Results for 'Duncan Maclean'

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  1. Armstrong and van Fraassen on Probabilistic Laws of Nature.Duncan Maclean - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (1):1-13.
    In What is a Law of Nature? (1983) David Armstrong promotes a theory of laws according to which laws of nature are contingent relations of necessitation between universals. The metaphysics Armstrong develops uses deterministic causal laws as paradigmatic cases of laws, but he thinks his metaphysics explicates other sorts of laws too, including probabilistic laws, like that of the half-life of radium being 1602 years. Bas van Fraassen (1987) gives seven arguments for why Armstrong’s theory of laws is incapable of (...)
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  2.  24
    Anna Marmodoro, ed. , The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and their Manifestations . Reviewed by.Duncan C. MacLean - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (5):394-397.
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  3.  20
    Frank Lewis, How Aristotle Gets by in Metaphysics Zeta. Reviewed by.Duncan Charles Maclean - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (3):153-155.
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  4.  18
    Toby Handfield, ed. , Dispositions and Causes . Reviewed by.Duncan C. Maclean - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (3):206-208.
  5.  20
    Philosophy and probabilitytimothy Childers oxford: Oxford university press, 2013; XVIII + 194 pp.; $31.50. [REVIEW]Duncan Maclean - 2014 - Dialogue 53 (2):373-375.
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  6.  4
    The making of British bioethics.Duncan Wilson - 2014 - Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    The Making of British Bioethics provides the first in-depth study of how philosophers, lawyers and other 'outsiders' came to play a major role in discussing and helping to regulate issues that used to be left to doctors and scientists. It details how British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals who helped create the demand for outside involvement and transformed themselves into influential 'ethics experts'. Highlighting this interplay helps (...)
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  7. Risk.Duncan Pritchard - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (3):436-461.
    In this article it is argued that the standard theoretical account of risk in the contemporary literature, which is cast along probabilistic lines, is flawed, in that it is unable to account for a particular kind of risk. In its place a modal account of risk is offered. Two applications of the modal account of risk are then explored. First, to epistemology, via the defence of an anti-risk condition on knowledge in place of the normal anti-luck condition. Second, to legal (...)
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  8. The Elimination of Morality: Reflections on Utilitarianism and Bioethics.Anne Maclean - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
     
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  9.  18
    A Moral and Intellectual Evaluation of Russell’s Romantic/Sexual Practices.Gülberk Koç Maclean - 2024 - In Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein (eds.), Bertrand Russell, Feminism, and Women Philosophers in his Circle. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 11-36.
    This chapter will argue that due to a lack of genuine consent, some of Russell’s practices in his romantic/sexual relationships are morally objectionable according to his own normative theory (utilitarianism) and these practices are intellectually objectionable according to his post-1913 meta-ethics (expressivism) and his understanding of rationality. On utilitarian grounds, Russell’s actions would maximize pleasure and minimize pain for all the parties affected by the relationship if the authenticity of his partners’ consent were maintained either by a more or less (...)
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  10.  20
    John Locke and English literature of the eighteenth century.Kenneth MacLean - 1936 - New York: Garland.
  11. Hobbes on Powers, Accidents, and Motions.Stewart Duncan - 2024 - In Sebastian Bender & Dominik Perler (eds.), Powers and Abilities in Early Modern Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 126–145.
    Thomas Hobbes often includes powers and abilities in his descriptions of the world. Meanwhile, Hobbes’s philosophical picture of the world appears quite reductive, and he seems sometimes to say that nothing exists but bodies in motion. In more extreme versions of such a picture, there would be no room for powers. Hobbes is not an eliminativist about powers, but his view does tend toward ontological minimalism. It would be good to have an account of what Hobbes thinks powers are, and (...)
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  12.  95
    Foucault's Renaissance Episteme Reassessed: An Aristotelian Counterblast.Ian Maclean - 1998 - Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (1):149-166.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Foucault’s Renaissance Episteme Reassessed: An Aristotelian CounterblastIan MacleanThere seem to me to be two good reasons for looking at Foucault’s Renaissance episteme again, even though specialists of the Renaissance have given it short shrift and Foucault himself does not seem to have set great store by it in his later writings. 1 The first is that in general books on Foucault accounts of it are still given in a (...)
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  13. What Is Liberalism?Duncan Bell - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (6):682-715.
    Liberalism is a term employed in a dizzying variety of ways in political thought and social science. This essay challenges how the liberal tradition is typically understood. I start by delineating different types of response—prescriptive, comprehensive, explanatory—that are frequently conflated in answering the question “what is liberalism?” I then discuss assorted methodological strategies employed in the existing literature: after rejecting “stipulative” and “canonical” approaches, I outline a contextualist alternative. Liberalism, on this account, is best characterised as the sum of the (...)
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  14. Knowledge, Understanding and Epistemic Value.Duncan Pritchard - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 64:19-43.
    It is argued that a popular way of accounting for the distinctive value of knowledge by appeal to the distinctive value of cognitive achievements fails because it is a mistake to identify knowledge with cognitive achievements. Nevertheless, it is claimed that understanding, properly conceived, is a type of cognitive achievement, and thus that the distinctive value of cognitive achievements can explain why understanding is of special value.
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  15.  17
    Reason, Human Beings and the Houyhnhnms.Anne Maclean - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (245):389 - 394.
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  16.  20
    I—Duncan Pritchard: Radical Scepticism, Epistemic Luck, and Epistemic Value.Duncan Pritchard - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):19-41.
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  17.  43
    I—Duncan Pritchard: Radical Scepticism, Epistemic Luck, and Epistemic Value.Duncan Pritchard - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):19-41.
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  18.  29
    Monkeys match and tally quantities across senses.Kerry E. Jordan, Evan L. MacLean & Elizabeth M. Brannon - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):617-625.
  19.  15
    Ramsey's Influence on Russell's Construction of Points.Gülberk Koç Maclean - 2012 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 32 (1).
    In The Analysis of Matter (1927) Bertrand Russell constructs point-instants from events. During the writing of the manuscript, he encountered a problem with the initial definition of a point-instant and revised the definition accordingly in the published version. My principal aim is to show that the problem was brought to his attention by F.P. Ramsey. Secondly, I explain the reason why Russell investigates, and consequently endorses, a different method of construction of point-instants in Human Knowledge (1948), even though he was (...)
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  20.  6
    Life and Death: Philosophical Essays in Biomedical Ethics.Douglas MacLean (ed.) - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    How should modern medicine's dramatic new powers to sustain life be employed? How should limited resources be used to extend and improve the quality of life? In this collection, Dan Brock, a distinguished philosopher and bioethicist and co-author of Deciding for Others, explores the moral issues raised by new ideals of shared decision making between physicians and patients. The book develops an ethical framework for decisions about life-sustaining treatment and euthanasia, and examines how these life and death decisions are transformed (...)
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  21.  24
    Natural science in Japan. I. Before 1830.J. MacLean - 1973 - Annals of Science 30 (3):257-298.
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  22.  27
    Beyond dichotomies of health and illness: life after breast cancer.Roanne Thomas-MacLean - 2005 - Nursing Inquiry 12 (3):200-209.
    While there has been a vast amount of research on breast cancer in recent years, areas within this domain remain unexplored. For instance, there have been few attempts to marry an understanding of the social context in which breast cancer occurs with an understanding of subjective experiences of this condition. The purpose of this study was to explore women's experiences of embodiment after breast cancer, utilizing a phenomenological approach rooted in a feminist perspective. The focus of this article is upon (...)
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  23. Mildenberger, Carl David (2015). Games and evil. In: MacLean, Malcolm; Russell, Wendy; Ryall, Emily. Philosophical perspectives on play. Abingdon: Routledge, 42-52.Carl David Mildenberger, Malcolm MacLean, Wendy Russell & Emily Ryall (eds.) - 2015
     
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  24.  99
    Keyholders and flak jackets: the method in the madness of mixed metaphors.A. Maclean - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (3):121-126.
    The law in England allows that both parents and competent minors concurrently have the right to consent to medical treatment of the minor. This means that while competent minors may consent to treatment their refusal of consent does not act as an effective veto of treatment and treatment remains lawful if given with parental consent. This approach has been heavily criticized as inconsistent with the House of Lords decision in the Gillick case and damned as ‘palpable nonsense’. In this article, (...)
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  25. Public Trust, Institutional Legitimacy, and the Use of Algorithms in Criminal Justice.Duncan Purves & Jeremy Davis - 2022 - Public Affairs Quarterly 36 (2):136-162.
    A common criticism of the use of algorithms in criminal justice is that algorithms and their determinations are in some sense ‘opaque’—that is, difficult or impossible to understand, whether because of their complexity or because of intellectual property protections. Scholars have noted some key problems with opacity, including that opacity can mask unfair treatment and threaten public accountability. In this paper, we explore a different but related concern with algorithmic opacity, which centers on the role of public trust in grounding (...)
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  26. Counterpart theory and modal realism aren't incompatible.Duncan Watson - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):276-283.
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  27. Meaning in the lives of humans and other animals.Duncan Purves & Nicolas Delon - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (2):317-338.
    This paper argues that contemporary philosophical literature on meaning in life has important implications for the debate about our obligations to non-human animals. If animal lives can be meaningful, then practices including factory farming and animal research might be morally worse than ethicists have thought. We argue for two theses about meaning in life: that the best account of meaningful lives must take intentional action to be necessary for meaning—an individual’s life has meaning if and only if the individual acts (...)
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  28.  22
    Empire, Race and Global Justice.Duncan Bell (ed.) - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    The status of boundaries and borders, questions of global poverty and inequality, criteria for the legitimate uses of force, the value of international law, human rights, nationality, sovereignty, migration, territory, and citizenship: debates over these critical issues are central to contemporary understandings of world politics. Bringing together an interdisciplinary range of contributors, including historians, political theorists, lawyers, and international relations scholars, this is the first volume of its kind to explore the racial and imperial dimensions of normative debates over global (...)
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  29.  10
    Christian industrial democracy: Its moral basis.Donald A. Maclean - 1927 - International Journal of Ethics 37 (4):377-389.
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  30.  6
    Christian Industrial Democracy: Its Moral Basis.Donald A. Maclean - 1927 - International Journal of Ethics 37 (4):377-389.
  31.  24
    Ethical dilemmas in the global telecommunications revolution.Donald J. MacLean - 1997 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 6 (3):175–183.
    A revolution is under way in telecommunications technology, and this is generating a new approach to governance in the field as well as new ethical dielmmas which are challenging the core values of the industry’s traditional approach. The author served in the Canadian Department of Communications before founding his own consultancy in communications and information technology. For the past five years he has been chief of the Strategic Planning Unit of the General Secretariat of the International Telecommunication Union, Place des (...)
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  32.  22
    Ethical Dilemmas In The Global Telecommunications Revolution.Donald J. MacLean - 1997 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 6 (3):175-183.
    A revolution is under way in telecommunications technology, and this is generating a new approach to governance in the field as well as new ethical dielmmas which are challenging the core values of the industry’s traditional approach. The author served in the Canadian Department of Communications before founding his own consultancy in communications and information technology. For the past five years he has been chief of the Strategic Planning Unit of the General Secretariat of the International Telecommunication Union, Place des (...)
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  33. An argument against an argument against the necessity of universal mereological composition.Duncan Watson - 2010 - Analysis 70 (1):78-82.
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  34. Ditching Dependence and Determination: Or, How to Wear the Crazy Trousers.Michael Duncan, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Synthese 198 (1):395–418.
    This paper defends Flatland—the view that there exist neither determination nor dependence relations, and that everything is therefore fundamental—from the objection from explanatory inefficacy. According to that objection, Flatland is unattractive because it is unable to explain either the appearance as of there being determination relations, or the appearance as of there being dependence relations. We show how the Flatlander can meet the first challenge by offering four strategies—reducing, eliminating, untangling and omnizing—which, jointly, explain the appearance as of there being (...)
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  35.  9
    "Philia" in the Gorgias.Roger Duncan - 1974 - Apeiron 8 (1):23.
  36. Harming as making worse off.Duncan Purves - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (10):2629-2656.
    A powerful argument against the counterfactual comparative account of harm is that it cannot distinguish harming from failing to benefit. In reply to this problem, I suggest a new account of harm. The account is a counterfactual comparative one, but it counts as harms only those events that make a person occupy his level of well-being at the world at which the event occurs. This account distinguishes harming from failing to benefit in a way that accommodates our intuitions about the (...)
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  37.  8
    A computational framework for conceptual blending.Manfred Eppe, Ewen Maclean, Roberto Confalonieri, Oliver Kutz, Marco Schorlemmer, Enric Plaza & Kai-Uwe Kühnberger - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence 256 (C):105-129.
  38.  19
    PHILIA" in the "GORGIAS.Roger Duncan - 1974 - Apeiron 8 (1):23 - 25.
  39.  7
    Internalising the external.Duncan Howie - 1945 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 23 (1-3):35-56.
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  40.  15
    Introduction.Duncan B. Hollis & Tim Maurer - 2018 - Ethics and International Affairs 32 (4):407-410.
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  41. Social Epistemology.Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar & Adrian Haddock (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Recent epistemology has reflected a growing interest in the social dimension of the subject. This volume presents new work by leading philosophers on a wide range of topics in social epistemology, such as the nature of testimony, the epistemology of disagreement, and the social genealogy of the concept of knowledge.
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  42.  50
    What Morality Is.Anne Maclean - 1984 - Philosophy 59 (227):21 - 37.
    I shall in this paper defend a universalizability thesis against certain objections. It will shortly be clear that the thesis defended is not the universalizability thesis as generally understood but something which differs crucially from it in that it claims no role whatsoever in ‘the definition of morality’. My title may therefore be misleading in this respect.
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  43.  14
    Science and theology at Groningen University.J. MacLean - 1972 - Annals of Science 29 (2):187-201.
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  44.  25
    Right and Good: False Dichotomy?Anne Maclean - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (231):129 - 132.
  45.  38
    Women, Reason and Nature: Some Philosophical Problems with Feminism by Carol McMillan.Anne Maclean - 1984 - Philosophical Investigations 7 (1):88-95.
  46.  39
    Consent, sectionalisation and the concept of a medical procedure.A. R. Maclean - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (4):249-254.
    Consent transforms an otherwise illegitimate act into a legitimate one. To be valid, however, it must be adequately informed. The legal requirement is vague and provides little assistance in predicting when it will be satisfied. This is particularly so when a patient consents to a procedure and the physician subsequently varies one of the components of that procedure. Using three legal judgments and one General Medical Council decision as a springboard, I have explored the concept of a medical procedure within (...)
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  47.  16
    On harmonic ratios in spectra.J. MacLean - 1972 - Annals of Science 28 (2):121-137.
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  48.  40
    Coping with Low Pay: Cognitive Dissonance and Persistent Disparate Earnings Profiles.Duncan Watson, Robert Webb & Alvin Birdi - 2004 - Theory and Decision 57 (4):367-378.
    The paper focuses on an employee’s perception of his or her own labour market outcome. It proposes that the basic earnings function, by adopting an approach that ignores perception effects, is likely to result in biased results that will fail to understand the complexities of the wage distribution. The paper uses an orthodox job search framework to illustrate the nature of this problem and then adapts the model to take onboard the theory of cognitive dissonance. The search model indicates how (...)
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  49.  41
    Hume's philosophical politics.Duncan Forbes - 1975 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This is a study of Hume's political thought based on a survey of all his writings in their original and revised versions, with very full reference to the works of predecessors and contemporaries, including journalists, pamphleteers and historians. Hume's political thinking is presented in its historical context as a modem, 'philosophical', empirically based system of politics for a new post-revolutionary age, and a political education for parochial, backward-looking party men.
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  50. Epistemic Luck.Duncan Pritchard - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    One of the key supposed 'platitudes' of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can take credit for - it is an achievement of sorts - and yet luck undermines genuine achievement. The problem, however, is that luck seems to be an all-pervasive feature of our epistemic enterprises, which tempts us to think that either scepticism is true and that we don't know (...)
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