Results for 'Elhanan Borenstein'

56 found
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  1.  28
    The Evolutionary Link Between Mirror Neurons and Imitation: An Evolutionary Adaptive Agents Model.Elhanan Borenstein & Eytan Ruppin - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):127-128.
    This commentary validates the fundamental evolutionary interconnection between the emergence of imitation and the mirror system. We present a novel computational framework for studying the evolutionary origins of imitative behavior and examining the emerging underlying mechanisms. Evolutionary adaptive agents that evolved in this framework demonstrate the emergence of neural “mirror” mechanisms analogous to those found in biological systems.
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  2. Igrot R. Yitsḥaḳ Elḥanan: Ḳovets Igrot U-Maʼamarim: Be-ʻinyene Ḥizuḳ Ha-Torah Ṿeha-Yeshivot, Rabanut U-Ḳehilot Yiśraʼel. [REVIEW]Isaac Elhanan Spektor - 2004 - [Yaʻaḳov Ḳosovsḳi Shaḥor].
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  3.  52
    The Engineering and Science Issues Test : A Discipline-Specific Approach to Assessing Moral Judgment.Matthew Jason Borenstein, Robert Kirkman J. Drake & L. Swann Julie - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):387-407.
    To assess ethics pedagogy in science and engineering, we developed a new tool called the Engineering and Science Issues Test. ESIT measures moral judgment in a manner similar to the Defining Issues Test, second edition, but is built around technical dilemmas in science and engineering. We used a quasi-experimental approach with pre- and post-tests, and we compared the results to those of a control group with no overt ethics instruction. Our findings are that several stand-alone classes showed a significant improvement (...)
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  4.  99
    Self-Driving Cars and Engineering Ethics: The Need for a System Level Analysis.Jason Borenstein, Joseph R. Herkert & Keith W. Miller - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):383-398.
    The literature on self-driving cars and ethics continues to grow. Yet much of it focuses on ethical complexities emerging from an individual vehicle. That is an important but insufficient step towards determining how the technology will impact human lives and society more generally. What must complement ongoing discussions is a broader, system level of analysis that engages with the interactions and effects that these cars will have on one another and on the socio-technical systems in which they are embedded. To (...)
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  5. Spinoza and the Case for Philosophy.Elhanan Yakira - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book analyzes three often-debated questions of Spinoza's legacy: was Spinoza a religious thinker? How should we understand Spinoza's mind-body doctrine? What meaning can be given to Spinoza's notions - such as salvation, beatitude, and freedom - which are seemingly incompatible with his determinism, his secularism, and his critique of religion. Through a close reading of often-overlooked sections from Spinoza's Ethics, Elhanan Yakira argues that these seemingly conflicting elements are indeed compatible, despite Spinoza's iconoclastic meanings. Yakira argues that Ethics (...)
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  6.  50
    Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being.Jason Borenstein & Ron Arkin - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):31-46.
    Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More specifically, we use Rawlsian principles of justice to illustrate how robots might nurture “socially just” tendencies in their human counterparts. Designing technological artifacts in such a (...)
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  7.  89
    The Ugly Truth About Ourselves and Our Robot Creations: The Problem of Bias and Social Inequity.Ayanna Howard & Jason Borenstein - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1521-1536.
    Recently, there has been an upsurge of attention focused on bias and its impact on specialized artificial intelligence applications. Allegations of racism and sexism have permeated the conversation as stories surface about search engines delivering job postings for well-paying technical jobs to men and not women, or providing arrest mugshots when keywords such as “black teenagers” are entered. Learning algorithms are evolving; they are often created from parsing through large datasets of online information while having truth labels bestowed on them (...)
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  8.  42
    Contentious Problems in Bioscience and Biotechnology: A Pilot Study of an Approach to Ethics Education.Roberta M. Berry, Jason Borenstein & Robert J. Butera - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):653-668.
    This manuscript describes a pilot study in ethics education employing a problem-based learning approach to the study of novel, complex, ethically fraught, unavoidably public, and unavoidably divisive policy problems, called “fractious problems,” in bioscience and biotechnology. Diverse graduate and professional students from four US institutions and disciplines spanning science, engineering, humanities, social science, law, and medicine analyzed fractious problems employing “navigational skills” tailored to the distinctive features of these problems. The students presented their results to policymakers, stakeholders, experts, and members (...)
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  9.  33
    The Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT): A Discipline-Specific Approach to Assessing Moral Judgment. [REVIEW]Jason Borenstein, Matthew J. Drake, Robert Kirkman & Julie L. Swann - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):387-407.
    To assess ethics pedagogy in science and engineering, we developed a new tool called the Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT). ESIT measures moral judgment in a manner similar to the Defining Issues Test, second edition, but is built around technical dilemmas in science and engineering. We used a quasi-experimental approach with pre- and post-tests, and we compared the results to those of a control group with no overt ethics instruction. Our findings are that several (but not all) stand-alone classes (...)
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  10.  22
    The Boeing 737 MAX: Lessons for Engineering Ethics.Joseph Herkert, Jason Borenstein & Keith Miller - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):2957-2974.
    The crash of two 737 MAX passenger aircraft in late 2018 and early 2019, and subsequent grounding of the entire fleet of 737 MAX jets, turned a global spotlight on Boeing’s practices and culture. Explanations for the crashes include: design flaws within the MAX’s new flight control software system designed to prevent stalls; internal pressure to keep pace with Boeing’s chief competitor, Airbus; Boeing’s lack of transparency about the new software; and the lack of adequate monitoring of Boeing by the (...)
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  11.  22
    Spinoza: A Life (Review).Elhanan Yakira - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (1):123-124.
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  12. One, the Essence of the Jewish Home: Reflections on the Respect and Trust That Make a Family.Elḥanan Yosef Hertsman - 1978 - [S.N.].
     
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  13.  40
    Elhanan Wasserman's Response to the Growing Catastrophe in Europe: The Role of Ha'gra and Hofets Hayim Upon His Thought.Gershon Greenberg - 2001 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 10 (1):171-204.
  14.  34
    Nudging for Good: Robots and the Ethical Appropriateness of Nurturing Empathy and Charitable Behavior.Borenstein Jason & C. Arkin Ronald - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (4):499-507.
    An under-examined aspect of human–robot interaction that warrants further exploration is whether robots should be permitted to influence a user’s behavior for that person’s own good. Yet an even more controversial practice could be on the horizon, which is allowing a robot to “nudge” a user’s behavior for the good of society. In this article, we examine the feasibility of creating companion robots that would seek to nurture a user’s empathy toward other human beings. As more and more computing devices (...)
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  15.  25
    Understanding Ill-Structured Engineering Ethics Problems Through a Collaborative Learning and Argument Visualization Approach.Michael Hoffmann & Jason Borenstein - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):261-276.
    As a committee of the National Academy of Engineering recognized, ethics education should foster the ability of students to analyze complex decision situations and ill-structured problems. Building on the NAE’s insights, we report about an innovative teaching approach that has two main features: first, it places the emphasis on deliberation and on self-directed, problem-based learning in small groups of students; and second, it focuses on understanding ill-structured problems. The first innovation is motivated by an abundance of scholarly research that supports (...)
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  16.  2
    Bias Detection by Using Name Disparity Tables Across Protected Groups.Elhanan Mishraky, Aviv Ben Arie, Yair Horesh & Shir Meir Lador - 2022 - Journal of Responsible Technology 9:100020.
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  17.  37
    Responsible Authorship in Engineering Fields: An Overview of Current Ethical Challenges.Jason Borenstein - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):355-364.
    The primary aim of this article is to identify ethical challenges relating to authorship in engineering fields. Professional organizations and journals do provide crucial guidance in this realm, but this cannot replace the need for frequent and diligent discussions in engineering research communities about what constitutes appropriate authorship practice. Engineering researchers should seek to identify and address issues such as who is entitled to be an author and whether publishing their research could potentially harm the public.
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  18. Leibniz's Science of the Rational.Emily Grosholz & Elhanan Yakira - 1998 - Franz Steiner Verlag.
    This book explicates Leibnizian analysis as a search for conditions of intelligibility, and reconsiders his use of principles and methods as well as his account of truth in this way. Via careful reading of well-known, lesser known, and previously unedited texts, it gives a more accurate picture of his philosophical intentions, as well as the relevance of his project to contemporary debate. Two case studies are included, one concerning logic and the other arithmetic; they illustrate a theory of intelligibility that (...)
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  19. Time and Space, Science and Philosophy in the Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence.Elhanan Yakira - 2012 - Studia Leibnitiana 44 (1):14-32.
  20. Contrainte, nécessité, choix : la métaphysique de la liberté chez Spinoza et Leibniz.Elhanan Yakira - 1994 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 99 (4):547-549.
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  21.  47
    The Intervention of Robot Caregivers and the Cultivation of Children’s Capability to Play.Yvette Pearson & Jason Borenstein - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):123-137.
    In this article, the authors examine whether and how robot caregivers can contribute to the welfare of children with various cognitive and physical impairments by expanding recreational opportunities for these children. The capabilities approach is used as a basis for informing the relevant discussion. Though important in its own right, having the opportunity to play is essential to the development of other capabilities central to human flourishing. Drawing from empirical studies, the authors show that the use of various types of (...)
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  22.  1
    Leibniz and Adam.Marcelo Dascal & Elhanan Yakira (eds.) - 1993
  23. Custom: An Essay on Social Codes.Ferdinand Tönnies & A. Farrell Borenstein - 1963 - Science and Society 27 (4):490-492.
     
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  24.  90
    Robots and the Changing Workforce.Jason Borenstein - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (1):87-93.
    The use of robotic workers is likely to continue to increase as time passes. Hence it is crucial to examine the types of effects this occurrence could have on employment patterns. Invariably, as new job opportunities emerge due to robotic innovations, others will be closed off. Further, the characteristics of the workforce in terms of age, education, and income could profoundly change as a result.
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  25. Contrainte, nécessité, choix.Elhanan Yakira - 1991 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 53 (3):547-548.
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  26. Contrainte, Nécessité, Choix la Métaphysique de la Liberté Chez Spinoza Et Chez Leibniz.Elhanan Yakira - 1989
  27. [Logiòkah, Higayon, Maòhashavah, Didaòkòtiòkah, Filosofyah].Elhanan Yakira, Yehoshu°A. Maòtyaâs, Shemu®el Sòkolniòkov, Eli°Ezer Broyar & Ilanah Margolin - 1942
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  28. The Wisdom of Caution: Genetic Enhancement and Future Children.Jason Borenstein - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (4):517-530.
    Many scholars predict that the technology to modify unborn children genetically is on the horizon. According to supporters of genetic enhancement, allowing parents to select a child’s traits will enable him/her to experience a better life. Following their logic, the technology will not only increase our knowledge base and generate cures for genetic illness, but it may enable us to increase the intelligence, strength, and longevity of future generations as well. Yet it must be examined whether supporters of genetic enhancement, (...)
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  29. What is a Mathematical Truth? In Spinoza and Leibniz.Elhanan Yakira - 1990 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 6:73-101.
  30.  14
    Le Sionisme Comme Anti-Antisionisme.Elhanan Yakira - 2011 - Cités 47 (3):53.
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  31.  53
    Expertise and Epistemology: Can Laypersons Assess the Claims of Experts?Jason Borenstein - 2002 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 9 (2):69-74.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore whether laypersons can competently evaluate the specialized claims offered by experts. Since it is a lack of knowledge about a subject area that makes someone a layperson with respect to that area, the layperson may be unable to understand and assess what an expert knows.
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  32. Leo Strauss and Baruch Spinoza: Remarks in the Margins of Strauss' Timely Reflection.Elhanan Yakira - 1997 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 13:161-182.
     
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  33.  3
    La Causalité de Galilée À Kant.Elhanan Yakira - 1994 - Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
    Le présent ouvrage esquisse une histoire de la notion de causalité, telle qu'elle s'est problématisée à la jointure de la philosophie et de la science aux XVIIè et XVIIIè siècles. La philosophie a toujours pensé la rationalité scientifique à partir de l'idée d'un rapport causal. Toutefois, avec l'avènement de la science nouvelle, il se produit une profonde mutation dans la sémantique de la causalité. Cette remise en cause, d'abord imperceptible, devient explicite, chez Hume notamment. De fait, elle est à l'origine (...)
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  34.  92
    Authenticating Expertise: Philosophical and Legal Issues.Jason Borenstein - 2002 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (1):85-102.
    Our courts are regularly confronted with the claims of expert witnesses. Since experts are permitted to present testimony in the courtroom, we have to assume that judges and juries understand what it means to have expertise and can consistently recognize someone who has it. Yet these assumptions need to be examined, for the legal system probably underestimates the difficulty of identifying expertise. In this paper, several philosophical issues pertaining to expertise will be discussed, including what expertise is, why we rely (...)
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  35. Shaping Our Future: The Implications of Genetic Enhancement.Jason Borenstein - 2010 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 13 (2):4-15.
  36. Igrot R.Isaac Elhanan Spektor - 2004 - [Yaʻaḳov Ḳosovsḳi Shaḥor].
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  37.  41
    Taking Conflicts of Interest Seriously Without Overdoing It: Promises and Perils of Academic-Industry Partnerships. [REVIEW]Jason Borenstein & Yvette E. Pearson - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):229-243.
    Academic-industry collaborations and the conflicts of interest (COI) arising out of them are not new. However, as industry funding for research in the life and health sciences has increased and scandals involving financial COI are brought to the public’s attention, demands for disclosure have grown. In a March 2008 American Council on Science and Health report by Ronald Bailey, he argues that the focus on COI—especially financial COI—is obsessive and likely to be more detrimental to scientific progress and public health (...)
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  38.  4
    Spinoza et le problème de l'intentionnalité.Elhanan Yakira - 2002 - Philosophiques 29 (1):139-146.
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  39.  42
    Creating “Companions” for Children: The Ethics of Designing Esthetic Features for Robots.Yvette Pearson & Jason Borenstein - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (1):23-31.
  40.  1
    Qu'est-Ce Qu'être Sioniste Aujourd'hui?Elhanan Yakira - 2011 - Cités 47 (3):53.
  41.  8
    Textbook Stickers: A Reasonable Response to Evolution?Jason Borenstein - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (8-9):999-1010.
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  42. La religion dans le conflit israélo-palestinien.Avraham Sela & Elhanan Yakira - 2003 - Cités 2 (14):13-27.
    Qu’est-ce qu’un conflit religieux et comment devrait-on le définir? En quoi un tel conflit diffère-t-il des autres? Quelles sont les variables qui le désignent comme « religieux »? La définition d’un conflit en ces termes importe-t-elle? Autrement dit, que nous apprend-elle sur sa nature, ses buts, ses règles, ses procédures et ses limites et, en particulier,...
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  43.  20
    La religion dans le conflit israélo-palestinien.Avraham Sela & Elhanan Yakira - 2003 - Cités 14 (2):13.
    Qu’est-ce qu’un conflit religieux et comment devrait-on le définir ? En quoi un tel conflit diffère-t-il des autres ? Quelles sont les variables qui le désignent comme « religieux » ? La définition d’un conflit en ces termes importe-t-elle ? Autrement dit, que nous apprend-elle sur sa nature, ses buts, ses règles, ses procédures et ses limites et, en particulier,..
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  44.  1
    The Impact of Robot Companions on the Moral Development of Children.Yvette Pearson & Jason Borenstein - 2021 - In Zachary Pirtle, David Tomblin & Guru Madhavan (eds.), Engineering and Philosophy: Reimagining Technology and Social Progress. Springer Verlag. pp. 237-248.
    The complexity of the interactions between humans and robots is increasing, and scholars predict that at some future point, robots will become caregivers and companions for children. This occurrence would raise many ethical issues, including what effects prolonged interactions with a robot may have on a child’s well-being. In this chapter, we discuss how robots could in principle be used to nurture the development of virtues in children by encouraging prosocial behavior and discouraging antisocial behavior.
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  45. Sheloshah di Alogim Ben Hilas le-Filonus.George Berkeley, Moshe Sternberg, Elhanan Yakira & Gabriel Moked - 1996
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  46.  14
    Spinoza and the Case for Philosophy Elhanan Yakira Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015; 283 Pp.; $95.00. [REVIEW]Thomas Colbourne - 2017 - Dialogue 56 (1).
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  47.  15
    Rabbinic Figures in Castilian Kabbalistic Pseudepigraphy: R. Yehudah He-Hasid and R. Elhanan of Corbeil.Ephraim Kanarfogel - 1994 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 3 (1):77-109.
  48.  12
    Spinoza and the Case for Philosophy by Elhanan Yakira.Karolina Hübner - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):170-171.
    Despite its generic title, Yakira’s Spinoza and the Case for Philosophy has a specific and idiosyncratic focus: Spinoza’s mind-body doctrine, in the context of both an ontology of thought and a search for what Spinoza calls “salvation.” The book will be of value to those interested in Spinoza’s philosophy of mind and epistemology, especially in the context of his moral theory.Yakira’s discussion of Spinoza’s mind-body doctrine is thought-provoking, confronting head-on not just well-known puzzles, but also those dark elements of Spinoza’s (...)
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  49. Spinoza and Jewish Identity.Steven M. Nadler, Manfred Walther & Elhanan Yakira - 2003
     
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  50.  8
    Leibniz's Science of the Rational by Emily Grosholz; Elhanan Yakira. [REVIEW]J. A. Cover - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):180-181.
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