Results for 'Elliot T. Berkman'

982 found
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  1.  23
    Incidental regulation of attraction: The neural basis of the derogation of attractive alternatives in romantic relationships.Meghan L. Meyer, Elliot T. Berkman, Johan C. Karremans & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):490-505.
  2.  9
    Brain Activity Associated With Regulating Food Cravings Predicts Changes in Self-Reported Food Craving and Consumption Over Time.Nicole R. Giuliani, Danielle Cosme, Junaid S. Merchant, Bryce Dirks & Elliot T. Berkman - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  3.  13
    Should Patient Groups Have the Power to Redirect How Their Samples Are Used?Eleanor T. Chung & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (8):26-28.
    The authors of the target article briefly discuss the issue of “sample ownership” when scientists collaborate with citizen science partners (Wiggins and Wilbanks 2019). This is an important issue,...
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  4.  37
    Four Poems.T. Thomas Elliot - 2005 - The Acorn 13 (1):24-26.
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  5.  7
    Four Poems.T. Thomas Elliot - 2005 - The Acorn 13 (1):24-26.
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  6. Posterior neocortical systems subserving awareness and neglect: Neglect associated with superior temporal sulcus but not area 7 lesions.R. T. Watson, Elliot S. Valenstein, Alice T. Day & K. M. Heilman - 1994 - Archives of Neurology 51:1014-1021.
     
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  7. Descartes’s Anti-Transparency and the Need for Radical Doubt.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:1083-1129.
    Descartes is widely portrayed as the arch proponent of “the epistemological transparency of thought” (or simply, “Transparency”). The most promising version of this view—Transparency-through-Introspection—says that introspecting (i.e., inwardly attending to) a thought guarantees certain knowledge of that thought. But Descartes rejects this view and provides numerous counterexamples to it. I argue that, instead, Descartes’s theory of self-knowledge is just an application of his general theory of knowledge. According to his general theory, certain knowledge is acquired only through clear and distinct (...)
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  8. Show, don't tell": considering the utility of diagrams as a tool for understanding complex narratives.Elliot Panek - 2014 - In Warren Buckland (ed.), Hollywood puzzle films. New York: Routledge.
     
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  9.  23
    Value for the future and preventive health behavior.Gretchen B. Chapman, Noel T. Brewer, Elliot J. Coups, Susan Brownlee, Howard Leventhal & Elaine A. Levanthal - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):235.
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  10. Book Reviews : The Sources of Christian Ethics, by Servais Pinckaers, translated by Sr Mary Thomas Noble, O.P. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1995. 460 pp. pb. 19.99. [REVIEW]John Berkman - 1997 - Studies in Christian Ethics 10 (2):120-123.
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  11.  44
    The Philosophical Propaedeutic.Elliot L. Jurist - 1990 - The Owl of Minerva 21 (2):203-205.
    Hegel scholars will be pleased to discover Miller’s new translation of Hegel’s Philosophical Propaedeutic, which is a revised and completed version of W.T. Harris’ partial translation which appeared in the 1860s. PPr, discovered by Karl Rosenkranz in 1838 and published in 1840, is based upon lectures given when Hegel was Rector of the Gymnasium in Nuremberg between 1808 and 1811. Rosenkranz’s ordering of the lectures according to age levels has been preserved by the editors of the new translation, Michael George (...)
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  12.  23
    E.T. Jaynes’s Solution to the Problem of Countable Additivity.Colin Elliot - 2020 - Erkenntnis 87 (1):287-308.
    Philosophers cannot agree on whether the rule of Countable Additivity should be an axiom of probability. Edwin T. Jaynes attacks the problem in a way which is original to him and passed over in the current debate about the principle: he says the debate only arises because of an erroneous use of mathematical infinity. I argue that this solution fails, but I construct a different argument which, I argue, salvages the spirit of the more general point Jaynes makes. I argue (...)
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  13.  11
    Generic derivations on o-minimal structures.Antongiulio Fornasiero & Elliot Kaplan - 2020 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 21 (2):2150007.
    Let T be a complete, model complete o-minimal theory extending the theory RCF of real closed ordered fields in some appropriate language L. We study derivations δ on models ℳ⊧T. We introduce the no...
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  14.  17
    Surreal ordered exponential fields.Philip Ehrlich & Elliot Kaplan - 2021 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 86 (3):1066-1115.
    In 2001, the algebraico-tree-theoretic simplicity hierarchical structure of J. H. Conway’s ordered field ${\mathbf {No}}$ of surreal numbers was brought to the fore by the first author and employed to provide necessary and sufficient conditions for an ordered field to be isomorphic to an initial subfield of ${\mathbf {No}}$, i.e. a subfield of ${\mathbf {No}}$ that is an initial subtree of ${\mathbf {No}}$. In this sequel, analogous results are established for ordered exponential fields, making use of a slight generalization of (...)
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  15.  27
    Elliot S. Valenstein (ed.): 1980, The Psychosurgery Debate: Scientific, Legal and Ethical Perspectives, W. H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 594 pp. [REVIEW]T. L. Brink - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (3):327-328.
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  16. The Philosophy of Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  17. The Development of Social Knowledge: Morality and Convention.Elliot Turiel - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    Children are not simply molded by the environment; through constant inference and interpretation, they actively shape their own social world. This book is about that process. Elliot Turiel's work focuses on the development of moral judgment in children and adolescents and, more generally, on their evolving understanding of the conventions of social systems. His research suggests that social judgements are ordered, systematic, subtly discriminative, and related to behavior. His theory of the ways in which children generate social knowledge through (...)
  18. Cartesian Clarity.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (19):1-28.
    Clear and distinct perception is the centrepiece of Descartes’s philosophy — it is the source of all certainty — but what does he mean by ‘clear’ and ‘distinct’? According to the prevailing approach, what it means for a perception to be clear is that its content has a certain objective property, like truth. I argue instead that clarity is at least partly a subjective, phenomenal quality whereby a content is presented as true to the perceiving subject. Clarity comes in degrees. (...)
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  19.  12
    Approximating optimal social choice under metric preferences.Elliot Anshelevich, Onkar Bhardwaj, Edith Elkind, John Postl & Piotr Skowron - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence 264 (C):27-51.
  20.  7
    Bioderechos.Ricardo David Rabinovich-Berkman - 1999 - Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken.
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  21.  6
    The “Right Not to Know” in the Genomic Era: Time to Break From Tradition?Benjamin E. Berkman - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):28-31.
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  22. Matters of life and death: a Jewish approach to modern medical ethics.Elliot N. Dorff - 1998 - Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society.
    In Matters of Life and Death Elliot Dorff thoroughly addresses this unavoidable confluence of medical technology and Jewish law and ethics.
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  23.  23
    Skilled actions: A task-dynamic approach.Elliot Saltzman & J. A. Kelso - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (1):84-106.
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  24.  11
    The distortion of distributed metric social choice.Elliot Anshelevich, Aris Filos-Ratsikas & Alexandros A. Voudouris - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence 308 (C):103713.
  25.  30
    Prenatal Whole Genome Sequencing: An Argument for Professional Self-Regulation.Benjamin E. Berkman & Michelle Bayefsky - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):26-28.
  26.  30
    Gaps, conflicts, and consensus in the ethics statements of professional associations, medical groups, and health plans.N. D. Berkman - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):395-401.
    Background: Patients today interact with physicians, physician groups, and health plans, each of which may follow distinct ethical guidelines.Method: We systematically compared physician codes of ethics with ethics policies at physician group practices and health plans, using the 1998–99 policies of 38 organisations—18 medical associations , nine physician group practices , and 12 health plans —selected using random and stratified purposive sampling. A clinician and a social scientist independently abstracted each document, using a 397-item health care ethics taxonomy; a reconciled (...)
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  27.  12
    The duplicity of philosophy's shadow: Heidegger, Nazism, and the Jewish other.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2018 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Elliot R. Wolfson intervenes in the debate over Martin Heidegger and Nazism from a unique perspective, as a scholar of Jewish mysticism and philosophy who has been profoundly influenced by Heidegger's work. He reveals crucial aspects of Heidegger's thinking that betray an affinity with dimensions of Jewish thought.
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  28.  33
    Approach–Avoidance Motivation and Emotion: Convergence and Divergence.Andrew J. Elliot, Andreas B. Eder & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):308-311.
    In this concluding piece, we identify and discuss various aspects of convergence and, to a lesser degree, divergence in the ideas expressed in the contributions to this special section. These contributions emphatically illustrate that approach–avoidance motivation is integral to the scientific study of emotion. It is our hope that the articles herein will facilitate cross-talk among researchers and research traditions, and will lead to a more thorough understanding of the role of approach–avoidance motivation in emotion.
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  29.  31
    Playing God? Human Genetic Engineering and the Rationalization of Public Bioethical Debate.John Berkman, Stanley Hauerwas, Jeffrey Stout, Gilbert Meilaender, James F. Childress & John H. Evans - 2004 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 24 (1):183-217.
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  30.  31
    A Proposed Process for Reliably Updating the Common Rule.Benjamin E. Berkman, David Wendler, Haley K. Sullivan & Christine Grady - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):8-14.
    The recent Common Rule revision process took almost a decade and the resulting changes are fairly modest, particularly when compared to the ambitious ideas proposed in the advance notice of proposed rulemaking and notice of proposed rulemaking. Furthermore, the revision process did not even attempt to tackle any of the Common Rule subparts pertaining to vulnerable populations where commentators think the rules unduly restrict important research. We believe that this was a missed opportunity to make desirable changes, and that given (...)
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  31.  35
    Contemporary Jewish ethics and morality: a reader.Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.) - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Over the past decade much significant new work has appeared in the field of Jewish ethics. While much of this work has been devoted to issues in applied ethics, a number of important essays have explored central themes within the tradition and clarified the theoretical foundations of Jewish ethics. This important text grew out of the need for a single work which accurately and conveniently reflects these developments within the field. The first text of its kind in almost two decades, (...)
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  32.  8
    Tsimtsum, Lichtung, and the Leap of Bestowing Refusal: Kabbalistic and Heideggerian Metaontology in Dialogue.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2020 - In Agata Bielik-Robson & Daniel H. Weiss (eds.), Tsimtsum and Modernity: Lurianic Heritage in Modern Philosophy and Theology. De Gruyter. pp. 141-190.
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  33. Expressivism and moral independence.Elliot Salinger - 2023 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 108 (1):136-152.
    Metaethical expressivism faces the perennial objection that its commitment to non‐cognitivism about moral judgment renders the view revisionary of our ordinary moral thought. The standard response to this objection is to say that since the expressivist's theoretical commitments about the nature of moral judgment are independent of normative ethics, the view cannot be revisionary of normative ethics. This essay seeks to evaluate the standard response by exploring several senses of independence that expressivism might enjoy from normative ethics. I develop a (...)
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  34.  40
    Implementing Expanded Prenatal Genetic Testing: Should Parents Have Access to Any and All Fetal Genetic Information?Michelle J. Bayefsky & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (2):4-22.
    Prenatal genetic testing is becoming available for an increasingly broad set of diseases, and it is only a matter of time before parents can choose to test for hundreds, if not thousands, of genetic conditions in their fetuses. Should access to certain kinds of fetal genetic information be limited, and if so, on what basis? We evaluate a range of considerations including reproductive autonomy, parental rights, disability rights, and the rights and interests of the fetus as a potential future child. (...)
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  35. Attributing Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Dustin Stokes - 2018 - In Berys Nigel Gaut & Matthew Kieran (eds.), Creativity and Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
    Three kinds of things may be creative: persons, processes, and products. The standard definition of creativity, used nearly by consensus in psychological research, focuses specifically on products and says that a product is creative if and only if it is new and valuable. We argue that at least one further condition is necessary for a product to be creative: it must have been produced by the right kind of process. We argue furthermore that this point has an interesting epistemological implication: (...)
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  36. Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Dustin Stokes - 2023 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This entry provides a substantive overview of research and debates concerning creativity in philosophy and related fields. Topics covered include definitions of creativity, whether creativity can be learned, whether it can be explained, attempts to explain creativity in cognitive science, and whether computer programs or AI systems can be creative.
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  37.  18
    Reexamination of the role of the hypothalamus in motivation.Elliot S. Valenstein, Verne C. Cox & Jan W. Kakolewski - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (1):16-31.
  38.  27
    Incidental Findings in Low‐Resource Settings.Haley K. Sullivan & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (3):20-28.
    Much new global genetic research employs whole genome sequencing, which provides researchers with large amounts of data. The quantity of data has led to the generation and discovery of more incidental or secondary findings and to vigorous theoretical discussions about the ethical obligations that follow from these incidental findings. After a decade of debate in the genetic research community, there is a growing consensus that researchers should, at the very least, offer to return incidental findings that provide high‐impact, medically relevant (...)
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  39.  4
    Mania, urgency, and the structure of agency.Elliot Porter - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    A debate persists over how to distinguish manic states from non-manic ones (such as depressions). A lacuna exists amongst these efforts, where a specifically agentive account of mania would sit. An agentive account centers the manic person’s view of practical reasons, rationalizing their actions in the same way that sympathetic understandings rationalize the actions of more neurotypical agents. In this paper, I argue that mania restructures our agency by creating a pervasive sense of urgency. This urgency changes the kind of (...)
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  40.  26
    Distinguishing “Reasonable Accommodation” From Physical Assistance in Aid-in-Dying.Isabel Astrachan & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (9):28-30.
    Shavelson et al. (2023) identify an important problem in their Target article: a significant number of terminally ill patients with impaired motor function are wrongfully excluded from receiving ai...
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  41.  37
    The “Right Not to Know” in the Genomic Era: Time to Break From Tradition?Benjamin E. Berkman & Sara Chandros Hull - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):28-31.
  42.  14
    Being Reconciled: Penitence, Punishment, and Worship.John Berkman - 2004 - In Stanley Hauerwas & Samuel Wells (eds.), The Blackwell companion to Christian ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 95.
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  43. Environmental Ethics.R. Elliot - 1991 - In Peter Singer (ed.), A Companion to Ethics. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 284-293.
     
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  44. Cartesian intuition.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (4):693-723.
    This paper explicates Descartes’ theory of intuition (intuitus). Departing from certain commentators, I argue that intuition, for Descartes, is a form of clear and distinct intellectual perception. Because it is clear and distinct, it is indubitable, infallible, and provides a grade of certain knowledge he calls ‘cognitio’. I pay special attention to why he treats intuition as a form of perception, and what he means when he says it is ‘clear and distinct’. Finally, I situate his view in relation to (...)
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  45.  21
    Enacted Appreciation and the Meta-Normative Structure of Urgency.Elliot Porter - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Some considerations are urgent and others are not. Sometimes, we invite criticism if we neglect the urgency of our situation, even if our action seem adequate to respond to it. Despite this significance, the literature does not offer a satisfactory analysis of the normative structure of urgency. I examine three views of urgency, drawn from philosophical and adjacent literature, which fail to explain the distinctive criticism we face when we do neglect the urgency of our reasons. Instead, I argue that (...)
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  46. Introducing THE PHILOSOPHY OF CREATIVITY.Elliot Samuel Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman - 2014 - In Elliot Samuel Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman (eds.), The Philosophy of Creativity. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 3-14.
    Creativity pervades human life. It is the mark of individuality, the vehicle of self-expression, and the engine of progress in every human endeavor. It also raises a wealth of neglected and yet evocative philosophical questions: What is the role of consciousness in the creative process? How does the audience for a work for art influence its creation? How can creativity emerge through childhood pretending? Do great works of literature give us insight into human nature? Can a computer program really be (...)
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  47.  47
    Autonomy as an Ideal for Neuro-Atypical Agency: Lessons from Bipolar Disorder.Elliot Porter - 2023 - Dissertation, University of Kent
    There is a strong presumption that mental disorder injures a person's autonomy, understood as a set of capacities and as an ideal condition of agency which is worth striving for. However, recent multidimensional approaches to autonomy have revealed a greater diversity in ways of being autonomous than has previously been appreciated. This presumption, then, risks wrongly dismissing variant, neuro-atypical sorts of autonomy as non-autonomy. This is both an epistemic error, which impairs our understanding of autonomy as a phenomenon, and a (...)
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  48.  15
    Problems of measurement and interpretation with reinforcing brain stimulation.Elliot S. Valenstein - 1964 - Psychological Review 71 (6):415-437.
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  49. Persistent tensions in arts-based research.Elliot Eisner - 2008 - In Melisa Cahnmann-Taylor & Richard Siegesmund (eds.), Arts-based research in education: foundations for practice. New York: Routledge.
  50.  28
    Racism in child welfare: Ethical considerations of harm.Emily Berkman, Emily Brown, Maya Scott & Alicia Adiele - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (3):298-304.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 3, Page 298-304, March 2022.
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