Results for 'Elizabeth Garrett'

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  1.  32
    Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options.Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
    Health care costs have been rising steadily in most industrialized countries. These increases are driven primarily by technological advances and, to a lesser degree, by aging of the population. Many factors make it unlikely that market forces alone will limit increases in the costs of health care. These unremitting increases make health care rationing appear both necessary and inevitable.One of the least controversial mechanisms for rationing could be to allow patients to make their own choices as to which kinds of (...)
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  2.  4
    Is There Coercion or Undue Inducement to Participate in Health Research in Developing Countries? An Example from Rakai, Uganda.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Maria J. Wawer, David Serwadda, Ron H. Gray, Elizabeth Garrett, Noah Kiwanuka, Mohammed Kiddugavu, Jennifer Wagman & Fred Nalugoda - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (2):141-149.
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  3. Anscombe on `I'.Brian Garrett - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):507-511.
    I examine the main arguments of Elizabeth Anscombe’s difficult but fecund paper ‘The First Person’. Anscombe argues that the first‐person singular is not a device of reference, and, in particular, that it is not a device of indexical reference. Both arguments fail, but in ways that we can learn from.
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  4.  10
    Anscombe On ‘I’.Brian Garrett - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):507-511.
    I examine the main arguments of Elizabeth Anscombe’s difficult but fecund paper ‘The First Person’. Anscombe argues that the first‐person singular is not a device of reference, and, in particular, that it is not a device of indexical reference. Both arguments fail, but in ways that we can learn from.
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  5.  22
    The Cambridge companion to Spinoza.Don Garrett (ed.) - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    In many ways, Benedict (Baruch) de Spinoza appears to be a contradictory figure in the history of philosophy. From the beginning, he has been notorious as an "atheist" who seeks to substitute Nature for a personal deity; yet he was also, in Novalis's famous description, "the God-intoxicated man." He was an uncompromising necessitarian and causal determinist; yet his ethical ideal was to become a "free man." He maintained that the human mind and the human body are identical; yet he also (...)
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  6. Reply to Radcliffe and Garrett.Rachel Cohon - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (2):277-288.
    Earlier versions of the four articles which follow were presented at a book panel session, on Rachel Cohon's Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication, at the Hume Society meetings in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in August 2009.I am deeply grateful to Lívia Guimarães and Donald L. M. Baxter for planning this session, and to Elizabeth S. Radcliffe and Don Garrett for serving as my critics. I have been asked to begin by summarizing my book in a few minutes.Hume's Morality: Feeling (...)
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  7.  77
    Reply to Radcliffe and Garrett.Rachel Cohon - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (2):277-288.
    I thank both my critics for their praise, their searching comments and objections, and their careful attention to my book. In the very short time allotted to respond to them both, I will address their objections in an integrated way, following the order of my book.Both Elizabeth Radcliffe and Don Garrett protest that for the last twenty years the noncognitivist reading has not dominated Hume scholarship in the way that I suggest when I include it in the common (...)
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  8. What is the point of equality.Elizabeth Anderson - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):287-337.
  9.  74
    The Imperative of Integration.Elizabeth Anderson - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    More than forty years have passed since Congress, in response to the Civil Rights Movement, enacted sweeping antidiscrimination laws in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. As a signal achievement of that legacy, in 2008, Americans elected their first African American president. Some would argue that we have finally arrived at a postracial America, butThe Imperative of Integration indicates otherwise. Elizabeth Anderson demonstrates that, despite progress toward (...)
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  10.  21
    The Philosophy of Envy, written by Sara Protasi.Carissa Phillips-Garrett - 2024 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 21 (1-2):203-206.
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  11. weighing reasons.Garrett Cullity - 2018 - In Daniel Star (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    What is involved in weighing normative reasons against each other? One attractive answer offers us the following Simple Picture: a fact is a reason for action when it bears to an action the normative relation of counting in its favour; this relation comes in different strengths or weights; the weights of the reasons for and against an action can be summed; the reasons for performing the action are sufficient when no other action is more strongly supported, overall; the reasons are (...)
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  12. Business Ethics: Game Theory.Garrett Pendergraft - 2023 - In Lakshmi B. Nair (ed.), Sage Business Foundations.
    Game theory involves deliberating about what to do in light of what other people are likely to do. One of the central frameworks of game theory is the prisoner’s dilemma, in which participants who make rational choices end up in suboptimal outcomes. Using the prisoner’s dilemma to model competition between firms sets the stage for a new and promising approach to business ethics: the market failures approach.
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  13. Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.Elizabeth Anderson - 2014 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
    Feminist epistemology and philosophy of science studies the ways in which gender does and ought to influence our conceptions of knowledge, the knowing subject, and practices of inquiry and justification. It identifies ways in which dominant conceptions and practices of knowledge attribution, acquisition, and justification systematically disadvantage women and other subordinated groups, and strives to reform these conceptions and practices so that they serve the interests of these groups. Various practitioners of feminist epistemology and philosophy of science argue that dominant (...)
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  14.  21
    Chesterton en la Evangelización de la Cultura.Pro Dr Danilo Eterovic Garrett - 2007 - The Chesterton Review En Español 1 (1):90-93.
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  15. Complicating security: The multiple narratives emerging from the Ukraine crisis.Crister S. Garrett - 2018 - In Artur Gruszczak & Pawel Frankowski (eds.), Technology, ethics and the protocols of modern war. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  16.  8
    A hermeneutic analysis of military operations in Afghanistan.Garrett J. Lawless - 2017 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. Edited by Philippe Constantineau & A. G. Dizboni.
    This book introduces the field of hermeneutics through a critique of military operations in Afghanistan. Following a brief survey of modern political history of the country, the authors examine the link between cultural factors and the inefficiency of nation-building operations. Additionally, the project discusses contending academic approaches to culture, and identifies shortcomings in their theoretical propositions for military operations in failed states. Ultimately, this volume contextualizes the evolution of hermeneutical thinking and the benefits it provides in assessing the transformation of (...)
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  17. Second-hand knowledge.Elizabeth Fricker - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):592–618.
    We citizens of the 21st century live in a world where division of epistemic labour rules. Most of what we know we learned from the spoken or written word of others, and we depend in endless practical ways on the technological fruits of the dispersed knowledge of others—of which we often know almost nothing—in virtually every moment of our lives. Interest has been growing in recent years amongst philosophers, in the issues in epistemology raised by this fact. One issue concerns (...)
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  18.  20
    Personal Identity.Brian Garrett - 1992 - Noûs 26 (1):128-130.
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  19.  95
    The Tragedy of the Commons.Garrett Hardin - 1968 - Science 162 (3859):1243-1248.
    At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, Wiesner and York concluded that: "Both sides in the arms race are... confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.".
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  20. Permissivism, Underdetermination, and Evidence.Elizabeth Jackson & Margaret Greta Turnbull - 2024 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 358–370.
    Permissivism is the thesis that, for some body of evidence and a proposition p, there is more than one rational doxastic attitude any agent with that evidence can take toward p. Proponents of uniqueness deny permissivism, maintaining that every body of evidence always determines a single rational doxastic attitude. In this paper, we explore the debate between permissivism and uniqueness about evidence, outlining some of the major arguments on each side. We then consider how permissivism can be understood as an (...)
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  21. Pragmatic Arguments for Theism.Elizabeth Jackson - 2023 - In John Greco, Tyler Dalton McNabb & Jonathan Fuqua (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Religious Epistemology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–82.
    Traditional theistic arguments conclude that God exists. Pragmatic theistic arguments, by contrast, conclude that you ought to believe in God. The two most famous pragmatic theistic arguments are put forth by Blaise Pascal (1662) and William James (1896). Pragmatic arguments for theism can be summarized as follows: believing in God has significant benefits, and these benefits aren’t available for the unbeliever. Thus, you should believe in, or ‘wager on’, God. This article distinguishes between various kinds of theistic wagers, including finite (...)
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  22. Minimal marriage: What political liberalism implies for marriage law.Elizabeth Brake - 2010 - Ethics 120 (2):302-337.
    Recent defenses of same-sex marriage and polygamy have invoked the liberal doctrines of neutrality and public reason. Such reasoning is generally sound but does not go far enough. This paper traces the full implications of political liberalism for marriage. I argue that the constraints of public reason, applied to marriage law, entail ‘minimal marriage’, the most extensive set of state-determined restrictions on marriage compatible with political liberalism. Minimal marriage sets no principled restrictions on the sex or number of spouses and (...)
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  23. Moral philosophy : practical and speculative.Aaron Garrett & Colin Heydt - 2015 - In Aaron Garrett & James Anthony Harris (eds.), Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century. Oxford University Press.
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  24.  13
    The calling of the virtuous manager: Politics_ shepherded by _practical wisdom.Garrett Potts - 2020 - Business Ethics 29 (S1):6-16.
    This paper extends an ongoing discussion about establishing a sharper way to conduct ethical investigations into managerial virtue. It does so by relying on Alasdair MacIntyre's moral philosophy in place of those more dominant approaches taken by scholars who make up the field of positive social science. A connection is drawn herein between a MacIntyrean “narrative approach” to investigating managerial virtue and the idea of “work as a calling.” Specifically, it will be argued that the MacIntyrean‐influenced idea of “work as (...)
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  25.  34
    Spinoza.Don Garrett - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):952-955.
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  26. Back to the open future.Elizabeth Barnes & Ross P. Cameron - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):1-26.
    Many of us are tempted by the thought that the future is open, whereas the past is not. The future might unfold one way, or it might unfold another; but the past, having occurred, is now settled. In previous work we presented an account of what openness consists in: roughly, that the openness of the future is a matter of it being metaphysically indeterminate how things will turn out to be. We were previously concerned merely with presenting the view and (...)
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  27.  29
    For effective sensorimotor processing must there be explicit representations and reconciliation of differing frames of reference?Garrett E. Alexander - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):321-322.
  28.  10
    Philosophy made slightly less difficult: a beginner's guide to life's big questions.Garrett J. DeWeese - 2021 - Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic. Edited by James Porter Moreland.
    Philosophy is thinking critically about questions that matter. But many people find philosophy intimidating, so they never discover how it can help them engage ideas, culture, and even their faith. In this second edition of a classic text, Garrett DeWeese and J. P. Moreland use straightforward language with plenty of everyday examples to help to make philosophy a little less difficult.
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  29. Do cortical and basal ganglionic motor areas use “motor programs” to control movement?Garrett E. Alexander, Mahlon R. DeLong & Michael D. Crutcher - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):656-665.
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  30.  11
    Spinoza's Monistic Metaphysics of Substance and Mode.Don Garrett - 2021 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed (ed.), A Companion to Spinoza. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. pp. 93–107.
    Commentators have offered interpretations over many years of the nature and status of the attributes in Spinoza's metaphysics, but attributes are best understood as diverse manners of existence, so that a substance having more than one attribute exists in more than one manner. Spinoza's monistic metaphysics of substance and mode allows him to offer an appealing conception of the nature of space. Spinoza's monistic metaphysics provides the basis for a positive account of how particular things constitute things at all. All (...)
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  31. Spinoza on the Essence of the Human Body.Don Garrett - 2009 - In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s _Ethics_. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 284--302.
     
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  32. Supporting Black womyn associate professors to the full professorship.Stacey D. Garrett & Natasha N. Croom - 2023 - In Christa J. Porter, V. Thandi Sulé & Natasha N. Croom (eds.), Black feminist epistemology, research, and praxis: narratives in and through the academy. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  33. Supporting Black womyn associate professors to the full professorship.Stacey D. Garrett & Natasha N. Croom - 2023 - In Christa J. Porter, V. Thandi Sulé & Natasha N. Croom (eds.), Black feminist epistemology, research, and praxis: narratives in and through the academy. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  34. Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century II: Method, Metaphysics, Mind, Language.Aaron Garrett & James A. Harris (eds.) - 2023 - Oxford University Press.
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  35.  71
    Meaning In Life.Garrett Thomson - 2015 - Philosophical Papers 44 (3):439-444.
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  36.  13
    An Essay on Free Will.B. J. Garrett - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):171-172.
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  37.  31
    A Self‐Organizing Approach to Subject–Verb Number Agreement.Garrett Smith, Julie Franck & Whitney Tabor - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):1043-1074.
    We present a self-organizing approach to sentence processing that sheds new light on notional plurality effects in agreement attraction, using pseudopartitive subject noun phrases. We first show that notional plurality ratings predict verb agreement choices in pseudopartitives, in line with the “Marking” component of the Marking and Morphing theory of agreement processing. However, no account to date has derived notional plurality values from independently needed principles of language processing. We argue on the basis of new experimental evidence and a dynamical (...)
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  38.  11
    The Cambridge companion to Nietzsche.Don Garrett, Bernd Magnus, Kathleen Marie Higgins & Kathleen Higgins (eds.) - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    The significance of Friedrich Nietzsche for twentieth century culture is now no longer a matter of dispute. He was quite simply one of the most influential of modern thinkers. The opening essay of this 1996 Companion provides a chronologically organised introduction to and summary of Nietzsche's published works, while also providing an overview of their basic themes and concerns. It is followed by three essays on the appropriation and misappropriation of his writings, and a group of essays exploring the nature (...)
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  39. Disability studies, conceptual engineering, and conceptual activism.Elizabeth Amber Cantalamessa - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 64 (1-2):46-75.
    In this project I am concerned with the extent to which conceptual engineering happens in domains outside of philosophy, and if so, what that might look like. Specifically, I’ll argue that...
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  40.  14
    The incorporeal: ontology, ethics, and the limits of materialism.Elizabeth A. Grosz - 2017 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    A new resolution of the mind-body problem that reconciles materialism and idealism.
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  41. Uses of value judgments in science : a general argument, with lessons from a case study of feminist research on divorce.Elizabeth Anderson - 2018 - In Timothy Rutzou & George Steinmetz (eds.), Critical realism, history, and philosophy in the social sciences. Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.
     
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  42.  20
    A Principled Approach to Feature Selection in Models of Sentence Processing.Garrett Smith & Shravan Vasishth - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (12):e12918.
    Among theories of human language comprehension, cue‐based memory retrieval has proven to be a useful framework for understanding when and how processing difficulty arises in the resolution of long‐distance dependencies. Most previous work in this area has assumed that very general retrieval cues like [+subject] or [+singular] do the work of identifying (and sometimes misidentifying) a retrieval target in order to establish a dependency between words. However, recent work suggests that general, handpicked retrieval cues like these may not be enough (...)
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  43.  87
    Making Quasi-Realists Admit of Fundamental Moral Fallibility.Garrett Lam - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):294-303.
    If the quasi-realist wants to earn the right to talk like a moral realist, he needs to be able to make sense of moral error. A special form of error—fundamental moral error—is often thought to be u...
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  44.  13
    Grounding Cosmopolitanism: From Kant to the Idea of a Cosmopolitan Constitution.Garrett Wallace Brown - 2009 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    In a new interpretation, Garrett Wallace Brown considers Kant's cosmopolitan thought as a form of international constitutional jurisprudence that requires minimal legal demands. He explores and defends topics such as cosmopolitan law, cosmopolitan right, the laws of hospitality, a Kantian federation of states, a cosmopolitan epistemology of culture and a possible normative basis for a Kantian form of global distributive justice.
  45.  4
    Animal Attractions: Nature on Display in American Zoos.Elizabeth Hanson - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
    On a rainy day in May 1988, a lowland gorilla named Willie B. stepped outdoors for the first time in twenty-seven years, into a new landscape immersion exhibit. Born in Africa, Willie B. had been captured by an animal collector and sold to a zoo. During the decades he spent in a cage, zoos stopped collecting animals from the wild and Americans changed the ways they wished to view animals in the zoo. Zoos developed new displays to simulate landscapes like (...)
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  46.  34
    What's real in political philosophy?Elizabeth Frazer - 2010 - Contemporary Political Theory 9 (4):490-507.
  47.  82
    Louis Osgood Kattsoff. Modality and probability. The philosophical review, vol. 46 (1937), pp. 78–85.Garrett Birkhoff & John von Neumann - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):44-44.
  48. Hume's system of the sciences.Don Garrett - 2019 - In Angela Coventry & Alex Sager (eds.), _The Humean Mind_. New York: Routledge.
  49. Adam Smith : history and impartiality.Aaron Garrett & Ryan Hanley - 2015 - In Aaron Garrett & James Anthony Harris (eds.), Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century. Oxford University Press.
     
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  50. Pranksta rap" : humor as difference in hip hop.Charles Hiroshi Garrett - 2015 - In Olivia Ashley Bloechl, Melanie Diane Lowe & Jeffrey Kallberg (eds.), Rethinking difference in music scholarship. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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