Results for 'Dylan J. Fraser'

962 found
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  1. Misrelating values and empirical matters in conservation: A problem and solutions.Matthew J. Barker & Dylan J. Fraser - 2023 - Biological Conservation 281.
    We uncover a largely unnoticed and unaddressed problem in conservation research: arguments built within studies are sometimes defective in more fundamental and specific ways than appreciated, because they misrelate values and empirical matters. We call this the unraveled rope problem because just as strands of rope must be properly and intricately wound with each other so the rope supports its load, empirical aspects and value aspects of an argument must be related intricately and properly if the argument is to objectively (...)
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  2. Automated Influence and Value Collapse: Resisting the Control Argument.Dylan J. White - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Automated influence is one of the most pervasive applications of artificial intelligence in our day-to-day lives, yet a thoroughgoing account of its associated individual and societal harms is lacking. By far the most widespread, compelling, and intuitive account of the harms associated with automated influence follows what I call the control argument. This argument suggests that users are persuaded, manipulated, and influenced by automated influence in a way that they have little or no control over. Based on evidence about the (...)
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  3. Paying attention to attention: psychological realism and the attention economy.Dylan J. White - 2024 - Synthese 203 (2):1-22.
    In recent years, philosophers have identified a number of moral and psychological harms associated with the attention economy (Alysworth & Castro, 2021; Castro & Pham, 2020; Williams, 2018). Missing from many of these accounts of the attention economy, however, is what exactly attention is. As a result of this neglect of the cognitive science of attention, many of these accounts are not empirically credible. They rely on oversimplified and unsophisticated accounts of not only attention, but self- control, and addiction as (...)
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  4. Why Canada’s Artificial Intelligence and Data Act Needs “Mental Data”.Dylan J. White & Joshua August Skorburg - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (2):101-103.
    By introducing the concept of “mental data,” Palermos (2023) highlights an underappreciated aspect of data ethics that policymakers would do well to heed. Sweeping artificial intelligence (AI) legi...
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  5.  40
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Sports Performance.Dylan J. Edwards, Mar Cortes, Susan Wortman-Jutt, David Putrino, Marom Bikson, Gary Thickbroom & Alvaro Pascual-Leone - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  6.  63
    Nietzsche and "getting it wrong".Dylan J. Montanari - 2011 - Philosophy and Literature 35 (1):190-198.
    Robert Pippin's Nietzsche, Psychology, & First Philosophy is a striking, lucid study of Nietzsche's thoughts on the vicissitudes of subjectivity and its constituent commitments. It is an invaluable read not only for Nietzsche specialists, who will find it a serious challenge to prevailing attitudes, but also for all philosophers, who will discover his relevance to contemporary subfields concerned with human intention and action. Nietzsche emerges as the philosopher who came the closest, in the face of the perils of modernity, to (...)
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  7.  87
    Ethics of instantaneous contact tracing using mobile phone apps in the control of the COVID-19 pandemic.Michael J. Parker, Christophe Fraser, Lucie Abeler-Dörner & David Bonsall - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):427-431.
    In this paper we discuss ethical implications of the use of mobile phone apps in the control of the COVID-19 pandemic. Contact tracing is a well-established feature of public health practice during infectious disease outbreaks and epidemics. However, the high proportion of pre-symptomatic transmission in COVID-19 means that standard contact tracing methods are too slow to stop the progression of infection through the population. To address this problem, many countries around the world have deployed or are developing mobile phone apps (...)
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  8.  17
    Philosophy of Theism.J. S. & Alexander Campbell Fraser - 1899 - Philosophical Review 8 (6):668.
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  9.  23
    " We are a business, not a social service agency." Barriers to widening access for low-income shoppers in alternative food market spaces.Kelly J. Hodgins & Evan D. G. Fraser - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (1):149-162.
    Alternative food networks are emerging in opposition to industrial food systems, but are criticized as being exclusive, since customers’ ability to patronize these market spaces is premised upon their ability to pay higher prices for what are considered the healthiest, freshest foods. In response, there is growing interest in widening the demographic profile given access to these alternative foods. This research asks: what barriers do alternative food businesses face in providing access and inclusion for low income consumers? Surveys and interviews (...)
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  10.  50
    Anti-infective therapy at end of life: Ethical decision-making in hospice-eligible patients.Paul J. Ford, Thomas G. Fraser, Mellar P. Davis & And Eric Kodish - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):379–392.
    Clear guidelines addressing the ethically appropriate use of anti-infectives in the setting of hospice care do not exist. There is lack of understanding about key treatment decisions related to infection treatment for patients who are eligible for hospice care. Ethical concerns about anti-infective use at the end of life include: (1) delaying transition to hospice, (2) prolonging a dying process, (3) prescribing regimens incongruent with a short life expectancy and goals of care, (4) increasing the reservoir of potential resistant pathogens, (...)
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  11.  66
    Anti‐Infective Therapy at End of Life: Ethical Decision‐Making in Hospice‐Eligible Patients.Paul J. Ford, Thomas G. Fraser, Mellar P. Davis & Eric Kodish - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):379-392.
    ABSTRACT Clear guidelines addressing the ethically appropriate use of anti‐infectives in the setting of hospice care do not exist. There is lack of understanding about key treatment decisions related to infection treatment for patients who are eligible for hospice care. Ethical concerns about anti‐infective use at the end of life include: (1) delaying transition to hospice, (2) prolonging a dying process, (3) prescribing regimens incongruent with a short life expectancy and goals of care, (4) increasing the reservoir of potential resistant (...)
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  12.  10
    Philosophy of Theism. Gifford Lects.J. S. & Alexander Campbell Fraser - 1899 - Duke University Press.
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  13.  70
    Brain Metabolite Levels in Sedentary Women and Non-contact Athletes Differ From Contact Athletes.Amy L. Schranz, Gregory A. Dekaban, Lisa Fischer, Kevin Blackney, Christy Barreira, Timothy J. Doherty, Douglas D. Fraser, Arthur Brown, Jeff Holmes, Ravi S. Menon & Robert Bartha - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    White matter tracts are known to be susceptible to injury following concussion. The objective of this study was to determine whether contact play in sport could alter white matter metabolite levels in female varsity athletes independent of changes induced by long-term exercise. Metabolite levels were measured by single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the prefrontal white matter at the beginning and end of season in contact and non-contact varsity athletes. Sedentary women were scanned once, at a time equivalent to (...)
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  14.  7
    Spared Primary Motor Cortex and The Presence of MEP in Cerebral Palsy Dictate the Responsiveness to tDCS during Gait Training.Luanda A. Collange Grecco, Claudia Santos Oliveira, Manuela Galli, Camila Cosmo, Natália de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Nelci Zanon, Dylan J. Edwards & Felipe Fregni - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  15.  46
    Book Reviews Section 2.Robert F. Bieler, Paul B. Pederson, Robert L. Church, N. Ray Hiner, Edward J. Power, Michael J. Parsons, Stewart E. Fraser, June T. Fox, Monroe C. Beardsley, Richard Gambino, Richard D. Mosier, David Lawson, Frederick C. Gruber, David L. Kirp, Russell L. Curtis, Jerry Miner, Geneva Gay, Phillip C. Smith & Emma M. Capelluzzo - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (2):99-112.
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  16. Synaesthesia: The prevalence of atypical cross-modal experiences.J. Simner, C. Mulvenna, N. Sagiv, E. Tsakanikos, S. A. Witherby, C. Fraser, K. Scott & J. Ward - 2006 - Perception 35 (8):1024-33.
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  17.  33
    Holistic biology: What it is and why it matters.Fraser Watts & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):419-441.
    Recent developments toward a more holistic biology do not eliminate reductionism and determinism, but they do suggest more complex forms of them, in which there are multiple, interacting influences, as there are in complex or chaotic systems. Though there is a place in biology for both systemic and atomistic modes of explanation, for those with a theological perspective the shift to complex explanations in biology is often welcome. It suggests a more subtle view of divine action in which God's purposes (...)
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  18.  20
    Stress and Coping in Esports and the Influence of Mental Toughness.Dylan Poulus, Tristan J. Coulter, Michael G. Trotter & Remco Polman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  19.  21
    No Detectable Electroencephalographic Activity After Clinical Declaration of Death Among Tibetan Buddhist Meditators in Apparent Tukdam, a Putative Postmortem Meditation State.Dylan T. Lott, Tenzin Yeshi, N. Norchung, Sonam Dolma, Nyima Tsering, Ngawang Jinpa, Tenzin Woser, Kunsang Dorjee, Tenzin Desel, Dan Fitch, Anna J. Finley, Robin Goldman, Ana Maria Ortiz Bernal, Rachele Ragazzi, Karthik Aroor, John Koger, Andy Francis, David M. Perlman, Joseph Wielgosz, David R. W. Bachhuber, Tsewang Tamdin, Tsetan Dorji Sadutshang, John D. Dunne, Antoine Lutz & Richard J. Davidson - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Recent EEG studies on the early postmortem interval that suggest the persistence of electrophysiological coherence and connectivity in the brain of animals and humans reinforce the need for further investigation of the relationship between the brain’s activity and the dying process. Neuroscience is now in a position to empirically evaluate the extended process of dying and, more specifically, to investigate the possibility of brain activity following the cessation of cardiac and respiratory function. Under the direction of the Center for Healthy (...)
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  20.  15
    Auditory babble and cognitive efficiency: Role of number of voices and their location.Dylan M. Jones & William J. Macken - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (3):216.
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  21.  16
    Ethics of HIV testing in general practice without informed consent: a case series.J. Fraser - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (12):698-702.
    This case series presents two general practice cases where HIV testing occurred, or results suggestive of HIV were received, before informed consent was obtained. Bioethical and professional principles are used to explore these dilemmas.
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  22.  90
    Frank Ramsey.Fraser MacBride, Mathieu Marion, Maria Jose Frapolli, Dorothy Edgington, Edward J. R. Elliott, Sebastian Lutz & Jeffrey Paris - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1903–30) made seminal contributions to philosophy, mathematics and economics. Whilst he was acknowledged as a genius by his contemporaries, some of his most important ideas were not appreciated until decades later; now better appreciated, they continue to bear an influence upon contemporary philosophy. His historic significance was to usher in a new phase of analytic philosophy, which initially built upon the logical atomist doctrines of Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein, raising their ideas to a new level of (...)
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  23. Safety of community-based distribution of DMPA.J. Wesson, A. Olawo, V. Bukusi, M. Solomon, B. Pierre-Louis, B. Fraser, S. Winani, S. Wood, P. Coffey & T. Chirwa - 2008 - Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (1):69-82.
     
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  24.  18
    The ethics of prohibition.D. J. Fraser - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 9 (3):350-359.
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  25.  2
    The Ethics of Prohibition.D. J. Fraser - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 9 (3):350-359.
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  26.  22
    Publish and perish: a case study of publication ethics in a rural community.J. Fraser - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (9):526-529.
    Background: Health researchers must weigh the benefits and risks of publishing their findings.Objective: To explore differences in decision making between rural health researchers and managers on the publication of research from small identifiable populations.Method: A survey that investigated the attitudes of Australian rural general practitioners to nurse practitioners was explored. Decisions on the study’s publication were analysed with bioethical principles and health service management ethical decision-making models.Results: Response rate was 78.5% . 84–94% of GP responders considered it to be undesirable (...)
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  27.  12
    Ethical Objectivity.J. L. Fraser - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (95):331 - 336.
    The present state of ethical theory and practice is disquieting. Objectivism, in all its varieties, is unconvincing, and subjectivism, hedonic or emotive, is intellectually incredible and socially intolerable. No one is ethically content—except the dogmatist and the sceptic, who act willy nilly with the exponents of “might-cum-persuasion makes right.” Can we find a happier middle region between these inhospitable poles? Perhaps the very limitations of human valuation will provide the ground that ethics requires. Let us begin by considering the conditions (...)
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  28.  32
    Lang's theory of emotional imagery.Fraser N. Watts & Andrew J. Blackstock - 1987 - Cognition and Emotion 1 (4):391-405.
  29.  10
    Clockmaking—The Most General Trade.J. T. Fraser - 1975 - In J. T. Fraser & Nathaniel M. Lawrence (eds.), The Study of Time II: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time Lake Yamanaka-Japan. Springer Verlag. pp. 365--366.
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  30.  10
    Britain's Nuclear Arms Control Policy in the Context of Anglo-American Relations, 1957-68J. P. G. Freeman.Fraser J. Harbutt - 1987 - Isis 78 (3):497-498.
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  31.  13
    Pragmatism, critique, judgment: essays for Richard J. Bernstein.Richard J. Bernstein, Seyla Benhabib & Nancy Fraser (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
    Leading philosophers and social thinkers, including Richard Rorty, Jacques Derrida, and Jurgen Habermas, pay tribute to the influential American philosopher Richard J. Bernstein.
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  32.  23
    The Voices of time: a cooperative survey of man's views of time as expressed by the sciences and by the humanities.J. T. Fraser (ed.) - 1968 - Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
  33.  16
    Ethical factors determining ECMO allocation during the COVID-19 pandemic.Dominic J. C. Wilkinson, John F. Fraser, Jacky Y. Suen, Julian Savulescu & Bernadine Dao - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundECMO is a particularly scarce resource during the COVID-19 pandemic. Its allocation involves ethical considerations that may be different to usual times. There is limited pre-pandemic literature on the ethical factors that ECMO physicians consider during ECMO allocation. During the pandemic, there has been relatively little professional guidance specifically relating to ethics and ECMO allocation; although there has been active ethical debate about allocation of other critical care resources. We report the results of a small international exploratory survey of ECMO (...)
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  34.  87
    Huge variation in obtaining ethical permission for a non-interventional observational study in Europe.Dylan W. de Lange, Bertrand Guidet, Finn H. Andersen, Antonio Artigas, Guidio Bertolini, Rui Moreno, Steffen Christensen, Maurizio Cecconi, Christina Agvald-Ohman, Primoz Gradisek, Christian Jung, Brian J. Marsh, Sandra Oeyen, Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Wojciech Szczeklik, Ximena Watson, Tilemachos Zafeiridis & Hans Flaatten - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):39.
    Ethical approval must be obtained before medical research can start. We describe the differences in EA for an pseudonymous, non-interventional, observational European study. Sixteen European national coordinators of the international study on very old intensive care patients answered an online questionnaire concerning their experience getting EA. N = 8/16 of the NCs could apply at one single national ethical committee, while the others had to apply to various regional ECs and/or individual hospital institutional research boards. The time between applying for (...)
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  35.  46
    The Works of George Berkeley.J. E. C., George Berkeley & Alexander Campbell Fraser - 1902 - Philosophical Review 11:97.
  36.  15
    Character in childhood and early adolescence: models and measurement.Jun Wang, Lacey J. Hilliard, Rachel M. Hershberg, Edmond P. Bowers, Paul A. Chase, Robey B. Champine, Mary H. Buckingham, Dylan A. Braun, Erin S. Gelgoot & Richard M. Lerner - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (2):165-197.
    In recent years, the construct of character has received substantial attention among developmental scientists, but no consensus exists about the content and structure of character, especially among children and early adolescents. In a study of positive development among racially diverse Cub Scouts in the greater Philadelphia area, we assessed the construct and concurrent validity of a new measure of character, the Assessment of Character in Children and Early Adolescents, among 906 Scouts and 775 non-Scout boys and girls. We identified an (...)
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  37.  61
    Paul Kjellberg and Philip J. Ivanhoe, eds., Essays on Skepticism, Relativism, and Ethics in the “Zhuangzi”:Essays on Skepticism, Relativism, and Ethics in the “Zhuangzi.”. [REVIEW]C. J. Fraser - 1998 - Ethics 108 (4):799-802.
  38. The Genesis and Evolution of Time: A Critique of Interpretation in Physics.J. T. FRASER - 1982
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  39.  22
    The Study of Time: Proceedings of the First Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time Oberwolfach (Black Forest) — West Germany.J. T. Fraser, F. C. Haber & G. H. Müller (eds.) - 1972 - Springer Verlag.
    The First Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time was held at the Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut at Oberwolfach in the Black Forest, Federal Republic of Germany from Sunday, 31 August to Saturday, 6 September, 1969. The origin of this conference and the formation of the Society goes back to a proposal due to J. T. Fraser that was discussed at a conference on "Interdisciplinary Perspectives of Time" held by the New York Academy of Sciences in January, 1966. (...)
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  40.  27
    Social Isolation and Sleep: Manifestation During COVID-19 Quarantines.June J. Pilcher, Logan L. Dorsey, Samantha M. Galloway & Dylan N. Erikson - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Although researchers have investigated the impact of social isolation on well-being, the recent quarantines due to COVID-19 resulted in a social isolation environment that was unique to any examined in the past. Because sleep is one of the endogenous drives that impacts short and long-term health and well-being, it is important to consider how social isolation during the COVID-19 government-mandated quarantines affected sleep and sleep habits. A number of researchers have addressed this question during the last 2 years by examining (...)
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  41.  14
    Index locorum.E. A. Barber, J. Barns, H. D. Broadhead, A. M. Dale, D. Daube, K. J. Dover, J. A. Faris, P. Fraser, A. Hudson-Williams & F. Jacoby - unknown - Diogenes 8 (284-6):30.
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  42. Barriers to higher‐level cognitive learning in high school science.Kenneth Tobin & Barry J. Fraser - 1989 - Science Education 73 (6):659-682.
     
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  43.  16
    Man, Mind and Heredity. Selected papers of Eliot Slater on psychiatry and genetics. Edited by James Shields and Irving I. Gottesman. (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore and London, 1971.) Price $15·00. [REVIEW]J. A. Fraser Roberts - 1972 - Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (4):494-495.
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  44.  15
    Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Human Genetics. Edited by James F. Crow and James V. Neel. Pp. xviii + 578. (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore; Oxford University Press, London. 1968.) Price £6 18s in UK. [REVIEW]J. A. Fraser Roberts - 1969 - Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (1):93-95.
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  45.  9
    Classroom Environment.Patricia Broadfoot & Barry J. Fraser - 1988 - British Journal of Educational Studies 36 (1):91.
  46.  68
    The Study of Time II: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time Lake Yamanaka-Japan.J. T. Fraser & Nathaniel M. Lawrence (eds.) - 1975 - Springer Verlag.
    The Second Conference of the International Society for the Study of Time was held at Hotel Mt. Fuji, near Lake Yamanaka, Japan, on July I to 7,1973. The present volume is the proceedings at that Con ference and constitutes the second volume in The Study of Time series. * At the closing session of our First Conference in Oberwolfach, Germany, in 1969, I was honored by being elected to the Presidency of the Society, following Dr. J. G. Whitrow, our fIrst (...)
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  47. Gender differences among social studies students using computer-assisted instruction.G. P. L. Teh & B. J. Fraser - 1995 - Journal of Social Studies Research 19:12-15.
  48. The Voices of Time: A Cooperative Survey of Man's Views of Time as Expressed by the Sciences and by the Humanities.J. T. Fraser - 1967 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (4):341-343.
     
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  49.  14
    Analogy and dimensions of behaviour.Peter J. Fraser - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):33-33.
  50. A retrospective account of the development and evaluation processes of a science curriculum project.Barry J. Fraser & David Cohen - 1989 - Science Education 73 (1):25-44.
     
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