Results for 'E. Thiele Jonathan'

989 found
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  1.  24
    Recognition Decisions From Visual Working Memory Are Mediated by Continuous Latent Strengths.J. Ricker Timothy, E. Thiele Jonathan, R. Swagman April & N. Rouder Jeffrey - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1510-1532.
    Making recognition decisions often requires us to reference the contents of working memory, the information available for ongoing cognitive processing. As such, understanding how recognition decisions are made when based on the contents of working memory is of critical importance. In this work we examine whether recognition decisions based on the contents of visual working memory follow a continuous decision process of graded information about the correct choice or a discrete decision process reflecting only knowing and guessing. We find a (...)
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  2.  17
    The Influence of Anger on Ethical Decision Making: Comparison of a Primary and Secondary Appraisal.Chase E. Thiel - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (5):380-403.
    Higher order cognitive processes, including ethical decision making (EDM), are influenced by the experiencing of discrete emotions. Recent research highlights the negative influence one such emotion, anger, has on EDM and its underlying processes. The mechanism, however, by which anger disrupts the EDM has not been investigated. The current study sought to discover whether cognitive appraisals of an emotion-evoking event are the driving mechanisms behind the influence of anger on EDM. One primary (goal obstacle) and one secondary (certainty) appraisal of (...)
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  3.  9
    Faith, Reason, and the Specter of the Enlightenment.John E. Thiel - 2000 - Philosophy and Theology 12 (1):25-31.
    A nonfoundationalist reading of Fides et Ratio, both in its negative regard for Enlightenment reasoning and its implicit understanding of the philosophical task of justifying belief, enables an appreciation of the encyclical as a particular kind of post-Enlightenment Roman Catholic stance. A nonfoundationalist perspective, understood as a philosophical position on the justification of belief, can be instructive in the encyclical’s articulation of Credo ut intelligam. Fides et Ratio offers a contextualized understanding of justification in its treatment of universality that can (...)
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  4.  13
    Surprise.Jonathan E. Adler - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (2):149-173.
    Surprise is of great value for learning, especially in cases where deep‐seated preconceptions and assumptions are upset by vivid demonstrations. In this essay, Jonathan Adler explores the ways in which surprise positively affects us and serves as a valuable tool for motivating learning. Adler considers how students’ attention is aroused and focused self‐critically when their subject matter–related expectations are not borne out. These “surprises” point students toward discoveries about gaps or weaknesses or false assumptions within their subject matter understanding; (...)
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  5.  15
    Conundrums of Belief Self-Control.Jonathan E. Adler - 2002 - The Monist 85 (3):456-467.
    A much disputed conceptual argument aims to show the impossibility of direct believing at will. Regardless of the success of this argument, it has been held to be impotent against indirect forms of belief-control, such as by developing oneself to be more careful or fair-minded in evaluating evidence. However, the shift to indirect forms inherits difficulties connected to the conceptual argument.
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  6.  11
    Hume’s “Of Miracles” (Part One).Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (2):1-10.
  7.  12
    Relevant Alternatives, Presuppositions, and Skepticism.Jonathan E. Adler - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):653-654.
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  8.  15
    Resisting the Force of Argument.Jonathan E. Adler - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (6):339-364.
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  9.  19
    William James and What Cannot be Believed.Jonathan E. Adler - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):65-79.
    My critical comments focus mainly on premises,, and. However, in treating these I will address other of James’s assumptions—particularly, the presupposition of his argument that it is possible to will to believe. Later I will try to accommodate existential aspects of James’s argument that retain value, even if my objections to his argument stand.
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  10.  9
    Knowing, Betting and Cohering.Jonathan E. Adler - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):243-257.
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  11.  8
    Confidence in Argument.Jonathan E. Adler - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (2):225-257.
    When someone presents an argument on a charged topic and it is (credibly) alleged that the arguer has a strong personal interest and investment in the conclusion, the allegation, directed to the reception or evaluation of the argument, typically gives rise to two seemingly conflicting reactions:I. The allegation is an unwarranted diversion (a species ofargumentum ad hominemorgenetie fallacy).The prejudices or biases of the arguer are irrelevant to thecogencyof the argument. ('Cogency’ is used broadly to refer both to correct support relations, (...)
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  12.  15
    Conversation is the Folks’ Epistemology.Jonathan E. Adler - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (3):337-348.
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  13.  16
    Constrained Belief and the Reactive Attitudes.Jonathan E. Adler - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):891-905.
    Evidentialism implies that, for epistemic purposes, belief should be responsive only to evidence. Focusing on our reactive attitude such as resentment or indignation, I construct an argument that the beliefs or judgments accompanying those attitudes are constrained in advance by circumstances to be full, rather than being open to the whole range of partial beliefs. These judgments or beliefs imply strong claims to justification. But the circumstances in which those attitudes are formed allow only very limited evidence. Nevertheless, we cannot (...)
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  14.  26
    The role of multisensory interplay in enabling temporal expectations.Felix Ball, Lara E. Michels, Carsten Thiele & Toemme Noesselt - 2018 - Cognition 170 (C):130-146.
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  15. Knowledge and Its Place in Nature.Hilary Kornblith & Jonathan E. Adler - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):479-482.
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  16.  24
    Informing Consent for Organ Donation.Ryan R. Nash & Courtney E. Thiele - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (3):187-191.
  17.  47
    Ethics of research involving mandatory drug testing of high school athletes in oregon.Adil E. Shamoo & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):25 – 31.
    There is consensus that children have questionable decisional capacity and, therefore, in general a parent or a guardian must give permission to enroll a child in a research study. Moreover, freedom from duress and coercion, the cardinal rule in research involving adults, is even more important for children. This principle is embodied prominently in the Nuremberg Code (1947) and is embodied in various federal human research protection regulations. In a program named "SATURN" (Student Athletic Testing Using Random Notification), each school (...)
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  18. Exercises in Naturalistic Epistemology. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 1987 - Behavior and Philosophy 15 (2):161.
     
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  19.  9
    First-order Logic. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (10):577-580.
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  20.  11
    In Defense of Radical Empiricism. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):453-456.
    This volume collects all of Firth’s major published writings, two sets of unpublished lectures, and three essays from his unfinished book on epistemology. John Troyer provides a very helpful overview of the essays, as well as a short biography of a person of deep convictions and a devoted teacher and colleague. : 109-18, should also be consulted.).
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  21.  14
    Motivated Irrationality by David Pears. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):119-123.
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  22.  66
    Review Essay: Bryan Frances, Scepticism Comes Alive. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (2):506-520.
  23. The probability of conditionals: The psychological evidence.David E. Over & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):340–358.
    The two main psychological theories of the ordinary conditional were designed to account for inferences made from assumptions, but few premises in everyday life can be simply assumed true. Useful premises usually have a probability that is less than certainty. But what is the probability of the ordinary conditional and how is it determined? We argue that people use a two stage Ramsey test that we specify to make probability judgements about indicative conditionals in natural language, and we describe experiments (...)
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  24.  10
    No convincing evidence outgroups are denied uniquely human characteristics: Distinguishing intergroup preference from trait-based dehumanization.Florence E. Enock, Jonathan C. Flavell, Steven P. Tipper & Harriet Over - 2021 - Cognition 212 (C):104682.
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  25.  20
    A response to commentators on "ethics of research involving mandatory drug testing of high school athletes in oregon".Adil E. Shamoo & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):29 – 30.
    There is consensus that children have questionable decisional capacity and, therefore, in general a parent or a guardian must give permission to enroll a child in a research study. Moreover, freedom from duress and coercion, the cardinal rule in research involving adults, is even more important for children. This principle is embodied prominently in the Nuremberg Code and is embodied in various federal human research protection regulations. In a program named "SATURN", each school in the Oregon public-school system may implement (...)
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  26.  20
    Mental models as an explanation of belief bias effects in syllogistic reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead & Jonathan StB. T. Evans - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):93-97.
  27.  26
    Mental models as an explanation of belief bias effects in syllogistic reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):93-97.
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  28.  52
    Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics.Susan E. Lederer & Jonathan D. Moreno - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):223-237.
    : President Clinton's charge to the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments included the identification of ethical and legal standards for evaluating government-sponsored radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War. In this paper, we review the traditional account of the history of American research ethics, and then highlight and explain the significance of a number of the Committee's historical findings as they relate to this account. These findings include both the national defense establishment's struggles with legal and insurance issues concerning (...)
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  29.  31
    Suppression of novel stimuli: Changes in accessibility of suppressed nonverbalizable shapes.Rhiannon E. Hart & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1541-1546.
    Recently, a new method of considering successful intentional thought suppression has emerged. This method, the think/no-think paradigm has been utilized over a multitude of settings and has fairly robustly demonstrated the ability to interfere with memory recall. The following experiment examined the effect of intentional thought suppression on recognition memory of nonverbalizeable shapes. In this experiment, participants learned word–shape targets. For some of the pairs, they rehearsed the shape when presented with the word; for others, they suppressed the shape when (...)
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  30.  35
    Individuation and the Realism/Nominalism Dilemma.Jorge J. E. Gracia & Jonathan Vajda - 2021 - International Philosophical Quarterly 61 (4):371-386.
    After reviewing various formulations of the problems of universals and individuation, this essay considers the dialectic that informs the relationship between the two. This dialectic involves a distinction between a realist theory of universals that satisfies the requirements of science but fails to account for the non-instantiability of individuals and a nominalist theory of universals that fails to satisfy the requirements of science but accounts for the non-instantiability of individuals. Inadequacies found in one view tend to motivate movement to the (...)
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  31. I and Tao: Martin Buber's Encounter with Chuang Tzu.Robert E. Allinson & Jonathan R. Herman - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (3):529-534.
    This review confirms Herman’s work as a praiseworthy contribution to East-West and comparative philosophical literature. Due credit is given to Herman for providing English readers with access to Buber’s commentary on, a personal translation of, the Chuang-Tzu; Herman’s insight into the later influence of I and Thou on Buber’s understanding of Chuang-Tzu and Taoism is also appropriately commended. In latter half of this review, constructive criticisms of Herman’s work are put forward, such as formatting inconsistencies, a tendency toward verbosity and (...)
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  32. Fearless-evolution on Boolean landscapes: Boolean phase portraits reveal a new navigation strategy based on fearful symmetry.Thomas E. Malloy, Jonathan Butner, Chase Dickerson & Joel M. Cooper - 2010 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 (3):65-95.
     
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  33.  13
    Individuation and the Realism/Nominalism Dilemma in advance.Jorge J. E. Gracia & Jonathan Vajda - forthcoming - International Philosophical Quarterly.
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  34.  21
    The Micro-Category account of analogy.Adam E. Green, Jonathan A. Fugelsang, David J. M. Kraemer & Kevin N. Dunbar - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):1004-1016.
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  35.  20
    Protection of children and adolescents in psychiatric research: an unfinished business.Antal E. Solyom & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2005 - HEC Forum 17 (3):210-226.
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  36.  1
    Human Reasoning.David E. Over & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2024 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element is on new developments in the psychology of reasoning that raise or address philosophical questions. In traditional studies in the psychology of reasoning, the focus was on inference from arbitrary assumptions and not at all from beliefs, and classical binary logic was presupposed as the only standard for human reasoning. But recently a new Bayesian paradigm has emerged in the discipline. This views ordinary human reasoning as mostly inferring probabilistic conclusions from degrees of beliefs, or from hypothetical premises (...)
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  37.  21
    Hard domains, biased rationalizations, and unanswered empirical questions.Stephen E. Weinberg & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Cushman raises the intriguing possibility that rationalization accesses/constructs intuitions that are not otherwise cognitively available. However, he substantially over-reaches in arguing that rationalization is mostly right on average, based on claims that the process must have emerged adaptively. The adaptiveness of “bounded rationalization” is domain specific and is unlikely to be adaptive in a large number of important applications.
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  38. A Diamond-Based Electrode for Detection of Neurochemicals in the Human Brain.Kevin E. Bennet, Jonathan R. Tomshine, Hoon-Ki Min, Felicia S. Manciu, Michael P. Marsh, Seungleal B. Paek, Megan L. Settell, Evan N. Nicolai, Charles D. Blaha, Abbas Z. Kouzani, Su-Youne Chang & Kendall H. Lee - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  39. Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144-1154.
    Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes. Here we test a dual-process theory synthesizing these perspectives. More specifically, our theory associates utilitarian moral judgment (approving of harmful actions that maximize good consequences) with controlled cognitive processes and associates non-utilitarian moral judgment with automatic emotional responses. Consistent with this theory, we find that a cognitive load manipulation selectively interferes with utilitarian judgment. This interference (...)
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  40.  46
    Commentary: Why sprint interval training is inappropriate for a largely sedentary population.Mary E. Jung, Jonathan P. Little & Alan M. Batterham - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  41.  36
    Exploiting human and mouse transcriptomic data: Identification of circadian genes and pathways influencing health.Emma E. Laing, Jonathan D. Johnston, Carla S. Möller-Levet, Giselda Bucca, Colin P. Smith, Derk-Jan Dijk & Simon N. Archer - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (5):544-556.
    The power of the application of bioinformatics across multiple publicly available transcriptomic data sets was explored. Using 19 human and mouse circadian transcriptomic data sets, we found that NR1D1 and NR1D2 which encode heme‐responsive nuclear receptors are the most rhythmic transcripts across sleep conditions and tissues suggesting that they are at the core of circadian rhythm generation. Analyzes of human transcriptomic data show that a core set of transcripts related to processes including immune function, glucocorticoid signalling, and lipid metabolism is (...)
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  42.  45
    Investigating reasoning with multiple integrated neuroscientific methods.Matthew E. Roser, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Nicolas A. McNair, Giorgio Fuggetta, Simon J. Handley, Lauren S. Carroll & Dries Trippas - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  43.  33
    The Probability of Conditionals: The Psychological Evidence.Jonathan St B. Evans David E. Over - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):340-358.
    : The two main psychological theories of the ordinary conditional were designed to account for inferences made from assumptions, but few premises in everyday life can be simply assumed true. Useful premises usually have a probability that is less than certainty. But what is the probability of the ordinary conditional and how is it determined? We argue that people use a two stage Ramsey test that we specify to make probability judgements about indicative conditionals in natural language, and we describe (...)
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  44.  18
    The fate of to-be-forgotten sentences in semantic positive forgetting.Ralph E. Geiselman & Jonathan P. Riehle - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (1):19-21.
  45.  28
    Glycosaminoglycan‐protein interactions: definition of consensus sites in glycosaminoglycan binding proteins.Ronald E. Hileman, Jonathan R. Fromm, John M. Weiler & Robert J. Linhardt - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (2):156-167.
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  46.  13
    Glycosaminoglycan-protein interactions: definition of consensus sites in glycosaminoglycan binding proteins.Ronald E. Hileman, Jonathan R. Fromm, John M. Weiler & Robert J. Linhardt - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (2):156-167.
    Although interactions of proteins with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), such as heparin and heparan sulphate, are of great biological importance, structural requirements for protein‐GAG binding have not been well‐characterised. Ionic interactions are important in promoting protein‐GAG binding. Polyelectrolyte theory suggests that much of the free energy of binding comes from entropically favourable release of cations from GAG chains. Despite their identical charges, arginine residues bind more tightly to GAGs than lysine residues. The spacing of these residues may determine protein‐GAG affinity and specificity. (...)
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  47. Pushing moral buttons: The interaction between personal force and intention in moral judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Fiery A. Cushman, Lisa E. Stewart, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):364-371.
    In some cases people judge it morally acceptable to sacrifice one person’s life in order to save several other lives, while in other similar cases they make the opposite judgment. Researchers have identified two general factors that may explain this phenomenon at the stimulus level: (1) the agent’s intention (i.e. whether the harmful event is intended as a means or merely foreseen as a side-effect) and (2) whether the agent harms the victim in a manner that is relatively “direct” or (...)
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  48.  64
    Cognitive Load Selectively Interferes with Utilitarian Moral Judgment.Jonathan D. Cohen Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144.
  49.  39
    The Effect of Interactional Fairness and Detection on Taxpayers’ Compliance Intentions.Linda Thorne, Steven E. Kaplan & Jonathan Farrar - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):167-180.
    Although the role of fairness in tax compliance has been of increasing interest among the academic and professional tax communities, very little is known about the role of interactional fairness. Interactional fairness refers to the quality of the treatment provided to individuals from authority figures, such as tax authority representatives. We conduct an experiment using US taxpayers to examine the role of interactional fairness on tax compliance intentions, and how detection influences this relation. Taxpayers’ detection salience reflects their perceptions that (...)
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  50. Truth and Truth-Making.E. Jonathan Lowe & Adolf Rami - 2008 - Montreal: Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Truth depends in some sense on reality. But it is a rather delicate matter to spell this intuition out in a plausible and precise way. According to the theory of truth-making this intuition implies that either every truth or at least every truth of a certain class of truths has a so-called truth-maker, an entity whose existence accounts for truth. This book aims to provide several ways of assessing the correctness of this controversial claim. This book presents a detailed introduction (...)
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