Results for 'Eldar Berkovits'

55 found
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  1.  36
    Evaluating the Impact of an Evidence‐Based Medicine Educational Intervention on Primary Care Doctors' Attitudes, Knowledge and Clinical Behaviour: A Controlled Trial and Before and After Study.Kerem Shuval, Eldar Berkovits, Doron Netzer, Igal Hekselman, Shai Linn, Mayer Brezis & Shmuel Reis - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):581-598.
  2.  24
    Knowledge and Information in Global Competition: A New Framework for Classifying and Evaluating Manipulative Communication Techniques.Eldar Sultanow, Sean Cox, Sebastian Homann, Philipp Koch & Olliver Franke - 2016 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 72:27-44.
    Source: Author: Eldar Sultanow, Sean Cox, Sebastian Homann, Philipp Koch, Olliver Franke Mass media initiated exhibitions of information and knowledge streams account for a significant factor of opinion-forming in modern digitalized nations and thus influence their country's political development. Within the framework of a globalized environment, this information has the ability to shape worldwide opinion and international policy decisions across geographical boundaries. Similarly, however, information and knowledge that does not flow freely has an impact on the behind the scenes (...)
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  3. Intuitions About Rationality and Cognition.Eldar Shafir - 1993 - In K. I. Manktelow & D. E. Over (eds.), Rationality: Psychological and Philosophical Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 260--283.
  4.  9
    Erken Dönem Yahudi̇ Kaynaklarina Göre Tanah’in Kanoni̇ze Edi̇lmesi̇.Hasanoğlu Eldar Hasanoğlu - 2016 - Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 17 (32):25-25.
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  5. Distributive Justice in Crisis.Eldar Sarajlic - 2011 - CEU Political Science Journal 6 (3):458-483.
    The paper tries to examine the effects of economic crisis on philosophical considerations of distributive justice. It tackles the problem of a radical increase in scarcity as a condition of justice. Instead of assuming a relatively fixed (“moderate”) level of scarcity as a background against which justice in distribution obtains, the paper examines what happens when this level risks falling below and how does that change our views of distributive justice. It takes upon the recent events in the United States (...)
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  6.  98
    Personal Identity and Its Properties.Eldar Sarajlic - 2021 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 10 (2):193-233.
    In this paper, I offer a conceptual framework for understanding and evaluating personal identity claims. I analyze ontological and political properties of personal identity separately, arguing that their conceptual (if not practical) separation is necessary for a proper evaluation of different identity claims. I use probability theory to bypass some of the logical difficulties in conceptualizing personal identity and discuss a case of transitional identification. Finally, I outline the guidelines for a justified liberal policy of recognition.
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  7. Glory and the Boundaries of Public Morality in Machiavelli's Thought.Dan Eldar - 1986 - History of Political Thought 7 (3):419.
  8.  17
    Interacting Electrons in Disordered Potentials: The Inverse Compressibility. [REVIEW]Richard Berkovits - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (5):691-699.
    The inverse compressibility, i.e., the change in the chemical potential as the number of particles in the sample is changed, is studied for a small quantum dot. It is found that the inverse compressibility behaves differently for different values of disorder and electron-electron interactions. For weak interactions or strong disorder one may understand this behavior in the framework of a random matrix theory.
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  9. Critical Whiteness Studies and the “Jewish Problem”.Balázs Berkovits - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Kritische Sozialtheorie Und Philosophie 5 (1):86-102.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialtheorie und Philosophie Jahrgang: 5 Heft: 1 Seiten: 86-102.
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  10.  1
    Not in Heaven: The Nature and Function of Halakha.Eliezer Berkovits - 1983 - Ktav Pub. House.
  11. A Jewish Critique of the Philosophy of Martin Buber.Eliezer Berkovits - 1962 - New York: Yeshiva University.
     
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  12.  1
    Major Themes in Modern Philosophies of Judaism.Eliezer Berkovits - 1974 - New York: Ktav Pub. House.
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  13.  10
    The Misguided Concept of Partial Justification.Shachar Eldar & Elkana Laist - 2014 - Legal Theory 20 (3):157-185.
    Despite the fundamentally binary character of justification, an upsurge in recent Anglo-American scholarship offers some highly sophisticated and widely diverging conceptions of “partial justification” in criminal law. In the present article we identify eight distinct conceptions of partial justification. We find, however, that each of them is predicated on a different conceptual fallacy. Any sound concept of partial justification in criminal law ought to meet the dual challenge of utility and consistency: it should usefully convey a message that advances the (...)
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  14.  17
    The Misguided Concept of Partial Justification.Shachar Eldar & Elkana Laist - 2014 - Legal Theory 20 (3):157-185.
    Despite the fundamentally binary character of justification , an upsurge in recent Anglo-American scholarship offers some highly sophisticated and widely diverging conceptions of in criminal law. In the present article we identify eight distinct conceptions of partial justification. We find, however, that each of them is predicated on a different conceptual fallacy. Any sound concept of partial justification in criminal law ought to meet the dual challenge of utility and consistency: it should usefully convey a message that advances the conduct-guiding (...)
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  15.  90
    The Limits of Transferred Malice.Shachar Eldar - 2012 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 32 (4):633-658.
    The article explores two recurring themes in the scholarly writings on ‘transferred malice’ the doctrine designed by Anglo-American law to allow full criminal responsibility where the defendant caused harm to a different object than the one he had in mind, due to either accident or mistake. First, in face of the diversity of views advocating the eradication of transferred malice, the article searches for the provinces in which that doctrine should still have relevance to our legal system. It is often (...)
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  16.  28
    Punishing Organized Crime Leaders for the Crimes of Their Subordinates.Shachar Eldar - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (2):183-196.
    The intuition holding that an organized crime leader should be punished more severely than a subordinate who directly commits an offence is commonly reflected in legal literature. However, positing a direct relationship between the severity of punishment and the level of seniority within an organizational hierarchy represents a departure from a more general idea found in much of the substantive criminal law writings: that the severity of punishment increases the closer the proximity to the physical commission of the offence. This (...)
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  17.  25
    Indirect Co-Perpetration.Shachar Eldar - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (3):605-617.
    National and international criminal law systems are continually seeking doctrinal and theoretical frameworks to help them impose individual liability on collective perpetrators of crime. The two systems move in parallel and draw on each other. Historically, it has been mostly international criminal law that leaned on domestic legal systems for its collective modes of liability. Currently, however, it is the emerging jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court that is at the forefront of innovation, with the doctrine of indirect co-perpetration taking (...)
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  18.  34
    Holding Organized Crime Leaders Accountable for the Crimes of Their Subordinates.Shachar Eldar - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):207-225.
    Criminal law doctrine fails to provide an adequate solution for imputing responsibility to organized crime leaders for the offenses committed by their subordinates. This undesirable state of affairs is made possible because criminal organizations adopt complex organizational structures that leave their superiors beyond the reach of the law. These structures are characterized by features such as the isolation of the leadership from junior ranks, decentralized management, and mechanisms encouraging initiative from below. They are found in criminal organizations such as the (...)
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  19.  11
    Criminal Law, Parental Authority, and the State.Shachar Eldar - 2018 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 12 (4):695-705.
    In the recently published collection, Criminal Law and the Authority of the State, two contributions allude to an analogy with parental authority as a means to a better understanding of the institution of criminal punishment, but reach different conclusions. Malcolm Thorburn uses the parental authority analogy to justify the institution of state punishment as an assertion of robust authority over offenders. Antje du Bois-Pedain uses the same analogy to advocate the idea of punishment as an inclusionary practice, designed to reintegrate (...)
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  20.  2
    Cross-Victim Defences.Shachar Eldar - 2022 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 16 (1):135-151.
    Common law treats cases of misfire in which the actor has a valid defence in relation to either the intended victim or the victim actually harmed as particular instances of ‘transferred malice’. It is said that just as the actor’s intention is fictitiously ‘transferred’ from the intended victim to the victim harmed so are defences, meaning that any—and only—defences that would have been available to the actor had he harmed the intended victim will be granted to him with regard to (...)
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  21.  12
    Amplified Selectivity in Cognitive Processing Implements the Neural Gain Model of Norepinephrine Function.Eran Eldar, Jonathan D. Cohen & Yael Niv - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  22. Accumulating Evidence for Myriad Alternatives: Modeling the Generation of Free Association.Isaac Fradkin & Eran Eldar - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  23. Decision Making.Robyn A. LeBoeuf & Eldar B. Shafir - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 243--265.
     
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  24.  6
    II “The Architecture of Erasure”—Fantasy or Reality?Raphael Israeli, Shmuel Berkovits, Jacques Neriah & Marvin Hier - 2010 - Critical Inquiry 36 (3):563-594.
  25.  64
    Questioning the Cheater-Detection Hypothesis: New Studies with the Selection Task.Erica Carlisle & Eldar Shafir - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (2):97 – 122.
    The cheater-detection (CD) hypothesis suggests that people who otherwise perform poorly on the Wason selection task perform well when the task is couched in cheater-detection contexts. We report three studies with new selection problems that are similar to the originals but that question the CD hypothesis. The first two studies document a pattern heretofore attributed to CD mechanisms, namely good performance with “regular” rules and inferior performance with “switched” rules, all in problems that lack a cheater-detection context. The final study (...)
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  26.  40
    Can Culture Justify Infant Circumcision?Eldar Sarajlic - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (4):327-343.
    The paper addresses arguments in the recent philosophical and bioethical literature claiming that social and cultural benefits can justify non-therapeutic male infant circumcision. It rejects these claims by referring to the open future argument, according to which infant circumcision is morally unjustifiable because it violates the child’s right to an open future. The paper also addresses an important objection to the open future argument and examines the strength of the objection to refute the application of the argument to the circumcision (...)
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  27.  6
    Children, Culture, and Body Modification.Eldar Sarajlic - 2020 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 30 (2):167-190.
    When I was a child, my parents had me circumcised. I was too young to have any recollection of it, but their intervention in my body is now a permanent part of my identity. They did it for cultural reasons: we come from a Muslim tradition, in which infant circumcision is one of the most important identity markers. This identity was etched in my body even before I was able to speak.Infant circumcision is one of the many ways parents shape (...)
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  28.  75
    Bullshit, Truth, and Reason.Eldar Sarajlic - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (3):865-879.
    This article argues that bullshit is not an offense against truth but against reason. It maintains that bullshit occurs when speakers intentionally assert vague premises to make listeners accept their conclusions. This redefinition, I suggest, has consequences on the moral appraisal of bullshit.
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  29.  35
    Are Liberal Perfectionism and Neutrality Mutually Exclusive?Eldar Sarajlic - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):515-537.
    In this paper, I question the view that liberal perfectionism and neutrality are mutually exclusive doctrines. I do so by criticizing two claims made by Jonathan Quong. First, I object to his claim that comprehensive anti-perfectionism is incoherent. Second, I criticize his claim that liberal perfectionism cannot avoid a paternalist stance. I argue that Quong’s substantive assumptions about personal autonomy undermine both of his arguments. I use the discussion of Quong to argue that the standard assumption in liberal theory about (...)
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  30. Do Predictive Brain Implants Threaten Patient's Autonomy or Authenticity?Eldar Sarajlic - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):30-32.
    The development of predictive brain implant (PBI) technology that is able to forecast specific neuronal events and advise and/or automatically administer appropriate therapy for diseases of the brain raises a number of ethical issues. Provided that this technology satisfies basic safety and functionality conditions, one of the most pressing questions to address is its relation to the autonomy of patients. As Frederic Gilbert in his article asks, if autonomy implies a certain idea of freedom, or self-government, how can an individual (...)
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  31.  8
    Children, Self‐Knowledge and Cultural Reproduction.Eldar Sarajlic - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (1):43-61.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  32.  38
    Is Running a Marathon a Virtue?Eldar Sarajlic - 2018 - Think 17 (48):101-105.
    Should we congratulate runners who participate and finish a marathon without winning it? Although it might seem that all who muster the will to do so deserve praise, this article questions whether self-regarding virtues, such as running a marathon, deserve it.
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  33.  13
    Neutrality, Autonomy, and Power.Eldar Sarajlić - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (1):23-35.
    This paper critically examines Alan Patten’s theory of neutrality of treatment. It argues that the theory assumes an inadequate conception of personal autonomy that undermines its plausibility. Because of this assumption the theory is unable to account for various configurations of power that work against personal autonomy. However, I suggest that the theory can resolve the problem by developing and reinterpreting its conception of autonomy and introducing an additional strategy for addressing the power misbalances that result from the market-based interactions (...)
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  34.  41
    The Ethics and Politics of Child Naming.Eldar Sarajlic - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (S1):121-139.
    This article examines the issue of justification of government's intervention in the parental acts of child naming, a neglected topic in the recent philosophical literature. It questions the ability of some of the current theories in family ethics to respond to this problem, and argues that both permissive and restrictive theories fail to provide a plausible argument about the proper limits of government regulation of child naming practices. The article outlines an alternative solution that focuses on the child's right to (...)
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  35.  26
    Rational Agents, Real People and the Quest for Optimality.Eldar Shafir - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):232-232.
  36.  11
    On the Nonapplicability of a Rational Analysis to Human Cognition.Eldar Shafir - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):502-503.
  37.  24
    Uncertainty and the Difficulty of Thinking Through Disjunctions.Eldar Shafir - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):403-430.
  38. Introduction.Antje du Bois-Pedain & Shachar Eldar - 2022 - In Antje Du Bois-Pedain & Shaḥar Eldar (eds.), Re-Reading Beccaria: On the Contemporary Significance of a Penal Classic. Hart.
     
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  39. Re-Reading Beccaria: On the Contemporary Significance of a Penal Classic.Antje du Bois-Pedain & Shachar Eldar (eds.) - 2022 - New York: Hart.
    This book considers the way that Cesare Beccaria's slim 1764 volume On Crimes and Punishments influenced policy developments worldwide and over decades, if not centuries, after its publication. For those who turn to Beccaria's work today, the encounter is shaped by that knowledge. Appreciative of his book's dual nature as historical document and repository of ideas, the contributions in this collection address different aspects of the criminal justice theory Beccaria offered his readers and face up to methodological questions raised by (...)
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  40. “The Rejection of Radical-Foundationalism and -Skepticism: Pragmatic Belief in God in Eliezer Berkovits’s Thought” [in Hebrew].Nadav Berman, S. - 2019 - Journal of the Goldstein-Goren International Center for Jewish Thought 1:201-246.
    Faith has many aspects. One of them is whether absolute logical proof for God’s existence is a prerequisite for the proper establishment and individual acceptance of a religious system. The treatment of this question, examined here in the Jewish context of Rabbi Prof. Eliezer Berkovits, has been strongly influenced in the modern era by the radical foundationalism and radical skepticism of Descartes, who rooted in the Western mind the notion that religion and religious issues are “all or nothing” questions. (...)
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  41. “The Challenge of the ‘Caring’ God: A. J. Heschel’s ‘Theology of Pathos’ in light of Eliezer Berkovits’s Critique” [in Hebrew].Nadav Berman, S. - 2017 - Zehuyot 8:43-60.
    This article examines A.J. Heschel’s “Theology of pathos” in light of the critique Eliezer Berkovits raised against it. Heschel’s theology of pathos is the notion of God as the “most moved mover”, who cares deeply for humans, and thus highly influencing their prophetic motivation for human-social improvement. Berkovits, expressing the negative-transcendent theology of Maimonides, assessed that Heschel’s theology of pathos is not systematic, is anthropomorphic, and reflects a foreign Christian influence. However, when checking Berkovits’s own views as (...)
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  42.  19
    Extracting the Coherent Core of Human Probability Judgement: A Research Program for Cognitive Psychology.Daniel Osherson, Eldar Shafir & Edward E. Smith - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):299-313.
  43.  14
    Ignoring Alarming News Brings Indifference: Learning About the World and the Self.Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Eldar Shafir & Sherry Jueyu Wu - 2017 - Cognition 167 (C):160-171.
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  44.  8
    Di̇ndar-Si̇yoni̇st Hahamlarin Fetvalarinda İsrai̇l Devleti̇’Ndeki̇ Yahudi̇ Olmayanlarin Statüsü.Pikar Ariel Pikar & HASANOĞLU Eldar - 2015 - Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 16 (30):1-1.
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  45. "Pragmatism and Jewish Thought: Eliezer Berkovits’s Philosophy of Halakhic Fallibility".Nadav Berman S. - 2019 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 27 (1):86-135.
    In classical American pragmatism, fallibilism refers to the conception of truth as an ongoing process of improving human knowledge that is nevertheless susceptible to error. This paper traces appearances of fallibilism in Jewish thought in general, and particularly in the halakhic thought of Eliezer Berkovits. Berkovits recognizes the human condition’s persistent mutability, which he sees as characterizing the ongoing effort to interpret and apply halakhah in shifting historical and social contexts as Torat Ḥayyim. In the conclusion of the (...)
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  46. Numbers L-2.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Eldar Shafir, Itamar Simonson, Amos Tversky, P. Legrenzi, V. Girotto, Pn Johnson-Laird, Edward E. Smith, Daniel Osherson & Nancy Pennington - 1993 - Cognition 49 (297):297.
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  47.  11
    “Anti/Theodic Faith in the Thought of Eliezer Berkovits”.Zachary Braiterman - 1998 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 7 (1):83-100.
  48.  7
    Cross-Cultural Comparisons in Exercise Participation, Attitude Toward Aggression and Violence: Reported Violent Acts Among Young German and Israeli Students / Sportpartizipation, Gewalteinstellung Und -Verhalten Bei Jugendlichen Im Deutsch-Israelischen Kulturvergleich.Jürgen Hofmann, Hans-Peter Brandl-Bredenbeck, Wolf-Dietrich Brettschneider, Eitan Eldar & Gershon Tenenbaum - 2008 - Sport Und Gesellschaft 5 (1):53-77.
    Summary A large survey of German and Israeli younger and older adolescents was conducted to reveal their opinions and attitudes towards violence and aggression, their personal engagement in aggressive and violent behaviors in and outside the school environment, their attitudes toward physical activity, their engagement in physical activity, and the linkage between physical activity engagement and conductance of violence and aggression. The findings point out that there are more similarities than differences between German and Israeli adolescents concerning violence and aggression (...)
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  49.  17
    Some Origins of Belief.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith & Eldar B. Shafir - 1986 - Cognition 24 (3):197-224.
  50.  81
    Extrapolating Human Probability Judgment.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Tracy S. Myers, Eldar Shafir & Michael Stob - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (2):103-129.
    We advance a model of human probability judgment and apply it to the design of an extrapolation algorithm. Such an algorithm examines a person's judgment about the likelihood of various statements and is then able to predict the same person's judgments about new statements. The algorithm is tested against judgments produced by thirty undergraduates asked to assign probabilities to statements about mammals.
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