56 found
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  1. Intuition Pumps and the Proper Use of Thought Experiments.Elke Brendel - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):89–108.
    I begin with an explication of "thought experiment". I then clarify the role that intuitions play in thought experiments by addressing two important issues: (1) the informativeness of thought experiments and (2) the legitimacy of the method of thought experiments in philosophy and the natural sciences. I defend a naturalistic account of intuitions that provides a plausible explanation of the informativeness of thought experiments, which, in turn, allows thought experiments to be reconstructed as arguments. I also specify criteria for distinguishing (...)
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  2. Why Contextualists Cannot Know They Are Right: Self-Refuting Implications of Contextualism. [REVIEW]Elke Brendel - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (2):38-55.
    Conversational contextualism in epistemology is characterized by four main theses: 1. the indexicality of knowledge claims thesis; 2. the attributor contextualism thesis; 3. the conversational contextualism thesis, and 4. the main thesis of contextualism according to which a knowledge claim can be true in one context and false in another context in which more stringent standards for knowledge are operant. It is argued that these theses taken together generate problems for contextualism. In particular, it is shown that there is no (...)
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  3.  33
    Intuition Pumps and the Proper Use of Thought Experiments.Elke Brendel - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):89-108.
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  4.  26
    Intuition Pumps and the Proper Use of Thought Experiments.Elke Brendel - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):89-108.
    I begin with an explication of “thought experiment”. I then clarify the role that intuitions play in thought experiments by addressing two important issues: the informativeness of thought experiments and the legitimacy of the method of thought experiments in philosophy and the natural sciences. I defend a naturalistic account of intuitions that provides a plausible explanation of the informativeness of thought experiments, which, in turn, allows thought experiments to be reconstructed as arguments. I also specify criteria for distinguishing bad “intuition (...)
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  5.  58
    Truthmaker Maximalism and the Truthmaker Paradox.Elke Brendel - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1647-1660.
    According to truthmaker maximalism, each truth has a truthmaker. Peter Milne has attempted to refute truthmaker maximalism on mere logical grounds via the construction of a self-referential truthmaker sentence M “saying” of itself that it doesn’t have a truthmaker. Milne argues that M turns out to be a true sentence without a truthmaker and thus provides a counterexample to truthmaker maximalism. In this paper, I show that Milne’s refutation of truthmaker maximalism does not succeed. In particular, I argue that the (...)
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  6.  2
    Understanding Quotation.Elke Brendel, Jörg Meibauer & Markus Steinbach (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter Mouton.
    Studies on the nature of quotation have become a topic of growing interest among linguists and philosophers of language. What is the function and logical status of quotations? How can an analysis of quotation help to develop a general theory of the semantics-pragmatics interface? This volume is a collection of original papers by leading researchers in the field on such issues and related linguistic and philosophical aspects of quotations.
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  7. Contextualism, Relativism, and the Semantics of Knowledge Ascriptions.Elke Brendel - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):101-117.
    It is argued that neither contextualism nor relativism can provide a satisfying semantics of knowledge ascriptions. According to contextualism, the truth conditions of knowledge ascriptions of the form “S knows that p” vary with the epistemic standards operative in the contexts of utterance. These epistemic standards are determined, in particular, by the speaker’s stakes with regard to p or the consideration of error-possibilities. It is shown that the absolute concept of utterance truth together with a knowledge rule of assertion lead (...)
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  8.  13
    Was Kontextualisten nicht wissen.Elke Brendel - 2003 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 51 (6):1015.
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  9.  71
    Coherence Theory of Knowledge: A Gradational Account. [REVIEW]Elke Brendel - 1999 - Erkenntnis 50 (2-3):293-307.
    A satisfactory theory of knowledge in which the shortcomings of a pure externalist account are avoided and in which the Gettier problem is solved should consist in a combination of externalist and internalist components. The internalist component should guarantee that the epistemic subject has cognitive access to the justifying grounds of her belief. And the externalist component should guarantee that the justification of her belief does not depend on any false statement. Keith Lehrer's coherence theory of knowledge as undefeated justification (...)
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  10.  10
    The Epistemic Function of Virtuous Dispositions.Elke Brendel - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 320-340.
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  11.  17
    Contributors to This Volume.Barbara Abbott, Manuel Bremer, Elke Brendel, Sarah-Jane Conrad, Cathrine Fabricius Hansen & Manuel García-Carpintero - 2011 - In Elke Brendel (ed.), Understanding Quotation. De Gruyter Mouton.
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  12.  4
    Was können wir von der Welt wissen?Elke Brendel - 2018 - In Carsten Könneker (ed.), Fake Oder Fakt?: Wissenschaft, Wahrheit Und Vertrauen. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 53-64.
    Leben wir in einer simulierten Scheinrealität statt in einer Welt tatsächlich existierender Dinge? Diese These der so genannten Skeptiker lässt sich zwar nicht grundsätzlich widerlegen, erscheint aber ziemlich unwahrscheinlich.Im Kultfilm »Matrix« der Wachowski-Brüder von 1999 arbeitet Thomas A. Anderson tagsüber als Programmierer in einer Softwarefirma. Nachts schlüpft er in die Rolle eines berüchtigten Computerhackers, der unter dem Pseudonym Neo sein Gehalt aufbessert. In Wirklichkeit ist jedoch sein ganzes Leben, wie Neo im Lauf der Geschichte schmerzlich erfahren muss, bloß Teil einer (...)
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  13.  6
    Die Wahrheit Èuber den Lèugner Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lèugners.Elke Brendel - 1992 - De Gruyter.
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  14. The Epistemic Function of Virtuous Dispositions.Elke Brendel - 2009 - In Gregor Damschen, Robert Schnepf & Karsten Stueber (eds.), Debating Dispositions. Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 320-340.
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  15. Contextualist Approaches to Epistemology: Problems and Prospects.Elke Brendel & Christoph Jäger - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):143 - 172.
    In this paper we survey some main arguments for and against epistemological contextualism. We distinguish and discuss various kinds of contextualism, such as attributer contextualism (the most influential version of which is semantic, conversational, or radical contextualism); indexicalism; proto-contextualism; Wittgensteinian contextualism; subject, inferential, or issue contextualism; epistemic contextualism; and virtue contextualism. Starting with a sketch of Dretske's Relevant Alternatives Theory and Nozick's Tracking Account of Knowledge, we reconstruct the history of various forms of contextualism and the ways contextualists try to (...)
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  16. Die Wahrheit uber den Lugner. Eine philosophisch-logische Analyse der Antinomie des Luigners.Elke Brendel & Max Urchs - 1994 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 25 (2):337-338.
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  17.  32
    Disagreeing with a Skeptic From a Contextualist Point of View.Elke Brendel - 2020 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 10 (1):28–43.
    The paper focuses on the problem of how to account for the phenomena of disagreement and retraction in disputes over skepticism in a contextualist framework. I will argue that nonindexical versions of contextualism are better suited to account for those phenomena than DeRose’s indexical form of contextualism. Furthermore, I will argue against DeRose’s “single scoreboard” semantics and against his solution of ruling that in a dispute over skepticism, both parties to the conversation are expressing something truth-valueless. At the end, I (...)
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  18.  22
    Exploring the Meaning of Quotation.Elke Brendel, Jörg Meibauer & Markus Steinbach - 2011 - In Understanding Quotation. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 133.
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  19. Die Autonomie der Person. [REVIEW]Elke Brendel - 2001 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 55 (3).
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  20. Rationale Ethikbegründung jenseits des Sein-Sollen-Problems.Elke Brendel - 1995 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 6 (2):180.
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  21. Was können wir über das Wissen wissen? Erkenntnistheoretische Betrachtungen aus semantischer Perspektive.Elke Brendel - 1997 - In Julian Nida-Rümelin & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen 2, Volume I: Logic, Epistemology, Philosophy of Science. De Gruyter. pp. 205-213.
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  22. Grundzüge der Logik 11. Klassen. Relationen. Zahlen.Wilhelm K. Essler, Elke Brendel & Rosa F. Martínez Cruzado - 1990 - Erkenntnis 32 (2):283-291.
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  23.  32
    The Liar.Matthias Varga von Kibéd & Elke Brendel - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 39 (1):165-194.
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  24.  51
    Self-Referential Arguments in Philosophy.Elke Brendel - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (1):177-197.
    The paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of arguments of proper self-reference, arguments of self-application and arguments of iterative application. A formalization of the underlying logical structure of these arguments helps to identify the implicit premises on which these arguments rest. If the premises are plausible, the conclusions reached by these arguments must be taken seriously. In particular, all the types of argument discussed, when sound, show that certain theories that purport to be universally applicable are not tenable. The argumentative (...)
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  25.  28
    Dissens Und Epistemischer Relativismus.Elke Brendel - 2015 - In Anna Wehofsits, David Löwenstein, Dirk Koppelberg & Gregor Betz (eds.), Weiter Denken - Über Philosophie, Wissenschaft Und Religion. De Gruyter. pp. 153-170.
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  26.  45
    Truth and Weak Knowledge in Goldman’s Veritistic Social Epistemology.Elke Brendel - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):3-17.
    Goldman's project of a veritistic social epistemology is based on a descriptive-success account of truth and a weak notion of knowledge as mere true belief. It is argued that, contrary to Goldman's opinion, pragmatism and social constructivism are not necessarily ruled out by the descriptive-success account of truth. Furthermore, it is shown that it appears to be questionable whether Goldman has succeeded to show that there is a weak notion of knowledge. But even if such a weak notion of knowledge (...)
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  27. Pompas de intuición y el uso adecuado de los experimentos mentales.Elke Brendel - 2003 - Ideas Y Valores 52 (123):3-23.
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  28.  29
    Allwissenheit Und ``Offenes Philosophieren''.Elke Brendel - 2001 - Erkenntnis 54 (1):7-16.
    As a result of his studies in metalogicEssler became convincedthat an absolute fixed totality of alltruths and a final metalanguage doesnot exist. Taking this result into account,it is shown that the usualabsolute concept of omniscience isuntenable. From this it can be concludedthat definitions of knowledge whichappeal to such a concept of omnisciencelead to serious problems.
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  29.  26
    Bemerkung Zu R. Schüßlers 'Super-Lügner'.Elke Brendel - 1986 - Erkenntnis 24 (3):397 - 398.
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  30.  58
    Contextualisms in Epistemology.Elke Brendel & Christoph Jäger (eds.) - 2004 - Springer.
    Contextualism has become one of the leading paradigms in contemporary epistemology. According to this view, there is no context-independent standard of knowledge, and as a result, all knowledge ascriptions are context-sensitive. Contextualists contend that their account of this analysis allows us to resolve some major epistemological problems such as skeptical paradoxes and the lottery paradox, and that it helps us explain various other linguistic data about knowledge ascriptions. The apparent ease with which contextualism seems to solve numerous epistemological quandaries has (...)
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  31.  15
    Das Wissen von Holmes und Watson: Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit C.Z. Elgins Thesen zur epistemischen Wirkung der Dummheit.Elke Brendel - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 45 (1):89-103.
    C.Z. Elgins Argumente zur Unbrauchbarkeit des Wissensbegriffes für epistemologische Untersuchungen und die damit begründete Ersetzung des Wissensdurch den Verstehensbegriff werden anhand einer Analyse der Funktion von Begriffsexplikationen zur Bildung wahrer gerechtfertigter Überzeugungen zurückgewiesen. Die Verwendung grober Begriffskategorien, die mit einer Reduktion der Irrtumsmöglichkeit und somit einer leichten Bildung vieler gerechtfertigter Überzeugungen einhergeht, erweist sich nur vordergründig als epistemischer Vorteil für die Laien, da die so gewonnenen Uberzeugungen kognitiv weniger gehaltvoll sind, Experten aber neben den feineren gewöhnlich auch über die groben (...)
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  32.  18
    Die Autonomie der Syllogistik.Elke Brendel - 2007 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (1):145-149.
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  33.  65
    Partial Worlds and Paradox.Elke Brendel - 1993 - Erkenntnis 39 (2):191 - 208.
    Since universal language systems are confronted with serious paradoxical consequences, a semantic approach is developed in whichpartial worlds form the ontological basis. This approach shares withsituation semantics the basic idea that statements always refer to certain partial worlds, and it agrees with the extensional and model-theoretic character ofpossible worlds semantics. Within the framework of the partial worlds conception a satisfactory solution to theLiar paradox can be formulated. In particular, one advantage of this approach over those theories that are based on (...)
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  34.  9
    Das Wissen von Holmes und Watson: Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit C.Z. Elgins Thesen zur epistemischen Wirkung der Dummheit.Elke Brendel - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 45 (1):89-103.
    C.Z. Elgins Argumente zur Unbrauchbarkeit des Wissensbegriffes für epistemologische Untersuchungen und die damit begründete Ersetzung des Wissensdurch den Verstehensbegriff werden anhand einer Analyse der Funktion von Begriffsexplikationen zur Bildung wahrer gerechtfertigter Überzeugungen zurückgewiesen. Die Verwendung grober Begriffskategorien, die mit einer Reduktion der Irrtumsmöglichkeit und somit einer leichten Bildung vieler gerechtfertigter Überzeugungen einhergeht, erweist sich nur vordergründig als epistemischer Vorteil für die Laien, da die so gewonnenen Uberzeugungen kognitiv weniger gehaltvoll sind, Experten aber neben den feineren gewöhnlich auch über die groben (...)
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  35.  14
    Thomas Grundmanns Verteidigung Des Erkenntnistheoretischen Externalismus.Elke Brendel - 2005 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 68 (1):201-211.
  36.  13
    Vorwort.Elke Brendel & Rainer Trapp - 2001 - Erkenntnis 54 (1):3-5.
  37.  7
    Kapitel 7. Die Sprachstufentheorie Alfred Tarskis.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 75-86.
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  38.  2
    Knowledge.Elke Brendel - 2019 - In Ludger Kühnhardt & Tilman Mayer (eds.), The Bonn Handbook of Globality: Volume 1. Springer Verlag. pp. 237-245.
    This chapter gives an overview of important philosophical accounts of knowledge. It starts with Plato’s idea of knowledge as a certain true judgement with an account which stands as the origin of the famous tripartite analysis of knowledge as justified true belief in modern epistemology. Descartes’ concept of knowledge as clear and distinct perception is introduced and shown that it leads to a radical and universal skepticism regarding empirical knowledge of the external world. It is argued that twentieth-century philosophy of (...)
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  39.  5
    Das Wissen von Holmes und Watson: Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit C.Z. Elgins Thesen zur epistemischen Wirkung der Dummheit.Elke Brendel - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 45 (1):89-103.
    C.Z. Elgins Argumente zur Unbrauchbarkeit des Wissensbegriffes für epistemologische Untersuchungen und die damit begründete Ersetzung des Wissensdurch den Verstehensbegriff werden anhand einer Analyse der Funktion von Begriffsexplikationen zur Bildung wahrer gerechtfertigter Überzeugungen zurückgewiesen. Die Verwendung grober Begriffskategorien, die mit einer Reduktion der Irrtumsmöglichkeit und somit einer leichten Bildung vieler gerechtfertigter Überzeugungen einhergeht, erweist sich nur vordergründig als epistemischer Vorteil für die Laien, da die so gewonnenen Uberzeugungen kognitiv weniger gehaltvoll sind, Experten aber neben den feineren gewöhnlich auch über die groben (...)
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  40.  6
    Kapitel 10. Der situationssemantische Ansatz von Barwise und Etchemendy.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 135-180.
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  41.  5
    Kapitel 9. Theorien mit instabilen Wahrheitswerten.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 119-134.
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  42.  5
    Kapitel 8. Wahrheitswertlückentheorien.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 87-118.
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  43.  4
    Kapitel 1. Die Lügner-Antinomie im Überblick.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 1-18.
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  44.  4
    Kapitel 2. Die Ursprünge der Lügner-Antinomie.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 19-24.
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  45.  4
    Kapitel 3. Die Lügner-Diskussion im Mittelalter.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 25-40.
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  46.  4
    Kapitel 6. Die Sprache £.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 55-74.
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  47.  4
    Kapitel 11. Parakonsistente Theorien.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 181-208.
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  48.  4
    Kapitel 12. Zurück zu Tarski.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 209-216.
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  49.  1
    Argumentation.Elke Brendel - 2019 - In Ludger Kühnhardt & Tilman Mayer (eds.), The Bonn Handbook of Globality: Volume 1. Springer Verlag. pp. 329-337.
    Argumentation or reasoning is the act of rendering theses rationally justified or plausible, through appeal to specific premises and the use of logical inferences. The principal forms of logical inference are deductive, inductive, and abductive. The chapter outlines some common argumentative fallacies and discusses important modes of argumentation, such as the use of universalizing arguments, wedge arguments, arguments from authority, and arguments from analogy, arguing through thought experiments and allegories. In the light of the modern global turn, the focus of (...)
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  50.  3
    Kapitel 4. Der Lügner zur Zeit des 16. bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts.Elke Brendel - 1992 - In Die Wahrheit Über den Lügner: Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lügners. De Gruyter. pp. 41-44.
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