Results for 'Elizabeth G. McFarland'

998 found
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  1. Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  2. The Relationship Between Belief and Credence.Elizabeth G. Jackson - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (6):1–13.
    Sometimes epistemologists theorize about belief, a tripartite attitude on which one can believe, withhold belief, or disbelieve a proposition. In other cases, epistemologists theorize about credence, a fine-grained attitude that represents one’s subjective probability or confidence level toward a proposition. How do these two attitudes relate to each other? This article explores the relationship between belief and credence in two categories: descriptive and normative. It then explains the broader significance of the belief-credence connection and concludes with general lessons from the (...)
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  3.  61
    Enhancing Understanding of Moral Distress: The Measure of Moral Distress for Health Care Professionals.Elizabeth G. Epstein, Phyllis B. Whitehead, Chuleeporn Prompahakul, Leroy R. Thacker & Ann B. Hamric - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (2):113-124.
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  4.  21
    Effect of a Moral Distress Consultation Service on Moral Distress, Empowerment, and a Healthy Work Environment.Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ruhee Shah & Mary Faith Marshall - 2021 - HEC Forum 35 (1):21-35.
    Background: Healthcare providers who are accountable for patient care safety and quality but who are not empowered to actualize them experience moral distress. Interventions to mitigate moral distress in the healthcare organization are needed. Objective: To evaluate the effect on moral distress and clinician empowerment of an established, health-system-wide intervention, Moral Distress Consultation. Methods: A quasi-experimental, mixed methods study using pre/post surveys, structured interviews, and evaluation of consult themes was used. Consults were requested by staff when moral distress was present. (...)
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  5.  32
    Is Broader Better?Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ashley R. Hurst, Dea Mahanes, Mary Faith Marshall & Ann B. Hamric - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):15-17.
    In their article “A Broader Understanding of Moral Distress,” Campbell, Ulrich, and Grady (2016) correctly assert that moral distress is well established in the nursing literature and is gaining at...
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  6.  19
    Incidental Findings in CT Colonography: Literature Review and Survey of Current Research Practice.Hassan Siddiki, J. G. Fletcher, Beth McFarland, Nora Dajani, Nicholas Orme, Barbara Koenig, Marguerite Strobel & Susan M. Wolf - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):320-331.
    Incidental fndings of potential medical signifcance are seen in approximately 5-8 percent of asymptomatic subjects and 16 percent of symptomatic subjects participating in large computed tomography colonography studies, with the incidence varying further by CT acquisition technique. While most CTC research programs have a well-defned plan to detect and disclose IFs, such plans are largely communicated only verbally. Written consent documents should also inform subjects of how IFs of potential medical signifcance will be detected and reported in CTC research studies.
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  7.  13
    Commentary “A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where have all the Undergraduates Gone?” Collaborating with Behavior Analysts Could Avert a Crisis in Comparative Psychology.Elizabeth G. E. Kyonka, Shrinidhi Subramaniam, Daniel Bell-Garrison & Matthew L. Eckard - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  8.  13
    Wine, Women and Song: Gender Roles in Corinthian Cult.Elizabeth G. Pemberton - 2000 - Kernos 13:85-106.
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  9.  15
    Using Vector Autoregression Modeling to Reveal Bidirectional Relationships in Gender/Sex-Related Interactions in Mother–Infant Dyads.Elizabeth G. Eason, Nicole S. Carver, Damian G. Kelty-Stephen & Anne Fausto-Sterling - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Vector autoregression (VAR) modeling allows probing bidirectional relationships in gender/sex development and may support hypothesis testing following multi-modal data collection. We show VAR in three lights: supporting a hypothesis, rejecting a hypothesis, and opening up new questions. To illustrate these capacities of VAR, we reanalyzed longitudinal data that recorded dyadic mother-infant interactions for 15 boys and 15 girls aged 3 to 11 months of age. We examined monthly counts of 15 infant behaviors and 13 maternal behaviors (Seifert et al., 1994). (...)
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  10.  10
    Challenging procedures used in systematic reviews by promoting a case‐based approach to the analysis of qualitative methods in nursing trials.Elizabeth G. Creamer, Timothy C. Guetterman, Ishtar Govia & Michael D. Fetters - 2021 - Nursing Inquiry 28 (2):e12393.
    This methodological discussion invites critical reflection about the procedures used to analyze the contribution of qualitative and mixed methods research to nursing trials by mounting an argument that these should rest on multiple publications produced about a project, rather than a single article. We illustrate the value‐added of this approach with findings from a qualitative, cross‐case analysis of three critical case exemplars from nursing researchers that each used a qualitative approach with a mixed method phase. The holistic lens afforded by (...)
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  11.  15
    PTSD symptoms in religious leaders: Prevalence, stressors, and associations with narcissism.Elizabeth G. Ruffing, Chance A. Bell & Steven J. Sandage - 2021 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 43 (1):21-40.
    Religious leaders face numerous mental health challenges, and prior research suggests that some experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder due to work-related experiences. This study employed a diverse sample of 274 religious leaders to qualitatively describe the types of work-related experiences they identify as particularly stressful or overwhelming, assess the prevalence of PTSD symptoms associated with these experiences, and test hypothesized associations between PTSD symptoms and narcissism. The study found that the stressful experiences reported typically involved relational conflict, having limited (...)
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  12.  12
    Christian Philosophy and The Social Sciences.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:100-103.
  13.  15
    Ethics and Epistemology.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1957 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 31:51-65.
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  14.  13
    Galileo.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1962 - International Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):621-628.
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  15.  9
    Galileo.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1962 - International Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):621-628.
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  16.  5
    Knowledge and expression.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 29:15-22.
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  17.  7
    Le philosophe et la théologie.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1961 - International Philosophical Quarterly 1 (4):697-713.
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  18.  18
    Mathematical Roots of Cartesian Metaphysics.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1965 - New Scholasticism 39 (2):158-169.
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  19.  9
    Strengths and opportunities in research into extracellular matrix ageing: A consultation with the ECMage research community.Matthew J. Dalby, Vanja Pekovic-Vaughan, Daryl P. Shanley, Joe Swift, Lisa J. White & Elizabeth G. Canty-Laird - 2024 - Bioessays 46 (5):2300223.
    Ageing causes progressive decline in metabolic, behavioural, and physiological functions, leading to a reduced health span. The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the three‐dimensional network of macromolecules that provides our tissues with structure and biomechanical resilience. Imbalance between damage and repair/regeneration causes the ECM to undergo structural deterioration with age, contributing to age‐associated pathology. The ECM ‘Ageing Across the Life Course’ interdisciplinary research network (ECMage) was established to bring together researchers in the United Kingdom, and internationally, working on the emerging field (...)
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  20.  9
    What Is Being?OntologyNatural TheologyThe Cause of BeingMetaphysica Generalis.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1954 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (4):613 - 631.
    This critical study will cover studies in being by F. Van Steenberghen, G. Smith, J. F. Anderson, and G. Esser. Yet if each metaphysician has such difficulty in understanding and in expressing the meaning of "being," one who is comparing these different expressions may be excused if he fail to give full justice to each in that comparison. It can only be hoped that in the attempt to understand these worthwhile expositions of the meaning of "being" one may aid in (...)
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  21.  30
    Philosophy and the Unity of Wisdom.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1953 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 27:1.
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  22.  8
    Philosophy of the Sciences.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:179-182.
  23.  29
    Physical Sciences and Causality.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:117-123.
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  24.  5
    Physical Sciences and Causality.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:117-123.
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  25.  29
    Reverend George Bull, S.J.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1939 - New Scholasticism 13 (2):205-205.
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  26.  44
    Summary of Discussion in Division A.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:117-119.
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  27.  5
    Summary of Discussion in Division B.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:109-111.
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  28.  7
    Summary of Discussion in Division D.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:179-182.
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  29.  6
    Summary of Discussion in Division A.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:117-119.
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  30. Third Award of the Cardinal Spellman-Aquinas Medal To Gerard Smith.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 29:13.
     
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  31.  6
    Third Award of the Cardinal Spellman-Aquinas Medal.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 29:15-22.
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  32.  12
    Third Award of the Cardinal Spellman-Aquinas Medal.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 29:15-22.
  33.  28
    The Cartesian Circle.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1938 - New Scholasticism 12 (4):378-391.
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  34.  16
    The good in existential metaphysics.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1953 - Milwaukee,: Marquette University Press.
  35.  16
    The Image of God.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1965 - New Scholasticism 39 (3):394-397.
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  36.  4
    Women's persistence in undergraduate Majors:: The effects of gender-disproportionate representation.Elizabeth G. Menaghan & Stacy J. Rogers - 1991 - Gender and Society 5 (4):549-564.
    Women's lack of participation in science and technology careers is foreshadowed by their low participation in these undergraduate majors. Kanter's theory of tokenism suggests that the effects of being in the numerical minority are responsible for women's absence from the science and technology pipeline. This article uses data from a sample of undergraduate women at a large state university to consider the effects of gender-disproportionate enrollment on women's persistence in majors. Many of the male-dominated majors were in science and technology (...)
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  37.  26
    Some characteristics of achievement motivation.Elizabeth G. French - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (4):232.
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  38.  16
    Measure for Measure: Condemning the Actor and Not the Fault.Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ashley R. Hurst, Dawn Bourne & Mary Faith Marshall - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (4):66-68.
    Kolbe and de Melo-Martin’s (2023) arguments draw attention to what is most useful about moral distress—identifying its causes is at least as important as measuring its severity. Jameton’s original...
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  39.  11
    Watch out! Directional threat-related postures cue attention and the eyes.Bobby Azarian, Elizabeth G. Esser & Matthew S. Peterson - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (3):561-569.
  40.  10
    Moral distress experienced by non-Western nurses: An integrative review.Chuleeporn Prompahakul & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2020 - Nursing Ethics 27 (3):778-795.
    Background: Moral distress has been identified as a significant issue in nursing practice for many decades. However, most studies have involved American nurses or Western medicine settings. Cultural differences between Western and non-Western countries might influence the experience of moral distress. Therefore, the literature regarding moral distress experiences among non-Western nurses is in need of review. Aim: The aim of this integrative review was to identify, describe, and synthesize previous primary studies on moral distress experienced by non-Western nurses. Review method: (...)
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  41.  26
    A Health System-wide Moral Distress Consultation Service: Development and Evaluation.Ann B. Hamric & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (2):127-143.
    Although moral distress is now a well-recognized phenomenon among all of the healthcare professions, few evidence-based strategies have been published to address it. In morally distressing situations, the “presenting problem” may be a particular patient situation, but most often signals a deeper unit- or system-centered issue. This article describes one institution’s ongoing effort to address moral distress in its providers. We discuss the development and evaluation of the Moral Distress Consultation Service, an interprofessional, unit/system-oriented approach to addressing and ameliorating moral (...)
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  42.  30
    Reinvigorating ethics consultations: An impetus from the “quality” debate. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Nilson & Joseph J. Fins - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (4):298-304.
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  43.  10
    Looking at the Positive Side of Moral Distress: Why It’s a Problem.Ashley R. Hurst & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2017 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 28 (1):37-41.
    Moral distress, is, at its core, an organizational problem. It is experienced on a personal level, but its causes originate within the system itself. In this commentary, we argue that moral distress is not inherently good, that effective interventions must address the external sources of moral distress, and that while there is a place for resilience in the healthcare professions, it cannot be an effective antidote to moral distress.
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  44.  27
    Moral Hazard and Moral Distress: A Marriage Made in Purgatory.Mary Faith Marshall & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):46-48.
  45.  9
    An lntroduction to the Philosophy of Being. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1957 - New Scholasticism 31 (1):126-130.
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  46.  13
    Against the Academics. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1952 - New Scholasticism 26 (4):492-493.
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  47.  18
    Augustine’s View of Reality. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1966 - New Scholasticism 40 (1):125-126.
  48.  8
    Augustine’s View of Reality. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1966 - New Scholasticism 40 (1):125-126.
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  49.  31
    Logic and Reality in Leibniz’s Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1967 - New Scholasticism 41 (3):407-413.
  50.  20
    Human Destiny. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1947 - Modern Schoolman 25 (1):78-85.
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