Results for 'Dr Karsten Witt'

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  1.  38
    Das Identitätsproblem der tiefen Hirnstimulation und einige seiner praktischen Implikationen.Dr Karsten Witt - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):5-18.
    Ein Leitmotiv der medizinethischen Auseinandersetzung mit der tiefen Hirnstimulation (THS) ist die Beschäftigung mit Fragen personaler Identität. Da es sich bei personaler Identität auch um ein Problem der theoretischen Philosophie handelt, wird in diesem Aufsatz nicht nur die praktische Frage nach der ethischen Legitimation der THS durch informierte Einwilligung gestellt und ein modifiziertes Legitimationskriterium für wesensändernde THS erarbeitet. Vielmehr wird zunächst versucht, das Problem, um das es in der Debatte um THS und personaler Identität geht, besser zu verstehen.
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  2. Deep Brain Stimulation and the Search for Identity.Karsten Witt, Jens Kuhn, Lars Timmermann, Mateusz Zurowski & Christiane Woopen - 2011 - Neuroethics 6 (3):499-511.
    Ethical evaluation of deep brain stimulation as a treatment for Parkinson’s disease is complicated by results that can be described as involving changes in the patient’s identity. The risk of becoming another person following surgery is alarming for patients, caregivers and clinicians alike. It is one of the most urgent conceptual and ethical problems facing deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease at this time. In our paper we take issue with this problem on two accounts. First, we elucidate what is (...)
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  3.  51
    Narrative and Characterization.Karsten Witt - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):45-63.
    Many philosophers working on personal identity and ethics say that personal identity is constituted by stories: narratives people tell or would tell about their lives. Most of them also say that this is personal identity in the ‘characterization sense’, that it is the notion people in ordinary contexts are interested in, and that it raises the ‘characterization question’. I argue that these claims are inconsistent. Narrativists can avoid the incompatibility in one of two ways: They can concede that their view (...)
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  4. Narrative and Persistence.Eric T. Olson & Karsten Witt - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (3):419-434.
    ABSTRACTMany philosophers say that the nature of personal identity has to do with narratives: the stories we tell about ourselves. While different narrativists address different questions of personal identity, some propose narrativist accounts of personal identity over time. The paper argues that such accounts have troubling consequences about the beginning and end of our lives, lead to inconsistencies, and involve backwards causation. The problems can be solved, but only by modifying the accounts in ways that deprive them of their appeal.
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  5. Against Person Essentialism.Eric T. Olson* & Karsten Witt - 2020 - Mind 129 (515):715-735.
    It is widely held that every person is a person essentially, where being a person is having special mental properties such as intelligence and self-consciousness. It follows that nothing can acquire or lose these properties. The paper argues that this rules out all familiar psychological-continuity views of personal identity over time. It also faces grave difficulties in accounting for the mental powers of human beings who are not intelligent and self-conscious, such as foetuses and those with dementia.
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  6.  10
    In Defence of Advance Directives in Dementia.Karsten Witt - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (1):2-21.
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  7.  27
    Deep brain stimulation, personal identity, and informed consent.Karsten Witt - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):5-18.
    ZusammenfassungEin Leitmotiv der medizinethischen Auseinandersetzung mit der tiefen Hirnstimulation ist die Beschäftigung mit Fragen personaler Identität. Da es sich bei personaler Identität auch um ein Problem der theoretischen Philosophie handelt, wird in diesem Aufsatz nicht nur die praktische Frage nach der ethischen Legitimation der THS durch informierte Einwilligung gestellt und ein modifiziertes Legitimationskriterium für wesensändernde THS erarbeitet. Vielmehr wird zunächst versucht, das Problem, um das es in der Debatte um THS und personaler Identität geht, besser zu verstehen.
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  8.  17
    Identity Change and Informed Consent.Karsten Witt - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):384-390.
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  9.  47
    Demenz und personale Identität.Karsten Witt - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 5 (1):153-180.
    Viele Menschen halten Patientenverfügungen für ein geeignetes Mittel, um selbstbestimmt zu entscheiden, wie mit ihnen im Fall schwerer Demenz umgegangen werden soll. Die meisten Bioethiker stimmen ihnen zu: Demenzverfügungen seien Ausdruck der „verlängerten Autonomie“ der Patientin. Doch ob sie recht haben, ist unklar. Dem viel beachteten Identitätseinwand zufolge sind die Ausstellerin der Verfügung und ihre schwer demente Nachfolgerin numerisch verschieden: Sie sind zwei und nicht eins. Wenn das stimmt, kann die Ausstellerin nicht verfügen, wie mit ihr im Falle schwerer Demenz (...)
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  10. Deep Brain Stimulation, Personal Identity, and Informed Consent.Karsten Witt - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):5-18.
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  11.  24
    Tim Lewens, The Biological Foundations of Bioethics: Oxford: OUP 2015 240 Pages Hardback ISBN 0198712650 € 43.Karsten Witt - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):205-207.
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  12.  5
    Caregiver Burden and the Medical Ethos.Karsten Witt, Johanne Stümpel & Christiane Woopen - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (3):383-391.
    Are physicians sometimes morally required to ease caregiver burden? In our paper we defend an affirmative answer to this question. First, we examine the well-established principle that medical care should be centered on the patient. We argue that although this principle seems to give physicians some leeway to lessen caregivers' suffering, it is very restrictive when spelled out precisely. Based on a critical analysis of existing cases for transcending patient-centeredness we then go on to argue that the medical ethos should (...)
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  13.  1
    Neural Correlates of Executed Compared to Imagined Writing and Drawing Movements: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.Alexander Baumann, Inken Tödt, Arne Knutzen, Carl Alexander Gless, Oliver Granert, Stephan Wolff, Christian Marquardt, Jos S. Becktepe, Sönke Peters, Karsten Witt & Kirsten E. Zeuner - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveIn this study we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether motor imagery of handwriting and circle drawing activates a similar handwriting network as writing and drawing itself.MethodsEighteen healthy right-handed participants wrote the German word “Wellen” and drew continuously circles in a sitting and lying position to capture kinematic handwriting parameters such as velocity, pressure and regularity of hand movements. Afterward, they performed the same tasks during fMRI in a MI and an executed condition.ResultsThe kinematic analysis revealed a general (...)
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  14. Karsten Harries and Roger Scruton on Architecture and Philosophy.Karsten Harries, Roger Scruton & Christian Illies - 2018 - Architecture Philosophy 3 (1).
     
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  15.  30
    Dr Frank Taylor, 1910-2000.Dr Frederick Ratcliffe & Anne Young - 2000 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 82 (2):81-84.
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  16.  32
    Competition as an Ambiguous Discovery Procedure: A Reappraisal of F. A. Hayek's Epistemic Market Liberalism: Ulrich Witt.Ulrich Witt - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (1):121-138.
    Epistemic arguments play a significant role in the foundations of market liberalism as exemplified, in particular, by the work of F. A. Hayek. Competition in free markets is claimed to be the most effective device both to utilize the knowledge dispersed throughout society as well as create new knowledge through innovation competition. The fast pace with which new economic opportunities are discovered and costs are reduced is considered proof of the benefits of free markets to the common good. However, with (...)
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  17. The Origins of Humanism, its Educational Context and its Early Development: A Review Article of Ronald Witt's 'In the Footsteps of the Ancients'.Ronald G. Witt’S. - 2002 - Vivarium 40:2.
  18.  22
    Remembering Rev. Dr. Leroy Stephens Rouner.Rev Dr Leroy Stephens Rouner - 2006 - Philosophy East and West 56 (3):367-368.
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  19. Rediscovering Empathy: Agency, Folk Psychology, and the Human Sciences.Karsten Stueber - 2006 - Bradford.
    In this timely and wide-ranging study, Karsten Stueber argues that empathy is epistemically central for our folk-psychological understanding of other agents--that it is something we cannot do without in order to gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised by some in the philosophy of social science and argues that it is time to rehabilitate the empathy (...)
  20.  2
    The Ethical Function of Architecture.Karsten Harries - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Winner of the 8th Annual AIA International Architecture Book Award for CriticismCanarchitecture help us find our place and way in today's complex world? Can it return individuals to awhole, to a world, to a community? Developing Giedion¹s claim that contemporary architecture's maintask is to interpret a way of life valid for our time, philosopher Karsten Harries answers thatarchitecture should serve a common ethos. But if architecture is to meet that task, it first has tofree itself from the dominant formalist (...)
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  21.  5
    De witte vlekken van een gideonsbende.M. Fennema - 2010 - Nexus 56:47-55.
    In De schijn-élite van de valse munters laat Martin Bosma, Tweede-Kamerlid voor de PVV, zien dat de anti-immigratiepolitiek van die partij in lijn ligt met het socialisme van Jacques de Kadt en Willem Drees. Hij deconstrueert het multiculturalisme van Nieuw Links, dat daarna kwam, en wijst erop dat het blind was voor steeds nijpender immigratie- en criminaliteitskwesties. In de eigen ideologie van de PVV die Bosma vervolgens tentoonspreidt, zijn echter eveneens de nodige witte vlekken aan te wijzen.
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  22. Freiheit Als Kritik: Sozialphilosophie Nach Foucault.Karsten Schubert - 2018 - Dissertation, Universität Leipzig
    Wie können Freiheit und Widerstand innerhalb von Foucaults Theorie der Macht und Subjektivierung konzipiert werden? Karsten Schubert liefert die erste systematische Rekonstruktion der sozialphilosophischen Debatte um Freiheit bei Foucault und eine neue Lösung für das Freiheitsproblem: Freiheit als die Fähigkeit zur reflexiven Kritik der eigenen Subjektivierung – kurz: Freiheit als Kritik – ist das Resultat von freiheitlicher Subjektivierung in politischen Institutionen. Der Band zeigt so die Konsequenzen von Foucaults Freiheitsdenken für die Demokratietheorie und die allgemeine sozialphilosophische Freiheitsdiskussion auf.
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  23. Witte, J. H. -Das Wesen der Seele Etc.C. Mercier - 1904 - Mind 13:306.
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  24. Karsten Harries, Art Matters A Critical Commentary on Heidegger's The Origin of the Work of Art,(Contributions to Phenomenology 57), Dordrecht: Springer 2009, 204 S. [REVIEW]Nikola Mirkovic - 2011 - Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 56 (1):155-157.
     
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  25. DE WITT, N. W. -Epicurus and His Philosophy. [REVIEW]R. Robinson - 1956 - Mind 65:558.
     
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  26.  35
    What is Bottom-Up and What is Top-Down in Predictive Coding?Karsten Rauss & Gilles Pourtois - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  27.  18
    Witt and Wisdom.Rick Lewis - 2006 - Philosophy Now 58:4-4.
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  28.  45
    The Self-Assertion of the German University: Address, Delivered on the Solemn Assumption of the Rectorate of the University Freiburg the Rectorate 1933/34: Facts and Thoughts. [REVIEW]Martin Heidegger, Karsten Harries & Hermann Heidegger - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):467 - 502.
    TRANSLATED WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY KARSTEN HARRIES THE following is a translation of Martin Heidegger, Die Selbstbehauptung der deutschen Universität. Rede, gehalten bei der feierlichen Übernahme des Rektorats der Universität Freiburg i. Br. am 27. 5. 1933 and Das Rektorat 1933/34. Tatsachen und Gedanken. The former was first published by Korn Verlag, Breslau, in 1933. It was republished in 1983, together with Heidegger's later remarks on his rectorate, by Vittorio Klostermann in Frankfurt am Main.
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  29.  2
    Karsten Mackensen. Musik und die Ordnung der Dinge im ausgehenden Mittelalter und in der Frühen Neuzeit. 353 pp., figs., bibl., index. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2017. €66.95 . ISBN 9783631719800. [REVIEW]Albert Clement - 2019 - Isis 110 (4):813-814.
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  30. Landschaft: Die rehabilttierung Des verschmaähten naturschönen in der Kunst.Karsten Berr - forthcoming - Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft.
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  31.  2
    A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine.Karsten Friis Johansen - 1998 - Routledge.
    Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier, A History of Ancient Philosophy charts the origins and development of ancient philosophical thought. For easy reference, the book is divided chronologically into six main parts. The sections are further divided into philosophers and philosophical movements: *Pre-Socratic Philosophy, including mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides *The Great Century of Athens, including the Sophists and Socrates *Plato, including The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus *Aristotle, including The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics *Hellenistic Philosophy, including the Sceptics, (...)
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  32. A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine.Karsten Friis Johansen - 1999 - Routledge.
    Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier, _A History of Ancient Philosophy_ charts the origins and development of ancient philosophical thought. For easy reference, the book is divided chronologically into six main parts. The sections are further divided into philosophers and philosophical movements: *Pre-Socratic Philosophy, including mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides *The Great Century of Athens, including the Sophists and Socrates *Plato, including The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus *Aristotle, including The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics *Hellenistic Philosophy, including the Sceptics, (...)
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  33.  10
    Kroniek: Studiedag: De mens en zijn onrust.Pieter De Witte - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64:811-816.
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  34.  17
    A Framework for Semantic-Based Similarity Measures for\ Mathcal {ELH}-Concepts.Karsten Lehmann & Anni-Yasmin Turhan - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 307--319.
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  35. A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine.Karsten Friis Johansen - 1999 - Routledge.
    Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier, _A History of Ancient Philosophy_ charts the origins and development of ancient philosophical thought. For easy reference, the book is divided chronologically into six main parts. The sections are further divided into philosophers and philosophical movements: *Pre-Socratic Philosophy, including mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides *The Great Century of Athens, including the Sophists and Socrates *Plato, including The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus *Aristotle, including The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics *Hellenistic Philosophy, including the Sceptics, (...)
     
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  36.  15
    Romans 7: 14–25 and the Problem of Akrasia*: Dr A. Van den Beld.Dr A. Van Den Beld - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (4):495-515.
    Romans 7: 14 if. has traditionally been one of the most frequently discussed passages in the whole of the Pauline Corpus. Nevertheless, this pericope has attracted attention more because it is consistently regarded as a crucial part of Paul's theology, than because of its intrinsic exegetical problems. The main issue is whether the ‘split personality’ and the weakness of will should be regarded as essential to the life of the believing Christian; or, rather, as characteristic for those who are not (...)
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  37. Waarom moeten we bang zijn voor kitsch?Karsten Harries - 2007 - Nexus 47.
    In deze beschouwing ordent Karsten Harries zijn gedachten over het fenomeen ‘kitsch’. Hij gaat daarbij uit van de vraag of kitsch eigenlijk wel zo afkeurenswaardig is. Of hoort ze bij de menselijke natuur en haar hang naar romantiek en nostalgie? We kwalificeren iets als kitsch als we denken dat het voortkomt uit onoprechtheid en getuigt van slechte smaak. Maar is de nostalgie, het dromerige of stichtelijke van kitsch niet beter dan postmoderne ironie of moedeloosheid? Daar staat tegenover dat kitsch (...)
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  38. À propos du rire: Un dialogue entre la philosophie et la théologie.Karsten Lehmkühler - 2003 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 83 (4):469-487.
    Le rire est un phénomène qui touche aussi bien le corps que l’âme de l’homme. Helmuth Plessner l’interprète comme le signe d’une existence contradictoire propre à la condition humaine, une existence à la frontière, marquée par l’ambivalence de la relation corps-âme. Quant au comique, un des déclencheurs principaux du rire, la plupart des philosophes le décrivent aussi comme l’apparition d’une contradiction et d’une incongruité. Dans l’histoire de la théologie, le rire a souvent été critiqué ou même interdit. Par contre, le (...)
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  39. Bildungstrieb: zur Karriere eines Konzepts zwischen 1780 und 1830.Egbert Witte - 2019 - Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
     
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  40. Sex Crimes and Christianity.John Witte Jr - 2020 - In Mark Hill & Norman Doe (eds.), Christianity and Criminal Law. Routledge.
     
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  41.  95
    Empathy.Karsten Stueber - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Despite its linguistic roots in ancient Greek, the concept of empathy is of recent intellectual heritage. Yet its history has been varied and colorful, a fact that is also mirrored in the multiplicity of definitions associated with the empathy concept in a number of different scientific and non-scientific discourses. In its philosophical heyday at the turn of the 19th to the 20th century, empathy had been hailed as the primary means for gaining knowledge of other minds and as the method (...)
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  42.  14
    Kant's Categorical Imperative and the Moral Worth of Increasing Profits.Karsten M. Thiel - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 339--354.
  43.  27
    What Kind of an Illusion is the Illusion of Self.Karsten J. Struhl - 2020 - Comparative Philosophy 11 (2).
    Both early and later forms of Buddhism developed a set of arguments to demonstrate that the self is an illusion. This article begins with a brief review of some of the arguments but then proceeds to show that these arguments are not themselves sufficient to dispel the illusion. It analyzes three ways in which the illusion of self manifests itself – as wish fulfillment, as a cognitive illusion, and as a phenomenal illusion. With respect to this last, the article reviews (...)
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  44.  10
    Freedom as Critique: Foucault Beyond Anarchism.Karsten Schubert - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 47 (5):634-660.
    Foucault’s theory of power and subjectification challenges common concepts of freedom in social philosophy and expands them through the concept of ‘freedom as critique’: Freedom can be defined as the capability to critically reflect upon one’s own subjectification, and the conditions of possibility for this critical capacity lie in political and social institutions. The article develops this concept through a critical discussion of the standard response by Foucault interpreters to the standard objection that Foucault’s thinking obscures freedom. The standard response (...)
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  45. Differenzierung und Einheitsbildung in der Landschaftsforschung.Karsten Berr - 2018 - In Transdisziplinäre Landschaftsforschung: Grundlagen und Perspektiven. Springer VS.
     
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  46. Einführung.Karsten Berr - 2018 - In Transdisziplinäre Landschaftsforschung: Grundlagen und Perspektiven. Springer VS.
     
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  47. Transdisziplinäre Landschaftsforschung: Grundlagen und Perspektiven.Karsten Berr (ed.) - 2018 - Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
    Der demographische Wandel, die Veränderung von Akteurskonstellationen und Besitzverhältnissen, Suburbanisierungsprozesse, die Energiewende sowie neue private und öffentliche Nutzungsansprüche an Raum und Landschaft schaffen neue kulturelle, soziale, ökonomische, ökologische und politische Herausforderungen. Architektonische und planerische Disziplinen sind daher zur Zusammenarbeit aufgerufen, um die Herausforderungen der Zukunft bei der nachhaltigen Gestaltung, Nutzung und Schonung einer weiterhin bewohnbaren Welt annehmen, begleiten und mitsteuern zu können. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes gehen daher der Frage nach, ob und wie das wissenschaftstheoretische Konzept der Transdisziplinarität so genutzt (...)
     
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  48. Von Schildkröten und Lügnern: Paradoxien und Antinomien in den Wissenschaften.Karsten Engel (ed.) - 2018 - Münster: Mentis.
     
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  49. Karsten Stueber, Donald Davidsons Theorie Sprachlichen Verstehens.M. Kober - 1998 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (3):478.
     
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  50. Indigenous Research and the Politics of Representation: Notes on the Cultural Theory of Marshall Sahlins.Karsten Kumoll - 2010 - In Olaf Zenker & Karsten Kumoll (eds.), Beyond Writing Culture: Current Intersections of Epistemologies and Representational Practices. Berghahn Books.
     
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