22 found
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  1.  47
    What Capabilities for the Animal?Dominique Lestel - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (1):83-102.
    In this essay, I defend a bi-constructivist approach to ethology—a constructivist ethology assuming that each animal adopts constructivist strategies. I put it in opposition to what I call a realist-Cartesian approach, which is currently the dominant approach to ethology and comparative psychology. The starting point of the bi-constructivist approach can be formulated as a shift from the classical Aristotelian question “What is an animal?” to the Spinozean question, which is much less classical but which seems to me to be much (...)
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  2.  41
    The infinite debt of the human towards the animal.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):171-181.
    The philosophies of Jacques Derrida and Paul Shepard, while rarely encoun- tering the other, nevertheless prove to be surprisingly complementary. Derrida acknowl- edges the impossibility and necessity of the human/animal frontier, thinking the human/ animal relation in a paradigm of seeing and being seen, conceived in particular in the context of a sphere of the intimate. Shepard's not merely biological but ontological interpretation of evolution argues that humans need animals, not only metabolically but for their mental development. From the positive (...)
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  3.  39
    Dissolving nature in culture: Some philosophical stakes of the question of animal cultures.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):93-110.
    Biological attention to evolution and animal life has primarily emphasized a filiative approach that, although important, overlooks crucial dimensions highlighted by an ecological approach to animal human societies. Increased attention to singular animals and critical scrutiny of the operating definitions of society and culture indicates that vast dimensions of this area have been overlooked and remain to be studied. It is particularly important to pursue the aspects of signification, meaning, individuation, and subjectivity. Attention to animal human societies, or to animal (...)
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  4.  16
    Dissolving nature in culture: Some philosophical stakes of the question of animal cultures.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):93-110.
    Biological attention to evolution and animal life has primarily emphasized a filiative approach that, although important, overlooks crucial dimensions highlighted by an ecological approach to animal human societies. Increased attention to singular animals and critical scrutiny of the operating definitions of society and culture indicates that vast dimensions of this area have been overlooked and remain to be studied. It is particularly important to pursue the aspects of signification, meaning, individuation, and subjectivity. Attention to animal human societies, or to animal (...)
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  5.  25
    Hybrid communities.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):61-73.
    This article provides an extract from the second half of Lestel's book Animality . His book is divided into two parts. In the first part Lestel considers a number of ways in which humans and animals have been represented, particularly with respect to their supposed differences and borderline cases, over the course of Western history. To this end one reads of various depictions, construc- tions, and erasures of animals, including those of feral children, the animal-machines of Des- cartes and company, (...)
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  6.  46
    The animal outside the text: An interview with Dominique lestel.Dominique Lestel & Matthew Chrulew - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):187-196.
    This interview ranges across a number of topics relevant to Dominique Lestel's thought: the history and philosophy of ethology; animal culture; realist-Cartesian and bi-constructivist ethology; biosemiotics; philo- sophical anthropology; animal studies; the other-than-human; veganism; and technology. It touches on thinkers including Bruno Latour, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Paul Shepard, and Donna Haraway.
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  7.  61
    The carnivore's ethics.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):161-167.
    The position of veganism is ulti- mately inconsistent, speciesist and unrealistic. To be human is to fully embrace the fact that our bodies can be formed from other animals. Unlike vegans, carnivores permit themselves to be intoxicated by other animals and take plea- sure in meat eating. Nevertheless, factory farming should be rejected and meat consumed responsibly.
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  8. To Free Life from Itself: Bioethics and Aesthetics of Animality.Dominique Lestel - forthcoming - Bioethics and Art.
     
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  9.  16
    Neutraliser le mythe de Prométhée.Dominique Lestel - 2011 - Multitudes 47 (4):148-150.
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  10.  51
    Human/animal communications, language, and evolution.Dominique Lestel - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):201-211.
    The article compares the research programs of teaching symbolic language to chimpanzees, pointing on the dichotomy between artificial language vs. ASL, and the dichotomy between researchers who decided to establish emotional relationships between themselves and the apes, and those who have seen apes as instrumental devices. It is concluded that the experiments with the most interesting results have been both with artificial language and ASL, but with strong affiliation between researchers and animal involved in the experiments. The experiments on talking (...)
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  11.  17
    Portrait de l’animal comme sujet.Dominique Lestel - 1999 - Revue de Synthèse 120 (1):139-164.
    De nombreux philosophes anglo-saxons de tradition analytique nient qu'un animal puisse penser, ou qu'on puisse accéder à sa subjectivité. Nous développons une réponse alternative. La légitimité d'une évaluation de l'intelligence de l'animal repose d'abord sur une familiarité acquise à son contact au cours d'une histoire partagée. Elle est propre à celui qui vit avec un animal mais aussi à l'expert qui a acquis une connaissance de l'animal à la suite d'une pratique professionnelle élaborée. C'est parce que nous interagissons avec l'animal (...)
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  12.  41
    Toward an ethnography of animal worlds.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):75-89.
    The convergence between ethology and ethnography has significantly transformed studies of animal subjectivity and culture. The future of both fields lies in a cultural zoology that treats animals as subjects partaking in culture. Nonetheless, significant resistance to such an approach exists on each side of the dis- ciplinary divide. Biologists and social scientists content themselves with definitions of culture that prevent them from taking heed of crucial dimensions of it. Beyond that, the very organiz- ation of scholarly knowledge in university (...)
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  13.  31
    The friends of my friends.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):133-147.
    Relations between humans and animals occur under myriad forms and with profound richness. However, taking account of these relations often poses a considerable difficulty. That humans have a strong interest in many other animals, and that humans give rise to a reciprocal interest among many animals, is an important cultural and evolutionary occurrence. Common living and the sharing of territory often give rise to social ties between humans and animals. It is important to study the material dimensions that render possible (...)
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  14.  40
    Genèse des sciences humaines.Laurent Bourquin, Jean-Marc Rohrbasser, Christine Théré, Éric Hamraoui, Thierry Martin, Joseph Romano, Philippe J. Bernard, Céline Jouin, Jean-Marc Drouin & Dominique Lestel - 1999 - Revue de Synthèse 120 (4):657-684.
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  15.  39
    The animal outside the text: An interview with Dominique lestel.Matthew Chrulew & Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):187-196.
    This interview ranges across a number of topics relevant to Dominique Lestel's thought: the history and philosophy of ethology; animal culture; realist-Cartesian and bi-constructivist ethology; biosemiotics; philo- sophical anthropology; animal studies; the other-than-human; veganism; and technology. It touches on thinkers including Bruno Latour, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Paul Shepard, and Donna Haraway.
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  16.  4
    À quoi sert l'homme?Dominique Lestel - 2015 - [Paris]: Fayard.
    1. L'histoire de l'humain comme catastrophe écologique -- La catastrophe néolithique -- L'homme contre la Nature -- L'humanisme contre l'animal -- Une haine savante contre la Nature -- 2. Substituer des machines aux êtres vivants -- L'élimination de l'animalité -- Des technologies autistes, schizophréniques et paranoïaques -- 3. Machiner l'humain -- La préférence de l'homme pour des hommes artificiels : la parabole de James -- 4. Le post-humain comme point final du désastre humaniste -- La honte prométhéenne de Ginther Anders (...)
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  17.  22
    Epistemological interlude.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):151-160.
    The dominant post-Enlightenment Western view of animals has seen them as some kind of machine, objects of no true moral significance, which it is permissible to subject to a range of treatments that would never be tolerated if practised on humans. In reality, defenders of animals, rather than being sentimentalists or somehow insufficiently attached to their own species, are far more in accord with scientific evidence and with the best interests of humanity itself. Animals are fundamentally makers and interpreters of (...)
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  18.  13
    Inimese ja looma vaheline suhtlemine, keel, evolutsioon. Kokkuvõte.Dominique Lestel - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):212-212.
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  19.  18
    L’animal comme avenir de l’humain : la perspective zoo-futuriste en question.Dominique Lestel - 2022 - Rue Descartes 1:84-99.
    « Mon article propose un renversement de perspective qui s’organise autour de trois idées. 1) Il s’agit de penser la spécificité du statut de l’humain par rapport aux autres animaux, non pas dans des caractéristiques uniques qui l’éloigneraient des autres animaux (logique du « propre de l’homme »), mais dans ses capacités (métaboliques, comportementales, cognitives et culturelles) de se rapprocher des autres animaux comme aucun autre animal n’est capable de le faire. À ma connaissance, c’est une idée qui n’a encore (...)
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  20.  15
    Mirror effects.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):47-57.
    This extract from Lestel's Paroles de singes analyses the methodological debates of the research into the linguistic capabilities of great apes. Lestel uncovers the strategic blindness, methodological fumbling, and other “mirror effects” of these experiments, and reflects on the questions of anthropomorphism and common knowledge. Are the apes simulating language; are the ape-researchers simulating results? Parallels with research into artificial intelligence reveal a preoccupation with questions of cognition.
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  21.  18
    The question of the animal subject: Thoughts on the fourth wound to human narcissism.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):113-125.
    To the three classic wounds to human narcissism – that of Copernicus , Darwin , and Freud – there must be appended a fourth wound: man is not the only subject in the universe. While most philoso- phers are unwilling to accept it, ethological research shows that animals are also subjects; indeed, in human/animal hybrid communities, certain animals can become individuals or even persons. Through animal biography, anec- dotes, and other often disqualified but nonethe- less empirical forms of knowledge, we (...)
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  22.  17
    The question of the animal subject: Thoughts on the fourth wound to human narcissism.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):113-125.
    To the three classic wounds to human narcissism – that of Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud – there must be appended a fourth wound: man is not the only subject in the universe. While most philoso- phers are unwilling to accept it, ethological research shows that animals are also subjects; indeed, in human/animal hybrid communities, certain animals can become individuals or even persons. Through animal biography, anec- dotes, and other often disqualified but nonethe- less empirical forms of knowledge, we can come (...)
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