Results for 'E. Millgram'

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  1.  14
    Practical Reasoning About Final Ends.E. Millgram - 1996 - Mind 105 (419):504-506.
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  2.  54
    Inference to the best plan: A coherence theory of decision.P. Thagard & E. Millgram - 1997 - In [Book Chapter].
    In their introduction to this volume, Ram and Leake usefully distinguish between task goals and learning goals. Task goals are desired results or states in an external world, while learning goals are desired mental states that a learner seeks to acquire as part of the accomplishment of task goals. We agree with the fundamental claim that learning is an active and strategic process that takes place in the context of tasks and goals (see also Holland, Holyoak, Nisbett, and Thagard, 1986). (...)
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  3. Specificationism.E. Millgram - 2008 - In Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.), Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 731--747.
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  4.  74
    Review. Practical reasoning about final ends. Henry Richardson.E. Millgram - 1996 - Mind 105 (419):504-506.
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  5. Review of'Love and Its Place in Nature'and'Open Minded, Working Out the Logic of the Soul'. [REVIEW]E. Millgram - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):506-506.
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  6.  74
    Summary. [REVIEW]E. Millgram - 2011 - Analysis 71 (2):311-313.
    In an earlier book, Practical Induction, I used a transcendental argument to show that we have to learn what matters from experience: that inductive inference about what is important and worth doing really is inference. Now, this is a claim about logic, and that very fact prompts second thoughts. Can transcendental arguments really establish conclusions about logic and about rationality more generally? So testing whether it’s possible to produce similarly structured arguments for results about theoretical rationality is a reality check (...)
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  7. Williams' argument against external reasons.Elijah Millgram - 1996 - Noûs 30 (2):197-220.
    What I have tried to do is elicit and disarm the motivations most likely to give rise to the [counterexamples to the principle crucial to Williams' argument]. Only one of these motivations is still viable: the instrumentalist theory of practical reasoning. But because internalism and instrumentalism are, as it has turned out, so very tightly linked, in disarming the motivations for the objection, I have also inventoried, and given reason to reject, what I have found to be the most common (...)
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  8.  87
    On Millgram on mill.Dale E. Miller - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):96-108.
    In a recent article in Ethics, Elijah Millgram presents a novel reconstruction of J. S. Mill's ‘proof’ of the principle of utility. Millgram's larger purpose is to critique instrumentalist approaches to practical reasoning. His reading of the proof makes Mill out to be an instrumentalist, and Millgram thinks that the ultimate failure of Mill's argument usefully illustrates an inconsistency inherent in instrumentalism. Yet Millgram's interpretation of the proof does not succeed. Mill is not an instrumentalist. (...) may be right that instrumentalism is incoherent, but he has chosen the wrong figure to illustrate the point. (shrink)
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  9. Millgram, E.-Practical Induction.M. T. Walker - 1998 - Philosophical Books 39:254-255.
  10.  67
    Practical induction.Elijah Millgram - 1997 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    Itself a pleasure to read, this book is full of inventive arguments and conveys Millgram's bold thesis with elegance and force.
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  11. How to make something of yourself.Elijah Millgram - 2002 - In David Schmidtz (ed.), Robert Nozick. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 175--198.
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  12.  26
    Bas van Fraassen, The Empirical Stance. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2006 - Philosophical Review 115 (3):404-408.
  13.  80
    John Stuart Mill, determinism, and the problem of induction.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):183-199.
    Auguste Comte's doctrine of the three phases through which sciences pass (the theological, the metaphysical, and the positive) allows us to explain what John Stuart Mill was attempting in his magnum opus, the System of Logic: namely, to move the science of logic to its terminal and 'positive' stage. Both Mill's startling account of deduction and his unremarked solution to the Humean problem of induction eliminate the notions of necessity or force—in this case, the 'logical must'—characteristic of a science's metaphysical (...)
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  14. Aristotle on Making Other Selves.Elijah Millgram - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):361 - 376.
    There is still a relative paucity of discussion of the views on friendship that Aristotle presents in the Nicomachean Ethics ,1 although some recent work may indicate a new trend. One suspects that this paucity reflects a belief that those views are not very interesting; if true, this witnesses to an unfortunate underestimation of Aristotle's account. This account is in fact quite surprising, for -- I shall argue -- Aristotle believes that one makes one's friends in the most literal sense (...)
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  15.  62
    Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory.Elijah Millgram - 2005 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Ethics Done Right examines how practical reasoning can be put into the service of ethical and moral theory. Elijah Millgram shows that the key to thinking about ethics is to understand generally how to make decisions. The papers in this volume support a methodological approach and trace the connections between two kinds of theory in utilitarianism, in Kantian ethics, in virtue ethics, in Hume's moral philosophy, and in moral particularism. Unlike other studies of ethics, Ethics Done Right does not (...)
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  16.  99
    Coherence: The price of the ticket.Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (2):82-93.
  17.  96
    Deliberative coherence.Elijah Millgram & Paul Thagard - 1996 - Synthese 108 (1):63 - 88.
    Choosing the right plan is often choosing the more coherent plan: but what is coherence? We argue that coherence-directed practical inference ought to be represented computationally. To that end, we advance a theory of deliberative coherence, and describe its implementation in a program modelled on Thagard's ECHO. We explain how the theory can be tested and extended, and consider its bearing on instrumentalist accounts of practical rationality.
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  18.  18
    Coherence.Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (2):82-93.
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  19. Does the Categorical Imperative Give Rise to a Contradiction in the Will?Elijah Millgram - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (4):525-560.
    The Brave New World–style utilitarian dystopia is a familiar feature of the cultural landscape; Kantian dystopias are harder to come by, perhaps because, until Rawls, Kantian morality presented itself as a primarily personal rather than political program. This asymmetry is peculiar for formal reasons, because one phase of the deliberative process on which Kant insists is to ask what the world at large would be like if everyone did whatever it is one is thinking of doing. I do not propose (...)
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  20. by Elijah Millgram.Elijah Millgram - unknown
    Late British Empiricism was a research project built around a two-part psychological theory: that thoughts represent their objects by qualitatively resembling them and that thought proceeds by traversing associative links between ideas. The work of Hume, and then of Mill, were the project's highwater marks ; twentieth-century philosophers no longer find the psychology convincing. The problem, as far as the philosophers were concerned, was not so much that the account seemed false upon introspection, nor that the discipline of psychology had (...)
     
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  21.  29
    The Great Endarkenment: Philosophy for an Age of Hyperspecialization.Elijah Millgram - 2015 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    Human beings have always been specialists, but over the past two centuries division of labor has become deeper, ubiquitous, and much more fluid. The form it now takes brings in its wake a series of problems that are simultaneously philosophical and practical, having to do with coordinating the activities of experts in different disciplines who do not understand one another. Because these problems are unrecognized, and because we do not have solutions for them, we are on the verge of an (...)
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  22. Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory.Elijah Millgram - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (318):685-690.
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  23.  67
    Commensurability in perspective.Elijah Millgram - 2002 - Topoi 21 (1-2):217-226.
  24.  52
    Hard Truths.Elijah Millgram (ed.) - 2009 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    __Hard Truths__ is a groundbreaking new work in which noted philosopher Elijah Millgram advances a new approach to truth and its role in our day-to-day reasoning. Takes up the hard truths of real reasoning and draws out their implications for logic and metaphysics Introduces and takes issue with prevailing views of the purpose of truth and the way we reason, including deflationism about truth, possible worlds treatments of modality, and antipsychologism in philosophy of logic Develops philosophically ambitious ideas in (...)
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  25. Was Hume a Humean?Elijah Millgram - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):75-94.
    I am going to argue that linking Hume’s name with instrumentalism is as inappropriate as linking Aristotle’s: that, as a matter of textual point, the Hume of the Treatise is not an instrumentalist at all, and that the view of practical reasoning that he does have is incompatible with, and far more minimal than, instrumentalism. Then I will consider Hume’s reasons for his view, and argue that they make sense when they are seen against the background of his semantic theory. (...)
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  26.  50
    Was Hume a Humean?Elijah Millgram - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):75-93.
  27. Varieties of Practical Reasoning.Elijah Millgram (ed.) - 2001 - MIT Press.
    This book covers a broad spectrum of positions on practical reasoning—from the nihilist view that there are no legitimate forms of practical inference, and ...
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  28.  13
    Coverage Shortfalls at the Library of Agency.Elijah Millgram - 2023 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 23 (3).
    In his “Games and the Art of Agency,” C. Thi Nguyen makes an intriguing and very plausible suggestion: games, or at any rate a great many of them, are artworks whose medium is, roughly, how one goes about doing what one does. In assigning an objective, laying down the constraints under which it has to be achieved, and specifying the terrain on which it will be played out, a game sculpts the decision-making processes of its players, the ways they see (...)
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  29.  82
    Applied ethics, moral skepticism, and reasons with expiration dates.Elijah Millgram - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (5):pp. 263-280.
  30.  16
    Applied Ethics, Moral Skepticism and Reasons with Expiration Dates.Elijah Millgram - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (sup1):263-280.
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  31.  5
    Conclusion: Metaphysics as Intellectual Ergonomics.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - In Hard Truths. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 217–222.
    This chapter contains sections titled: 12.1 12.2.
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  32.  2
    Deflating Deflationism.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - In Hard Truths. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 33–47.
    This chapter contains sections titled: 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5.
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  33. D'où venons-nous, que sommes nous, où allons-nous?Elijah Millgram - 2008 - In Daniel Callcut (ed.), Reading Bernard Williams. Routledge.
     
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  34. Intention.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1957 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This is a welcome reprint of a book that continues to grow in importance.
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  35.  50
    Practical reasoning: The current state of play.Elijah Millgram - 2001 - In Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press. pp. 1--26.
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  36. Life and action.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):557-564.
    In the ongoing discussion about practical rationality, one of the big questions has become: how does one go about conducting an argument about the forms that practical reasoning can take? Life and Action is thus of great interest not just because it advances substantive and novel views as to what those inference patterns are, but in that it puts on the table, by my count, five distinct methods of arriving at conclusions as to what reasoning about what to do can (...)
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  37.  75
    Kantian crystallization.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3):511-513.
  38. Modern Moral Philosophy.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (124):1 - 19.
    The author presents and defends three theses: (1) "the first is that it is not profitable for us at present to do moral philosophy; that should be laid aside at any rate until we have an adequate philosophy of psychology." (2) "the second is that the concepts of obligation, And duty... And of what is morally right and wrong, And of the moral sense of 'ought', Ought to be jettisoned if this is psychologically possible...." (3) "the third thesis is that (...)
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  39. Practical reason and the structure of actions.Elijah Millgram - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A wave of recent philosophical work on practical rationality is organized by the following implicit argument: Practical reasoning is figuring out what to do; to do is to act; so the forms of practical inference can be derived from the structure or features of action. Now it is not as though earlier work, in analytic philosophy, had failed to register the connection between action and practical rationality; in fact, practical reasoning was usually picked out as, roughly, reasoning directed toward action. (...)
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  40.  20
    Ix-on being bored out of your mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):163-184.
    The contemporary philosophical debate over practical reasoning---over how one ought to figure out what to do---has been almost entirely focused on whether there is more to it than means-ends reasoning. But a prior and very difficult question has to do with why instrumental deliberation is so important an aspect of our cognitive life. I consider an answer broached by Harry Frankfurt, that having ends is the alternative to being literally bored out of one’s mind, and adapt an argument from John (...)
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  41. Mill's proof of the principle of utility.Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2):282-310.
    Utilitarianism is a “consequentialist” doctrine: that actions are right or wrong in proportion as they produce good or bad consequences. Mill’s version is also a “hedonistic” doctrine. Consequences are good insofar as they have more happiness or less unhappiness; bad, as they have more unhap- piness or less happiness; and by happiness and unhappiness, Mill means pleasure and pain. In English, the words “happiness” and “unhappiness” do not have the same connotations as “pleasure” and “pain.” “Happiness” implies feeling good about (...)
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  42.  41
    A Coherence Theory of Decision.Paul Thagard & Elijah Millgram - unknown
    In their introduction to this volume, Ram and Leake usefully distinguish between task goals and learning goals. Task goals are desired results or states in an external world, while learning goals are desired mental states that a learner seeks to acquire as part of the accomplishment of task goals. We agree with the fundamental claim that learning is an active and strategic process that takes place in the context of tasks and goals (see also Holland, Holyoak, Nisbett, and Thagard, 1986). (...)
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  43.  52
    Harman's Hardness Arguments.Elijah Millgram - 1991 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72 (3):181-202.
  44. Intention.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1957 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 57:321-332.
     
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  45.  49
    Moral Values and Secondary Qualities.Elijah Millgram - 1999 - American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (3):253 - 255.
  46. On being bored out of your mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):163–184.
    The contemporary philosophical debate over practical reasoning-over how one ought to figure out what to do-has been almost entirely focused on whether there is more to it than means-ends reasoning. But a prior and very difficult question has to do with why instrumental deliberation is so important an aspect of our cognitive life (regardless of whether there is anything else). I consider an answer broached by Harry Frankfurt, that having ends is the alternative to being literally bored out of one's (...)
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  47.  77
    On Being Bored out of Your Mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104:165-186.
    The contemporary philosophical debate over practical reasoning-over how one ought to figure out what to do-has been almost entirely focused on whether there is more to it than means-ends reasoning. But a prior and very difficult question has to do with why instrumental deliberation is so important an aspect of our cognitive life. I consider an answer broached by Harry Frankfurt, that having ends is the alternative to being literally bored out of one's mind, and adapt an argument from John (...)
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  48.  3
    Unity of the Intellect.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - In Hard Truths. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 70–101.
    This chapter contains sections titled: 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11.
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  49.  84
    What's the Use of Utility?Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (2):113-136.
  50.  12
    IX-On Being Bored Out of Your Mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):165-186.
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