Results for 'Douglas C. Walton'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Douglas N. Walton. Arguments From Ignorance.C. W. Tindale - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30:97-100.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  77
    Is Modern Information Technology Enabling the Evolution of a More Direct Democracy?Douglas C. Walton - 2007 - World Futures 63 (5 & 6):365 – 385.
    Many futurists, technologists, and democratic theorists have asserted the Internet and modern information technology are enabling the realization of an authentic direct democracy, or at least a more participatory democracy. Conversely, critics contend advances in technology are only automating the existing democracy. This article explores the potential of modern information technology to enable the emergence of a more participatory democratic system. In particular, the key foundations of modern direct democracy are analyzed with respect to promising technological developments.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  4
    Douglas Neil Walton.Erik C. W. Krabbe & Bart Verheij - 2021 - Argumentation 35 (3):513-518.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Commitment in Dialogue: Basic Concepts of Interpersonal Reasoning.Douglas Neil Walton & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 1995 - Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press.
    Develops a logical analysis of dialogue in which two or more parties attempt to advance their own interests. It includes a classification of the major types of dialogues and a discussion of several important informal fallacies.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   365 citations  
  5.  26
    Douglas Walton, Dialog Theory for Critical Argumentation: John Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2007, 307 Pp.C. Andone - 2008 - Argumentation 22 (2):291-296.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  25
    Douglas Walton (2000), Scare Tactics: Arguments That Appeal to Fear and Threats. [REVIEW]Robert C. Pinto - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (2):261-269.
  7.  44
    It's All Very Well for You to Talk! Situationally Disqualifying Ad Hominem Attacks.Erik C. W. Krabbe & Douglas Walton - 1993 - Informal Logic 15 (2).
    The situationally disqualifying ad hominem attack is an argumentative move in critical dialogue whereby one participant points out certain features in his adversary's personal situation that are claimed to make it inappropriate for this adversary to take a particular point of view, to argue in a particular way, or to launch certain criticisms. In this paper, we discuss some examples of this way of arguing. Other types of ad hominem argumentation are discussed as well and compared with the situationally disqualifying (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8.  19
    Non-Treatment of Spina Bifida Babies.Douglas N. Walton & Deborah C. Hobbs - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:463-480.
    This article presents a philosophical framework for physician-family ethical decision-making for the controversial cases of withdrawal, initiation, or continuation of treatment for spina bifida infants. The well-known criteria for selective treatment proposed by Lorber are shown to be ethically sub-optimal on the grounds that they are based on a general conception of the decision framework that is open to serious criticisms and questioning.We propose a model of joint physician-family decision-making that we think represents a more rational method of balancing patient (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  10
    Non-Treatment of Spina Bifida Babies.Douglas N. Walton & Deborah C. Hobbs - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:463-480.
    This article presents a philosophical framework for physician-family ethical decision-making for the controversial cases of withdrawal, initiation, or continuation of treatment for spina bifida infants. The well-known criteria for selective treatment proposed by Lorber are shown to be ethically sub-optimal on the grounds that they are based on a general conception of the decision framework that is open to serious criticisms and questioning.We propose a model of joint physician-family decision-making that we think represents a more rational method of balancing patient (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10. Dialectics, Dialogue and Argumentation: An Examination of Douglas Walton's Theories of Reasoning and Argument.C. Tindale & C. Reed (eds.) - 2010 - College Publications.
  11.  84
    Defeasible Reasoning and Informal Fallacies.Douglas Walton - 2011 - Synthese 179 (3):377 - 407.
    This paper argues that some traditional fallacies should be considered as reasonable arguments when used as part of a properly conducted dialog. It is shown that argumentation schemes, formal dialog models, and profiles of dialog are useful tools for studying properties of defeasible reasoning and fallacies. It is explained how defeasible reasoning of the most common sort can deteriorate into fallacious argumentation in some instances. Conditions are formulated that can be used as normative tools to judge whether a given defeasible (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  12.  34
    Walton on Argument Structure.G. C. Goddu - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (1):5-26.
    In previous work I argued against (i) the likelihood of finding a theoretically sound foundation for the linked/convergent distinction and (ii) the utility of the distinction even if a sound theoretical basis could be found. Here I subject Douglas Walton’s comprehensive discussion of the linked/convergent distinction found in Argument Structure: A Pragmatic Theory to careful scrutiny and argue that at best Walton’s theory remains incomplete and that attempts to fill out the details will run afoul of at (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  13.  26
    Metadialogues for Resolving Burden of Proof Disputes.Douglas N. Walton - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (3):291-316.
    In this paper, a solution to the problem of analyzing burden of proof in argumentation is developed by building on the pioneering work of Erik C. W. Krabbe on metadialogues. Three classic cases of burden of proof disputes are analyzed, showing how metadialogue theory can solve the problems they pose. The solution is based on five dialectical requirements: (1) global burden of proof needs to be set at the confrontation stage of a dialogue, (2) there need to be special mechanisms (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  14.  58
    Begging the Question in Arguments Based on Testimony.Douglas Walton - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (1):85-113.
    This paper studies some classic cases of the fallacy of begging the question based on appeals to testimony containing circular reasoning. For example, suppose agents a, b and c vouch for d’s credentials, and agents b, d, and e vouch for a’s credentials. Such a sequence of reasoning is circular because a is offering testimony for d but d is offering testimony for a. The paper formulates and evaluates restrictions on the use of testimonial evidence that might be used to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  15.  38
    Quotations and Presumptions: Dialogical Effects of Misquotations.Douglas Walton & Fabrizio Macagno - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (1):27-55.
    Manipulation of quotation, shown to be a common tactic of argumentation in this paper, is associated with fallacies like wrenching from context, hasty generalization, equivocation, accent, the straw man fallacy, and ad hominem arguments. Several examples are presented from everyday speech, legislative debates and trials. Analysis using dialog models explains the critical defects of argumentation illustrated in each of the examples. In the formal dialog system CB, a proponent and respondent take turns in making moves in an orderly goal-directed sequence (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  16.  18
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Will C. Dudley, Donald F. Koch, Clancy W. Martin, Laurie J. Shrage & and Douglas Walton - 2005 - Ethics 115 (3):643-647.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  23
    In Memoriam Douglas N. Walton: The Influence of Doug Walton on AI and Law.Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon, Floris Bex, Thomas F. Gordon, Henry Prakken, Giovanni Sartor & Bart Verheij - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 28 (3):281-326.
    Doug Walton, who died in January 2020, was a prolific author whose work in informal logic and argumentation had a profound influence on Artificial Intelligence, including Artificial Intelligence and Law. He was also very interested in interdisciplinary work, and a frequent and generous collaborator. In this paper seven leading researchers in AI and Law, all past programme chairs of the International Conference on AI and Law who have worked with him, describe his influence on their work.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18.  33
    Douglas N. Walton, A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy.Ralph H. Johnson - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (1):115-123.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Douglas N. Walton, Physician-Patient Decision Making: A Study in Medical Ethics Reviewed By.Barry Hoffmaster - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (8):407-409.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Douglas N. Walton, Arguer's Position: A Pragmatic Study of Ad Hominem Attack, Criticism, Refutation, and Fallacy Reviewed By.Trudy Govier - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (9):405-406.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Douglas N. Walton, Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation Reviewed By.Leo Groarke - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (7):294-296.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Douglas N. Walton, Courage: A Philosophical Investigation. [REVIEW]N. Dent - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7:171-172.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  9
    Against the "Ordinary Summing" Test for Convergence.G. C. Goddu - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (3):215-236.
    One popular test for distinguishing linked and convergent argument structures is Robert Yanal's Ordinary Summing Test. Douglas Walton, in his comprehensive survey of possible candidates for the linked/convergent distinction, advocates a particular version of Yanal's test. In a recent article, Alexander Tyaglo proposes to generalize and verifY Yanal's algorithm for convergent arguments, the basis for Yanal's Ordinary Summing Test. In this paper I will argue that Yanal's ordinary summing equation does not demarcate convergence and so his Ordinary Summing (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  24. Douglas N. Walton, Courage: A Philosophical Investigation Reviewed By.N. J. H. Dent - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (4):171-172.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Clarence C. Walton," Ethic for Enemies": Implications for Business Research.D. W. Shriver - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):151-165.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Particulars and Their Qualities.Douglas C. Long - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (72):193-206.
    Berkeley, Hume, and Russell rejected the traditional analysis of substances in terms of qualities which are supported by an "unknowable substratum." To them the proper alternative seemed obvious. Eliminate the substratum in which qualities are alleged to inhere, leaving a bundle of coexisting qualities--a view that we may call the Bundle Theory or BT. But by rejecting only part of the traditional substratum theory instead of replacing it entirely, Bundle Theories perpetuate certain confusions which are found in the Substratum Doctrine. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  27.  18
    The Self-Defeating Character of Skepticism.Douglas C. Long - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):67-84.
    The Self-Defeating Character of Skepticism [ABSTRACT] Douglas C. Long Philosophical skepticism arises from a Cartesian first-person perspective that initially rejects as unjustified any appeal to sense perception. I argue that, contrary to the cogito argument, when a “purely subjective” epistemology cuts one off from justified beliefs about the world in this way, it undermines justified belief about one’s own existence as an individual in the world as well. Therefore, philosophical doubt expressed in the form: “I know that I exist (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28. The Self-Defeating Character of Skepticism.Douglas C. Long - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):67-84.
    An important source of doubt about our knowledge of the "external world" is the thought that all of our sensory experience could be delusive without our realizing it. Such wholesale questioning of the deliverances of all forms of perception seems to leave no resources for successfully justifying our belief in the existence of an objective world beyond our subjective experiences. I argue that there is there is a fatal flaw in the very expression of philosophical doubt about the "external world." (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  29.  86
    Sensory Modalities and Novel Features of Perceptual Experiences.Douglas C. Wadle - 2021 - Synthese 198 (10):9841-9872.
    Is the flavor of mint reducible to the minty smell, the taste, and the menthol-like coolness on the roof of one’s mouth, or does it include something over and above these—something not properly associated with any one of the contributing senses? More generally, are there features of perceptual experiences—so-called novel features—that are not associated with any of our senses taken singly? This question has received a lot of attention of late. Yet surprisingly little attention has been paid to the question (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  10
    The Metaphysics of Mind. [REVIEW]Douglas C. Long - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):959-961.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  31.  10
    Hume. [REVIEW]Douglas C. Long - 1982 - Noûs 16 (3):474-477.
  32.  3
    Conscience and Other Virtues: From Bonaventure to Macintyre.Douglas C. Langston - 2000 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In this book Douglas Langston traces its intellectual history to account for its neglect while arguing for its still vital importance, if correctly understood.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33.  2
    Conscience and Other Virtues: From Bonaventure to Macintyre.Douglas C. Langston - 2001 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Conscience, once a core concept for ethics, has mostly disappeared from modern moral theory. In this book Douglas Langston traces its intellectual history to account for its neglect while arguing for its still vital importance, if correctly understood. In medieval times, Langston shows in Part I, the notions of "conscientia" and "synderesis" from which our contemporary concept of conscience derives were closely connected to Greek ideas about the virtues and practical reason, although in Christianized form. As modified by Luther, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  34. Particulars and Their Qualities.Douglas C. Long - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (72).
    The traditional analysis of substances in terms of qualities which are supported by a "substratum" was rejected by conscientious empiricists like Berkeley, Hume and Russell on the grounds that only qualities, not the substratum, could be experienced. To these philosophers the proper alternative seemed obvious. One simply eliminates the "unknowable" element in which qualities are alleged to inhere. In Russell's words, "What would commonly be called a 'thing' is nothing but a bundle of coexisting qualities such as redness, hardness, etc."' (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  35. Descartes' Argument for Mind-Body Dualism.Douglas C. Long - 1969 - Philosophical Forum 1 (3):259-273.
    In his Meditations Descartes concludes that he is a res cogitans, an unextended entity whose essence is to be conscious. His reasoning in support of the conclusion that he exists entirely distinct from his body has seemed unconvincing to his critics. I attempt to show that the reasoning which he offers in support of his conclusion. although mistaken, is more plausible and his mistakes more interesting than his critics have acknowledged.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36. Argument Schemes in Dialogue.C. Reed & D. Walton - 2007 - In Christopher W. Tindale Hans V. Hansen (ed.), Dissensus and the Search for Common Ground. Ossa.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. The Philosophical Concept of a Human Body.Douglas C. Long - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (July):321-337.
    I argue in this paper that philosophers have not clearly introduced the concept of a body in terms of which the problem of other minds and its solutions have been traditionally stated; that one can raise fatal objections to attempts to introduce this concept; and that the particular form of the problem of other minds which is stated in terms of the concept is confused and requires no solution. The concept of a "body" which may or may not be the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. Avowals and First-Person Privilege.Dorit Bar-on & Douglas C. Long - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):311-35.
    When people avow their present feelings, sensations, thoughts, etc., they enjoy what may be called “first-person privilege.” If I now said: “I have a headache,” or “I’m thinking about Venice,” I would be taken at my word: I would normally not be challenged. According to one prominent approach, this privilege is due to a special epistemic access we have to our own present states of mind. On an alternative, deflationary approach the privilege merely reflects a socio-linguistic convention governing avowals. We (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  39.  87
    Avowals and First-Person Privilege.Dorit Bar-on & Douglas C. Long - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):311-335.
    When people avow their present feelings, sensations, thoughts, etc., they enjoy what may be called "first-person privilege." If I now said: "I have a headache," or "I'm thinking about Venice," I would be taken at my word: I would normally not be challenged. According to one prominent approach, this privilege is due to a special epistemic access we have to our own present states of mind. On an alternative, deflationary approach the privilege merely reflects a socio-linguistic convention governing avowals. We (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  40. The Bodies of Persons.Douglas C. Long - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (10):291-301.
    Much mischief concerning the concept of a human body is generated by the failure of philosophers to distinguish various important senses of the term 'body.' I discuss three of those senses and illustrate the issues they can generate by discussing the concept of a Lockean exchange of bodies as well as the brain-body switch.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41. Disembodied Existence, Physicalism and the Mind-Body Problem.Douglas C. Long - 1977 - Philosophical Studies 31 (May):307-316.
    The idea that we may continue to exist in a bodiless condition after our death has long played an important role in beliefs about immortality, ultimate rewards and punishments, the transmigration of souls, and the like. There has also been long and heated disagreement about whether the idea of disembodied existence even makes sense, let alone whether anybody can or does survive dissolution of his material form. It may seem doubtful that anything new could be added to the debate at (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  52
    On the Ethics of Management Research: An Exploratory Investigation. [REVIEW]Douglas C. Frechtling & Soyoung Boo - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (2):149-160.
    While there is an abundant academic literature on professional codes of ethics, there appears to be few devoted to assessing the compliance of management research with such codes. This article presents the results of applying the World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR) Code of Professional Ethics and Practices to research articles based on probability sample surveys in the top three academic journals covering tourism, hospitality, and related fields. Four research questions are posed to focus application of the WAPOR Code (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43. Why Machines Can Neither Think nor Feel.Douglas C. Long - 1994 - In Dale W. Jamieson (ed.), Language, Mind and Art. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Over three decades ago, in a brief but provocative essay, Paul Ziff argued for the thesis that robots cannot have feelings because they are "mechanisms, not organisms, not living creatures. There could be a broken-down robot but not a dead one. Only living creatures can literally have feelings."[i] Since machines are not living things they cannot have feelings. In the first half of my paper I review Ziff's arguments against the idea that robots could be conscious, especially his appeal to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  18
    Scotus and Ockham on the Univocal Concept of Being.Douglas C. Langston - 1979 - Franciscan Studies 39 (1):105-129.
  45.  11
    Particulars and Their Qualities.Douglas C. Long - 1979 - In Michael Loux (ed.), Universals and Particulars: Readings in Ontology. Doubleday. pp. 264-84.
    See Abstract under this title of the journal article below.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46. Why Life is Necessary for Mind: The Significance of Animate Behavior.Douglas C. Long - 2010 - In James O'Shea Eric Rubenstein (ed.), Self, Language, and World:Problems from Kant, Sellars, and Rosenberg. Ridgeview Publishing Co. pp. 61-88.
    I defend the thesis that psychological states can be literally ascribed only to living creatures and not to nonliving machines, such as sophisticated robots. Defenders of machine consciousness do not sufficiently appreciate the importance of the biological nature of a subject for the psychological significance of its behavior. Simulations of a computer-controlled, nonliving autonomous robot cannot carry the same psychological meaning as animate behavior. Being a living creature is an essential link between genuinely expressive behavior and justified psychological ascriptions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  37
    Moral Scepticism and Moral Knowledge.Douglas C. Long - 1984 - Noûs 18 (1):132-136.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  84
    Other Minds.Douglas C. Long - 1975 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (2):179-181.
    D. C. Long’s review of a monograph Godfrey Vesey prepared on the problem of our knowledge of other minds for the Open University series on problems of philosophy. Vesey discusses philosophers’ disenchantment with the traditional argument from analogy as a solution to the problem. This has been fostered by Wittgensteinian objections to the idea that psychological words get their meaning by reference to our own “private” experiences. Vesey similarly argues for the thesis that a person cannot be said to understand (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Consciousness and Causality. [REVIEW]Douglas C. Long - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (1):83-86.
    A debate between D. M. Armstrong and Norman Malcolm on the Mind-Body Problem. Physicalism vs. Wittgenstein.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Second Thoughts: A Reply to Mr. Ginnane.Douglas C. Long - 1961 - Mind 70 (279):405-411.
    In his article "Thoughts" (MIND, July 1960) William Ginnane argues that "thought is pure intentionality," and that our thoughts are not embodied essentially in the mental imagery and other elements of phenomenology that cross our minds along with the thoughts. Such images merely illustrate out thoughts. In my discussion I resist this claim pointing out that our thoughts are often embodied in events that can be described in pheno¬menological terms, especially when our reports of our thinking are introduced by the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000