Results for 'Deception'

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  1. Diana Baumrind This article continues Baumrind's development of argu-ments against the use of deception in research. Here she presents three ethical rules which proscribe deceptive practices and examines the costs of such deception to.Intentional Deception - forthcoming - Bioethics: Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions That Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems.
     
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  2.  9
    Deception as cooperation.Manolo Martínez - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 77:101184.
    I develop a rate-distortion analysis of signaling games with imperfect common interest. Sender and receiver should be seen as jointly managing a communication channel with the objective of minimizing two independent distortion measures. I use this analysis to identify a problem with 'functional' theories of deception, and in particular Brian Skyrms's: there are perfectly cooperative, non-exploitative instances of channel management that come out as manipulative and deceptive according to those theories.
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  3.  5
    4. Self-Deception, Rationalization, and Reasons for Acting.Robert Audi - 1988 - In Brian P. McLaughlin & Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Perspectives on Self-Deception. University of California Press. pp. 92-120.
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  4.  51
    The post-truth era: dishonesty and deception in contemporary life.Ralph Keyes - 2004 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
    "Dishonesty inspires more euphemisms than copulation or defecation. This helps desensitize us to its implications. In the post-truth era we don't just have truth and lies but a third category of ambiguous statements that are not exactly the truth but fall just short of a lie. Enhanced truth it might be called. Neo-truth . Soft truth . Faux truth . Truth lite ." Deception has become the modern way of life. Where once the boundary line between truth and lies (...)
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  5.  88
    Deciding to Believe Without Self-Deception.J. Thomas Cook - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (8):441-446.
    Williams, Elster and Pears hold that an effort to induce in oneself a belief in the truth of some proposition that one believes to be false can succeed only if one manages, somewhere along the way, to forget that one is engaged in such an effort. Although this view has strong intuitive appeal, it is false, and in this paper it is shown to be false by example.
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  6.  8
    Truth, Politics, and Self-Deception.Bernard Williams - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  7.  7
    9. Self-Deception and Bad Faith.Allen W. Wood - 1988 - In Brian P. McLaughlin & Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Perspectives on Self-Deception. University of California Press. pp. 207-227.
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  8.  14
    Defending intentionalist accounts of self-deception.Jose Luis Bermudez - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):107-108.
    This commentary defends intentionalist accounts of self-deception against Mele by arguing that: (1) viewing self-deception on the model of other-deception is not as paradoxical as Mele makes out; (2) the paradoxes are not entailed by the view that self-deception is intentional; and (3) there are two problems for Mele's theory that only an intentionalist theory can solve.
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  9.  10
    Teaching Critical Thinking in the "Strong" Sense: A Focus On Self-Deception, World Views, and a Dialectical Mode of Analysis.Richard Paul - 1981 - Informal Logic 4 (2).
    Teaching Critical Thinking in the "Strong" Sense: A Focus On Self-Deception, World Views, and a Dialectical Mode of Analysis.
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  10.  7
    Political self-deception and epistemic vice.Neil C. Manson - 2020 - Ethics and Global Politics 13 (4):6-15.
  11.  18
    At "permanent risk": Reasoning and self-knowledge in self-deception.Dion Scott-Kakures - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):576-603.
    In this essay, I defend the following two claims: reflective, critical reasoning is essential to the process of self-deception; and , the process of self-deception involves a certain characteristic error of self-knowledge. By appeal to and , I hope to show that we can adjudicate the current dispute about the nature of self-deception between those we might term "traditionalists," and those we might term "deflationists.".
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  12.  1
    Cognitive simplicity and self-deception are crucial in martyrdom and suicide terrorism.Bernhard Fink & Robert Trivers - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):366-367.
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  13.  2
    Paradoxes of Self-Deception.John Canfield & Alonso Church - 1960 - Analysis 21 (2):140.
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  14.  4
    Once more with feeling: The role of emotion in self-deception.Tim Dalgleish - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):110-111.
    In an analysis of the role of emotion in self-deception is presented. It is argued that instances of emotional self-deception unproblematically meet Mele's jointly sufficient criteria. It is further proposed that a consideration of different forms of mental representation allows the possibility of instances of self-deception in which contradictory beliefs (in the form p and ~p) are held simultaneously with full awareness.
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  15.  5
    “Comparable Placebo Treatment” and the Ethics of Deception.Shlomo Cohen & Haim Shapiro - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):696-709.
    Recent research, especially with functional brain imaging, demonstrated cases where the administration of a placebo produces objective effects in tissues that are indistinguishable from those of the real therapeutic agents. This phenomenon has been shown in treatments of pain, depression, Parkinsonism, and more. The main ethical complaint against placebo treatment is that it is a kind of deception, where supposedly we substitute what works just psychologically for a real drug that actually works on the tissue level. We claim that (...)
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  16.  6
    The rise and fall of deception in social psychology and personality research, 1921 to 1994.Sandra D. Nicks, James H. Korn & Tina Mainieri - 1997 - Ethics and Behavior 7 (1):69 – 77.
    The frequency of the use of deception in American psychological research was studied by reviewing articles from journals in personality and social psychology from 1921 to 1994. Deception was used rarely during the developmental years of social psychology into the 1930s, then grew gradually and irregularly until the 1950s. Between the 1950s and 1970s the use of deception increased significantly. This increase is attributed to changes in experimental methods, the popularity of realistic impact experiments, and the influence (...)
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  17.  9
    Are Radical Genetic Enhancements a Type of Contemporary Edenic Deception?Michael O. S. Afolabi - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):53-55.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 53-55.
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  18.  16
    Ethical Decision Making and Research Deception in the Behavioral Sciences: An Application of Social Contract Theory.Allan J. Kimmel, N. Craig Smith & Jill Gabrielle Klein - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):222 - 251.
    Despite significant ethical advances in recent years, including professional developments in ethical review and codification, research deception continues to be a pervasive practice and contentious focus of debate in the behavioral sciences. Given the disciplines' generally stated ethical standards regarding the use of deceptive procedures, researchers have little practical guidance as to their ethical acceptability in specific research contexts. We use social contract theory to identify the conditions under which deception may or may not be morally permissible and (...)
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  19.  9
    Belief, Contradiction and the Logic of Self-Deception.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (3):179 - 197.
    The apparently paradoxical nature of self-deception has attracted a great deal of controversy in recent years. Focussing on those aspects of the phenomenon which involve the holding of "contradictory" beliefs, it is our intention to argue that this presents no "paradox" if a non-classical, "paraconsistent", doxastic logic is adopted. (On such logics, see, for example, N. C. A. da Costa, 'On the theory of inconsistent formal systems', Notre Dame J Formal Logic 11(1974), 497-510, and A. I. Arruda, 'A survey (...)
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  20.  7
    Understanding and explaining real self-deception.Alfred R. Mele - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):127-134.
    This response addresses seven main issues: (1) alleged evidence that in some instances of self-deception an individual simultaneously possesses “contradictory beliefs”; (2) whether garden-variety self-deception is intentional; (3) whether conditions that I claimed to be conceptually sufficient for self-deception are so; (4) significant similarities and differences between self-deception and interpersonal deception; (5) how instances of self-deception are to be explained, and the roles of motivation in explaining them; (6) differences among various kinds of self- (...)
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  21. Altruistic Deception.Jonathan Birch - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 74:27-33.
    Altruistic deception (or the telling of “white lies”) is common in humans. Does it also exist in non-human animals? On some definitions of deception, altruistic deception is impossible by definition, whereas others make it too easy by counting useful-but-ambiguous information as deceptive. I argue for a definition that makes altruistic deception possible in principle without trivializing it. On my proposal, deception requires the strategic exploitation of a receiver by a sender, where “exploitation” implies that the (...)
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  22.  9
    A confederate's perspective on deception.Adam Oliansky - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1 (4):253 – 258.
    In this article, I outline my position regarding the use of deception in psychology experiments, based on my experience as a confederate. I describe an experiment I participated in and the problems resulting from the study: subjects' differing responses to the deception; angry reactions of some subjects to the experiment; and the general discomfort of both subjects and confederates, in particular, who had their doubts concerning the external validity of the study and the ethics involved in running it. (...)
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  23. Self‐deception and pragmatic encroachment: A dilemma for epistemic rationality.Jie Gao - 2020 - Ratio 34 (1):20-32.
    Self-deception is typically considered epistemically irrational, for it involves holding certain doxastic attitudes against strong counter-evidence. Pragmatic encroachment about epistemic rationality says that whether it is epistemically rational to believe, withhold belief or disbelieve something can depend on perceived practical factors of one’s situation. In this paper I argue that some cases of self-deception satisfy what pragmatic encroachment considers sufficient conditions for epistemic rationality. As a result, we face the following dilemma: either we revise the received view about (...)
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  24.  7
    Self, body and self-deception.Bruce Wilshire - 1972 - Man and World 5 (4):422-451.
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  25.  25
    Self-Deception Unmasked.Alfred R. Mele - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    Self-deception raises complex questions about the nature of belief and the structure of the human mind. In this book, Alfred Mele addresses four of the most critical of these questions: What is it to deceive oneself? How do we deceive ourselves? Why do we deceive ourselves? Is self-deception really possible? -/- Drawing on cutting-edge empirical research on everyday reasoning and biases, Mele takes issue with commonplace attempts to equate the processes of self-deception with those of stereotypical interpersonal (...)
  26.  7
    We Can’t Bring Back the Passenger Pigeon: The Ethics of Deception Around De-extinction.David E. Blockstein - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (1):33-37.
    There is much hype around the idea of bringing the Passenger Pigeon back from extinction. However, ‘de-extinction’ is a fantasy that is not grounded in science. The proposed plans for ‘de-extinction’ would create a new organism that is not likely to be viable in the wild. Thus, ‘de-extinction’ as proposed is unethical both because it could lead into the release in nature of a new genetically created organism and because it is not honest to claim that it would reverse the (...)
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  27.  22
    Biased steps toward reasonable conclusions: How self-deception remains hidden.Roy F. Baumeister & Karen Pezza Leith - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):106-107.
    How can self-deception avoid intention and conscious recognition? Nine processes of self-deception seem to involve biased links between plausible ideas. These processes allow self-deceivers to regard individual conclusions as fair and reasonable. Bias is only detected by comparing broad patterns, which individual self-deceivers will not do.
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  28.  10
    Self-deception.Eric Funkhouser - 2019 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Self-deception poses longstanding and fascinating paradoxes. Philosophers have questioned whether, and how, self-deception is even possible; evolutionary theorists have debated whether it is adaptive. For Sigmund Freud self-deception was a fundamental key to understanding the unconscious, and from The Bible to The Great Gatsby literature abounds with characters renowned for their self-deception. But what exactly is self-deception? Why is it so puzzling? How is it performed? And is it harmful? ...
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  29. Deception: a functional account.Marc Artiga & Cédric Paternotte - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (3):579-600.
    Deception has recently received a significant amount of attention. One of main reasons is that it lies at the intersection of various areas of research, such as the evolution of cooperation, animal communication, ethics or epistemology. This essay focuses on the biological approach to deception and argues that standard definitions put forward by most biologists and philosophers are inadequate. We provide a functional account of deception which solves the problems of extant accounts in virtue of two characteristics: (...)
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  30. The Folly of Fools: The Logic of Deceit and Self-Deception in Human LIfe.Mark Alfino - 2014 - Journal of Information Ethics 23 (2):82-86.
  31. Self-Deception as a Moral Failure.Jordan MacKenzie - 2022 - The Philosophical Quarterly 72 (2):402-21.
    In this paper, I defend the view that self-deception is a moral failure. Instead of saying that self-deception is bad because it undermines our moral character or leads to morally deleterious consequences, as has been argued by Butler, Kant, Smith, and others, I argue the distinctive badness of self-deception lies in the tragic relationship that it bears to our own values. On the one hand, self-deception is motivated by what we value. On the other hand, it (...)
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  32.  32
    The Rationality of Escapism and Self-Deception.John L. Longeway - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):1 - 20.
    Escapism is defined as the attempt to avoid awareness of aversive beliefs. Strategies, and a few examples, of escapism are discussed. It is argued that self-deception is one species of escapism and that entrenched escapism, escapism pursued with the intention of permanently avoiding any awareness of one's belief, no matter what happens, is theoretically irrational, except in the special case where it compensates for irrationality elsewhere, by guarding one from the formation of further irrational beliefs of more serious import (...)
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  33.  8
    Do Not Think Carefully? Re-examining the Effect of Unconscious Thought on Deception Detection.Song Wu, Hongyu Mei & Jiali Yan - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  6
    Tangling the Web: Deception in Online Research.Jenny Y. Wang & Elizabeth A. Kitsis - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):59-61.
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  35.  13
    “Take away the life‐lie … “: Positive illusions and creative self‐deception.David A. Jopling - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (4):525 – 544.
    In a well-known paper “Illusion and well-being”, Taylor and Brown maintain that positive illusions about the self play a significant role in the maintenance of mental health, as well as in the ability to maintain caring inter-personal relations and a sense of well-being. These illusions include unrealistically positive self-evaluations, exaggerated perceptions of personal control, and unrealistic optimism about one's future. Accurate self-knowledge, they maintain, is not an indispensable ingredient of mental health and well-being. Two lines of criticism are directed against (...)
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  36. The culture industry: enlightenment as mass deception, 1944.Theodor W. Adorno & Max Horkheimer - 2019 - In Christopher Want (ed.), Philosophers on film from Bergson to Badiou: a critical reader. New York: Columbia University Press.
     
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  37.  1
    Culture and/or deception the dialectic of enlightenment.Tatjana Velimirovic - 2008 - Filozofija I Društvo 19 (1):305-322.
    Ovaj tekst se bavi Adornovom dijalektickom kritikom kulture, unutar koje pokusava uciniti jasnijim odnos izmedju nekadasnje visoke gradjanske kulture, s jedne, i savremenih oblika masovne kulture, s druge strane. Adornovo razumevanje kulture omogucuje nam da mnoge specificne drustvene forme sagledamo u njihovom dijalektickom odnosu i medjusobnoj uslovljenosti. Sam tekst, pre svega, razmatra promene koje je savremeno industrijsko drustvo donelo s obzirom na kriticki potencijal kulture, naime nacin na koji ono uspeva da pretvori, nekada beskorisno- provokativnu kulturu u korisnu-impotentnu kulturu. Ovde (...)
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  38. Truth as deception-the art of gorgias.V. Vitale - 1990 - Filosofia 41 (1):3-12.
     
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  39.  3
    The truth about deception.Aldert Vrij & Samantha Mann - 2007 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Tall Tales About the Mind and Brain: Separating Fact From Fiction. Oxford University Press. pp. 271--288.
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  40.  6
    Child pornography and deception on the internet: some ethical considerations.John Weckert & Barney Dalgarno - 2006 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 4 (4):205-213.
    Technology facilitates certain behaviours. This underlies the argument that the Internet may not be as benign as we might like to think. It is argued in this paper, through examination of the case of the capture of a large number of people on charges of possession of child pornography, that the Internet constitutes a kind of unintentional entrapment. Some consequences of this are explored.
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  41.  3
    Puzzles of Self-Deception and Problems of Orientation: Kierkegaard and the Current Debate in the Philosophy of Psychology.Claudia Welz - 2011 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2011 (1):157-180.
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  42.  2
    Fraud and deception: A response to Gedeon Rossouw.Patricia Werhane - 2000 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 9 (4):273–275.
    This response addresses the question: how can ethical values play a role in combating fraud? Three points are made. Firstly, ethical values are both self‐ and other‐related. Secondly, changing the prevalence of fraudulent behaviours requires not only a reduction in opportunity for fraud but also a change in mindset of the perpetrators. Thirdly, that change in mindset involves the recognition that there are personal and organizational advantages to be gained by not contributing to or abetting fraudulent behaviour. This latter point (...)
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  43.  1
    Holding Up the Mirror: Deception as Revelation in the Theater.Thomas Whitaker - 1996 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 63.
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  44.  2
    Life, Death and Self-Deception.Bruce Wilshire - 1978 - In Ronald Bruzina & Bruce W. Wilshire (eds.), Crosscurrents in phenomenology. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 297--326.
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  45.  2
    Rationalization, self‐deception, and the demise of practical moral reason.William Whisner - 1992 - Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (2):157-175.
  46.  4
    Figures of Deception in A La Recherche Du Temps Perdu.Inge Crosman Wimmers - 1988 - Semiotics:254-260.
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  47. Chapter four: Advertising: Deception and unfairness 123.Ralph K. Winter Jr - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
     
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  48.  2
    A note on laboratory studies of deception.F. K. Berrien - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (5):542.
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  49.  8
    Becoming none but tradesmen: lies, deception and psychotic patients.C. J. Ryan, G. de Moore & M. Patfield - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):72-76.
    Is there ever any reason for a doctor to lie to a patient? In this paper, we critically review the literature on lying to patients and challenge the common notion that while lying is unacceptable, a related entity--'benevolent deception' is defensible. Further, we outline a rare circumstance when treating psychotic patients where lying to the patient is justified. This circumstance is illustrated by a clinical vignette.
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  50.  10
    The Paradoxes of Self-Deception.Maria Baghramian - 1990 - Irish Philosophical Journal 7 (1-2):171-179.
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