Results for 'Donald Zink'

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  1.  24
    Effect of instruction in expected value on optimality of gambling decisions.Sarah Lichtenstein, Paul Slovic & Donald Zink - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):236.
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  2. How Should We Study Animal Consciousness Scientifically?Jonathan Birch, Donald M. Broom, Heather Browning, Andrew Crump, Simona Ginsburg, Marta Halina, David Harrison, Eva Jablonka, Andrew Y. Lee, François Kammerer, Colin Klein, Victor Lamme, Matthias Michel, Françoise Wemelsfelder & Oryan Zacks - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (3-4):8-28.
    This editorial introduces the Journal of Consciousness Studies special issue on "Animal Consciousness". The 15 contributors and co-editors answer the question "How should we study animal consciousness scientifically?" in 500 words or fewer.
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  3.  29
    Divine causal agency in classical Greek philosophy.Donald J. Zyl - 2021 - In Gregory E. Ganssle (ed.), Philosophical Essays on Divine Causation. New York, NY: Routledge.
    Donald J. Zeyl begins the historical section of the book by tracing divine causation throughout classical Greek philosophy. Some of the Pre-Socratics held to a single god as the source of rational order or change. These views suggested that the cosmos may be explained teleologically. Plato takes up that suggested promise in his Phaedo and finds it wanting. Instead, he looks to Forms as (formal) causes of natural processes. This direction of inquiry leads him to postulate, in the Republic, (...)
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  4. Mental Events.Donald Davidson - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  5.  11
    Fairness, Feelings, and Ethical Decision- Making: Consequences of Violating Community Standards of Fairness.Maurice E. Schweitzer & Donald E. Gibson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287-301.
    In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness. We find that perceptions of justifiability mediate this relationship. We also find that individuals derive significant psychological benefits from engaging in unethical behavior (...)
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  6. A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge.Donald Davidson - 2000 - In Sven Bernecker & Fred I. Dretske (eds.), Knowledge: readings in contemporary epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press.
  7. Thought and Talk.Donald Davidson - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  5
    The Consequences of Economic Rhetoric.Arjo Klamer, Donald N. McCloskey & Robert M. Solow (eds.) - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    The field of economics proves to be a matter of metaphor and storytelling - its mathematics is metaphoric and its policy-making is narrative. Economists have begun to realize this and to rethink how they speak. This volume is the result of a conference held at Wellesley College, involving both theoretical and applied economists, that explored the consequences of the rhetoric and the conversation of the field of economics.
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  9.  13
    Did doubly uniparental inheritance (DUI) of mtDNA originate as a cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) system?Sophie Breton, Donald T. Stewart, Julie Brémaud, Justin C. Havird, Chase H. Smith & Walter R. Hoeh - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (4):2100283.
    Animal and plant species exhibit an astonishing diversity of sexual systems, including environmental and genetic determinants of sex, with the latter including genetic material in the mitochondrial genome. In several hermaphroditic plants for example, sex is determined by an interaction between mitochondrial cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) genes and nuclear restorer genes. Specifically, CMS involves aberrant mitochondrial genes that prevent pollen development and specific nuclear genes that restore it, leading to a mixture of female (male‐sterile) and hermaphroditic individuals in the population (...)
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  10. Identity, Discernibility, and Composition.Donald L. M. Baxter - 2014 - In Aaron J. Cotnoir & Donald L. M. Baxter (eds.), Composition as Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press USA. pp. 244-253.
    There is more than one way to say that composition is identity. Yi has distinguished the Weak Composition thesis from the Strong Composition thesis and attributed the former to David Lewis while noting that Lewis associates something like the latter with me. Weak Composition is the thesis that the relation between the parts collectively and their whole is closely analogous to identity. Strong Composition is the thesis that the relation between the parts collectively and their whole is identity. Yi is (...)
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  11. On the Elements of Being: I.Donald C. Williams - 1997 - In David Hugh Mellor & Alex Oliver (eds.), Properties. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  12.  35
    Rights, Justice, and the Bounds of Liberty.Donald Vandeveer - 1982 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 43 (1):120-127.
  13. Medicine is not science.Clifford Miller & Donald W. Miller - 2014 - European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare 2 (2):144-153.
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Most modern knowledge is not science. The physical sciences have successfully validated theories to infer they can be used universally to predict in previously unexperienced circumstances. According to the conventional conception of science such inferences are falsified by a single irregular outcome. And verification is by the scientific method which requires strict regularity of outcome and establishes cause and effect. -/- Medicine, medical research and many “soft” sciences are concerned with individual people in complex heterogeneous populations. These populations (...)
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  14.  58
    Symbols are Grounded not in Things, but in Scaffolded Relations and their Semiotic Constraints.Donald Favareau - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):235-255.
    As the accompanying articles in the Special Issue on Semiotic Scaffolding will attest, my colleagues in biosemiotics have done an exemplary job in showing us how to think about the critically generative role that semiotic scaffolding plays “vertically” – i.e., in evolutionary and developmental terms – by “allowing access to the upper floors” of biological complexity, cognition and evolution.In addition to such diachronic considerations of semiotic scaffolding, I wish to offer here a consideration of semiotic scaffolding’s synchronic power, as well (...)
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  15.  8
    Justice et espaces publics en Occident, du Moyen Âge à nos jours: pouvoirs, publicité et citoyenneté.Pascal Bastien, Donald Fyson, Jean-Philippe Garneau & Thierry Nootens (eds.) - 2014 - Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec.
    "De nos jours, la justice est omniprésente dans l’espace public. Elle nous interpelle sous diverses formes?: faits divers, procès qui enflamment l’opinion publique, jugements qui affectent la vie des citoyens ou qui changent le paysage institutionnel dans lequel nous évoluons, etc. En fait, la médiatisation de la justice joue depuis longtemps un rôle essentiel dans le débat public, la régulation sociale ou le jeu politique en Occident. En une vingtaine d’études, plusieurs facettes du lien entre justice et espaces publics sont (...)
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  16.  8
    Ethics, aesthetics, and education: a Levinasian approach.Donald Blumenfeld-Jones - 2016 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book explores Levinas’ phenomenology of ethical motivation. Levinas is grounded in “radical alterity”, the knowledge that ethics exists only when we are fully separate from someone else, allowing us to experience connection with one another. In this book, the author locates this ethics in embodiment, emotions, and imaginations and explores the intersection of aesthetics and education.
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  17.  10
    Teacher education for the 21st century: creativity, aesthetics and ethics in preparing teachers for our future.Donald Blumenfeld-Jones (ed.) - 2016 - Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
    This book is for anyone interested in how to build a teacher education program utilizing the arts as one central modality for teaching and learning or for those interested in building some of their program along these lines. Throughout the book you will find reference to the intersection of ethics, aesthetics, and teaching. We provide an integrated program devoted to good learning and the good society. In the book we discuss how the program came to be and the underlying educational (...)
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  18.  6
    5 Metaphysics: The late period.Donald Rutherford - 1994 - In Nicholas Jolley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 124.
  19.  36
    8 Philosophy and language in Leibniz.Donald Rutherford - 1994 - In Nicholas Jolley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 224.
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  20. Why am I my Brother's Keeper?Donald H. Regan - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace (ed.), Reason and value: themes from the moral philosophy of Joseph Raz. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  21.  20
    CRISPR/Cas9: A new tool for the study and control of helminth parasites.Xiaofeng Du, Donald P. McManus, Juliet D. French, Malcolm K. Jones & Hong You - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (1):2000185.
    Recent reports of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in parasitic helminths open up new avenues for research on these dangerous pathogens. However, the complex morphology and life cycles inherent to these parasites present obstacles for the efficient application of CRISPR/Cas9‐targeted mutagenesis. This is especially true with the trematode flukes where only modest levels of gene mutation efficiency have been achieved. Current major challenges in the application of CRISPR/Cas9 for study of parasitic worms thus lie in enhancing gene mutation efficiency and overcoming issues (...)
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  22. Ethics and Society, 2nd ed.Peter A. Facione, Donald Scherer & Thomas Attig - 1991 - Prentice Hall.
  23.  33
    The Biosemiotic Glossary Project: Intentionality.Donald Favareau & Arran Gare - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (3):413-459.
    In 2014, Morten Tønnessen and the editors of Biosemiotics officially launched the Biosemiotic Glossary Project in the effort to: solidify and detail established terminology being used in the field of Biosemiotics for the benefit of newcomers and outsiders; and to by involving the entire biosemiotics community, to contribute innovatively in the theoretical development of biosemiotic theory and vocabulary via the discussions that result. Biosemiotics, in its concern with explaining the emergence of, and the relations between, both biological ‘end-directedness’ and semiotic (...)
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  24.  9
    What makes public health studies ethical? Dissolving the boundary between research and practice.Donald J. Willison, Nancy Ondrusek, Angus Dawson, Claudia Emerson, Lorraine E. Ferris, Raphael Saginur, Heather Sampson & Ross Upshur - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):61.
    The generation of evidence is integral to the work of public health and health service providers. Traditionally, ethics has been addressed differently in research projects, compared with other forms of evidence generation, such as quality improvement, program evaluation, and surveillance, with review of non-research activities falling outside the purview of the research ethics board. However, the boundaries between research and these other evaluative activities are not distinct. Efforts to delineate a boundary – whether on grounds of primary purpose, temporality, underlying (...)
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  25.  4
    Global Pharmaceutical Markets.Kevin Outterson & Donald W. Light - 1998 - In Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (eds.), A Companion to Bioethics. Malden, Mass., USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 417–429.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction The Shipwreck of the Richmond and the Duty to Rescue The Ethics of Global Access to Essential Medicines Conclusion References.
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  26.  22
    Mark Wilson. Innovation and Certainty.Donald Gillies - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkab019.
    WilsonMark. _ Innovation and Certainty. _ Cambridge Elements in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Cambridge University Press, 2020. Pp. 74. ISBN: 978-1-108-74229-0 ; 978-1-108-59290-1. doi.org/10.1017/9781108592901.
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  27.  11
    Metatheory in Social Science: Pluralisms and Subjectivities.Donald Winslow Fiske & Richard A. Shweder - 1986 - University of Chicago Press.
    What is the nature of the social sciences? What kinds of knowledge can they—and should they—hope to create? Are objective viewpoints possible and can universal laws be discovered? Questions like these have been asked with increasing urgency in recent years, as some philosophers and researchers have perceived a "crisis" in the social sciences. Metatheory in Social Science offers many provocative arguments and analyses of basic conceptual frameworks for the study of human behavior. These are offered primarily by practicing researchers and (...)
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  28. History and Criticism of the Marean Hypothesis.Hans-Herbert Stodlt & Donald L. Niewyck - 1980
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  29. Values and Moral Standing.L. W. Sumner, Donald Callen & Thomas Attig - 1986 - Bowling Green State University.
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  30.  29
    Drugged Subjectivity, Intoxicating Alterity.Donald Pollock - 2016 - Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (1):28-50.
    This article explores the use of intoxicants by a community of Kulina Indians in western Brazil. I suggest that Kulina intoxication through alcohol, tobacco, and ayahuasca is best understood as a form of semiotic appropriation of the identity of cosmological “others,” including animal spirits, creator beings, other Indian groups, and Brazilians. I consider how embodying practices, such as song and physical movement, enhance the experience of being an “alter,” facilitated by the alterations in consciousness produced by intoxicants.
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  31.  44
    The Merleau-Ponty Dictionary.Donald A. Landes - 2013 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961) is one of the central figures of 20th-century Continental philosophy, and his work has been hugely influential in a wide range of fields. His writings engage in the study of perception, language, politics, aesthetics, history and ontology, and represent a rich and complex network of exciting ideas. -/- The Merleau-Ponty Dictionary provides the reader and student of Merleau-Ponty with all the tools necessary to engage with this key thinker: a comprehensive A to Z that provides summaries of (...)
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  32. Leibniz as Idealist.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume Iv. Oxford University Press.
     
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  33.  4
    Philip Pettit: The State.Donald Bello Hutt & Victoria Kristan - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-6.
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  34. The Logic of Self-Involvement.Donald D. Evans - 1963 - Scm Press.
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  35.  36
    Can philosophers limit what mystics can do? A critique of Steven Katz.Donald Evans - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (1):53-60.
    Some philosophers such as Ninian Smart have claimed that mystics from different religious traditions may sometimes have the same experience , while nevertheless giving different and tradition-bound descriptive reports of that experience. In two important essays, Steven Katz has challenged such a claim. Mystics from different religious traditions do not have the same experience.
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  36.  16
    Taking Nature Seriously in the Anthropocene.Donald S. Maier - 2016 - Environmental Philosophy 13 (1):1-33.
    Nature conservation in the Anthropocene predominantly supposes that human-caused changes have worsened nature’s condition, which warrants undertaking conservation projects that actively manage or manipulate nature to improve it in quality or quantity. This essay surveys, by category, reasons and arguments for pursuing these projects. It finds key reasons to be normatively unimportant and key arguments incomplete or invalid. Conservation on this basis does not take nature seriously because it acts “for no good reason.” Finally, by attending to underlying sources of (...)
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  37.  7
    Taking Nature Seriously in the Anthropocene.Donald S. Maier - 2016 - Environmental Philosophy 13 (1):1-33.
    Nature conservation in the Anthropocene predominantly supposes that human-caused changes have worsened nature’s condition, which warrants undertaking conservation projects that actively manage or manipulate nature to improve it in quality or quantity. This essay surveys, by category, reasons and arguments for pursuing these projects. It finds key reasons to be normatively unimportant and key arguments incomplete or invalid. Conservation on this basis does not take nature seriously because it acts “for no good reason.” Finally, by attending to underlying sources of (...)
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  38.  4
    The Moral Animus of David Hume.Donald T. Siebert - 1990 - University of Delaware Press.
    Rejecting a morality based on religious sanctions and appeals to a spiritual order of being, David Hume advocated a wholehearted immersion in worldliness. Contemtus mundi is replaced with amor mundi, an orientation that Hume saw as fostering virtue and socially beneficial relationships.
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  39. Spinoza's conception of law: metaphysics and ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2010 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed & Michael A. Rosenthal (eds.), Spinoza's 'Theological-Political Treatise': A Critical Guide. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  40.  43
    The Society of the Spectacle.Donald Nicholson-Smith (ed.) - 1994 - Zone Books.
    For the first time, Guy Debord's pivotal work Society of the Spectacle appears in a definitive and authoritative English translation. Originally published in France in 1967, Society of the Spectacle offered a set of radically new propositions about the nature of contemporary capitalism and modern culture. At the same time it was one of the most influential theoretical works for a wide range of political and revolutionary practice in the 1960s. Today, Debord's work continues to be in the forefront of (...)
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  41.  10
    Some second thoughts about the humanities.Donald L. Drakeman - 2021 - Zygon 56 (3):732-745.
    Willem Drees’ excellent What Are the Humanities For? triggered a series of second thoughts about the role of the humanities in modern society. These include several topics on which he and I agree but where we may be out of step with current trends, such as a dedication to “value‐free” scholarship and the continuing importance of the academic study of religion. It also provided an opportunity to question why religion has been excluded from policy debates involving the principal interface between (...)
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  42.  5
    References.J. Donald Moon - 1993 - In Constructing Community: Moral Pluralism and Tragic Conflicts. Princeton University Press. pp. 223-232.
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  43.  33
    A Framework For Analyzing Ethical Issues in Marketing.Donald P. Robin & R. Eric Reidenbach - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (2):3-22.
    A framework is designed to aid the marketing decision maker in choosing between deontological and utilitarian reasoning when attempting to solve ethical problems. the framework uses miller's theory of living systems to develop a hierarchy of exchanges as a basis for analysis. then the historical appeal of deontology and utilitarianism are analyzed with respect to the hierarchy.
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  44.  23
    A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology.Donald Levy - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):740-746.
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  45.  62
    Forms of life and following rules: a Wittgensteinian defence of relativism.K. Barry Donald - 1996 - New York: E.J. Brill.
    This book provides a defence of epistemological relativism against its most powerful opponents.
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  46.  22
    Aging, DNA Information, and Authorship: Medawar, Schrödinger, and Samuel Butler.Donald R. Forsdyke - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):50-55.
    Eminent scientists are well-placed to bring the novel works of others, even if not in their own areas of expertise, to general attention. In so doing, they may be able to extend original accounts or introduce new terminologies, but they are basically messengers, not innovators. In the 1940s an evolutionary theory of biological aging was explained by Peter Medawar, and informational concepts relating to DNA were explained by Erwin Schrödinger. Both explanations were eventually traced back to the Victorian polymath Samuel (...)
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  47.  8
    A Hebrew Reader for Ruth.Alan S. Kaye & Donald R. Vance - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (4):921.
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  48. ch. 11. Developing a framework for critiquing multi-stakeholder codes of conduct.S. Prakash Sethi & Donald H. Schepers - 2015 - In Knut Johannessen Ims & Lars Jacob Tynes Pedersen (eds.), Business and the greater good: rethinking business ethics in an age of crisis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
     
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  49.  18
    6. Gesetzgebung und Abstimmungsparadox.Ian Shapiro & Donald P. Green - 1999 - In Ian Shapiro & Donald P. Green (eds.), Rational Choice: Eine Kritik Am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft.Übersetzung Aus Dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 120-174.
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  50.  8
    Index.Ian Shapiro & Donald P. Green - 1999 - In Ian Shapiro & Donald P. Green (eds.), Rational Choice: Eine Kritik Am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft.Übersetzung Aus Dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 267-272.
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