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Don Garrett
New York University
  1. Cognition and Commitment in Hume’s Philosophy.Don Garrett - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    It is widely believed that Hume often wrote carelessly and contradicted himself, and that no unified, sound philosophy emerges from his writings. Don Garrett demonstrates that such criticisms of Hume are without basis. Offering fresh and trenchant solutions to longstanding problems in Hume studies, Garrett's penetrating analysis also makes clear the continuing relevance of Hume's philosophy.
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  2.  4
    Hume.Don Garrett - 2014 - Routledge.
    Beginning with an overview of Hume's life and work, Don Garrett introduces in clear and accessible style the central aspects of Hume's thought. These include Hume's lifelong exploration of the human mind; his theories of inductive inference and causation; skepticism and personal identity; moral and political philosophy; aesthetics; and philosophy of religion. The final chapter considers the influence and legacy of Hume's thought today. Throughout, Garrett draws on and explains many of Hume's central works, including his Treatise of Human Nature (...)
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  3. Cognition and Commitment in Hume’s Philosophy.Don Garrett - 1997 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):191-196.
  4.  14
    Spinoza.Don Garrett - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):952-955.
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  5. Spinoza's Conatus Argument.Don Garrett - 2002 - In Olli Koistinen & J. I. Biro (eds.), Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes. Oxford University Press. pp. 127-58.
     
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  6.  5
    The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza.Don Garrett (ed.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Benedict de Spinoza has been one of the most inspiring and influential philosophers of the modern era, yet also one of the most difficult and most frequently misunderstood. Spinoza sought to unify mind and body, science and religion, and to derive an ethics of reason, virtue, and freedom 'in geometrical order' from a monistic metaphysics. Of all the philosophical systems of the seventeenth century it is his that speaks most deeply to the twentieth century. The essays in this volume provide (...)
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  7. Representation and Consciousness in Spinoza's Naturalistic Theory of the Imagination.Don Garrett - 2008 - In Charles Huenemann (ed.), Interpreting Spinoza: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press. pp. 4--25.
  8. Difficult Times for Humean Identity? [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):435 - 443.
  9. Hume’s Naturalistic Theory of Representation.Don Garrett - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):301-319.
    Hume is a naturalist in many different respects and about many different topics; this paper argues that he is also a naturalist about intentionality and representation. It does so in the course of answering four questions about his theory of mental representation: (1) Which perceptions represent? (2) What can perceptions represent? (3) Why do perceptions represent at all? (4) Howdo perceptions represent what they do? It appears that, for Hume, all perceptions except passions can represent; and they can represent bodies, (...)
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  10. What's True About Hume's 'True Religion'?Don Garrett - 2012 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 10 (2):199-220.
    Despite his well-known criticisms of popular religion, Hume refers in seemingly complimentary terms to ‘true religion’; in Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, his character Philo goes so far as to express ‘veneration for’ it. This paper addresses three questions. First, did Hume himself really approve of something that he called ‘true religion’? Second, what did he mean by calling it ‘true’? Third, what did he take it to be? By appeal to some of his key doctrines about causation and probability, and (...)
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  11.  13
    Spinoza.Don Garrett & R. J. Delahunty - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (4):610.
  12. Reasons to Act and Believe: Naturalism and Rational Justification in Hume’s Philosophical Project.Don Garrett - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 132 (1):1-16.
    Is Hume a naturalist? Does he regard all or nearly all beliefs and actions as rationally unjustified? In order to settle these questions, it is necessary to examine their key terms and to understand the character-especially the normative character-of Hume's philosophical project. This paper argues that Hume is a naturalist-and, in particular, both a moral and an epistemic naturalist-in quite robust ways; and that Hume can properly regard many actions and beliefs as "rationally justified" in several different senses of that (...)
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  13.  12
    The Sceptical Realism of David Hume.Don Garrett & John P. Wright - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (1):131.
  14. Spinoza on the Essence of the Human Body and the Part of the Mind That is Eternal.Don Garrett - 2009 - In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  15. Spinoza's "Ontological" Argument.Don Garrett - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):198-223.
    I argue that spinoza's ontological argument is successful when it is understood to have two premises: (i) it is possible for god to exist, (ii) it is necessary that, if god exists, he necessarily does. the argument is valid in s5. spinoza is in a position to establish the second premise of the argument on the basis of his definitions and axioms. the first premise was assumed to be true, but, as leibniz noted, it must be established for the conclusion (...)
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  16. Hume's Conclusions in “Conclusion of This Book”.Don Garrett - 2006 - In Saul Traiger (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Hume's Treatise. Blackwell. pp. 151--175.
  17. 'A Small Tincture of Pyrrhonism': Skepticism and Naturalism in Hume's Science of Man.Don Garrett - 2004 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Oxford University Press. pp. 68--98.
     
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  18. The First Motive to Justice: Hume’s Circle Argument Squared.Don Garrett - 2007 - Hume Studies 33 (2):257-288.
    Hume argues that respect for property (“justice”) is a convention-dependent (“artificial”) virtue. He does so by appeal to a principle, derived from his virtue-based approach to ethics, which requires that, for any kind of virtuous action, there be a “first virtuous motive” that is other than a sense of moral duty. It has been objected, however, that in the case of justice (and also in a parallel argument concerning promise-keeping) Hume (i) does not, (ii) should not, and (iii) cannot recognize (...)
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  19. Hume on Testimony Concerning Miracles.Don Garrett - 2002 - In Peter Millican (ed.), Reading Hume on Human Understanding: Essays on the First Enquiry. Clarendon Press.
  20. The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s Ethics.Don Garrett - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
     
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  21.  9
    What, in the World, Was Hume Thinking? Comments on Rocknak's Imagined Causes.Don Garrett - 2019 - Hume Studies 45 (1):59-68.
    Stefanie Rocknak's stimulating, challenging, and highly original new book, Imagined Causes: Hume's Conception of Objects, is helpfully summarized on its back cover as follows: This book provides the first comprehensive account of Hume's conception of objects in Book I of A Treatise of Human Nature. What, according to Hume, are objects? Ideas? Impressions? Mind-independent objects? All three? None of the above? Through a close textual analysis, Rocknak shows that Hume thought that objects are imagined ideas. But, she argues, he struggled (...)
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  22.  50
    Ideas, Reason, and Skepticism: Replies to My Critics.Don Garrett - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (1):171-194.
  23. Hume's Self-Doubts About Personal Identity.Don Garrett - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):337-358.
    In this appendix to "a treatise of human nature", Hume expresses dissatisfaction with his own account of personal identity, Claiming that it is "inconsistent." in spite of much recent discussion of the appendix, There has been little agreement either about the reasons for hume's second thoughts or about the philosophical moral to be drawn from them. The present article argues, First, That none of the explanations for his misgivings which have been offered has succeeded in describing a problem which would (...)
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  24.  24
    Representation and the Mind-Body Problem in Spinoza.Don Garrett - 1996 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61 (1):223-226.
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  25.  15
    Meaning in Spinoza's Method. [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (2):241-244.
  26. Locke on Personal Identity, Consciousness, and “Fatal Errors”.Don Garrett - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1/2):95-125.
  27.  95
    Space and the Self in Hume's Treatise.Don Garrett - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):460-464.
  28.  3
    The Empiricists: Critical Essays on Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.M. R. Ayers, Phillip D. Cummins, Robert Fogelin, Don Garrett, Edwin McCann, Charles J. McCracken, George Pappas, G. A. J. Rogers, Barry Stroud, Ian Tipton, Margaret D. Wilson & Kenneth Winkler - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection of essays on themes in the work of John Locke , George Berkeley , and David Hume , provides a deepened understanding of major issues raised in the Empiricist tradition. In exploring their shared belief in the experiential nature of mental constructs, The Empiricists illuminates the different methodologies of these great Enlightenment philosophers and introduces students to important metaphysical and epistemological issues including the theory of ideas, personal identity, and skepticism. It will be especially useful in courses devoted (...)
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  29. Truth, Method, and Correspondence in Spinoza and Leibniz.Don Garrett - 1990 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 6:13.
  30. The Representation of Causation and Hume's Two Definitions of `Cause'.Don Garrett - 1993 - Noûs 27 (2):167-190.
  31.  63
    Monism, Spinoza’s Way.Don Garrett - 2021 - The Monist 104 (1):38-59.
    Monism, characterized by Jonathan Schaffer as the thesis that the cosmos is the one and only basic actual concrete object, has been the subject of a great deal of recent interest. Spinoza is often taken, rightly, to be an important forebear. This article seeks to explain the distinctive content and basis of Spinoza’s monistic metaphysics and to compare it to contemporary Monism. It then argues that although Spinoza’s monistic metaphysics is not strictly a version of Monism as defined, it has (...)
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  32.  19
    Loeb’s “Standard” Questions About Hume’s Concept of Probable Truth.Don Garrett - 2014 - Hume Studies 40 (2):279-300.
    It is an honor to receive such extensive comments from Louis Loeb, whose work I admire and from whom I have learned much. In particular, his landmark 2002 book, Stability and Justification in Hume’s “Treatise” and his 2010 collection of essays, Reflection and the Stability of Belief: Essays on Descartes, Hume, and Reid are essential reading for anyone who wants to understand early modern epistemology. Some of what I have learned from him is reflected in the book on which he (...)
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  33.  13
    Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume’s Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):132-134.
    In the introduction to his Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume’s Moral Psychology, John Bricke traces the remarkable lack of agreement among commentators concerning the nature of Hume’s moral philosophy to two main failings: insufficient attention to “the foundations, in his philosophy of mind, on which Hume builds when constructing his theory of morality” and “the practice of taking his theory of morality as a patchwork of severally brilliant and provocative, but essentially unintegrated parts.” Accordingly, he proposes to “fasten (...)
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  34.  23
    Philosophy and History in the History of Modern Philosophy.Don Garrett - 2004 - In Brian Leiter (ed.), The Future for Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 44--73.
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  35.  50
    Spinoza’s Metaphysics: Substance and Thought by Yitzhak Y. Melamed. [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (11):641-647.
  36. Once More Into the Labyrinth: Kail’s Realist Explanation of Hume’s Second Thoughts About Personal Identity.Don Garrett - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (1):77-87.
    P. J. E. Kail's Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy is an excellent book, consisting—like Hume's Treatise itself—of three excellent parts. I will comment on one central aspect of its second part: its explanation of the source of the second thoughts that Hume famously expressed, with a frustrating lack of specificity, about his own initial discussion of personal identity in the Treatise.As is well known, Hume holds in the section "Of personal identity" (T 1.4.6) that a self, mind, or person (...)
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  37.  28
    Owen on Humean Reason.Don Garrett - 2000 - Hume Studies 26 (2):291-303.
    This article is a critical discussion of David Owen's book, _Hume's Reason. Owen rightly emphasizes (i) that an understanding of Hume's theory of reasoning is essential to understanding his philosophy and (ii) that an understanding of early modern antiformalism in logic is crucial to understanding Hume's theory of reasoning. Against most commentators, Owen and I agree that Hume's famous conclusion about inductive inferences, i.e., that they are "not determin'd by reason"--is a causal rather a normative claim; however, I dispute Owen's (...)
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  38.  12
    Spinoza on Nature.Don Garrett & James Collins - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (2):295.
  39.  19
    Millican’s “Abstract,” “Imaginative,” “Reasonable,” and “Sensible” Questions About Hume’s Theory of Cognition.Don Garrett - 2014 - Hume Studies 40 (2):227-242.
    In a 1998 Hume Studies book symposium, Peter Millican provided excellent critical comments on my Cognition and Commitment in Hume’s Philosophy, and I am grateful that he has done the same for Hume. Many of the new or revised interpretations in the latter book result, directly or indirectly, from his extraordinary stimulus, both in his writings and in person, as a philosophical scholar and interlocutor. His comments range over much of the book, but the majority of them concern chapter 2, (...)
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  40.  5
    Encyclopedia of Empiricism.Don Garrett & Edward Barbanell (eds.) - 1997 - Greenwood Press.
    Featuring more than 150 articles by more than 70 leading scholars, this is the first encyclopedia devoted to empiricism. The _Encyclopedia of Empiricism_ serves four main purposes. First, it provides a convenient source for scholars and students seeking information on particular figures, topics, or doctrines, specifically in their relation to empiricism as an historical movement or to empiricism as a broader tendency of thought. Because each entry contains a brief bibliography of primary and secondary sources, it can usefully serve as (...)
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  41. Feeling and Fabrication: Rachel Cohon’s Hume’s Morality.Don Garrett - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (2):257-266.
    Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication 1 is a most useful and agreeable book. It contains a wealth of analysis, argument, and insight about many of the most central elements of the moral theory of one of the greatest moral philosophers in human history: David Hume. The book is well-conceived, well-argued, stimulating, informative, clear, precise, thorough, balanced, nuanced, and ingenious, while evincing—especially in its concluding chapter, when considering possible extensions of Hume's theory—a certain subtle but pleasing "warmth in the cause of (...)
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  42.  42
    Replies. [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):205–215.
    David Owen begins his contribution by setting out very clearly how my interpretation of Hume’s distinction between simple and complex perceptions helps to resolve some puzzles about apparent counterexamples to the two most fundamental principles of Hume’s cognitive psychology: the Copy Principle and the Separability Principle. His primary object of criticism is my interpretation of Hume’s famous conclusion that inductive inferences are “not determin’d by reason”. I am as grateful for Owen’s criticisms concerning my treatment of induction as I am (...)
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  43.  29
    Priority and Separability in Hume’s Empiricism.Don Garrett - 1985 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 67 (3):270-288.
  44.  59
    The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion. [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (1):108-112.
    Review of Paul Russell's "The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion".
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  45.  27
    'Promising' Ideas: Hobbes and Contract in Spinoza's Political Philosophy.Don Garrett - 2010 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed & Michael A. Rosenthal (eds.), Spinoza's 'Theological-Political Treatise': A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press. pp. 192.
  46.  61
    Leibniz, God, and Necessity.Don Garrett - 2014 - Philosophical Review 123 (2):234-238.
    Book Review of Leibniz, God, and Necessity by Michael Griffin.
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  47. Spinoza on the Essence of the Human Body.Don Garrett - 2009 - In The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 284--302.
     
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  48. Should Hume Have Been a Transcendental Idealist?Don Garrett - 2008 - In Daniel Garber & Béatrice Longuenesse (eds.), Kant and the Early Moderns. Princeton University Press. pp. 193--208.
  49.  15
    Replies to Reviews of'Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy'.Don Garrett - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):205-215.
    David Owen begins his contribution by setting out very clearly how my interpretation of Hume’s distinction between simple and complex perceptions helps to resolve some puzzles about apparent counterexamples to the two most fundamental principles of Hume’s cognitive psychology: the Copy Principle and the Separability Principle. His primary object of criticism is my interpretation of Hume’s famous conclusion that inductive inferences are “not determin’d by reason”. I am as grateful for Owen’s criticisms concerning my treatment of induction as I am (...)
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  50. Benedict de Spinoza, Ethics (1677).Don Garrett - 2003 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia, Gregory M. Reichberg & Bernard N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Blackwell. pp. 245.
     
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