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Dirk Baltzly [49]Dirk C. Baltzly [4]Dirk Christian Baltzly [1]
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Dirk Baltzly
University of Tasmania
  1. Stoicism.Dirk Baltzly - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Stoicism was one of the new philosophical movements of the Hellenistic period. The name derives from the porch (stoa poikilê) in the Agora at Athens decorated with mural paintings, where the members of the school congregated, and their lectures were held. Unlike ‘epicurean,’ the sense of the English adjective ‘stoical’ is not utterly misleading with regard to its philosophical origins. The Stoics did, in fact, hold that emotions like fear or envy (or impassioned sexual attachments, or passionate love of anything (...)
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  2. The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius.Dirk Baltzly - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):764-767.
    I recognise in retrospect that this review chides Prof. Hadot for those things that he didn't do so well, while failing to give due credit to the kinds of writing about philosophy that he did do well.
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  3. The Classical Ideals of Friendship.Dirk Baltzly & Nick Eliopoulos - 2009 - In Barabara Caine (ed.), Friendship: a history,. Equinox.
  4. Stoic Pantheism.Dirk Baltzly - 2003 - Sophia 42 (2):3-33.
    This essay argues the Stoics are rightly regarded as pantheists. Their view differs from many forms of pantheism by accepting the notion of a personal god who exercises divine providence. Moreover, Stoic pantheism is utterly inimical to a deep ecology ethic. I argue that these features are nonetheless consistent with the claim that they are pantheists. The essay also considers the arguments offered by the Stoics. They thought that their pantheistic conclusion was an extension of the best science of their (...)
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  5.  39
    Proclus and Theodore of Asine on Female Philosopher-Rulers: Patriarchy, Metempsychosis, and Women in the Neoplatonic Commentary Tradition.Dirk Baltzly - 2013 - Ancient Philosophy 33 (2):403-424.
    The Platonic dialogues contain passages that seem to point in quite opposite directions on the question of the moral equality of women with men. Rep. V defends the view that sexual difference need not be relevant to a person’s capacity for philosophy and thus for virtue. Tim. 42a-c, however, makes incarnation in a female body a punishment for failure to master the challenges of embodiment. This paper examines the different ways in which two subsequent Platonists, Proclus (d. 485 CE) and (...)
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  6.  76
    Moral Dilemmas Are Not a Local Issue.Dirk Baltzly - 2000 - Philosophy 75 (2):245-263.
    It is sometimes claimed that the Kantian Ought Implies Can principle (OIC) rules out the possibility of moral dilemmas. A certain understanding of OIC does rule out the possibility of moral dilemmas in the sense defined. However I doubt that this particular formulation of the OIC principle is one that fits well with the eudaimonist framework common to ancient Greek moral philosophy. In what follows, I explore the reasons why Aristotle would not accept the OIC principle in the form in (...)
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  7.  91
    Peripatetic Perversions: A Neo-Aristotelian Account of the Nature of Sexual Perversion.Dirk Baltzly - 2003 - The Monist 86 (1):3-29.
    The idea that there is a coherent and morally relevant concept of sexual perversions has been increasingly called into question. In what follows, I will be concerned with two recent attacks on the notion of sexual perversion: those of Graham Priest and Igor Primoratz. Priest’s paper is the deeper of the two. Primoratz goes methodically through various accounts of sexual perversion and finds difficulties in them. This is no small task, of course, but unlike Priest he does not attempt to (...)
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  8.  96
    Is Plato’s Timaeus Panentheistic?Dirk Baltzly - 2010 - Sophia 49 (2):193-215.
    Hartshorne and Reese thought that in the Timaeus Plato wasn’t quite a panentheist—though he would have been if he’d been consistent. More recently, Cooper has argued that while Plato’s World Soul may have inspired panentheists, Plato’s text does not itself describe a form of panenetheism. In this paper, I will reconsider this question not only by examining closely the Timaeus but by thinking about which features of current characterizations of panentheism are historically accidental and how the core of the doctrine (...)
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  9.  29
    Divine Immutability for Henotheists.Dirk Baltzly - 2016 - Sophia 55 (2):129-143.
    Discussions of divine immutability normally take place against the backdrop of a presupposition of monotheism. This background makes some problems seem especially salient—for instance, does the notion that God is immutable have any implications for God’s relation to time? In what follows, I’ll consider the problem of divine immutability in the context of henotheistic conceptions of god. I take henotheism to be the view that, although there are a plurality of gods, all of them are in some sense dependent upon (...)
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  10. Knowledge and Belief in Republic V.Dirk Baltzly - 1997 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 79 (S):239-72.
    We ought to combine the predicative and veridical readings of estin. Plato’s view involves a parallelism between truth and being: when we know, we grasp a logos which is completely true and is made true by an on which is completely (F). Opinion takes as its object a logos which is no more true than false and which concerns things which are no more (F) than not (F). This view, I argue, is intelligible in the context of the presuppositions which (...)
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  11.  19
    Plato's Authority and the Formation of Textual Communities.Dirk Baltzly - 2014 - Classical Quarterly 64 (2):793-807.
    It is widely agreed that, in the re-emergence of Platonism as a dogmatic school of philosophy following the demise of the sceptical academy, Plato's works came to have an authoritative status. This paper argues for a particular understanding of what that authority consists in and how it was acquired.
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  12.  58
    Socratic Anti-Empiricism in the "Phaedo".Dirk Baltzly - 1996 - Apeiron 29 (4):121-142.
    In the Phaedo, Socrates endorses the view that the senses are not a means whereby we may come to gain knowledge. Whenever one investigates by means of the senses, one is deceived. One can attain truth only by inquiry through intellect alone. It is a measure of the success of empiricism that modern commentators take a very different approach to Phaedo 65a9-67b3 than their neoplatonist forebearers did. In what follows I shall argue that, if they made too much of "Socrate's" (...)
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  13.  52
    "To an Unhypothetical First Principle" in Plato's "Republic".Dirk C. Baltzly - 1996 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 13 (2):149 - 165.
  14.  20
    Aristotle and Platonic Dialectic in Metaphysics Γ 4.Dirk Baltzly - 1999 - Apeiron 32 (3):171-202.
  15. Proclus: Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus, Part IV – Proclus on the World Soul. A Translation with Notes and Introduction.Dirk Baltzly - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the present volume Proclus describes the 'creation' of the soul that animates the entire universe. This is not a literal creation, for Proclus argues that Plato means only to convey the eternal dependence of the World Soul upon higher causes. In his exegesis of Plato's text, Proclus addresses a range of issues in Pythagorean harmonic theory, as well as questions about the way in which the World Soul knows both forms and the visible reality that comprises its body. This (...)
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  16.  50
    Mereological Modes of Being in Proclus.Dirk Baltzly - 2008 - Ancient Philosophy 28 (2):395-411.
    It is an axiom of late neoplatonic metaphysics that all things are in all, but in each in an appropriate manner (ὀικείως, ET 103). These manners or modes of being are indicated by adverbial forms such as παραδειματικῶς or εἰκονικῶς. Thus, for example, the Forms are in the World Soul in the mode of images, while the objects in the sensible realm below Soul are in it in the manner of paradigms (in Tim. II 150.27). Among the many modes of (...)
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  17. Proclus: Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus, Part III – Proclus on the World’s Body. A Translation with Notes and Introduction,.Dirk Baltzly - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the present volume Proclus comments on the creation of the body of the universe in Plato's Timaeus.
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  18.  26
    Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus: Volume 3, Book 3, Part 1, Proclus on the World's Body.Dirk Baltzly (ed.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Proclus' Commentary on Plato's dialogue Timaeus is arguably the most important commentary on a text of Plato, offering unparalleled insights into eight centuries of Platonic interpretation. This edition offered the first new English translation of the work for nearly two centuries, building on significant advances in scholarship on Neoplatonic commentators. It provides an invaluable record of early interpretations of Plato's dialogue, while also presenting Proclus' own views on the meaning and significance of Platonic philosophy. The present volume, the third in (...)
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  19. Aristotle and Platonic Dialectic in Metaphysics Gamma.Dirk Baltzly - 1999 - Apeiron 32 (4):171-202.
    I come not to clarify Aristotle’s defence of the principle of non-contradiction, but to put it in its proper context. I argue that remarks in Metaphysics IV.3 together with the argument of IV.4, 1006a11-31 show that Aristotle practises Plato’s method of dialectic in his defence of PNC. I mean this in the strong sense that he uses the very methodology described in the middle books of the Republic and, I claim, illustrated in such dialogues as Parmenides, Sophist and Theaetetus.
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  20.  42
    Who Are the Mysterious Dogmatists of Adversus Mathematicus Ix 352?Dirk C. Baltzly - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (1):145-170.
  21.  21
    Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book.John Anderson, D. M. Armstrong & Dirk Baltzly - 2007 - Mind 116:463.
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  22.  65
    Ancient Commentators on Plato and Aristotle - Tuominen The Ancient Commentators on Plato and Aristotle. Pp. Xii + 324. Stocksfield: Acumen, 2009. Paper £14.99 . ISBN: 978-1-84465-163-4. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (2):417-419.
    See also Tarrant's review on Notre Dame Philosophical Review.
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  23.  24
    Adunamic Hedonism.Dirk Baltzly - 2001 - In Dirk Baltzly, Harold Tarrant & Dougal Blyth (eds.), Power and Pleasure, Virtue and Vice: Essays in Ancient Moral Philosophy. Auckland: pp. 136-159.
    It is widely supposed that Epicurus' identification of aponia (painlessness) and the absence of anxiety (ataraxia) yields as a consequence the claim that the most pleasant life is one that requires little in the way of resources or power. This paper argues that the remarks in Cicero which attempt to reconstruct Epicurus' reasons for thinking that aponia and ataraxia are the limit of pleasure are best interpreted if we suppose that the inference runs the other direction. Epicurus supposed that it (...)
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  24. Ammonius on Aristotle on Interpretation with Boethius on Aristotle on Interpretation, Blank and Kretzman (Trans). [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (4):521-3.
    We have two neoplatonic commentaries on the crucial chapter in Aristotle's De Interpretatione on fatalism.
     
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  25. Gaia Gets to Know Herself: Proclus on the World's Self-Perception.Dirk Baltzly - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (3):261-285.
    Proclus' interpretation of the Timaeus confronts the question of whether the living being that is the Platonic cosmos perceives itself. Since sense perception is a mixed blessing in the Platonic tradition, Proclus solves this problem by differentiating different gradations of perception. The cosmos has only the highest kind. This paper contrasts Proclus' account of the world's perception of itself with James Lovelock's notion that the planet Earth, or Gaia, is aware of things going on within itself. This contrast illuminates several (...)
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  26. Hermias: On Plato Phaedrus 227a–245e.Dirk Baltzly & Michael Share - 2018 - London: Bloomsbury.
    Translation and commentary on the only surviving sustained work on Plato's Phaedrus from antiquity.
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  27.  10
    Intimate Relations: Friends and Lovers.Dirk Baltzly & Jeanette Kennett - 2017 - In E. Kroeker and K. Schaubroek (ed.), Love, Reason and Morality. New York, NY, USA: pp. 110–124.
    In this paper we look at two kinds of relations that give rise to reasons for action of a distinctive sort: friendship and erotic love. We argue that what is common to these different relations of affection is that the people in them exhibit dispositions toward mutual direction by one another and interpretation of one another (in a sense that we describe in detail below). This mutual responsiveness is, in part, a matter of responding to reasons that arise from the (...)
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  28.  5
    Jamming with the Gods—Reflections on Writing the History of Late Antique Platonism.Dirk Baltzly - 2021 - Sophia 60 (1):225-231.
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  29.  57
    Making the World a More Just Place – Review of Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice’. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 2009 - Dissent 31.
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  30. Plato, Aristotle, and the Λόγος Ἐκ Τῶν Πρός Τι.Dirk Baltzly - 1997 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 15:177-206.
  31. Pleasure and Power, Virtues and Vices.Dirk Baltzly, Dougal Blyth & Harold Tarrant (eds.) - 2001 - Prudentia Supplement.
     
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  32.  21
    Philosophy and the Philosophical Life: A Study in Plato's Phaedo.Dirk Baltzly - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):399-401.
    The Phaedo is usually taken to be among Plato's metaphysically richest dialogues. Dilman argues that, at best, the views of Plato's Socrates are here free of the taint of metaphysics, or that worthwhile, nonmetaphysical theses are propounded alongside metaphysical ones. In these cases, Dilman attempts to separate out "Socrates' spiritual and moral perceptions" from the metaphysical claims. The latter are "a mystification of the grammar of the language in which such perceptions are expressed". Dilman's objection to such metaphysical theses is (...)
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  33.  10
    Plato and the New Rhapsody.Dirk C. Baltzly - 1992 - Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):29-52.
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  34.  47
    Plato and the New Rhapsody.Dirk C. Baltzly - 1992 - Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):29-52.
  35.  53
    Review of Ilham Dilman, Philosophy and the Philosophic Life: A Study in Plato's Phaedo. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):399-401.
  36.  1
    Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus: Volume 4, Book 3, Part 2, Proclus on the World Soul.Dirk Baltzly (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the present volume Proclus describes the 'creation' of the soul that animates the entire universe. This is not a literal creation, for Proclus argues that Plato means only to convey the eternal dependence of the World Soul upon higher causes. In his exegesis of Plato's text, Proclus addresses a range of issues in Pythagorean harmonic theory, as well as questions about the way in which the World Soul knows both forms and the visible reality that comprises its body. This (...)
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  37.  47
    Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus: Volume 5, Book 4.Dirk Baltzly (ed.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Proclus' commentary on Plato's dialogue Timaeus is arguably the most important commentary on a text of Plato, offering unparalleled insights into eight centuries of Platonic interpretation. It has had an enormous influence on subsequent Plato scholarship. This edition offers the first new English translation of the work for nearly two centuries, building on significant recent advances in scholarship on Neoplatonic commentators. It provides an invaluable record of early interpretations of Plato's dialogue, while also presenting Proclus' own views on the meaning (...)
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  38. Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Republic, Vol 1.Dirk Baltzly, Graeme Miles & John Finamore - 2018 - Cambridge: CUP.
    Covers Essays 1 to 6 in Proclus' Commentary and includes a general introduction to the work as a whole.
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  39.  23
    Plato's "Timaeus" as Cultural Icon. Gretchen J. Reydams-Schils, Plato.Dirk Baltzly - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):963-964.
  40. Review Article: An Octave Of Straw. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly & J. Bigelo - 2012 - Polis 29 (2):321-331.
    Review of J.B. Kennedy The Musical Structure of Plato's Dialogues (Acumen, 2011).
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  41.  14
    Review of A. A. Long, Greek Models of Mind and Self: Cambridge, Mass. And London: Harvard University Press, 2015, ISBN978-0-674-72903-2, Hb, Xiv + 228 Pp. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 2017 - Sophia 56 (1):125-128.
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  42.  22
    Second Sailing: Alternative Perspectives on Plato, Edited by Nails, Debra, and Harold Tarrant: Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2015, Pp. Xii + 366, €30. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):625-625.
  43.  23
    Two Aristotelian Puzzles About Planets and Their Neoplatonic Reception.Dirk Baltzly - 2015 - Apeiron 48 (4):1-19.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  44.  59
    The Demiurge. C.S. O'Brien the Demiurge in Ancient Thought. Secondary Gods and Divine Mediators. Pp. XVI + 333. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Cased, £65, Us$99. Isbn: 978-1-107-07536-8. [REVIEW]Dirk Baltzly - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (2):375-377.
  45.  4
    The Human Life.Dirk Baltzly - 2016 - In Pieter D'Hoine & Marije Martijn (eds.), All From One: A Guide to Proclus. Oxford University Press UK.
    In previous chapters, it has become clear that Proclus’ metaphysics is often relevant to human life. In this chapter, that relation is elaborated on in detail, starting from the notion of a ‘textual community’. In the first section, the author presents the Neoplatonic goal of human life, assimilation to the divine. In the second section, he elaborates the scale of virtues through which, according to Proclus, one may reach that assimilation. The third section is devoted to establishing the interesting hypothesis (...)
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  46.  44
    The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duty, Fate.Dirk Baltzly - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (4):855-856.
    This is a brief book note on Tad Brennan's fine book on Stoic ethics.
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  47. The Virtues and 'Becoming Like God': Alcinous to Proclus.Dirk Baltzly - 2004 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Xxvi: Summer 2004. Oxford University Press.
  48. The Virtues and 'Becoming Like God': Alcinous to Proclus.Dirk Baltzly - 2004 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 26:297-321.
  49.  14
    The Skopos Assumption: Its Justification and Function in the Neoplatonic Commentaries on Plato.Dirk Baltzly - 2017 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 11 (2):173-195.
    _ Source: _Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 173 - 195 This paper examines the role of the theme in Neoplatonic interpretive practice, particularly with respect to Platonic dialogues. The belief that every dialogue has a single _skopos_ and that every aspect of the dialogue can be seen as subserving that _skopos_ is one of the most distinctive of the Neoplatonists’ intepretive principles. 1 It is also the one that is most directly responsible for the forced and artificial character of their (...)
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  50.  4
    Review Article: An Octave of Straw.John Bigelow & Dirk Baltzly - 2012 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 29 (2):321-331.
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