Results for 'Dorshka Wylie'

302 found
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  1.  40
    More on full reflection below $${\aleph_\omega}$$.James Cummings & Dorshka Wylie - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (6):659-671.
    Jech and Shelah in J Symb Log, 55, 822–830 (1990) studied full reflection below ${\aleph_\omega}$ , and produced a model in which the extent of full reflection is maximal in a certain sense. We produce a model in which full reflection is maximised in a different direction.
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  2. Standpoint Theory, in Science.Alison Wylie & Sergio Sismondo - 2001 - In James Wright (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition). Elsevier. pp. 324-330.
    Standpoint theory is based on the insight that those who are marginalized or oppressed have distinctive epistemic resources with which to understand social structures. Inasmuch as these structures shape our understanding of the natural and lifeworlds, standpoint theorists extend this principle to a range of biological and physical as well as social sciences. Standpoint theory has been articulated as a social epistemology and as an aligned methodological stance. It provides the rationale for ‘starting research from the margins’ and for expanding (...)
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  3. A Proliferation of New Archaeologies: Skepticism, Processualism, and Post-Processualism.Alison Wylie - 1993 - In Norman Yoffee & Andrew Sherratt (eds.), Archaeological theory: who sets the agenda? New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 20-26.
     
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  4. Standpoint Theory.Alison Wylie - 1995 - In Robert Audi (ed.), Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. New York City: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1021-1022.
    Standpoint theory is an explicitly political as well as social epistemology. It’s distinctive features are commitment to understand the social locations that shape the epistemic capacities and resources of individuals in structural terms, and a recognition that those who are marginalized within hierarchically structured systems of social differentiation are often epistemically advantaged. In some crucial domains they know more and know better as a contingent function of their situated experience and knowledge. This “inversion thesis” counters the alignment of social with (...)
     
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  5.  3
    An essay on morals: a science of philosophy and a philosophy of the sciences..Philip Wylie - 1978 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
  6. Earthly poles: the Antarctic voyages of Scott and Amundsen.John Wylie - 2002 - In Alison Blunt & Cheryl McEwan (eds.), Postcolonial geographies. New York, NY: Continuum. pp. 169--83.
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  7. Feminism and Social Science.Alison Wylie - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Genealogy to Iqbal. Routledge. pp. 588-593.
  8.  41
    Skewed Vulnerabilities and Moral Corruption in Global Perspectives on Climate Engineering.Wylie Carr & Christopher J. Preston - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (6):757-777.
    Ethicists and social scientists alike have advocated for the inclusion of vulnerable populations in research and decision-making on climate engineering. Unfortunately, there have been few efforts to do so. The research presented in this paper was designed to build knowledge about how vulnerable populations think about climate engineering. The goal of this manuscript is to bring the ethics literature on climate engineering into dialogue with emerging social science data documenting the perspectives of vulnerable populations. The results indicate some concerns among (...)
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  9.  37
    Informed Consent in Translational Genomics: Insufficient Without Trustworthy Governance.Wylie Burke, Laura M. Beskow, Susan Brown Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton & Kathleen Brelsford - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (1):79-86.
    Neither the range of potential results from genomic research that might be returned to participants nor future uses of stored data and biospecimens can be fully predicted at the outset of a study. Informed consent procedures require clear explanations about how and by whom decisions are made and what principles and criteria apply. To ensure trustworthy research governance, there is also a need for empirical studies incorporating public input to evaluate and strengthen these processes.
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  10. Arbitrary reference.Wylie Breckenridge & Ofra Magidor - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (3):377-400.
    Two fundamental rules of reasoning are Universal Generalisation and Existential Instantiation. Applications of these rules involve stipulations such as ‘Let n be an arbitrary number’ or ‘Let John be an arbitrary Frenchman’. Yet the semantics underlying such stipulations are far from clear. What, for example, does ‘n’ refer to following the stipulation that n be an arbitrary number? In this paper, we argue that ‘n’ refers to a number—an ordinary, particular number such as 58 or 2,345,043. Which one? We do (...)
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  11. Philosophy of Archaeology.Alison Wylie - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Genealogy to Iqbal. Routledge. pp. 354-359.
     
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  12. The Interpretive Dilemma.Alison Wylie - 1989 - In Valerie Pinsky & Alison Wylie (eds.), Critical traditions in contemporary archaeology: essays in the philosophy, history, and socio-politics of archaeology. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 18-28.
     
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  13.  16
    Private and Public Sector Roles in Solving Social Problems.Sam Wyly - 1970 - Journal of Social Philosophy 1 (1):3-4.
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  14. Value-Free Science: Ideals and Illusions?Harold Kincaid, John Dupré & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  15. Evidential Reasoning in Archaeology.Robert Chapman & Alison Wylie - 2016 - London: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing.
    Material traces of the past are notoriously inscrutable; they rarely speak with one voice, and what they say is never unmediated. They stand as evidence only given a rich scaffolding of interpretation which is, itself, always open to challenge and revision. And yet archaeological evidence has dramatically expanded what we know of the cultural past, sometimes demonstrating a striking capacity to disrupt settled assumptions. The questions we address in Evidential Reasoning are: How are these successes realized? What gives us confidence (...)
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  16.  37
    Visual Experience: A Semantic Approach.Wylie Breckenridge - 2018 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    I develop a theory of what we mean by the 'look' sentences that we use to describe our visual experiences, and on that basis develop a new adverbial theory of what it is to have a visual experience with a certain character.
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  17.  31
    Translational Genomics: Seeking a Shared Vision of Benefit.Wylie Burke, Patricia Kuszler, Helene Starks, Suzanne Holland & Nancy Press - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):54-56.
  18. Education for reality.Wylie Hayden Russell - 1959 - Saint Louis,: Educational Publlishers.
  19. The Meaning of "Look".Wylie Breckenridge - 2007 - Dissertation, New College, University of Oxford
    My main aim is to clarify what we mean by ‘look’ sentences such as (1) below – ones that we use to talk about visual experience: -/- (1) The ball looked red to Sue -/- This is to help better understand a part of natural language that has so far resisted treatment, and also to help better understand the nature of visual experience. -/- By appealing to general linguistic principles I argue for the following account. First, we use (1) to (...)
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  20. Philosophy of Science in China.Wylie Alison - 1989 - Communique 21:4-16.
  21.  20
    Genomes in Context.Wylie Burke - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):66-67.
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  22.  11
    Solidarity: A Missing Component of Research Ethics.Wylie Burke - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (10):20-21.
    Solidarity means standing with others: expressing support in times of stress and working together toward shared goals. As Saunkeah and colleagues note, solidarity also incorp...
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  23. Editors' Farewell Introduction.Alison Wylie, Linda Martín Alcoff, Ann E. Cudd & Sharyn Clough - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):695-697.
  24.  33
    Testing Scientific Theories, John Earman (Ed.): Explaining Confirmation Practice:Testing Scientific Theories John Earman.Alison Wylie - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (2):292-.
    The contributions to Testing Scientific Theories are unified by an in-terest in responding to criticisms directed by Glymour against existing models of confirmation—chiefly H-D and Bayesian schemas—and in assessing and correcting the "bootstrap" model of confirmation that he proposed as an alternative in Theory and Evidence (1980). As such, they provide a representative sample of objections to Glymour's model and of the wide range of new initiatives in thinking about scientific confirmation that it has influenced. The effect is a sense (...)
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  25. Four Stages of Renaissance Style: Transformations in Art and Literature 1400-1700.Wylie Sypher - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 14 (3):394-395.
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  26. Against one reason for thinking that visual experiences have representational content.Wylie Breckenridge - 2007 - Philosophical Perspectives 21 (1):117–123.
  27.  26
    Hutcheson and the "Classical" Theory of Slavery.Wylie Sypher - 1939 - Journal of Negro History 24 (3):263-280.
    Among the most characteristic effects of the onset of "romanticism" in the eighteenth century was the underinining of the "classical" ethics, based on rational selfdiscipline, by the "romantic" or humanitarian ethics, based on benevolism. A useful indication of the point at which this change in ethics occurred is the moment in which the institution of Negro slavery was attacked by benevolistic theory. As Trevelyan says, the anti-slavery movement was "the first successful propagandist agitation of the modern type" ; years before (...)
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  28.  80
    Rococo to Cubism in Art and Literature.Wylie Sypher - 1961 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (4):484-484.
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  29.  11
    The African Prince in London.Wylie Sypher - 1941 - Journal of the History of Ideas 2 (2):237.
  30.  7
    The Ethic of Time: Structures of Experience in Shakespeare.Wylie Sypher - 1976 - New York: Seabury Press.
  31.  34
    Apologies Repair Trust via Perceived Trustworthiness and Negative Emotions.Fengling Ma, Breanne E. Wylie, Xianming Luo, Zhenfen He, Rong Jiang, Yuling Zhang, Fen Xu & Angela D. Evans - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  32.  19
    Mapping the Ethics of Translational Genomics: Situating Return of Results and Navigating the Research‐Clinical Divide.Susan M. Wolf, Wylie Burke & Barbara A. Koenig - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):486-501.
    Both bioethics and law have governed human genomics by distinguishing research from clinical practice. Yet the rise of translational genomics now makes this traditional dichotomy inadequate. This paper pioneers a new approach to the ethics of translational genomics. It maps the full range of ethical approaches needed, proposes a “layered” approach to determining the ethics framework for projects combining research and clinical care, and clarifies the key role that return of results can play in advancing translation.
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  33. Existential Instantiation, Arbitrary Reference and Supposition.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
    Existential instantiation is a rule of inference that allows us infer, from the proposition that there are some p things, the proposition that a is a p thing. What role does 'a' play here? According to one account, recently defended by Breckenridge and Magidor, we use 'a' to refer to a p thing. I argue that this cannot be right. I propose an alternative account, according to which we use 'a' to refer to a supposedly p thing.
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  34. Colour Experiences and 'Look' Sentences.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
  35. Theseus, Imparting and Exparting.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
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  36. Epistemic Modality, Eavesdroppers and the Objectivity Problem.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
    There is an account of modal operators that is both elegant and powerful and that deserves to be called the standard account. There are, however, some epistemic uses of modal operators which seem to be counterexamples to the account – they pose what I call the objectivity problem. It is often thought that the objectivity problem can be fixed by a certain kind of modification to the standard account. I argue that this kind of modification cannot work. Then I argue (...)
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  37.  62
    Recognitional Justice, Climate Engineering, and the Care Approach.Christopher Preston & Wylie Carr - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (3):308-323.
    ABSTRACTGiven the existing inequities in climate change, any proposed climate engineering strategy to solve the climate problem must meet a high threshold for justice. In contrast to an overly thin paradigm for justice that demands only a science-based assessment of potential temperature-related benefits and harms, we argue for the importance of attention to recognitional justice. Recognitional justice, we go on to claim, calls for a different type of assessment tool. Such an assessment would pay attention to neglected considerations such as (...)
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  38.  38
    Has Smith Solved the Moral Problem?Wylie Breckenridge & Daniel Blair Cohen - 2019 - Acta Analytica 34 (4):463-472.
    Michael Smith attempts to solve the moral problem by arguing that our moral beliefs constitute a rational constraint on our desires. In particular, Smith defends the ‘practicality requirement’, which says that rational agents who believe that an action is right must have some desire to perform that action. We clarify and examine Smith’s argument. We argue that, for the argument to be sound, it must make two crucial assumptions about the rational agent in question: that facts about her desires are (...)
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  39. A new defence of the adverbial theory.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
    I present a new version of the adverbial theory of visual experience, and give a semantic argument for it.
     
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  40. Making.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
    (Last modified 17th July 2007) I use Williamson’s results about necessary existents to argue that making something never involves bringing into existence something that does not exist. Rather, to make x is, for some kind k, to change x from being a non-k into being a k. I use this result to defend the position that the statue is identical to the lump of clay against one otherwise problematic appeal to Leibniz’s Law. I have presented this paper at the Cornell (...)
     
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  41.  35
    The Enduring Influence of a Dangerous Narrative: How Scientists Can Mitigate the Frankenstein Myth.Peter Nagy, Ruth Wylie, Joey Eschrich & Ed Finn - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (2):279-292.
    Reflecting the dangers of irresponsible science and technology, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein quickly became a mythic story that still feels fresh and relevant in the twenty-first century. The unique framework of the Frankenstein myth has permeated the public discourse about science and knowledge, creating various misconceptions around and negative expectations for scientists and for scientific enterprises more generally. Using the Frankenstein myth as an imaginative tool, we interviewed twelve scientists to explore how this science narrative shapes their views and perceptions of (...)
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  42. Why standpoint matters.Alison Wylie - 2003 - In Robert Figueroa & Sandra G. Harding (eds.), Science and Other Cultures: Issues in Philosophies of Science and Technology. Routledge. pp. 26--48.
    Feminist standpoint theory has been marginal to mainstream philosophical analyses of science–indeed, it has been marginal to science studies generally–and it has had an uneasy reception among feminist theorists. Critics of standpoint theory have attributed to it untenable foundationalist assumptions about the social identities that can underpin an epistemically salient standpoint, and implausible claims about the epistemic privilege that should be accorded to those who occupy subdominant social locations. I disentangle what I take to be the promising core of feminist (...)
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  43.  61
    Critical traditions in contemporary archaeology: essays in the philosophy, history, and socio-politics of archaeology.Valerie Pinsky & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 1989 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    EDITORS' INTRODUCTION Perhaps the single most broadly unifying feature of the early new archaeology was the demand that archaeologists not take the aims and ...
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  44.  36
    Facing the Pariah of Science: The Frankenstein Myth as a Social and Ethical Reference for Scientists.Peter Nagy, Ruth Wylie, Joey Eschrich & Ed Finn - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):737-759.
    Since its first publication in 1818, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus has transcended genres and cultures to become a foundational myth about science and technology across a multitude of media forms and adaptations. Following in the footsteps of the brilliant yet troubled Victor Frankenstein, professionals and practitioners have been debating the scientific ethics of creating life for decades, never before have powerful tools for doing so been so widely available. This paper investigates how engaging with the Frankenstein myth (...)
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  45.  27
    Why Frankenstein is a Stigma Among Scientists.Peter Nagy, Ruth Wylie, Joey Eschrich & Ed Finn - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1143-1159.
    As one of the best known science narratives about the consequences of creating life, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is an enduring tale that people know and understand with an almost instinctive familiarity. It has become a myth reflecting people’s ambivalent feelings about emerging science: they are curious about science, but they are also afraid of what science can do to them. In this essay, we argue that the Frankenstein myth has evolved into a stigma attached to scientists (...)
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  46.  19
    Practicing Moral Medicine: Patient Care to Public Health.Denise M. Dudzinski & Wylie Burke - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):75-76.
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  47.  8
    Literature and Technology: The Alien Vision.Jan B. Gordon & Wylie Sypher - 1969 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 3 (4):161.
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  48.  63
    Archaeological Finds: Legacies of Appropriation, Modes of Response.George P. Nicholas & Alison Wylie - 2009 - In James O. Young & Conrad G. Brunk (eds.), The Ethics of Cultural Appropriation. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 11–54.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Historical Contexts of Cultural Appropriation in Archaeology A Typology of Cultural Appropriation in Archaeology Modes of Resolution Conclusions Acknowledgments References.
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  49. Thinking from Things: Essays in the Philosophy of Archaeology.Alison Wylie - 2002 - University of California Press.
    In this long-awaited compendium of new and newly revised essays, Alison Wylie explores how archaeologists know what they know. -/- Preprints available for download. Please see entry for specific article of interest.
  50.  17
    On climbing fiber signals and their consequence.J. I. Simpson, D. R. Wylie & C. I. De Zeeuw - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):384-398.
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