Results for 'E. Chemla'

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  1.  8
    Karine Chemla; Renaud Chorlay; David Rabouin . The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences. Xii + 507 Pp., Figs., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. £95. [REVIEW]David E. Rowe - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):872-873.
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  2.  17
    Karine Chemla . The History of Mathematical Proof in Ancient Traditions. Xv + 596 Pp., Tables, Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. $177. [REVIEW]Byron E. Wall - 2014 - Isis 105 (4):836-837.
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  3. Incremental Vs. Symmetric Accounts of Presupposition Projection: An Experimental Approach.Emmanuel Chemla & Philippe Schlenker - 2012 - Natural Language Semantics 20 (2):177-226.
    The presupposition triggered by an expression E is generally satisfied by information that comes before rather than after E in the sentence or discourse. In Heim’s classic theory (1983), this left-right asymmetry is encoded in the lexical semantics of dynamic connectives and operators. But several recent analyses offer a more nuanced approach, in which presupposition satisfaction has two separate components: a general principle (which varies from theory to theory) specifies under what conditions a presupposition triggered by an expression E is (...)
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  4. Modularity and Intuitions in Formal Semantics: The Case of Polarity Items.Emmanuel Chemla, Vincent Homer & Daniel Rothschild - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):537-570.
    Linguists often sharply distinguish the different modules that support linguistics competence, e.g., syntax, semantics, pragmatics. However, recent work has identified phenomena in syntax (polarity sensitivity) and pragmatics (implicatures), which seem to rely on semantic properties (monotonicity). We propose to investigate these phenomena and their connections as a window into the modularity of our linguistic knowledge. We conducted a series of experiments to gather the relevant syntactic, semantic and pragmatic judgments within a single paradigm. The comparison between these quantitative data leads (...)
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  5.  17
    Connectedness as a constraint on exhaustification.Émile Enguehard & Emmanuel Chemla - 2019 - Linguistics and Philosophy 44 (1):1-34.
    “Scalar implicatures” is a phrase used to refer to some inferences arising from the competition between alternatives: typically, “Mary read some of the books” ends up conveying that Mary did not read all books, because one could have said “Mary read all books”. The so-called grammatical theory argues that these inferences obtain from the application of a covert operator \, which not only has the capability to negate alternative sentences, but also the capability to be embedded within sentences under other (...)
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  6.  10
    Connectedness as a constraint on exhaustification.Émile Enguehard & Emmanuel Chemla - 2021 - Linguistics and Philosophy 44 (1):79-112.
    “Scalar implicatures” is a phrase used to refer to some inferences arising from the competition between alternatives: typically, “Mary read some of the books” ends up conveying that Mary did not read all books, because one could have said “Mary read all books”. The so-called grammatical theory argues that these inferences obtain from the application of a covert operator \, which not only has the capability to negate alternative sentences, but also the capability to be embedded within sentences under other (...)
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  7.  14
    Truth-Conditional Variability of Color Ascriptions: Empirical Results Concerning the Polysemy Hypothesis.Adrian Ziółkowski & Tomasz Zyglewicz - forthcoming - In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, vol 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Recent experimental work has shown that the truth-value judgments of color predications, i.e. utterances of the form “the leaves on my tree are green” or “these walls are brown,” are influenced by slight changes in the context of utterance (Hansen and Chemla 2013, Ziółkowski, 2021). Most explanations of this phenomenon focus on the semantics of color adjectives. However, it is not clear if these explanations do justice to the nuances of the empirical data on context-sensitivity of color predications (Ziółkowski, (...)
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  8. Epistemic Agency Naturalized: The Protocol of Testimony Acceptance.T. Uebel - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79:89-105.
     
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  9. Philosophical Analysis in Latin America Edited by Jorge J. E. Gracia, Eduardo Rabossi, Enrique Villanueva, and Marcelo Dascal Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1984, Xii + 431 Pp., Dfl 150. [REVIEW]J. E. K. Secada - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (234):550-552.
  10. Aristotelian Society, Proceedings, N. S. By A. E. Heath. Vol. XVII.E. G. Spaulding - 1918 - International Journal of Ethics 29:384.
     
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  11. Ethics in the Periodicals, by A. E. Heath.E. G. Spaulding - 1918 - International Journal of Ethics 29:389.
     
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  12. CONKLIN, E. G. - Heredity and environment in the development of man. [REVIEW]E. G. Russell - 1917 - Scientia 11 (22):220.
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  13. Conklin, E. G. - Heredity And Environment In The Development Of Man. [REVIEW]E. G. Russell - 1917 - Scientia 11 (22):220.
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  14. GODLEWSKY, E. - Das Vererbungsproblem im Lichte der Entwicklungsmechanik betrachtet. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1912 - Scientia 6 (11):123.
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  15. Godlewsky, E. - Das Vererbungsproblem Im Lichte Der Entwicklungsmechanik Betrachtet. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1912 - Scientia 6 (11):123.
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  16. HERING, E. - Memory. Lectures on the specific energies of the nervous system. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1916 - Scientia 10 (20):151.
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  17. Hering, E. - Memory. Lectures On The Specific Energies Of The Nervous System. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1916 - Scientia 10 (20):151.
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  18. POULTON E. B. - "Essays on evolution ". [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1910 - Scientia 4 (7):175.
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  19. Poulton E. B. - "essays On Evolution ". [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1910 - Scientia 4 (7):175.
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  20.  26
    Two Methods to Find Truth-Value Gaps and Their Application to the Projection Problem of Homogeneity.Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (3):205-248.
    Presupposition, vagueness, and oddness can lead to some sentences failing to have a clear truth value. The homogeneity property of plural predication with definite descriptions may also create truth-value gaps: The books are written in Dutch is true if all relevant books are in Dutch, false if none of them are, and neither true nor false if, say, half of the books are written in Dutch. We study the projection property of homogeneity by deploying methods of general interest to identify (...)
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  21. The Beyond That Is Within, by E. Boutroux. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1912 - International Journal of Ethics 23:354.
     
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  22. Experimenting on Contextualism.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (3):286-321.
    This paper concerns the central method of generating evidence in support of contextualist theories, what we call context shifting experiments. We begin by explaining the standard design of context shifting experiments, which are used in both quantitative surveys and more traditional thought experiments to show how context affects the content of natural language expressions. We discuss some recent experimental studies that have tried and failed to find evidence that confirms contextualist predictions about the results of context shifting experiments, and consider (...)
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  23. Color Adjectives, Standards, and Thresholds: An Experimental Investigation.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (3):1--40.
    Are color adjectives ("red", "green", etc.) relative adjectives or absolute adjectives? Existing theories of the meaning of color adjectives attempt to answer that question using informal ("armchair") judgments. The informal judgments of theorists conflict: it has been proposed that color adjectives are absolute with standards anchored at the minimum degree on the scale, that they are absolute but have near-midpoint standards, and that they are relative. In this paper we report two experiments, one based on entailment patterns and one based (...)
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  24.  17
    Conceptual alternatives: Competition in language and beyond.Brian Buccola, Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2022 - Linguistics and Philosophy 45 (2):265-291.
    Things we can say, and the ways in which we can say them, compete with one another. And this has consequences: words we decide not to pronounce have critical effects on the messages we end up conveying. For instance, in saying Chris is a good teacher, we may convey that Chris is not an amazing teacher. How this happens is an unsolvable problem, unless a theory of alternatives indicates what counts, among all the things that have not been pronounced. It (...)
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  25.  48
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  26.  45
    Monkey Semantics: Two ‘Dialects’ of Campbell’s Monkey Alarm Calls.Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Kate Arnold, Alban Lemasson, Karim Ouattara, Sumir Keenan, Claudia Stephan, Robin Ryder & Klaus Zuberbühler - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (6):439-501.
    We develop a formal semantic analysis of the alarm calls used by Campbell’s monkeys in the Tai forest and on Tiwai island —two sites that differ in the main predators that the monkeys are exposed to. Building on data discussed in Ouattara et al. :e7808, 2009a; PNAS 106: 22026–22031, 2009b and Arnold et al., we argue that on both sites alarm calls include the roots krak and hok, which can optionally be affixed with -oo, a kind of attenuating suffix; in (...)
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  27. Presuppositions of Quantified Sentences: Experimental Data. [REVIEW]Emmanuel Chemla - 2009 - Natural Language Semantics 17 (4):299-340.
    Some theories assume that sentences like (i) with a presupposition trigger in the scope of a quantifier carry an existential presupposition, as in (ii); others assume that they carry a universal presupposition, as in (iii). No student knows that he is lucky. Existential presupposition: At least one student is lucky.Universal presupposition: Every student is lucky. This work is an experimental investigation of this issue in French. Native speakers were recruited to evaluate the robustness of the inference from (i) to (iii). (...)
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  28.  29
    Experimenting on Contextualism.Emmanuel Chemla Nat Hansen - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (3):286-321.
    In this article we refine the design of context shifting experiments, which play a central role in contextualist debates, and we subject a large number of scenarios involving different types of expressions of interest to contextualists, including ‘know’ and color adjectives like ‘green’, to experimental investigation. Our experiment reveals an effect of changing contexts on the evaluation of uses of the sentences that we examine, thereby overturning the absence of results reported in previous experimental studies , uncovers evidence for a (...)
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  29.  15
    Texts, Textual Acts and the History of Science.Karine Chemla & Jacques Virbel - unknown
    The book presents the outcomes of an innovative research programme in the history of science and implements a Text Act Theory which extends Speech Act Theory, in order to illustrate a new approach to texts and textual communicative acts. It examines assertives (absolute or conditional statements, forecasts, insurance, etc.), directives, declarations and enumerations, as well as different types of textual units allowing authors to perform these acts: algorithms, recipes, prescriptions, lexical templates for terminological studies and enumerative structures. The book relies (...)
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  30. LONES, T. E. - Aristotle's researches in natural science. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1916 - Scientia 10 (20):326.
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  31. Lones, T. E. - Aristotle's Researches In Natural Science. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1916 - Scientia 10 (20):326.
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  32.  28
    Processing Inferences at the Semantics/Pragmatics Frontier: Disjunctions and Free Choice.Emmanuel Chemla & Lewis Bott - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):380-396.
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  33. Linguistic Experiments and Ordinary Language Philosophy.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2015 - Ratio 28 (4):422-445.
    J.L. Austin is regarded as having an especially acute ear for fine distinctions of meaning overlooked by other philosophers. Austin employs an informal experimental approach to gathering evidence in support of these fine distinctions in meaning, an approach that has become a standard technique for investigating meaning in both philosophy and linguistics. In this paper, we subject Austin's methods to formal experimental investigation. His methods produce mixed results: We find support for his most famous distinction, drawn on the basis of (...)
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  34.  9
    Karine Chemla;, Guo Shuchun. Les Neuf Chapitres: Le Classique Mathématique de la Chine Ancienne Et Ses Commentaires. Preface by, Geoffrey Lloyd. Xvi + 1,117 Pp., Table, Notes, Bibls., Indexes. Paris: Dunod, 2004. [REVIEW]Lisa Raphals - 2007 - Isis 98 (1):175-176.
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  35.  47
    Scalar Implicatures of Embedded Disjunction.Luka Crnič, Emmanuel Chemla & Danny Fox - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (4):271-305.
    Sentences with disjunction in the scope of a universal quantifier, Every A is P or Q, tend to give rise to distributive inferences that each of the disjuncts holds of at least one individual in the domain of the quantifier, Some A is P & Some A is Q. These inferences are standardly derived as an entailment of the meaning of the sentence together with the scalar implicature that it is not the case that either disjunct holds of every individual (...)
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  36.  8
    D. Del Boca E M. Repetto-Alaia (a Cura di), "Women's Work, the Family and Social Policy: Focus on Italy in European Perspective".E. Ruspini - 2004 - Polis 18 (1):172-173.
  37.  18
    Suszko’s Problem: Mixed Consequence and Compositionality.Emmanuel Chemla & Paul Égré - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic 12 (4):736-767.
    Suszko’s problem is the problem of finding the minimal number of truth values needed to semantically characterize a syntactic consequence relation. Suszko proved that every Tarskian consequence relation can be characterized using only two truth values. Malinowski showed that this number can equal three if some of Tarski’s structural constraints are relaxed. By so doing, Malinowski introduced a case of so-called mixed consequence, allowing the notion of a designated value to vary between the premises and the conclusions of an argument. (...)
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  38.  15
    From Many-Valued Consequence to Many-Valued Connectives.Emmanuel Chemla & Paul Egré - 2019 - Synthese 198 (S22):5315-5352.
    Given a consequence relation in many-valued logic, what connectives can be defined? For instance, does there always exist a conditional operator internalizing the consequence relation, and which form should it take? In this paper, we pose this question in a multi-premise multi-conclusion setting for the class of so-called intersective mixed consequence relations, which extends the class of Tarskian relations. Using computer-aided methods, we answer extensively for 3-valued and 4-valued logics, focusing not only on conditional operators, but also on what we (...)
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  39. E. F. Carritt (1876-1964).Anthony Skelton - 2016 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    E. F. Carritt (1876-1964) was educated at and taught in Oxford University. He made substantial contributions both to aesthetics and to moral philosophy. The focus of this entry is his work in moral philosophy. His most notable works in this field are The Theory of Morals (1928) and Ethical and Political Thinking (1947). Carritt developed views in metaethics and in normative ethics. In meta-ethics he defends a cognitivist, non-naturalist moral realism and was among the first to respond to A. J. (...)
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  40.  50
    Synthesis as a Stage in the History of Mathematics.Katrine Chemla & Thomas Epstein - 1992 - Diogenes 40 (160):95-111.
  41. E. Heintel, Hegel und die Analogia entis. [REVIEW]E. K. Specht - 1958 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 50:244.
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  42. E. Heintel, Hegel und die Analogia entis.E. K. Specht - 1958 - Kant Studien 50:244.
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  43. E.-W. Platzeck, Von der Analogie zum Syllogismus. [REVIEW]E. K. Specht - 1955 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 47:429.
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  44. E.-W. Platzeck, Von der Analogie zum Syllogismus.E. K. Specht - 1955 - Kant Studien 47:429.
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  45.  5
    Karine Chemla; Jacques Virbel . Texts, Textual Acts, and the History of Science. Ix + 430 Pp. Cham, Switzerland/New York: Springer, 2015. $129. [REVIEW]Nathan Sidoli - 2017 - Isis 108 (2):417-418.
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  46.  77
    MERRINGTON, E. N. -The Problem of Personality. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1917 - Mind 26:489.
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  47.  3
    Children's Acquisition of Homogeneity in Plural Definite Descriptions.Lyn Tieu, Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  48.  14
    Karine Chemla and Evelyn Fox Keller: Cultures Without Culturalism: The Making of Scientific Knowledge.Alfred Freeborn - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4):587-592.
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  49. HOCKING, W. E. -Living Religions and a World Faith. [REVIEW]E. S. Waterhouse - 1940 - Mind 49:489.
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  50. [deleted]Henry, N. E. And B. L. Ullman, New Second Latin Book.E. L. White - 1938 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 31:66-67.
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