Results for 'Decision'

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  1. Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex.Measuring Decision Making - 2002 - In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press.
  2.  35
    S hared decision making is widely accepted as an ethical imperative1–5 and as an important part of reasoned clinical practice. 6 Major texts in decision analysis, 7 medical ethics, 8 and evidence-based medicine9 all encourage physicians to include patients in the decision-making process. [REVIEW]Decision Making - 2011 - In Stephen Holland (ed.), Arguing About Bioethics. New York: Routledge. pp. 346.
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  3. Trosko James E.Moral Decisions - unknown - Global Bioethics 15 (3-2002).
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  4. The letter D after a page number denotes a discussion comment.Choice see Decision - 1980 - In Brian David Josephson & V. S. Ramachandran (eds.), Consciousness and the physical world: edited proceedings of an interdisciplinary symposium on consciousness held at the University of Cambridge in January 1978. New York: Pergamon Press. pp. 201.
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  5.  11
    Q^? The Funny Bone.A. C. T. Tribunal Decisions - forthcoming - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.
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  6.  6
    The Funny Bone.A. C. T. Administrative Appeals Tribunal Decisions - 2006 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.
    "ACT Administrative Appeals Tribunal Decisions." Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory, (200), pp. 42.
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  7. Nigel Howard.A. Piaget1an Approach To Decision - 1978 - In A. Hooker, J. J. Leach & E. F. McClennen (eds.), Foundations and Applications of Decision Theory: Vol.II: Epistemic and Social Applications. D. Reidel. pp. 205.
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  8.  38
    A Decision Method for Elementary Algebra and Geometry.Alfred Tarski - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (3):207-207.
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  9.  80
    The Foundations of Causal Decision Theory.Isaac Levi & James M. Joyce - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (7):387.
  10. Decision Theory as Philosophy.Mark Kaplan - 1997 - Mind 106 (424):787-791.
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  11. Decision Theory as Philosophy.Mark Kaplan - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (192):406-408.
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  12.  10
    Ethics Consultation at the End of Life.Guide Decision Making - 2008 - In Micah D. Hester (ed.), Ethics by committee: a textbook on consultation, organization, and education for hospital ethics committees. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.
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  13.  32
    Decision theory as a branch of evolutionary theory: A biological derivation of the savage axioms.William S. Cooper - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):395-411.
  14.  21
    Identification, Decision, and Treating as a Reason.Michael E. Bratman - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (2):1-18.
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  15.  67
    How Can a Deontological Decision Lead to Moral Behavior? The Moderating Role of Moral Identity.Zhi Xing Xu & Hing Keung Ma - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (3):537-549.
    Deontology and utilitarianism are two competing principles that guide our moral judgment. Recently, deontology is thought to be intuitive and is based on an error-prone and biased approach, whereas utilitarianism is relatively reflective and a suitable framework for making decision. In this research, the authors explored the relationship among moral identity, moral decision, and moral behavior to see how a preference for the deontological solution can lead to moral behavior. In study 1, a Web-based survey demonstrated that when (...)
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  16.  35
    The Cultural Mind: Environmental Decision Making and Cultural Modeling Within and Across Populations.Scott Atran, Douglas L. Medin & Norbert O. Ross - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (4):744-776.
    This paper describes a cross-cultural research project on the relation between how people conceptualize nature and how they act in it. Mental models of nature differ dramatically among and within populations living in the same area and engaged in more or less the same activities. This has novel implications for environmental decision making and management, including dealing with commons problems. Our research also offers a distinct perspective on models of culture, and a unified approach to the study of culture (...)
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  17.  33
    Dementia, Healthcare Decision Making, and Disability Law.Megan S. Wright - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S4):25-33.
    Persons with dementia often prefer to participate in decisions about their health care, but may be prevented from doing so because healthcare decision-making law facilitates use of advance directives or surrogate decision makers for persons with decisional impairments such as dementia. Federal and state disability law provide alternative decision-making models that do not prevent persons with mild to moderate dementia from making their own healthcare decisions at the time the decision needs to be made. In order (...)
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  18. Conditional utility and its place in decision theory.Paul Weirich - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (11):702-715.
    Causal decision theory attends to probabilities used to obtain an option's expected utility but for completeness should also attend to utilities of possible outcomes. A suitable formula for an option's expected utility uses a certain type of conditional utility.
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  19. Decision, intention and certainty.Stuart Hampshire & H. L. A. Hart - 1958 - Mind 67 (265):1-12.
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  20. Decision framing in judgment aggregation.Fabrizio Cariani, Marc Pauly & Josh Snyder - 2008 - Synthese 163 (1):1 - 24.
    Judgment aggregation problems are language dependent in that they may be framed in different yet equivalent ways. We formalize this dependence via the notion of translation invariance, adopted from the philosophy of science, and we argue for the normative desirability of translation invariance. We characterize the class of translation invariant aggregation functions in the canonical judgment aggregation model, which requires collective judgments to be complete. Since there are reasonable translation invariant aggregation functions, our result can be viewed as a possibility (...)
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  21.  20
    A Decision Procedure For the System EĪ of Entailment with Negation.Nuel D. Belnap & John R. Wallace - 1965 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 11 (4):277-289.
  22.  24
    Multialternative decision by sampling: A model of decision making constrained by process data.Takao Noguchi & Neil Stewart - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (4):512-544.
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  23.  6
    Variability of Practice, Information Processing, and Decision Making—How Much Do We Know?Stanisław H. Czyż - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Decision-making is a complex action requiring efficient information processing. Specifically, in movement in which performance efficiency depends on reaction time, e.g., open-loop controlled movements, these processes may play a crucial role. Information processing includes three distinct stages, stimulus identification, response selection, and response programming. Mainly, response selection may play a substantial contribution to the reaction time and appropriate decision making. The duration of this stage depends on the number of possible choices an individual has to “screen” to make (...)
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  24.  46
    Some Decision Problems in the Theory of Syntactic Categories.Wojciech Buszkowski - 1982 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 28 (33-38):539-548.
  25.  18
    Responsibility and decision-making authority in using clinical decision support systems: an empirical-ethical exploration of German prospective professionals’ preferences and concerns.Florian Funer, Wenke Liedtke, Sara Tinnemeyer, Andrea Diana Klausen, Diana Schneider, Helena U. Zacharias, Martin Langanke & Sabine Salloch - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (1):6-11.
    Machine learning-driven clinical decision support systems (ML-CDSSs) seem impressively promising for future routine and emergency care. However, reflection on their clinical implementation reveals a wide array of ethical challenges. The preferences, concerns and expectations of professional stakeholders remain largely unexplored. Empirical research, however, may help to clarify the conceptual debate and its aspects in terms of their relevance for clinical practice. This study explores, from an ethical point of view, future healthcare professionals’ attitudes to potential changes of responsibility and (...)
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  26. An Infinite Decision Puzzle.Jeffrey Barrett & Frank Arntzenius - 1999 - Theory and Decision 46 (1):101-103.
    We tell a story where an agent who chooses in such a way as to make the greatest possible profit on each of an infinite series of transactions ends up worse off than an agent who chooses in such a way as to make the least possible profit on each transaction. That is, contrary to what one might suppose, it is not necessarily rational always to choose the option that yields the greatest possible profit on each transaction.
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  27.  49
    Board Socio-Cognitive Decision-Making and Task Performance Under Heightened Expectations of Accountability.Andrew J. Ward, Marcus M. Butts, Ann Buchholtz & Jill A. Brown - 2019 - Business and Society 58 (3):574-611.
    This study examines how heightened expectations of board responsibility and accountability affect the socio-cognitive decision-making of boards and their collective task performance. Using data from the directors of 60 boards who served before and after the enactment of Sarbanes–Oxley, this study provides insight into the potential negative impact that this tightened accountability environment can have on a board’s task performance. Examining several socio-cognitive elements of board decision-making, board authority is found to have a positive main effect on board (...)
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  28.  42
    Certified Patient Decision Aids: Solving Persistent Problems with Informed Consent Law.Thaddeus Mason Pope - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):12-40.
    The legal doctrine of informed consent has overwhelmingly failed to assure that the medical treatment patients get is the treatment patients want. This Article describes and defends an ongoing shift toward shared decision making processes incorporating the use of certified patient decision aids.
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  29.  32
    The Rule of Non‐Opposition: Opening Up Decision‐Making by Consensus.Philippe Urfalino - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (3):320-341.
    The objective of this article is to propose a precise characterization of the collective practice behind at least an important part of the phenomena named “decision by consensus”. First, I provide descriptions of the use of this rule, and give a definition of the non-opposition rule, both as a specific sequence of acts and as a stopping rule. Second, I challenge the usual way of understanding the non-opposition rule by contrast with voting, stating that the contrast between logic of (...)
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  30.  46
    Improved decision procedures for Lewis's calculus s4 and Von Wright's calculus M.Alan Ross Anderson - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):201-214.
  31.  14
    Shared Decision-Making in the Determination of Death by Neurologic Criteria.Alexander A. Kon - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):30-32.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 30-32.
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  32.  12
    Utilitarian Decision Analysis of Informed Consent.Erik Nord - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):65-67.
  33.  17
    Parental Decision Making and the Limitations of the Equivalence Thesis.Aaron Wightman & Douglas Diekema - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):43-45.
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  34.  22
    Decision-Making Competence, Social Orientation, Time Style, and Perceived Stress.Martin Geisler & Carl Martin Allwood - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  35.  50
    Diagonal decision theory.Melissa Fusco - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy:1-12.
    Stalnaker’s ‘Assertion’ (1978 [1999]) offers a classic account of diagonalization as an approach to the meaning of a declarative sentence in context. Here I explore the relationship between diagonalization and some puzzles in Mahtani’s book The Objects of Credence. Diagonalization can influence how we think about both credence and desirability, so it influences both components of a standard expected utility equation. In that vein, I touch on two of Mahtani’s case-studies, chance and the finite version of the Two Envelope Paradox.
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  36.  11
    Realizing Supported Decision-Making: What It Does—and Does Not—Require.Nina A. Kohn - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):37-40.
    Supported decision-making, a process by which people who might otherwise be unable to make their own decisions do so with help from other people, is rapidly gaining attention as an alternative to g...
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  37.  17
    The Role of Idealism and Relativism as Dispositional Characteristics in the Socially Responsible Decision-Making Process.Haesun Park - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 56 (1):81-98.
    This study investigated how decision-makers differ in processing their organizational environment, depending on the levels of their idealism and relativism. Focusing on socially responsible buying/sourcing issues, responses from buying/sourcing professionals from U.S. apparel and shoe companies were analyzed, using a series of regression analyses. The results generally supported the proposition that the degrees of idealism and relativism determine involvement levels that, in turn, result in varying levels of reactions to the organizational environment and corresponding amounts of information processing. Highly (...)
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  38.  23
    Some Decision Problems in the Theory of Syntactic Categories.Wojciech Buszkowski - 1982 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 28 (33‐38):539-548.
  39.  33
    Ethical decision-making based on field assessment: The experiences of prehospital personnel.Mohammad Torabi, Fariba Borhani, Abbas Abbaszadeh & Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):1075-1086.
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  40. Lloyd sci ban.Decision in Wang Yangming'S. - 1998 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 25:51-73.
  41. Paul Humphreys.Non-Nietzschean Decision Making - 1988 - In J. H. Fetzer (ed.), Probability and Causality: Essays in Honor of Wesley C. Salmon. D. Reidel. pp. 253.
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  42.  7
    Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman.Surrogate Decision Making - 2004 - In David C. Thomasma & David N. Weisstub (eds.), The Variables of Moral Capacity. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 173.
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  43.  19
    An approach to decision making based on dynamic argumentation systems.Edgardo Ferretti, Luciano H. Tamargo, Alejandro J. García, Marcelo L. Errecalde & Guillermo R. Simari - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence 242 (C):107-131.
    In this paper we introduce a formalism for single-agent decision making that is based on Dynamic Argumentation Frameworks. The formalism can be used to justify a choice, which is based on the current situation the agent is involved. Taking advantage of the inference mechanism of the argumentation formalism, it is possible to consider preference relations, and conflicts among the available alternatives for that reasoning. With this formalization, given a particular set of evidence, the justified conclusions supported by warranted arguments (...)
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  44.  18
    A decision-congruent heuristic gives superior metacognitive sensitivity under realistic variance assumptions.Kiyofumi Miyoshi & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (5):655-671.
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  45.  35
    A Decision Procedure For the System E Ī of Entailment with Negation.Nuel D. Belnap & John R. Wallace - 1965 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 11 (4):277-289.
  46.  36
    The decision-making and changing behavioural dynamics of potential higher education students: the impacts of increasing tuition fees in England.Stephen Wilkins, Farshid Shams & Jeroen Huisman - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (2):125-141.
  47.  33
    Decision-making under ignorance with implications for social choice.Eric Maskin - 1979 - Theory and Decision 11 (3):319-337.
  48.  37
    Moral Decision Making in Business: A Phase-Model.Aviva Geva - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (4):773-803.
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  49.  45
    Assessing Decision-Making Capacity.Bernard Lo - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (3):193-201.
  50.  37
    The decision problem for linear temporal logic.John P. Burgess & Yuri Gurevich - 1985 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 26 (2):115-128.
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