Results for 'E. J. Wagenmaker'

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  1.  17
    The falsifiability of actual decision-making models.Andrew Heathcote, E. -J. Wagenmakers & Scott D. Brown - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (4):676-678.
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  2. A Phase Transition Model for the Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in Response Time Experiments.Gilles Dutilh, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Ingmar Visser & Han L. J. van der Maas - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (2):211-250.
    Most models of response time (RT) in elementary cognitive tasks implicitly assume that the speed-accuracy trade-off is continuous: When payoffs or instructions gradually increase the level of speed stress, people are assumed to gradually sacrifice response accuracy in exchange for gradual increases in response speed. This trade-off presumably operates over the entire range from accurate but slow responding to fast but chance-level responding (i.e., guessing). In this article, we challenge the assumption of continuity and propose a phase transition model for (...)
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  3.  32
    The rationality of metaphysics.E. J. Lowe - 2011 - Synthese 178 (1):99-109.
    In this paper, it is argued that metaphysics, conceived as an inquiry into the ultimate nature of mind-independent reality, is a rationally indispensable intellectual discipline, with the a priori science of formal ontology at its heart. It is maintained that formal ontology, properly understood, is not a mere exercise in conceptual analysis, because its primary objective is a normative one, being nothing less than the attempt to grasp adequately the essences of things, both actual and possible, with a view to (...)
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  4.  92
    Misleading Dispositions and the Value of Knowledge.E. J. Coffman - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:241-258.
    Gettiered beliefs are those whose agents are subject to the kind of epistemologically significant luck illustrated by Gettier Cases. Provided that knowledge requires ungettiered belief, we can learn something about knowledge by figuring out how luck blocks it in Gettier Cases. After criticizing the most promising of the going approaches to gettiered belief—the Risk of False Belief Approach—, I explain and defend a new approach: the Risk of Misleading Dispositions Approach.Roughly, this view says that a belief is gettiered just in (...)
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  5. Ontological categories and natural kinds.E. J. Lowe - 1997 - Philosophical Papers 26 (1):29-46.
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  6. Not a Counterexample to Modus Ponens.E. J. Lowe - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):44 - 47.
  7. The problem of necessary truth.E. J. Craig - 1975 - In Simon Blackburn (ed.), Meaning, Reference and Necessity: New Studies in Semantics. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  8.  80
    Conditionals, Context, and Transitivity.E. J. Lowe - 1990 - Analysis 50 (2):80 - 87.
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  9.  49
    Tense and persistence.E. J. Lowe - 1998 - In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), Questions of time and tense. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 43--59.
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  10.  10
    Strokes of Luck.E. J. Coffman - 2015 - In Duncan Pritchard & Lee John Whittington (eds.), The Philosophy of Luck. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 27–58.
    This essay aims to reorient current theorizing about luck as an aid to our discerning this concept's true philosophical significance. After introducing the literature's leading theories of luck, it presents and defends counterexamples to each of them. It then argues that recent luck theorists' main target of analysis—the concept of an event's being lucky for a subject—is parasitic on the more fundamental notion of an event's being a stroke of luck for a subject, which thesis serves as at least a (...)
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  11.  47
    Effect of N-length, number of different N-lengths, and number of reinforcements on resistance to extinction.E. J. Capaldi - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):230.
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  12. Some varieties of metaphysical dependence.E. J. Lowe - 2013 - In Benjamin Schnieder, Miguel Hoeltje & Alex Steinberg (eds.), Varieties of Dependence: Ontological Dependence, Grounding, Supervenience, Response-Dependence (Basic Philosophical Concepts). Munich: Philosophia Verlag. pp. 193-210.
    In this paper, I first of all define various kinds of ontological dependence, motivating these definitions by appeal to examples. My contention is that whenever we need, in metaphysics, to appeal to some notion of existential or identity-dependence, one or other of these definitions will serve our needs adequately, which one depending on the case in hand. Then I respond to some objections to one of these proposed definitions in particular, namely, my definition of (what I call) essential identity-dependence. Finally, (...)
     
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  13.  62
    Does knowledge secure warrant to assert?E. J. Coffman - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 154 (2):285 - 300.
    This paper fortifies and defends the so called Sufficiency Argument (SA) against Classical Invariantism. In Sect. 2,I explain the version of the SA formulated but then rejected by Brown (2008a). In Sect. 3, I show how cases described by Hawthorne (2004), Brown (2008b), and Lackey (forthcoming) threaten to undermine one or the other of the SA's least secure premises. In Sect. 4,I buttress one of those premises and defend the reinforced SA from the objection developed in Sect. 3.
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  14.  52
    Some notes on syllogistic in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.E. J. Ashworth - 1970 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 11 (1):17-33.
  15.  61
    Primitive Substances.E. J. Lowe - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (3):531 - 552.
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  16.  27
    Successive negative contrast effect: Intertrial interval, type of shift, and four sources of generalization decrement.E. J. Capaldi - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):433.
  17. The Age of Capital, 1848-1875.E. J. Hobsbawm, Charles Tilly, Louise Tilly & Richard Tilly - 1978 - Science and Society 42 (1):94-97.
     
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  18.  92
    Imagination in Hume's Treatise and Enquiry concerning the Human Understanding.E. J. Furlong - 1961 - Philosophy 36 (136):62 - 70.
    The author addresses two questions concerning hume's philosophy: (1) why is imagination so prominent in hume's thought? and (2) what exactly did hume mean by imagination? (staff).
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  19.  14
    On a supposed temporal/modal parallel.E. J. Lowe - 1986 - Analysis 46 (4):195.
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  20. Memory.E. J. Furlong - 1948 - Mind 57 (January):16-44.
  21. How Not to Think of Powers.E. J. Lowe - 2011 - The Monist 94 (1):19-33.
  22.  72
    Substance and Selfhood.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):81-99.
    How could the self be a substance? There are various ways in which it could be, some familiar from the history of philosophy. I shall be rejecting these more familiar substantivalist approaches, but also the non-substantival theories traditionally opposed to them. I believe that the self is indeed a substance—in fact, that it is a simple or noncomposite substance—and, perhaps more remarkably still, that selves are, in a sense, self-creating substances. Of course, if one thinks of the notion of substance (...)
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  23.  35
    Essays in the history of mechanics.E. J. Aiton - 1970 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (3):265-273.
  24.  17
    Moral Requirement and the Need for Deontic Language.E. J. Bond - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (157):233 - 249.
    In Part I of this paper I attempt to present, in more or less summary fashion, some well-known difficulties in the concept of deontic morality , as shown by certain features of deontic moral discourse. I make no great claims for originality here, although perhaps there may be some virtue in the presentation and ordering. In any case, Part I is a necessary preliminary to Part II, where I attempt to defend the rationality of and the necessity for deontic language (...)
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  25.  1
    Identity and Constitution.E. J. Lowe - 2009 - In Edward Jonathan Lowe (ed.), More Kinds of Being: A Further Study of Individuation, Identity, and the Logic of Sortal Terms. Oxford and West Sussex, England: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 77–91.
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  26.  25
    Greek Waterworks.E. J. Owens - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (01):128-.
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  27.  1
    Menseregte en teologie: 'n Noodsaaklike debat.E. J. Vledder - 1995 - HTS Theological Studies 51 (1):224-244.
    Human rights and theology: An essential debate Human rights form an essential element of the new Constitution of South Africa. Can Christians take part in the debate on human rights? A model will be proposed called 'Analogy and difference’, which indeed makes it possible and desirable to do so. Although not founded essentially on Scripture or theology, analogies for the three basic principles of human rights — freedom, equality and participation — can be found in the Christian tradition. However, the (...)
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  28.  19
    Reply to Noonan on Vague Identity.E. J. Lowe - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):88-91.
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  29.  48
    Multiple quantification and the use of special quantifiers in early sixteenth century logic.E. J. Ashworth - 1978 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 19 (4):599-613.
  30.  52
    Noun phrases, quantifiers, and generic names.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):287-300.
  31.  40
    Inconsistency and Paradox in Medieval Disputations: A Development of Some Hints in Ockham.E. J. Ashworth - 1984 - Franciscan Studies 44 (1):129-139.
  32.  18
    Symposium: Is There Only One Correct System of Modal Logic?E. J. Lemmon & G. P. Henderson - 1959 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 33 (2):23 - 56.
  33.  6
    Action Theory and Ontology.E. J. Lowe - 2010 - In Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1–9.
    This chapter contains sections titled: What are Actions? What Are the Identity Conditions of Actions? Agents and their Powers References Further reading.
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  34.  9
    A Pyrrhic Defence of Moral Autonomy.E. J. Borowski - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (202):455 - 466.
  35.  28
    Philosophical Logic.E. J. Lowe - 2007
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  36.  86
    Reply to Noonan.E. J. Lowe - 1987 - Analysis 47 (4):201 - 203.
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  37.  34
    Patient safety and quality in healthcare.E. J. Arries - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (1):3-5.
  38.  16
    Will Socrates Cross the Bridge?: A Problem in Medieval Logic.E. J. Ashworth - 1976 - Franciscan Studies 36 (1):75-84.
  39.  90
    Peacocke and Kraemer on Butler's Problem.E. J. Lowe - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):113 - 118.
  40. David Hume.E. J. Khamara & D. G. C. Macnabb - 1977
     
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  41.  48
    Gorai Kinzō's study of Leibniz and the I ching hexagrams.E. J. Aiton & Eikoh Shimao - 1981 - Annals of Science 38 (1):71-92.
    When Bouvet discovered the relationship between the binary arithmetic of Leibniz and the hexagrams of the I ching—in reality only a purely formal correspondence—he sent to Leibniz a woodcut diagram of the Fu-Hsi arrangement, which provides the key to the analogy. This diagram, in a re-drawn version, was first published by Gorai Kinzō in a study of Leibniz's interpretation of the I ching and Confucianism which has been influential in providing, indirectly, the principal source for the accounts of Wilhelm and (...)
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  42.  31
    G. W. Leibniz: New Essays on Human Understanding Peter Remnant and Jonathan Bennett, translators and editors New York, Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press, 1981.E. J. Ashworth - 1982 - Dialogue 21 (3):593-596.
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  43.  19
    ‘if A And B, Then A’.E. J. Lowe - 1985 - Analysis 45 (1):93-98.
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  44. Locke on Language.E. J. Ashworth - 1998 - In Vere Claiborne Chappell (ed.), Locke. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  45. Ontological Vagueness, Existence Monism and Metaphysical Realism.E. J. Lowe - 2013 - Metaphysica 14 (2):265-274.
    Recently, Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč have defended the thesis of ‘existence monism’, according to which the whole cosmos is the only concrete object. Their arguments appeal largely to considerations concerning vagueness. Crucially, they claim that ontological vagueness is impossible, and one key assumption in their defence of this claim is that vagueness always involves ‘sorites-susceptibility’. I aim to challenge both the claim and this assumption. As a consequence, I seek to undermine their defence of existence monism and support a (...)
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  46.  15
    A History of Antioch in Syria from Seleucus to the Arab Conquest.E. J. Bickerman & Glanville Downey - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (2):219.
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  47.  65
    `Good' and `good for': A reply to Hurka.E. J. Bond - 1988 - Mind 97 (386):279-280.
  48.  3
    On the extent of John's height.E. J. Borowski - 1973 - Foundations of Language 10 (3):419-422.
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  49.  35
    Sentence meaning and word Meaning-II.E. J. Borowski - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (115):111-124.
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  50.  18
    Directa Methodvs.E. J. Brooks - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (06):209-211.
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