Results for 'E. Mason Lance'

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  1.  18
    The Significance of Dewey's Democracy and Education for 21st-Century Education.E. Mason Lance - 2017 - Education and Culture 33 (1):41-57.
    This paper explores Dewey's landmark book Democracy and Education1 and the insights it holds for 21st-century education. Regarding the term "21st-century education," Alfie Kohn aptly notes that "we can take whatever objectives of teaching strategies we happen to favor and, merely by attaching a label that designates a future time period, endow them and ourselves with an aura of novelty and significance."2 The intention of this paper is to re-appropriate this term from two groups that tend to employ it. The (...)
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  2.  2
    Data-Driven Decision Making and Dewey's Science of Education.Natalie Schelling & Lance E. Mason - 2021 - Education and Culture 37 (1):41-59.
  3.  17
    Cultivating Civic Habits: A Deweyan Analysis of the National Council for the Social Studies Position Statement on Guidelines for Social Studies Teaching and Learning.Lance E. Mason - 2016 - Education and Culture 32 (1):87.
    The National Council for the Social Studies position statement on “Curriculum Guidelines for Social Studies Teaching and Learning” provides a conceptual outline for contemporary social studies curriculum. The purported goal is to “promote civic competence” in order to “help young people develop the ability to make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good as citizens of a culturally diverse, democratic society in an interdependent world.”1 The statement reaffirms the importance of social studies in the wake of No Child Left (...)
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  4.  45
    Climate Science Denial as Willful Hermeneutical Ignorance.Sharon E. Mason - 2020 - Social Epistemology 34 (5):469-477.
    Climate science denial results from ignorance and perpetuates ignorance about scientific facts and methods of inquiry. In this paper, I explore climate science denial as a type of active ignorance...
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  5. Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations.Jonathan E. Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This interdisciplinary work is a collection of major essays on reasoning: deductive, inductive, abductive, belief revision, defeasible, cross cultural, conversational, and argumentative. They are each oriented toward contemporary empirical studies. The book focuses on foundational issues, including paradoxes, fallacies, and debates about the nature of rationality, the traditional modes of reasoning, as well as counterfactual and causal reasoning. It also includes chapters on the interface between reasoning and other forms of thought. In general, this last set of essays represents growth (...)
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  6.  7
    We Make No Promises.E. Mason - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (1-2):33.
    In this paper, I argue against three views of promising: one old, and two relatively recent. I propose a fourth view: deflation- ism. The old view is that promising is a social practice, and that our obligation to keep promises is related to the practice in some way. The newer views are Scanlon’s non-practice view,1 and Wallace and Kolodny’s ‘‘hybrid view’’. Deflationism is the view that saying ‘‘I promise’’ merely adds emphasis and does not incur any extra obligation. In brief, (...)
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  7.  38
    Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW]Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.
    Investigations into ethical judgments generally seem fuzzy as to the relevant research domain. We first attempted to clarify the construct and determine domain parameters. This attempt required addressing difficulties associated with pinpointing relevant literature, most notably the varied nomenclature used to refer to ethical judgments (individual evaluations of actions’ ethicality). Given this variation in construct nomenclature and the difficulties it presented in identifying pertinent focal studies, we elected to focus on research that cited papers featuring prominent and often-used measures of (...)
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  8.  14
    H.E. Mason, Ed., Moral Dilemmas and Moral Theory:Moral Dilemmas and Moral Theory.Christopher McMahon - 1998 - Ethics 108 (2):419-421.
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  9.  53
    Dilemmas, Conspiracies, and Sophie’s Choice: Vignette Themes and Ethical Judgments.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):639-653.
    Knowledge about ethical judgments has not advanced appreciably after decades of research. Such research, however, has rarely addressed the possible importance of the content of such judgments; that is, the material appearing in the brief vignettes or scenarios on which survey respondents base their evaluations. Indeed, this content has seemed an afterthought in most investigations. This paper closely examined the vast array of vignettes that have appeared in relevant research in an effort to reduce this proliferation to a more concise (...)
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  10.  4
    Daniel R. DeNicola, "Understanding Ignorance: The Surprising Impact of What We Don’T Know." Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Mason - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (3):121-123.
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  11.  28
    Individual Ethical Beliefs and Perceived Organizational Interests.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8):851 - 861.
    Two contrasting types of individuals were each predicted to agree, for different reasons, that conventional ethical standards of society need not be upheld if organizational interests appear to demand otherwise. The hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from two samples (employed and student, total N=308). Clear support was obtained for the prediction that individuals inclined toward self-interest and behavior counter to conventional standards would agree with the preceding position. Partial support was obtained for the hypothesis that individuals who simply feel (...)
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  12.  2
    Vignette Themes and Moral Reasoning in Business Contexts: The Case for the Defining Issues Test.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.
    Some researchers interested in assessing moral reasoning among business practitioners or students have developed their own vignettes or scenarios set in business contexts, based on assumptions that the situations presented in the often-used Defining Issues Test will somehow be inappropriate for these specific types of respondents. This paper is the first to examine in depth both the actual details contained in these business-oriented scenarios and empirical findings emerging from them. Among this paper’s conclusions are: assumptions underpinning the presumed superiority of (...)
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  13.  13
    Ethics Briefings.M. Davies, S. Brannan, E. Chrispin, S. Mason, R. Mussell, J. Sheather & A. Sommerville - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):447-449.
    Update on donation of bodily material in the UKIn March 2010, the Human Tissue Authority announced that the first pooled kidney transplants, each involving three living donors and three recipients, had been performed in the UK. 1 While the vast majority of living donor transplants take place between people who are genetically related or are otherwise emotionally close, the Human Tissue Act 2004 introduced greater flexibility, permitting, for example, altruistic, paired and pooled donation. The HTA commented that these types of (...)
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  14.  21
    Structure and Process in Semantic Memory: A Featural Model for Semantic Decisions.Edward E. Smith, Edward J. Shoben & Lance J. Rips - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (3):214-241.
  15.  20
    Out of Sorts? Some Remedies for Theories of Object Concepts: A Reply to Rhemtulla and Xu.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1096-1102.
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  16.  13
    Postscript: Sorting Out Object Persistence.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1103-1104.
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  17.  10
    Ethics Briefings.M. Davies, S. Brannan, E. Chrispin, S. Mason, R. Mussell, J. Sheather & A. Sommerville - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):62-64.
  18.  9
    New Adolescent Vaccines: Legal and Legislative Issues.Allen Craig, Abigail English, Frederic E. Shaw & Lance Rodewald - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (S4):106-111.
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  19.  10
    New Adolescent Vaccines: Legal and Legislative Issues.Allen Craig, Abigail English, Frederic E. Shaw & Lance Rodewald - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (s4):106-111.
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  20. Meniere's Disease: Diagnosis, Natural History, and Current Management.Lance E. Jackson, Herbert Silverstein & Richard Gans - forthcoming - Ethics.
  21. Moral Dilemmas and Moral Theory.H. E. Mason (ed.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection of previously unpublished essays addresses a number of issues arising out of philosophical controversies over the possibility of genuine moral dilemmas. Issues addressed include the form of a moral dilemma; the paradoxes a moral dilemma is said to entail; the question of whether a moral dilemma must exhibit inconsistency; the role of intractable circumstances in occasioning moral dilemmas; and the plausibility of supposing that there might be rational ways of addressing moral dilemmas in practice. The contributors, writing from (...)
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  22.  7
    A Relativistic Approach to Moral Judgment in Individuals: Review and Reinterpretation.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (2):403-416.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
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  23.  36
    Combining Prototypes: A Selective Modification Model.Edward E. Smith, Daniel N. Osherson, Lance J. Rips & Margaret Keane - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (4):485-527.
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  24.  10
    Utilitarian Traits and the Janus-Headed Model: Origins, Meaning, and Interpretation.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):227-240.
    Two distinct and perhaps mutually exclusive understandings of utilitarianism have emerged in the ethics literature. Utilitarianism is typically regarded as an approach to determine ethicality by focusing on whether or not actions produce the greater good, but has also been conceptualized as a set of traits to which individuals might be predisposed. This paper is designed to clarify the meaning and implications of such utilitarian traits as “results-oriented,” “innovative,” and “a winner.” Although the Janus-headed model of ethical theory from which (...)
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  25.  41
    Competitive Irrationality in Transitional Economies: Are Communist Managers Less Irrational?Lance E. Brouthers, Dana-Nicoleta Lascu & Steve Werner - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):397-408.
    Why do marketing managers in the transitional economies of Eastern Europe and China often engage in competitively irrational behavior, choosing pricing strategies that damage competitors’ profits, rather than choosing pricing strategies that improve their firm’s profits? We propose one possible reason, the moral vacuum created by the collapse of communist ideology. We hypothesize and find that managers who experienced formal communist moral ideological indoctrination are less likely to be competitively irrational than the post-communist managers who did not. Implications are discussed.
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  26.  11
    On the Kantian Interpretation of Rawls' Theory.H. E. Mason - 1976 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 1 (1):47-55.
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  27.  54
    Beliefs in Afterlife as a by-Product of Persistence Judgments.E. Newman George, V. Blok Sergey & J. Rips Lance - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):481.
    We agree that supernatural beliefs are pervasive. However, we propose a more general account rooted in how people trace ordinary objects over time. Tracking identity involves attending to the causal history of an object, a process that may implicate hidden mechanisms. We discuss experiments in which participants exhibit the same “supernatural” beliefs when reasoning about the fates of cups and automobiles as those exhibited by Bering's participants when reasoning about spirits.
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  28.  21
    Deleuze E Leibniz: Um Único Lance de Dados Ou a Univocidade Do Ser E a Equivocidade de Seus Sentidos.Larissa Drigo Agostinho - 2016 - Cadernos Espinosanos 34:105-135.
    Em diversos momentos de sua trajetória filosófica Deleuze recorre à Leibniz. Num primeiro momento para pensar a síntese ideal da diferença em Diferença e Repetição, não sem antes ter tecido duras críticas ao infinito leibniziano. Neste artigo nos consagraremos a este momento. Buscaremos demonstrar a importância do conceito de causa imanente de Espinosa, assim como do princípio de razão suficiente e de suas funções no pensamento leibniziano. Apresentaremos a crítica deleuziana do conceito de identidade em Leibniz e a interpretação do (...)
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  29.  33
    The Ontology of Bhakti: Devotion as Paramapurusārtha in Gaudīya Vaisnavism and Madhusūdana Sarasvatī. [REVIEW]Lance E. Nelson - 2004 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 32 (4):345-392.
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  30.  22
    Greek Terms for Roman Institutions: A Lexicon and Analysis. [REVIEW]E. W. Gray & H. J. Mason - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:233-234.
  31. MASON, H. T. : The Leibniz-Arnauld Correspondence. [REVIEW]E. Khamara - 1969 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 47:251.
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  32. Lance E. Nelson.Devotion As, in Gaudiya Vaisnavism & Madhusudana Sarasvati - 2004 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 32 (4-6):345-392.
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  33.  56
    Gender and Ethical Orientation: A Test of Gender and Occupational Socialization Theories. [REVIEW]E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):599 - 604.
    Ethics and associated values influence not only managerial behavior but also managerial success (England and Lee, 1973). Gender socialization theory hypothesizes gender differences in ethics variables whether or not individuals are full time employees; occupational socialization hypothesizes gender similarity in employees. The conflicting hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from a sample of 308 individuals. Analysis of variance and hierarchical regression yielded unexpected results. Although no significant gender differences emerged in individuals lacking full time employment, significant differences existed between employed (...)
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  34.  14
    The Prometheus of Hesiod and Aeschylus. By E. Vandvik. Pp. 83. Oslo: I Kommisjon Hos Jacob Dybwad, 1943.P. G. Mason & E. Vandvik - 1945 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 65:126-127.
  35.  18
    On the Treatment of the Notion of the Will in Wittgenstein's Later Writings.H. E. Mason - 1988 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (3):183-196.
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  36.  9
    Set-Theoretic and Network Models Reconsidered: A Comment on Hollan's "Features and Semantic Memory.".Lance J. Rips, Edward E. Smith & Edward J. Shoben - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (2):156-157.
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  37.  6
    The National Research Fund: A Case Study in the Industrial Support of Academic Science. [REVIEW]Lance E. Davis & Daniel J. Kevles - 1974 - Minerva 12 (2):207-220.
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  38.  13
    Late Nineteenth-Century American Development. A General Equilibrium History.Lance E. Davis & Jeffrey G. Williamson - 1976 - History and Theory 15 (3):322.
  39.  12
    Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader.Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller, D. W. Haslett, Shelly Kagan, Sanford S. Levy, David Lyons, Phillip Montague, Tim Mulgan, Philip Pettit, Madison Powers, Jonathan Riley, William H. Shaw, Michael Smith & Alan Thomas (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    What determines whether an action is right or wrong? Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader explores for students and researchers the relationship between consequentialist theory and moral rules. Most of the chapters focus on rule consequentialism or on the distinction between act and rule versions of consequentialism. Contributors, among them the leading philosophers in the discipline, suggest ways of assessing whether rule consequentialism could be a satisfactory moral theory. These essays, all of which are previously unpublished, provide students in (...)
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  40.  12
    Let the Cow Wander: Modeling the Metaphors in Veda and Vedanta.Lance E. Nelson & Michael W. Meyers - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (3):541.
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  41.  13
    Gods, Guardians, and Lovers: Temple Sculptures From North India, A. D. 700-1200.E. G., Vishakha N. Desai & Darielle Mason - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1):143.
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  42.  13
    Utilitarian Traits and the Janus-Headed Model: Origins, Meaning, and Interpretation.E. Mason & Peter Mudrack - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):227-240.
    Two distinct and perhaps mutually exclusive understandings of utilitarianism have emerged in the ethics literature. Utilitarianism is typically regarded as an approach to determine ethicality by focusing on whether or not actions produce the greater good, but has also been conceptualized as a set of traits to which individuals might be predisposed. This paper is designed to clarify the meaning and implications of such utilitarian traits as “results-oriented,” “innovative,” and “a winner.” Although the Janus-headed model of ethical theory from which (...)
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  43.  64
    Walter E. Broman, Timothy C. Lord, Roy W. Perrett, Colin Dickson, Jill P. Baumgaertner, Eva L. Corredor, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, Timothy V. Kaufman-Osborn, Jay S. Andrews, David M. Thompson, David Carey, David Parker, David Novitz, Norman Simms, David Herman, Paul Taylor, Jeff Mason, Robert D. Cottrell, David Gorman, Mark Stein, Constance S. Spreen, Will Morrisey, Jan Pilditch, Herman Rapaport, Mark Johnson, Michael McClintick, John D. Cox, Arthur Kirsch, Burton Watson, Michael Platt, Gary M. Ciuba, Karsten Harries, Mary Anne O'Neil. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (2):373.
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  44.  11
    Life and Thought of Sankaracarya.Lance E. Nelson & Govind Chandra Pande - 1997 - Philosophy East and West 47 (2):279.
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  45.  3
    Christ Church and Reform 1850-67.E. G. W. Bill & J. F. A. Mason - 1970 - British Journal of Educational Studies 18 (3):306-307.
  46. Cicero the Statesman.Mason Hammond & R. E. Smith - 1968 - American Journal of Philology 89 (3):357.
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  47.  22
    Jonathan E. Adler and Lance J. Rips : Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and Its Foundations: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008, ISBN: 978-0-521-84815-2.Juho Ritola - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (4):493-500.
    IntroductionThis title is an important collection of articles on the principles, methods, and facts of human reasoning. It is of interest to argumentation theorists, philosophers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, and researchers in related fields. Out of the 53 articles, 16 were written specifically for this volume by prominent representatives of their fields, and it makes an important contribution to the research on reasoning. The size of the collection enables it to include papers from classic philosophical articles to important new theorizing on (...)
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  48.  38
    Do Complex Moral Reasoners Experience Greater Ethical Work Conflict?E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1311-1318.
    Individuals who disagree that organizational interests legitimately supersede those of the wider society may experience conflict between their personal standards of ethics and those demanded by an employing organization, a conflict that is well documented. An additional question is whether or not individuals capable of complex moral reasoning experience greater conflict than those reasoning at a less developed level. This question was first positioned in a theoretical framework and then investigated using 115 survey responses from a student sample. Correlational analysis (...)
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  49. Futebol, Identidade E Memória: O Lance! Do Consumo Do Botafogo de 1962.Aline Silva Correa Maia & Roberta Oliveira - 2010 - Logos: Comuniação e Univerisdade 17 (2):151-163.
    O Jornalismo Esportivo utiliza-se da memória como forma de fortalecer conceitos e ideias associadas ao futebol, aos clubes e seus torcedores. No Brasil, o diário esportivo Lance! recorreu ao passado na cobertura anterior da final do Campeonato Carioca de 2009, como parte da estratégia de lançamento de uma promoção. O trabalho avalia a produção, nesta circunstância, do discurso para atrair o torcedor do Botafogo.
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  50.  10
    Comparison of the Deformation Behaviour of Commercially Pure Titanium and Ti–5Al–2.5Sn at 296 and 728 K.H. Li, D. E. Mason, Y. Yang, T. R. Bieler, M. A. Crimp & C. J. Boehlert - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (21):2875-2895.
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