Results for 'Economic Inequality.'

997 found
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  1.  43
    Understanding Economic Inequality Through the Lens of Caste.Hari Bapuji & Snehanjali Chrispal - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (3):533-551.
    Research on economic inequality has largely focused on understanding the relationship between organizations and inequality but has paid limited attention to the role of institutions in the creation and maintenance of inequality. In this article, we use insights from the caste system—an institution that perpetuates socio-economic inequalities and limits human functions—to elaborate on three elements of economic inequality: uneven dispersions in resource endowments, uneven access to productive resources and opportunities, and uneven rewards to resource contributions. We argue (...)
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  2.  10
    Economic Inequality and Income Distribution.D. G. Champernowne & F. A. Cowell - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Economic inequality has become a focus of prime interest for economic analysts and policy makers. This book provides an integrated approach to the topics of inequality and personal income distribution. It covers the practical and theoretical bases for inequality analysis, applications to real world problems and the foundations of theoretical approaches to income distribution. It also analyses models of the distribution of labour earnings and of income from wealth. The long-run development of income - and wealth - distribution (...)
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  3.  35
    Economic inequality and the long-term future.Andreas T. Schmidt & Daan Juijn - 2024 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 23 (1):67-99.
    Why, if at all, should we object to economic inequality? Some central arguments – the argument from decreasing marginal utility for example – invoke instrumental reasons and object to inequality because of its effects. Such instrumental arguments, however, often concern only the static effects of inequality and neglect its intertemporal consequences. In this article, we address this striking gap and investigate income inequality's intertemporal consequences, including its potential effects on humanity's (very) long-term future. Following recent arguments around future generations (...)
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  4. On Economic Inequality.Amartya Sen - 1997 - Clarendon Press.
    Based on the 1972 Radcliffe Lectures, this book presents a systematic treatment of the conceptual framework as well as the practical problems of measurement of inequality.
     
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  5.  33
    Economic Inequality, Food Insecurity, and the Erosion of Equality of Capabilities in the United States.Michael B. Elmes - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (6):1045-1074.
    This article explores how economic inequality in the United States has led to growing levels of poverty, food insecurity, and obesity for the bottom segments of the economy. It takes the position that access to nutritious food is a requirement for living and for participating fully in the workplace and society. Because of increasing economic inequality in the United States, growing segments of the U.S. economy have become more food insecure and obese, eating unhealthy food for survival and (...)
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  6.  14
    Socio-Economic Inequality in Young People’s Financial Capabilities.Jake Anders, John Jerrim & Lindsey Macmillan - 2023 - British Journal of Educational Studies 71 (6):609-635.
    Previous research has shown that the UK has low levels of financial literacy by international standards, particularly among those in lower socio-economic groups. This may have an impact upon young people, with social inequalities in financial attitudes, behaviours and skills perpetuating across generations. Using parent-child linked survey data from 3,745 UK families, we find sizeable socio-economic inequalities in young people’s financial capabilities, aspects of their mindset, and their financial behaviours. Sizeable differences are also observed in the financial education (...)
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  7. Economic inequality and the long-term future.Andreas T. Schmidt & Daan Juijn - 2023 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics.
    Why, if at all, should we object to economic inequality? Some central arguments – the argument from decreasing marginal utility for example – invoke instrumental reasons and object to inequality because of its effects. Such instrumental arguments, however, often concern only the static effects of inequality and neglect its intertemporal conse- quences. In this article, we address this striking gap and investigate income inequality’s intertemporal consequences, including its potential effects on humanity’s (very) long-term future. Following recent arguments around future (...)
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  8.  22
    Rethinking Economic Inequality.Mary L. Hirschfeld - 2019 - Journal of Religious Ethics 47 (2):259-282.
    Secular discourse about problem of economic inequality rests on two foundational premises that are problematic from a theological point of view. First, individuals enter into society with the aim of bettering their own condition. Second, bettering one's own condition entails accruing more wealth and power so that one can fulfill more of one's desires. In this paper I argue that insofar as these premises shape market behavior, they actively promote excessive economic inequality. Ethical responses to the problem of (...)
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  9.  86
    Economic Inequality Increases Status Anxiety Through Perceived Contextual Competitiveness.Davide Melita, Guillermo B. Willis & Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Status anxiety, the constant concern about individuals’ position on the social ladder, negatively affects social cohesion, health, and wellbeing. Given previous findings showing that status anxiety is associated with economic inequality, we aimed in this research to test this association experimentally. A cross-sectional study was run in order to discard confounding effects of the relationship between perceived economic inequality and status anxiety, and to explore the mediating role of a competitive climate. Then we predicted that people assigned to (...)
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  10.  47
    Economic Inequality and Social Entrepreneurship.Etayankara Muralidharan & Saurav Pathak - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (6):1150-1190.
    This article explores the extent to which income inequality and income mobility—both considered indicators of economic inequality and conditions of formal regulatory institutions —facilitate or constrain the emergence of social entrepreneurship. Using 77,983 individual-level responses obtained from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey of 26 countries, and supplementing with country-level data obtained from the Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum, our results from multilevel analyses demonstrate that country-level income inequality increases the likelihood of individual-level engagement in social (...)
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  11.  10
    Economic Inequality, War Finance and the Pursuit of Tax Fairness.Chia-Chien Chang - 2020 - Journal of Human Values 26 (2):114-132.
    It is widely acknowledged that a fair tax system is one of the most crucial foundations for any country to pursue stable development and human values. So how does a country accomplish tax fairness? This article argues that war finance and domestic economic inequality are two critical conditions. Historically, wars usually create opportunities for countries to enact progressive tax reforms. However, countries’ war finance choices are conditioned by domestic economic inequality. When inequality is low, the political leadership is (...)
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  12.  12
    Economic Inequality Increases the Preference for Status Consumption.Andrea Velandia-Morales, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón & Rocío Martínez - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Prior research has shown the relationship between objective economic inequality and searching for positional goods. It also investigated the relationship between social class and low income with conspicuous consumption. However, the causal relationship between economic inequality has been less explored. Furthermore, there are also few studies looking for the psychological mechanisms that underlie these effects. The current research’s main goal is to analyze the consequences of perceived economic inequality on conspicuous and status consumption and the possible psychological (...)
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  13.  49
    On Economic Inequality.Peter Vallentyne, Amartya Sen & James E. Foster - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):85.
    This is a reprint of Amartya Sen’s 1973 book on the measurement of inequality, plus an updated bibliography and index, and an annex by James Foster and Sen that summarizes and comments on the main developments since 1973. The book is superbly written and focuses on verbal discussion of the plausibility and significance of the conditions, theorems, and measures.
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  14. Intergenerational economic inequality.Anders Bjorklund & Markus Jäntti - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15. Economic inequality and the welfare state.Gøsta Esping-Andersen & John Myles - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article focuses on the welfare state, which includes social protection, health, education and training, housing, and social services, but can also be conceived more broadly to include policies that affect earnings capacity and the structure of the labour market. It discusses the difficulties of capturing the impact of the welfare state on income inequality, given that one does not observe what the distribution would be in the absence of the welfare state or specific aspects of it. Theories of welfare (...)
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  16. Economic inequality predicts biodiversity loss.Greg Mikkelson - manuscript
    Human activity is causing high rates of biodiversity loss. Yet, surprisingly little is known about the extent to which socioeconomic factors exacerbate or ameliorate our impacts on biological diversity. One such factor, economic inequality, has been shown to affect public health, and has been linked to environmental problems in general. We tested how strongly economic inequality is related to biodiversity loss in particular. We found that among countries, and among US states, the number of species that are threatened (...)
     
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  17.  5
    Economic Inequality and Morality: Diverse Ethical Perspectives.Richard Madsen & William M. Sullivan (eds.) - 2019 - Brookings Institution Press.
    _Examining inequality through the lenses of moral traditions_ Rising inequality has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years from scholars and politicians, but the moral dimensions of inequality tend to be ignored. Is inequality morally acceptable? Is it morally permissible to allow practices and systems that contribute to inequality? Is there an ethical obligation to try to alleviate inequality, and if so, who is obligated to take that action? This book addresses these and similar questions not through a (...)
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  18.  31
    Economic Inequality and the Permissibility of Leveling Down.David Peña-Rangel - 2023 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 26 (5):803-832.
    In this paper I argue that the political and economic domains are analogous for distributive purposes. The upshot of this conclusion is that because we normally think that an unequal distribution of votes is objectionable even if these inequalities are strictly necessary to improve the lives of less informed voters, so we should conclude that an unequal distribution of resources might be similarly objectionable even if strictly necessary to make the worse off better off. Leveling down economic resources (...)
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  19.  18
    Economic Inequality and Masculinity–Femininity: The Prevailing Perceived Traits in Higher Unequal Contexts Are Masculine.Eva Moreno-Bella, Guillermo B. Willis & Miguel Moya - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  20.  7
    Economic Inequality in the United States.Lars Osberg - 2015 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1984, this study explores multiple theoretical perspectives as well as critically analysing the most recent evidence at the time to try and find a full explanation for inequality in the United States. Arguments of neoclassical economists and Marxist and institutional structuralists are considered by Osberg as well as putting forward his own model. Osberg uses his findings to attempt a complete explanation of the issue and advises on policies which could be undertaken by the government to try (...)
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  21.  20
    Food labor, economic inequality, and the imperfect politics of process in the alternative food movement.Joshua Sbicca - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (4):675-687.
    There is a growing commitment by different parts of the alternative food movement (AFM) to improve labor conditions for conventional food chain workers, and to develop economically fair alternatives, albeit under a range of conditions that structure mobilization. This has direct implications for the process of intra-movement building and therefore the degree to which the movement ameliorates economic inequality at the point of food labor. This article asks what accounts for the variation in AFM labor commitments across different contexts. (...)
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  22.  17
    Catholic Social Teaching, Economic Inequality, and American Society.Kenneth R. Himes - 2019 - Journal of Religious Ethics 47 (2):283-310.
    The essay begins with an explanation of the underlying theological vision that supports Catholic social teaching's commitment to the centrality of the common good and the role of solidarity as both a virtue and a norm. The vision of humanity as one family and the church as a sacrament of unity is the foundation for a communitarian ethic that prizes inclusion, participation, and relative equality in the quest for a truly just society. An array of social science studies is then (...)
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  23. Wealth and economic inequality.James B. Davies - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article surveys the distribution of wealth and its relationship to economic inequality more broadly. It shows that wealth inequality is high and contributes significantly to inequality in income and consumption, although higher wealth inequality is not always an indicator of greater inequality in well-being. In particular, welfare state policies can improve the well-being of low income groups while at the same time reducing their incentive to save. This may lead to high observed wealth inequality in places where it (...)
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  24. Economic Inequalities and Choice: A Reassessment of Ronald Dworkin's Theory of Distributive Justice.Neema Sofaer - 2004 - Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    This dissertation proposes a new reading and appraisal of an important theory of distributive justice, Ronald Dworkin's "Equality of Resources" . ER is traditional in holding that choices made by rational, ignorant and purely self-interested beings are relevant to distributive justice. ER is novel both in its use of such choices and in incorporating the idea that one's success is largely one's own responsibility into liberal egalitarianism. ;I argue that the tax-and-redistribution scheme Dworkin proposes to make actual distributions just is (...)
     
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  25.  44
    Economic Inequalities and Justice: Plato and Rawls.Gerasimos Santas - 2018 - Philosophical Inquiry 42 (3-4):2-27.
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  26. Economic Inequality and Political Oppression.Richard W. Miller - 1995 - Theoria 85:1-15.
     
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  27.  26
    Why Socio-Economic Inequalities in Health Threaten Relational Justice. A Proposal for an Instrumental Evaluation.Beatrijs Haverkamp, Marcel Verweij & Karien Stronks - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (3):311-324.
    In this article, we argue that apart from evaluating the causes and the social determinants of health inequalities, an evaluation of the effects of health inequalities is due. For this, we propose the ideal of relational equality as an evaluative framework, and test to what extent health inequalities threaten this ideal of a society of equals. We identify three ways in which they do and argue that these risks are especially great for those lower down the socio-economic strata. We (...)
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  28.  31
    How much economic inequality is fair in liberal democracies? The approach of proportional justice.Nunzio Alì & Luigi Caranti - 2021 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 47 (7):769-788.
    The article argues that the possibility of an unlimited gap in income and wealth between the top and bottom segments of society is incompatible with a democratic commitment to political equality. T...
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  29.  19
    Religious Ethics and Economic Inequality.Paul Weithman - 2019 - Journal of Religious Ethics 47 (2):223-231.
    This essay serves as an introduction to five papers on economic inequality in this issue of the Journal of Religious Ethics. In addition to introducing the articles individually, the essay also gives a brief overview of recent economic developments that have led religious ethicists to call attention to the issue of inequality.
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  30. Differential vulnerabilities: Environmental and economic inequality and government response to unnatural disasters.Robert D. Bullard - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):753-784.
    This paper uses an environmental justice framework to examine government response to weather-related disasters dating back some eight decades. It places the 2005 Hurricane Katrina disaster in socio-historical context of past emergencies with an emphasis on race and class dynamics and social vulnerability. Key questions explored include: What went wrong? Can it happen again? Is government equipped to plan for, mitigate against, respond to, and recover from natural and manmade disasters? Can the public trust government response to be fair? Why (...)
     
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  31.  50
    Measurement of economic inequality.Prakash Krishnamoorthy - manuscript
    An attempt to treat axiomatically the measurement of economic inequality.
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  32.  16
    Environmental unpredictability, economic inequality, and dynamic nature of life history before, during, and after the Industrial Revolution.Bin-Bin Chen & Wen Han - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    It is emphasized that environmental predictability is another important condition that plays roles in slow strategies that are related to innovation; that economic inequality, except as measured by Gross Domestic Product per capita, influences innovation; and that switching global life history from a slow to a fast strategy is a response adopted in response to new challenges during the post-Industrial Revolution period.
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  33.  39
    Three Sources of Economic Inequality.Joseph Heath - 2022 - Social Philosophy and Policy 39 (2):99-121.
    There are three distinct forces that conspire to produce a great deal of economic misery. We can refer to them, for convenience, as misfortune, unfairness, and improvidence. Political philosophers have often shown an interest in one or another of these, but seldom all three. Furthermore, those who do acknowledge all three have often felt driven to collapse them into one root cause of inequality. My goal in this essay will be to argue that the three are independent of one (...)
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  34.  8
    Perception and Reality—Economic Inequality as a Driver of Populism?Matthias Diermeier & Michael Hüther - 2019 - Analyse & Kritik 41 (2):337-358.
    Can the rise of populism be explained by the growing chasm between rich and poor? With regard to Germany, such a causal relationship must be rejected. Income distribution in Germany has been very stable since 2005, and people’s knowledge on actual inequality and economic development is limited: inequality and unemployment are massively overestimated. At the same time, a persistently isolationist and xenophobic group with diverse concerns and preferences has emerged within the middle classes of society that riggers support for (...)
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  35.  69
    Chance, Merit, and Economic Inequality: Rethinking Distributive Justice and the Principle of Desert.Joseph de la Torre Dwyer - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book develops a novel approach to distributive justice by building a theory based on a concept of desert. As a work of applied political theory, it presents a simple but powerful theoretical argument and a detailed proposal to eliminate unmerited inequality, poverty, and economic immobility, speaking to the underlying moral principles of both progressives who already support egalitarian measures and also conservatives who have previously rejected egalitarianism on the grounds of individual freedom, personal responsibility, hard work, or (...) efficiency. By using an agnostic, flexible, data-driven approach to isolate luck and ultimately measure desert, this proposal makes equal opportunity initiatives both more accurate and effective as it adapts to a changing economy. It grants to each individual the freedom to genuinely choose their place in the distribution. It provides two policy variations that are perfectly economically efficient, and two others that are conditionally so. It straightforwardly aligns outcomes with widely shared, fundamental moral intuitions. Lastly, it demonstrates much of the above by modeling four policy variations using 40 years of survey data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. (shrink)
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  36.  96
    Rousseau's Critique of Economic Inequality.Frederick Neuhouser - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (3):193-225.
  37.  45
    The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality.Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality presents a new and definitive analysis of economic inequality in developed countries. Bringing together the world's top scholars, this comprehensive and authoritative volume contains an impressive array of original research on topics in economic inequality.
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  38. The measurement of economic inequality.Stephen Jenkins & Philippe van Kerm - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article provides an introduction to methods for the measurement of economic inequality. It reviews the inequality measures that economists have developed, and explains how one might choose between indices or check whether conclusions about inequality difference can be derived without choosing any specific index. It reviews mobility measurement and some fundamental questions about how the distributions of economic interest are defined.
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  39.  18
    Can Entrepreneurial Initiative Blunt the Economic Inequality–Growth Curse? Evidence From 92 Countries.Sutirtha Bagchi, Jonathan P. Doh & Pankaj C. Patel - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (2):496-541.
    Despite the growing interest in understanding the effects of income inequality on economic growth, the influence of entrepreneurship-related institutional constraints on the inequality–growth association remains less understood. Drawing on an institutional constraints perspective in the context of startup entry regulation and credit constraints, we propose that under increasing income inequality, ease of startup or access to credit from the financial sector is positively associated with per capita economic growth. In a sample of 92 countries, robust to alternate specifications, (...)
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  40. Mass imprisonment and economic inequality.Bruce Western - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (2):509-532.
    The growth of penal population through the last decades of the twentieth century reshaped the institutional landscape of American poverty and inequality. The effects of rising incarceration rates have been especially large for young minority men with little schooling. This paper charts the extent of incarceration among young disadvantaged men and describes the effects of the prison boom on American economic inequality.In this paper I will argue that we are currently living in an era of "mass imprisonment." Under (...)
     
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  41.  14
    The discursive construction of economic inequality: CADS approaches to the British media.Fang Chen - 2022 - Critical Discourse Studies 19 (2):227-229.
    Since the late 2000s, linguistic representations of economic inequality in public discourse have aroused a heightened interest among scholars within content-analytic critical discourse analysis (CD...
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  42. Kant on Revolution and Economic Inequality.Joseph Grcic - 1986 - Kant Studien 77 (4):447-457.
     
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  43. Gender and economic inequality.Mary B. Gregory - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article assesses the changing economic status of women, the forces driving it, and its implications for inequality between women and men and among women. Section 2 reviews women's growing labour market participation and its changing occupational structure. Section 3 analyzes the extent and sources of the gender pay gap. Section 4 reviews two of the major drivers of recent economic change for women: the transformation of their educational status, and the impact of technology. Section 5 addresses the (...)
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  44.  10
    Educational Attainment and Economic Inequality: What Schools Cannot Do.John F. Covaleskie - 2010 - Journal of Thought 45 (1-2):83.
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  45.  34
    Perceptions of Economic Inequality in Colombian Daily Life: More Than Unequal Distribution of Economic Resources.Efraín García-Sánchez, Guillermo B. Willis, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón, Juan Diego García-Castro, Jorge Palacio-Sañudo, Jean Polo & Erico Rentería-Pérez - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  46.  69
    International migration, ethnicity and economic inequality.Klaus F. Zimmermann & Martin Kahanec - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article uses a well-defined setting to suggest an optimistic view about the distributional effects of immigration. Section 2 provides a general picture of the native-immigrant differences in labour force participation, unemployment, and occupational and educational attainment, taking skill levels and years since immigration into account. Section 3 investigates the inequality impact of immigration by summarizing the potential labour market impacts and the wage and employment consequences. Section 4 deals with the potentially slow integration of immigrants into the labour market (...)
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  47.  13
    Adjusting national economic inequalities by railroad rate regulation.G. H. Robinson - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (2):186-192.
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  48.  20
    Adjusting National Economic Inequalities by Railroad Rate Regulation.G. H. Robinson - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (2):186-192.
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  49.  31
    Temporal Spaces of Egalitarianism: The Ethical Negation of Economic Inequality in an Ephemeral Religious Organization.Ateeq A. Rauf & Ajnesh Prasad - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (3):699-718.
    In this article, we illuminate how a consumption practice in an ephemeral religious organization subverts systems of economic inequality that otherwise prevail in, and structure, society. Drawing on a rich ethnographic study in Pakistan, we show how the practice of food consumption in the Tablighi Jamaat —an Islamic organization originating in South Asia that is practiced intermittently by its followers—represents temporal spaces of egalitarianism. Within these temporal spaces, entrenched economic hierarchies that are salient in organizing Pakistani society are (...)
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  50.  80
    Demographic transformation and economic inequality.Gary Burtless - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article assesses the impact of changing demography on inequality and poverty. Section 2 considers how household living arrangements affect personal economic well-being and its distribution across the population. Section 3 looks at recent evidence on the inequality effects of demographic trends. These trends include the rise of cross-border migration, population ageing, delays in first marriage and first births, increases in the rate of divorce, rising female employment rates, and changes in the correlation of husbands' and wives' earnings. The (...)
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