Results for 'Diairesis'

45 found
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  1.  3
    Die Diairesis bei Aristoteles.Artur von Fragstein - 1967 - Amsterdam,: A. M. Hakkert.
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  2.  21
    On Diairesis, Parallel Division, and Chiasmus: Plato’s and Aristotle’s Methods of Division.Xin Liu - 2021 - Plato Journal 22.
    In this paper, I articulate three kinds of division that Plato and Aristotle acknowledge to be proper, valid methods of division, namely, diairesis, parallel division, and chiasmus. I attempt to explain the relationship among the three kinds of division, namely, how they transform from one to another. Starting with Plato’s division of constitution in the Statesman, I illuminate that from ostensible diairesis emerges a parallel division, and the parallel division causes a cross-division to occur. Thus, the sixfold division (...)
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  3.  16
    Diairesis and the Tripartite Soul in the Sophist.Kenneth Dorter - 1990 - Ancient Philosophy 10 (1):41-61.
  4.  53
    Diairesis and the Tripartite Soul in the Sophist.Kenneth Dorter - 1990 - Ancient Philosophy 10 (1):41-61.
  5. La diairesi nel Sofista.G. Movia - 1988 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 80 (3):331-378.
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  6. La diairesi nel Sofista.Movia Giancarlo - 1988 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 80 (3):501-548.
     
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  7.  16
    Diairesis_ and _Koinonia_ in _Sophist 253d1-e3.Colin C. Smith - 2020 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 38 (1):1-20.
    Here I interpret a central passage in Plato's Sophist by focusing on understudied elements that provide insight into the fit of the dialogue's parts and the Sophist-Statesman diptych as a whole. I argue that the Eleatic Stranger's account of what the dialectician "adequately views" at Sophist 253d1-e3 involves both division and the communion of ontological kinds, not just one or the other as has been typically argued. I also consider other key passages and the turn throughout the dialogue from imagistic (...)
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  8.  6
    Orthotes and Diairesis of Names. The Question of Method in Prodicus.Aldo Brancacci - 2017 - Peitho 8 (1):173-186.
    The question of the method was central in the thought and teaching of Prodicus. We have abundant information on this method but it is, probably, closely connected to various other issues, on which we are less well informed. The right method to solve diverse linguistic problems comprised two moments and not just one as it frequently assumed. Similarly, the terms orthotes and diairesis of names, which appear in the sources, do not designate one single and simple procedure, but rather (...)
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  9. Non-bifurcatory Diairesis and Greek Music Theory: A resource for Plato in the Statesman?Mitchell Miller - 2013 - In Ales Havlicek, Jakub JIrsa & Karel Thein (eds.), Plato's Statesman: Proceedings of the Eighth Symposium Platonicum Pragense. Oikoymenh. pp. 178-200.
    At 287c of the Statesman the Eleatic Visitor — or, more deeply, Plato — faces a daunting task. Because statesmanship has been shown to collaborate with “countless” other arts that share with it the work of “caring” for the city, to understand statesmanship requires distinguishing these arts into an intelligible set of kinds and recognizing how these might go together. Accordingly, the Visitor abandons the mode of division he has practiced without exception up until this moment, bifurcation or “halving,” and (...)
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  10.  18
    Paradigm and diairesis: a response to M. L. Gill's 'Models in PLato's Sophist and Statesman'.Dimitri El Murr - 2006 - Plato Journal 6.
  11. Platońska metoda diairesis w dialogach „Sofista”i„Polityk”.Tomasz Kaputa - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia:37-61.
     
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  12. Dichotomy and Platonic diairesis.Lee Franklin - 2011 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (1):1.
  13.  5
    Studien zur entwicklung der Platonischen Dialektik von Sokrates zu Aristoteles: arete und diairesis.Julius Stenzel - 1917 - Breslau,: Trewendt & Granier.
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  14.  10
    The Use and Meaning of the Past in Plato.Maurizio Migliori - 2021 - Plato Journal 21:43-58.
    This essay is based on two premises. The first concerns the vision of writing proposed by Plato in Phaedrus and especially the conception of philosophical writing as a maieutic game. The structurally polyvalent way in which Plato approaches philosophical issues also emerges in the dialogues. The second concerns the birth and the development of historical analysis in parallel with the birth of philosophy. On this basis the text investigates a series of data about the relationship between Plato and "the facts". (...)
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  15.  45
    Argumentative Discussion: The Rationality of What?Marcin Lewiński - 2019 - Topoi 38 (4):645-658.
    Most dialectical models view argumentation as a process of critically testing a standpoint. Further, they assume that what we critically test can be analytically reduced to individual and bi-polar standpoints. I argue that these two assumptions lead to the dominant view of dialectics as a bi-partisan argumentative discussion in which the yes-side argues against the doubter or the no-side. I scrutinise this binary orientation in understanding argumentation by drawing on the main tenets of normative pragmatic and pragma-dialectical theories of argumentation. (...)
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  16.  10
    Unidade e Multiplicidade na dialética platônica.Bárbara Helena de Oliveira Santos - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Ao colocar a diairesis em comunhão com a dialética, Platão rompe com a estrutura dicotômica-unívoca parmenídica; no Fragmento 2 do Poema Da Natureza, a deusa estabelece que há apenas dois caminhos para a verdade, um que é e outro que não é. Desses dois caminhos, Parmênides nega o segundo, afirmando que é impossível conhecer o que não é: para o filósofo préssocrático conhecer algo está relacionado ao é, logo, para ele, é impossível conhecer o que não é. De maneira (...)
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  17.  7
    El mythos, el logos y la historia. La reconstrucción filosófica del pasado en el mythos del Político de Platón.Giuseppe Greco - 2022 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 39 (2):289-303.
    This article considers the function and value of the mythos in Plato's Statesman. As first, I recall the context of the story and its function within the framework of diairetic inquiry about the definition of the real politician. Secondly, I point out that the formulation of the myth is based on a series of traditional stories to which a historical-reconstructive method is applied. I then highlight the ways of reasoning used by the characters in order to reconstruct a rational and (...)
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  18.  42
    The God-Given Way.Mitchell Miller - 1990 - In John and Shartin Cleary (ed.), Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 6. University Press of America. pp. 323-359.
    A close reading of the presentation of the method of dialectic at Philebus 16c-18d and, I argue, of its display in the account of the kinds of art necessary for a good city at Statesman 287c-290a and 303d-305e.
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  19.  10
    «Quod est primum in compositione, est ultimum in resolutione». Notas acerca de las nociones de «análisis» y «síntesis» en la antigüedad tardía.Michael Chase - 2015 - Anuario Filosófico 48 (1):103-139.
    En este artículo se investigan los orígenes griegos y latinos de la máxima escolástica que dicta que lo primero en la composición es lo último en la resolución. Estudio a la tradición que sostuvo que la síntesis procede de lo anterior a lo posterior, mientras que el análisis procede de lo posterior a lo anterior. En primer lugar, busco los orígenes de estas nociones en las matemáticas griegas. Posteriormente me ocupo de autores del platonismo medio, quienes identificaron el análisis con (...)
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  20.  65
    Proclus and the neoplatonic syllogistic.John N. Martin - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (3):187-240.
    An investigation of Proclus' logic of the syllogistic and of negations in the Elements of Theology, On the Parmenides, and Platonic Theology. It is shown that Proclus employs interpretations over a linear semantic structure with operators for scalar negations (hypemegationlalpha-intensivum and privative negation). A natural deduction system for scalar negations and the classical syllogistic (as reconstructed by Corcoran and Smiley) is shown to be sound and complete for the non-Boolean linear structures. It is explained how Proclus' syllogistic presupposes converting the (...)
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  21.  61
    ΓΕΝΟΣ_ and _ΕΙΔΟΣ in Aristotle's Biology.D. M. Balme - 1962 - Classical Quarterly 12 (01):81-.
    It is not certain when or by whom S0009838800011642_inline1 and S0009838800011642_inline2 were first technically distinguished as genus and species. The distinction does not appear in Plato's extant writings, whereas Aristotle seems to take it for granted in the Topics, which is usually regarded as among his earliest treatises. In his dialogues Plato seems able to use S0009838800011642_inline3 interchangeably to denote any group or division in a diairesis, including the group that is to be divided.
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  22.  26
    ΓΕΝΟΣ_ and _ΕΙΔΟΣ in Aristotle's Biology.D. M. Balme - 1962 - Classical Quarterly 12 (1):81-98.
    It is not certain when or by whomandwere first technically distinguished asgenusandspecies. The distinction does not appear in Plato's extant writings, whereas Aristotle seems to take it for granted in theTopics, which is usually regarded as among his earliest treatises. In his dialogues Plato seems able to useinterchangeably to denote any group or division in a diairesis, including the group that is to be divided.
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  23.  28
    Prodicus: Diplomat, sophist and teacher of Socrates.David Corey - 2008 - History of Political Thought 29 (1):1-26.
    Not much is known about Prodicus of Ceos, though he is mentioned in more than a dozen Platonic dialogues and appears as a character in the Protagoras. In this article I examine the extant evidence about Prodicus from Plato and other ancient authors and show that Plato's attitude toward him was, surprisingly, one of great respect. In fact, Plato suggests that Prodicus was quite literally Socrates' teacher. I argue that by considering the evidence carefully we can determine with some confidence (...)
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  24.  13
    Plato's Statesman: a philosophical discussion.Panagiotis Dimas, M. S. Lane & Susan Sauvé Meyer (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    "Plato's Statesman reconsiders many questions familiar to readers of the Republic: questions in political theory - such as the qualifications for the leadership of a state and the best from of constitution (politeia) - as well as questions of philosophical methodology and epistemology. Instead of the theory of Forms that is the centrepiece of the epistemology of the Republic, the emphasis here is on the dialectical practice of collection and division (diairesis), in whose service the interlocutors also deploy the (...)
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  25.  14
    ΣΥΝΑΓΩΓΗ and the Problem of to ΠΕΡΑΣ in Philebus 25CB-E5.Robert Hahn - 1979 - Philosophy Research Archives 5:623-646.
    The passage which occurs in Plato's Philebus 25C8-E2 examines the relation between three of four classes of Being which are introduced at 23C. Problems with the text and explication of the passage are considered. Ibis paper attempts to illuminate two central issues of the later dialogues on which the interpretation of this passage rests, the significance of πέρς or the limiting class of Being, and the overall operation of συναγωγή or collection, characterizing the method of diairesis, the foundation of (...)
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  26.  9
    A gênese da dialétca em platão.Jayme Paviani - 1996 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 41 (164):629-635.
    A Dialética de Platão, antes de alcançar os estágios dos processos diaíresis e da synagogê e de 'intuir' o Bem, o Uno, passa pelo processo da refutação, elenchos, também conhecido como "diálogo socrático" presente nos primeiros Diálogos. Esta aprendizagem da dialética articula-se com duas origens: a dos argumentos de Zenão de Eléia e a das aporias de Heráclito.
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  27. Platonic Epistemology, Socratic Education: On Learning Platonic Forms.Coleen P. Zoller - 2004 - Dissertation, Emory University
    This dissertation concerns Plato's theory of education and the problem of how one can actually acquire knowledge of the Forms. Plato's theory of education aims to make one a good person, which requires knowledge of the Form of the Good. Yet, how exactly one would acquire such knowledge has remained a mystery. Various models of learning are presented by Plato: elenctic refutation ; hypothesis; recollection; the mathematical, dialectical, and political studies of the Republic's curriculum; and diairesis to name just (...)
     
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  28.  16
    ΓΕΝΟΣ_ and _ΕΙΔΟΣ in Aristotle's Biology.D. M. Balme - 1962 - Classical Quarterly 12 (1):81-98.
    It is not certain when or by whomandwere first technically distinguished asgenusandspecies. The distinction does not appear in Plato's extant writings, whereas Aristotle seems to take it for granted in theTopics, which is usually regarded as among his earliest treatises. In his dialogues Plato seems able to useinterchangeably to denote any group or division in a diairesis, including the group that is to be divided.
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  29. What Does Aristotle Categorize? Semantics and the Early Peripatetic Reading of the Categories.Michael J. Griffin - 2012 - Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 55 (1):65-108.
    This paper explores the role of early imperial Peripatetics – in particular, Andronicus of Rhodes, Boethus of Sidon, Herminus, and Alexander – in the development of the canonical reading of the Categories influentially maintained by Porphyry. I investigate the common threads of Middle Platonist and Peripatetic views on the value of the Categories, focusing on the utility of the method of division (diairesis) for acquiring knowledge (epistêmê), and argue for a shared Peripatetic-Platonist consensus about the reasons why the Categories (...)
     
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  30.  55
    Plato's Simile of Light Again.A. S. Ferguson - 1934 - Classical Quarterly 28 (3-4):190-.
    The similes of the Sun, Line, and Cave in the Republic remain a reproach to Platonic scholarship because there is no agreement about them, though they are meant to illustrate. I propose to analyse the form of the argument, a clue that has never been properly weighed. The Greek theory and practice of analogia and diairesis give good evidence about the method that Plato adopted; if this usage were respected, the analogical argument would not be so loosely interpreted, and (...)
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  31.  96
    Medical Theory in Plato's Timaeus.Laura Grams - 2009 - Rhizai 6:161-192.
    Plato’s Timaeus provides a significant, original account of diseases afflicting the body and soul. The causes of disease are explained according to the same physical principles that account for the motion of the four elements in the universe. As a result, medical expertise concerning the microcosm of the human body depends on cosmological expertise concerning the macrocosm of the universe. in addition, the methods of division and collection (diairesis and sunagōgē) that Plato uses in other late dialogues are employed (...)
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  32. What the Dialectician Discerns: a new reading of Sophist 253d-e.Mitchell Miller - 2016 - Ancient Philosophy 36 (2):321-352.
    At Sophist 253d-e the Eleatic Visitor offers a notoriously obscure description of the fields of one-and-many that the dialectician “adequately discerns.” Against the readings of Stenzel, Cornford, Sayre, and Gomez-Lobo, I propose an interpretation of that passage that takes into account the trilogy of Theaetetus-Sophist-Statesman as its context. The key steps are to respond to the irony of Socrates’ refutations at the end of the Theaetetus by reinterpreting the last two senses of logos as directed to forms and to recognize (...)
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  33.  5
    Statesman.Eva Brann, Peter Kalkavage & Eric Salem (eds.) - 2012 - Focus.
    This is the second of a projected trilogy of dialogues, in which an unnamed stranger sets out to satisfy Socrates' desire for an account of sophist, statesman, and philosopher. Focus Philosohpical Library’s _Statesman _includes a faithful, clear, and consistent translation to English, with notes. It also includes an exploratory essay, glossary of crucial Greek terms, supplemental diagrams illustrating diairesis, and an appendix on the paradigm of weaving.
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  34.  7
    Plato’s Statesman: a Philosophical Discussion.Panos Dimas, Melissa Lane & Susan Sauvé Meyer (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    "Plato's Statesman reconsiders many questions familiar to readers of the Republic: questions in political theory - such as the qualifications for the leadership of a state and the best from of constitution (politeia) - as well as questions of philosophical methodology and epistemology. Instead of the theory of Forms that is the centrepiece of the epistemology of the Republic, the emphasis here is on the dialectical practice of collection and division (diairesis), in whose service the interlocutors also deploy the (...)
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  35.  18
    Plato's Simile of Light Again.A. S. Ferguson - 1934 - Classical Quarterly 28 (3-4):190-210.
    The similes of the Sun, Line, and Cave in the Republic remain a reproach to Platonic scholarship because there is no agreement about them, though they are meant to illustrate. I propose to analyse the form of the argument, a clue that has never been properly weighed. The Greek theory and practice of analogia and diairesis give good evidence about the method that Plato adopted; if this usage were respected, the analogical argument would not be so loosely interpreted, and (...)
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  36. Aristotle’s theory of language in the light of Phys. I.1.Pavol Labuda - 2018 - Aither. Journal for the Study of Greek and Latin Philosophical Traditions 10 (20/2018 - International Issue 5):66-77.
    The main aim of my paper is to analyse Aristotle’s theory of language in the context of his Physics I.1 and via an analysis and an interpretation of this part of his Physics I try to show that (i) the study of human language (logos) significantly falls within the competence of Aristotle’s physics (i.e. natural philosophy), (ii) we can find the results of such (physical) inquiry in Aristotle’s zoological writings, stated in the forms of the first principles, causes and elements (...)
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  37.  16
    La division et l'unité du politique de Platon.Dimitri El Murr - 2005 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 3:295-324.
    Le Politique est généralement conçu comme un dialogue décousu et manquant d'unité, au mieux comme une succession de méthodes et de voies de recherche différentes (division dichotomique, mythe, paradigme) visant chacune à définir le politique. Le présent article vise au contraire à montrer que l'unité du dialogue est coextensive au développement d'une unique diaíresis, et ce en soulignant, à partir de ce que le texte dit lui-même, que le mythe, la méthode par paradigme et l'analyse des constitutions existantes ne sont (...)
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  38.  7
    Essere, gerarchia e causalità nell’ontologia di Platone. Un’introduzione.Franco Ferrari - 2023 - Quaestio 22:21-38.
    Although the term ontology is absent from Plato’s works, his thinking undoubtedly belongs to the prehistory of this discipline. In his dialogues, one finds many observations concerning what exists and how it exists. Plato’s metaphysics is based on the fundamental distinction between two kinds of entities, namely intelligible forms and sensible particulars. This diairesis is presented in different but all compatible ways. The ontological difference between forms and sensible objects implies a causal priority: according to Plato, this priority corresponds (...)
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  39.  15
    O problema do erro (pseûdos), a possibilidade do discurso predicativo e a questão ontológica no Sofista de Platão.Rodrigo César Floriano, José Henrique Fonseca Franco & Richard Romeiro Oliveira - 2020 - Investigação Filosófica 11 (3):27.
    O trabalho analisa as relações entre discurso_ _e ser estabelecidas de forma dialética por Platão em seu diálogo tardio _Sofista_. Os sofistas defendiam a impossibilidade de provar a falsidade ou veracidade dos discursos. Tais pensadores baseavam-se no interdito ontológico de Parmênides de Eleia, que preconizava, em linhas gerais, a existência de uma estrita correspondência entre tudo que pode ser dito e o ser, de forma que seria, assim, impossível, dizer algo que não é, ou seja, um não-ser. Contrariando tal perspectiva (...)
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  40.  28
    Pourquoi le politique?Monique Dixsaut - 2005 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 74 (3):289.
    Le Politique est généralement conçu comme un dialogue décousu et manquant d’unité, au mieux comme une succession de méthodes et de voies de recherche différentes visant chacune à définir le politique. Le présent article vise au contraire à montrer que l’unité du dialogue est coextensive au développement d’une unique diaíresis, et ce en soulignant, à partir de ce que le texte dit lui-même, que le mythe, la méthode par paradigme et l’analyse des constitutions existantes ne sont que des moyens permettant (...)
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  41.  37
    Platonic Epogōgē and the “Purification” of the Method of Collection.Holly G. Moore - 2019 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (2):353-364.
    Despite Aristotle’s claim in Topics I that all dialectical argument is either syllogism or epagōgē, modern scholars have largely neglected to assess the role of epagōgē in Platonic dialectic. Though epagōgē has no technical use in Plato, I argue that the method of collection (which, along with division (diairēsis), is central to many of the dialogues’ accounts of dialectic) functions as the Platonic predecessor to Aristotelian epagōgē. An analysis of passages from the Sophist and Statesman suggests that collection is a (...)
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  42.  12
    Platão, Heraclito e a Estrutura Metafórica do Real.José Trindade Santos - 1993 - Philosophica: International Journal for the History of Philosophy 1 (1):45-68.
    The author proposes an interpretation of the theory and practise of paradeigma, developed in conjunction with the method of diairesis in the Sophist, Politicus and Philebus. The conclusions reached are then balanced against the evidence of Plato's views on knowledge and language in the Cratylus, and compared to the logos of Heraclitus, in order to explain the conception designated as the "metaphorical structure of reality". It is then suggested that the degradation and reevaluation of this structure in Modern and (...)
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  43.  91
    The Eleatic Visitor's Method of Division.Laura Grams - 2012 - Apeiron 45 (2):130-156.
  44.  26
    El arte de tejer como paradigma del buen político en Platón.Francesc Casadesús Bordoy - 2010 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía:9-18.
    In the Statesman Plato resourced to the paradigm of the art of weaving to define the technique that the good governor must possess. However, with this analogy Plato equated political activity with the most characteristic of women’s activities in Ancient Greece. In such a way, Plato recognized that the philosopher-king, as he had put forward in the Republic , should give way to an expert that, like women weaving, knows the technique to weave the social fabric well. However, Plato did (...)
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  45.  22
    The whole and the art of medical dialectic: a platonic account. [REVIEW]Jan Helge Solbakk - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):39-52.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate Plato’s conception of the whole in the Phaedrus and the theory of medical dialectic underlying this conception. Through this analysis Plato’s conception of kairos will also be adressed. It will be argued that the epistemological holism developed in the dialogue and the patient-typology emerging from it provides us with a way of perceiving individual situations of medical discourse and decision-making that makes it possible to bridge the gap between observations of a professional (...)
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