human cognitive faculties arose by way of the mechanisms to which contemporary evolutionary thought directs our attention (p.220).”1 With respect to proposition N , Plantinga (p. 270) says “it isn’t easy to say precisely what naturalism is,” but then adds that “crucial to metaphysical naturalism, of course, is the view that there is (...)
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  6. Puzzles for ZFEL, McShea and Brandon’s Zero Force Evolutionary Law.Martin Barrett, Hayley Clatterbuck, Michael Goldsby, Casey Helgeson, Brian McLoone, Trevor Pearce, Elliott Sober, Reuben Stern & Naftali Weinberger - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):723-735.
    In their 2010 book, Biology’s First Law, D. McShea and R. Brandon present a principle that they call ‘‘ZFEL,’’ the zero force evolutionary law. ZFEL says (roughly) that when there are no evolutionary forces acting on a population, the population’s complexity (i.e., how diverse its member organisms are) will increase. Here we develop criticisms of ZFEL and describe a different law of evolution; it says that diversity and complexity do not change when there are no evolutionary causes.
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  7.  7
    Elliott, R. "Faking Nature".R. E. Lamb - 2000 - Philosophical Books 41 (3):163-170.
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  8.  17
    I_– _Elliott Sober.Elliott Sober - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):237-280.
    In ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’, Quine attacks the analytic/synthetic distinction and defends a doctrine that I call epistemological holism. Now, almost fifty years after the article’s appearance, what are we to make of these ideas? I suggest that the philosophical naturalism that Quine did so much to promote should lead us to reject Quine’s brief against the analytic/synthetic distinction; I also argue that Quine misunderstood Carnap's views on analyticity. As for epistemological holism, I claim that this thesis does not follow (...)
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  9.  10
    I_– _Elliott Sober.Elliott Sober - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):237-280.
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  10.  13
    The Concept of Creativity.R. K. Elliott - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 5 (1):97-104.
  11.  17
    Does Open Theism Explain God’s Planning of Creation?Elliott R. Crozat - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (2):407-417.
    In this essay, I assess Timothy Blank’s “The Open Theistic Multiverse.” In his article, Blank attempts to show that Open Theism explains how God can plan the creation of a multiverse containing creatures with libertarian freedom. I underscore some benefits of Blank’s article while arguing that, despite its strengths, his paper fails to provide a sufficient explanation of God’s precreational planning.
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  12.  2
    Why Fallibilistic Evidence is Insufficient for Propositional Knowledge.Elliott R. Crozat - 2022 - Logos and Episteme 13 (2):143-150.
    In this article, I argue that fallibilistic justification is insufficient for propositional knowledge if veritic luck is involved. I provide a thought experiment to demonstrate that even very strong non-factive evidence is insufficient for knowledge if veritic luck is present. I then distinguish between precise justification, which I suggest is required for knowledge in cases of veritic luck, and loose justification, which is sufficient for practical cases in which beliefs are reasonable to hold even if they fall short of being (...)
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  13. "Aesthetics in the Modern World": H. Osborne. [REVIEW]R. K. Elliott - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (4):410.
     
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  14. Education and Human Being.R. K. Elliott - 1975 - In Stuart C. Brown (ed.), Philosophers Discuss Education. Macmillan Press. pp. 45--72.
     
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  15. NAGEL, T., "Mortal Questions". [REVIEW]R. Elliott - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58:415.
     
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  16. "The Art of Appreciation": Harold Osborne. [REVIEW]R. K. Elliott - 1972 - British Journal of Aesthetics 12 (1):79.
     
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  17. Socrates and Plato's Cave.R. K. Elliott - 1967 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 58 (2):137.
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  18. Wittgenstein's Speculative Aesthetics in its Ethical Context.R. K. Elliott - 1993 - In Paul Heywood Hirst, Robin Barrow & Patricia White (eds.), Beyond Liberal Education: Essays in Honour of Paul H. Hirst. Routledge. pp. 150.
     
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  19.  3
    Aesthetics, Imagination and the Unity of Experience.R. K. Elliott & Paul Crowther - 2006 - Routledge.
    R.K. Elliott's essays on aesthetics put forward a number of common themes that together constitute a unified approach to aesthetics. Throughout his writing, Elliott combines analytic rigour with sympathy for ideas in continental philosophy. This book, the first to gather together Elliott's key essays, powerfully illuminates the unifying role of imagination and the aesthetic in human experience.
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  20.  24
    Replies to Kristin Andrews’s, Gordon Belot’s, and Patrick Forber’s Reviews: Elliott Sober: Ockham’s Razors: A User’s Manual. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, 322pp, $29.99 PB, $99.99 HB.Elliott Sober - 2016 - Metascience 25 (3):393-403.
  21. Objectivity and Education.R. K. Elliott - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 16 (1):49-62.
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  22.  12
    Objectivity and Education.R. K. Elliott - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 16 (1):49–62.
  23.  2
    The Aesthetic and the Semantic.R. K. Elliott - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (1):35.
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  24.  6
    The Aesthetic and the Semantic: A Reply to Mr. Pleydell-Pearce.R. K. Elliott - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (1):35-48.
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  25.  1
    Education and Justification.R. K. Elliott - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 11 (1):7-27.
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  26.  7
    Education and Justification.R. K. Elliott - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 11 (1):7–27.
  27.  3
    D. W. Hamlyn On Knowledge And The Beginnings Of Understanding.R. Elliott - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 14 (1):109-116.
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  28.  19
    D. W. Hamlyn on Knowledge and the Beginnings of Understanding.R. K. Elliott - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 14 (1):109–116.
  29.  9
    The Concept of Development: A Reply to Professor Hamlyn.R. K. Elliott - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 9 (1):40–48.
  30.  16
    The Concept of Creativity. Reply to John E. Olford.R. K. Elliott - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 5 (1):97–104.
  31.  7
    The Concept of Creativity: Reply to John E. Olford.R. Elliott - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 5 (1):97-104.
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  32.  5
    The Concept of Development: A Reply to Professor Hamlyn.R. K. Elliott - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 9 (1):40-48.
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  33.  5
    The Concept of Development: A Reply to D. W. Hamlyn.R. K. Elliott - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 9:40.
  34.  30
    Education, Love of One's Subject, and the Love of Truth.R. K. Elliott - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 8 (1):135–153.
  35.  6
    Education, Love of One's Subject, and the Love of Truth.R. K. Elliott - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 8 (1):135-153.
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  36.  17
    Versions of Creativity.R. K. Elliott - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 5 (2):139–152.
  37.  31
    The Wasps and Clouds of Aristophanes. [REVIEW]R. T. Elliott - 1916 - The Classical Review 30 (8):225-227.
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  38.  1
    The Vibrations of a Perturbed Lattice.R. J. Elliott - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (3):298-307.
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  39.  63
    The Unity of Kant's ‘Critique of Aesthetic Judgement’.R. K. Elliott - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (3):244-259.
  40.  23
    Would It Have Been Me?R. Elliott - 1984 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62:292.
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  41.  61
    VIII—Aesthetic Theory and the Experience of Art.R. K. Elliott - 1967 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 67 (1):111-126.
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  42.  6
    Versions of Creativity.R. K. Elliott - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 5 (2):139-152.
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  43.  50
    Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, Vol. XXX. (1919) Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. Vol. XXX. (1919).R. T. Elliott - 1921 - The Classical Review 35 (7-8):178-178.
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  44.  5
    Aestheticism, Imagination and Schooling: A Reply to Ruby Meager.R. K. Elliott - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 15 (1):33-42.
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  45.  33
    Aestheticism, Imagination and Schooling: A Reply to Ruby Meager.R. K. Elliott - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 15 (1):33–42.
  46.  2
    Louis Arnaud Reid: A Remembrance.R. K. Elliott - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (1):3-6.
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  47.  7
    Louis Arnaud Reid: A Remembrance.R. K. Elliott - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (1):3–6.
  48.  7
    Bell's Aesthetic Theory and Critical Practice.R. K. Elliott - 1965 - British Journal of Aesthetics 5 (2):111-122.
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  49.  11
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]R. K. Elliott - 1968 - British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (4):79-82.
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  50.  14
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]R. K. Elliott - 1972 - British Journal of Aesthetics 12 (1):79-82.
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