Results for 'Deborah Ruth Barnbaum'

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  1.  51
    The Ethics of Autism: Among Them, but Not of Them.Deborah R. Barnbaum - 2008 - Indiana University Press.
    Autism is one of the most compelling, controversial, and heartbreaking cognitive disorders. It presents unique philosophical challenges as well, raising intriguing questions in philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and philosophy of language that need to be explored if the autistic population is to be responsibly served. Starting from the "theory of mind" thesis that a fundamental deficit in autism is the inability to recognize that other persons have minds, Deborah R. Barnbaum considers its implications for the nature of (...)
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  2.  22
    Review of The Ethics of Autism: Among Them, but Not of Them by Deborah R. Barnbaum[REVIEW]Barbara Russell - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):70-71.
  3.  20
    Sellars and Contemporary Philosophy.David Pereplyotchik & Deborah R. Barnbaum (eds.) - 2016 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    Wilfrid Sellars made profound and lasting contributions to nearly every area of philosophy. The aim of this collection is to highlight the continuing importance of Sellars’ work to contemporary debates. The contributors include several luminaries in Sellars scholarship, as well as members of the new generation whose work demonstrates the lasting power of Sellars’ ideas. Papers by O’Shea and Koons develop Sellars’ underexplored views concerning ethics, practical reasoning, and free will, with an emphasis on his longstanding engagement with Kant. Sachs, (...)
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  4.  38
    Interpreting Surrogate Consent Using Counterfactuals.Deborah Barnbaum - 1999 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2):167–172.
    Philosophers such as Dan Brock believe that surrogates who make health care decisions on behalf of previously competent patients, in the absence of an advance directive, should make these decisions based upon a substituted judgment principle. Brock favours substituted judgment over a best interests standard. However, Edward Wierenga claims that the substituted judgment principle ought to be abandoned in favour of a best interests standard, because of an inherent problem with the substituted judgment principle. Wierenga's version of the substituted judgment (...)
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  5.  63
    Teaching Empathy in Medical Ethics: The Use of “Lottery Assignments”.Deborah R. Barnbaum - 2001 - Teaching Philosophy 24 (1):63-75.
    Being empathetic is an important trait that allows for those working in health care professions to successfully analyze cases and provide patients with adequate care. One standard and enormously important way to try and teach empathy involves the use of case studies. The case-study approach, however, has some unique limitations in teaching empathy. This paper describes an activity where students are asked to imagine that they have contracted a specific disease through a process of random assignment. Having contracted a disease, (...)
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  6.  12
    Research Ethics.Deborah R. Barnbaum & Michael Byron - 2001 - Prentice-Hall.
    Original chapters complement anthologized readings on topics in research ethics such as informed consent, the use of humans and animals in research, research misconduct, and conflicts of interest.
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  7.  51
    Index to Volume 46.Deborah Barnbaum, Kyle Hunter, Sophie Bourgault, Emily Brady, Andrea Bramberger, Howard Cannatella, Carla Carmona Escalera, Arne De Boever & J. Grube - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 46 (4).
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  8.  28
    Supererogation in Clinical Research.Deborah R. Barnbaum - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):343-349.
    ‘Supererogation’ is the notion of going beyond the call of duty. The concept of supererogation has received scrutiny in ethical theory, as well as clinical bioethics. Yet, there has been little attention paid to supererogation in research ethics. Supererogation is examined in this paper from three perspectives: (1) a summary of two analyses of ‘supererogation’ in moral theory, as well as an examination as to whether acts of supererogation exist; (2) a discussion of supererogation in clinical practice, including arguments that (...)
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  9.  23
    Why Tamagatchis Are Not Pets.Deborah Barnbaum - 1998 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 13 (4):41-43.
    What makes "digital pets" pets? This article posits four necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for an individual to be a pet, concluding that digital pets fail to meet these sufficient criteria and thus are not pets.
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  10.  17
    "Making More Sense of" Minimal Risk".Deborah Barnbaum - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 24 (3):10-13.
    The product rule has been used to calculate the risk of a research study, in which the risk of harm is calculated as the product of the degree of harm multiplied by the likelihood that the harm will occur. This article challenges the product rule, especially when used to calculate "minimal risk" studies.
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  11.  50
    The Gambler's Fallacy, the Therapeutic Misconception, and Unrealistic Optimism.Don Swekoski & Deborah Barnbaum - 2013 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 35 (2):1-6.
    The Therapeutic Misconception (TM) is a cognitive error with similarities to another cognitive error -- the Gambler's Fallacy (GF). This paper examines the similarities between TM and GF in an attempt to further illuminate the nature of TM, and to distinguish it from another cognitive error, Unrealistic Optimism (UO). Many cases of UO and mis-classified as TM.
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  12. Deborah E. Rupp Cynthia A. Williams.Ruth V. Aguilera - 2010 - In Marshall Schminke (ed.), Managerial Ethics: Managing the Psychology of Morality. Routledge. pp. 69.
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  13. Book Reviews-Bodies in Glass: Genetics, Eugenics, Embryo Ethics.Deborah Lynn Steinberg & Ruth Chadwick - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (4):343-345.
     
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  14.  23
    The High Price of “Free” Trade: U.S. Trade Agreements and Access to Medicines.Ruth Lopert & Deborah Gleeson - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):199-223.
    The United States' pursuit of increasingly TRIPS-Plus levels of intellectual property protection for medicines in bilateral and regional trade agreements is well recognized. Less so, however, are U.S. efforts through these agreements to influence and constrain the pharmaceutical coverage programs of its trading partners. Although arguably unsuccessful in the Australia- U.S. Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA), the U.S. nevertheless succeeded in its bilateral FTA with South Korea (KORUS) in establishing prescriptive provisions pertaining to the operation of coverage and reimbursement programs for (...)
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  15.  11
    The High Price of “Free” Trade: U.S. Trade Agreements and Access to Medicines.Ruth Lopert & Deborah Gleeson - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):199-223.
    The United States’ pursuit of increasingly TRIPS-Plus levels of intellectual property protection for medicines in bilateral and regional trade agreements is well recognized. Less so, however, are U.S. efforts through these agreements, to directly influence and constrain the pharmaceutical coverage programs of its trading partners. The pursuit of increasing levels of intellectual property protection in successive bilateral and regional trade agreements has been driven, at least in part, by a U.S. desire to achieve standards of protection it anticipated from the (...)
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  16.  14
    Gender, Assets, and Market-Oriented Agriculture: Learning From High-Value Crop and Livestock Projects in Africa and Asia.Agnes R. Quisumbing, Deborah Rubin, Cristina Manfre, Elizabeth Waithanji, Mara van den Bold, Deanna Olney, Nancy Johnson & Ruth Meinzen-Dick - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (4):705-725.
    Strengthening the abilities of smallholder farmers in developing countries, particularly women farmers, to produce for both home and the market is currently a development priority. In many contexts, ownership of assets is strongly gendered, reflecting existing gender norms and limiting women’s ability to invest in more profitable livelihood strategies such as market-oriented agriculture. Yet the intersection between women’s asset endowments and their ability to participate in and benefit from agricultural interventions receives minimal attention. This paper explores changes in gender relations (...)
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  17. 2006 Reviewer Acknowledgement.Bindu Arya, Ruth Aguilera, Ken Aupperle, Kristin Backhaus, Deborah Balser, Tina Bansla, Barbara Bartkus, Melissa Baucus, Shawn Berman & Stephanie Bertels - 2007 - Business and Society 46 (1):4-6.
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  18.  17
    JME Referees in 1992.Barbara Applebaum, Lyn Brown, Don Cochrane, Mike Cross, Deborah Deemer, Janet Edwards, Ruth Hayhoe, Marilyn Johnson, Patricia King & Romulo Magsino - 1993 - Journal of Moral Education 22 (2):183.
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  19.  18
    The Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Clinical Nurse Specialists in Outpatient Roles: A Systematic Review.Kelley Kilpatrick, Sharon Kaasalainen, Faith Donald, Kim Reid, Nancy Carter, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruth Martin-Misener, Patricia Harbman, Deborah Anne Marshall, Renee Charbonneau-Smith & Alba DiCenso - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):1106-1123.
    Increasing numbers of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) are working in outpatient settings. The objective of this paper is to describe a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the cost‐effectiveness of CNSs delivering outpatient care in alternative or complementary provider roles.
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  20.  8
    The Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Clinical Nurse Specialist-Led Hospital to Home Transitional Care: A Systematic Review.Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Nancy Carter, Kim Reid, Faith Donald, Ruth Martin-Misener, Kelley Kilpatrick, Patricia Harbman, Sharon Kaasalainen, Deborah Marshall, Renee Charbonneau-Smith & Alba DiCenso - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (5):763-781.
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  21. Review of Deborah Achtenberg's Cognition of Value in Aristotle's Ethics: Promise of Enrichment, Threat of Destruction. [REVIEW]Deborah Achtenberg - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):465-468.
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  22.  16
    Ruth Sonderegger (Amsterdam): Über einige Neuerscheinungen zur Asthetik.Ruth Sonderegger - 2006 - Philosophische Rundschau 53 (4):289 - 302.
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  23.  51
    Cloning: Ruth F. Chadwick.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201-209.
    Every body cell of an animal or human being contains the same complete set of genes. In theory any of these cells can be used to start a new embryo. The technique has been employed in the case of frogs. The nucleus is taken out of a body cell of a frog and implanted in an enucleated frog's egg. The resulting egg cell is stimulated to develop into a normal frog, and will be an exact copy of that frog which (...)
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  24. II—Ruth Garrett Millikan: Loosing the Word–Concept Tie.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):125-143.
    Sainsbury and Tye (2011) propose that, in the case of names and other simple extensional terms, we should substitute for Frege's second level of content—for his senses—a second level of meaning vehicle—words in the language of thought. I agree. They also offer a theory of atomic concept reference—their ‘originalist’ theory—which implies that people knowing the same word have the ‘same concept’. This I reject, arguing for a symmetrical rather than an originalist theory of concept reference, claiming that individual concepts are (...)
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  25. Sixty Years on Deborah Evans.Deborah Evans - 2009 - In B. P. O'Donohoe & R. O. Elveton (eds.), Sartre's Second Century. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 73.
     
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  26.  56
    Ruth Garrett Millikan, Review of Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature by Peter Godfrey-Smith. [REVIEW]Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):375-377.
  27. Samuel Hellman and Deborah S. Hellman.Deborah S. Hellman - 1994 - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics 324:163.
     
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  28.  42
    On the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus.Ruth B. Marcus - 1962 - Synthese 14 (2/3):132 - 143.
  29. Book Excerpt: Computer Ethics, Second Edition by Deborah G. Johnson.Deborah G. Johnson - 1993 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 23 (3-4):10-14.
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  30. Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason.Ruth Chang (ed.) - 1997 - Harvard University Press.
    Can quite different values be rationally weighed against one another? Can the value of one thing always be ranked as greater than, equal to, or less than the value of something else? If the answer to these questions is no, then in what areas do we find commensurability and comparability unavailable? And what are the implications for moral and legal decision making? In this book, some of the sharpest minds in philosophy struggle with these questions.
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  31.  84
    In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women.Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan & Frances Kissling - 2015 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1):156-167.
    Feminist bioethicists of a variety of persuasions discuss the 2013 case of Marlise Munoz, a pregnant woman whose medical care was in dispute after she became brain dead.
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  32.  65
    Book Excerpt: Computer Ethics, by Deborah G. Johnson (Prentice Hall, 1994).Deborah G. Johnson - 1993 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 23 (3-4):10-14.
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  33.  1
    Philosophy, Metaphilosophy and Ideology-Critique: An Interview with Ruth Porter Groff.Ruth Porter Groff & Jamie Morgan - forthcoming - Journal of Critical Realism:1-37.
    In this interview, Ruth Groff discusses how she came to be a realist, her role as a community organizer, her relationship to critical realism, and various issues arising from her published work ove...
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  34. Adorno on Nature.Deborah Cook - 2011 - Routledge.
    Decades before the environmental movement emerged in the 1960s, Adorno condemned our destructive and self-destructive relationship to the natural world, warning of the catastrophe that may result if we continue to treat nature as an object that exists exclusively for our own benefit. "Adorno on Nature" presents the first detailed examination of the pivotal role of the idea of natural history in Adorno's work. A comparison of Adorno's concerns with those of key ecological theorists - social ecologist Murray Bookchin, ecofeminist (...)
     
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  35.  20
    Groups as Agents.Deborah Tollefsen - 2015 - Polity.
    In the social sciences and in everyday speech we often talk about groups as if they behaved in the same way as individuals, thinking and acting as a singular being. We say for example that "Google intends to develop an automated car", "the U.S. Government believes that Syria has used chemical weapons on its people", or that "the NRA wants to protect the rights of gun owners". We also often ascribe legal and moral responsibility to groups. But could groups literally (...)
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  36. Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason.Ruth Chang - 1997 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard.
    Can quite different values be rationally weighed against one another? Can the value of one thing always be ranked as greater than, equal to, or less than the value of something else? If not, when do we find commensurability and comparability unavailable? What are the moral and legal implications? In this book, philosophers address these questions.
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  37. Discussion on the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus.Ruth B. Marcus - 1962 - Synthese 14 (2/3):132.
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  38. Incommensurability (and Incomparability).Ruth Chang - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 2591-2604.
    This encyclopedia entry urges what it takes to be correctives to common (mis)understandings concerning the phenomenon of incommensurability and incomparability and briefly outlines some of their philosophical upshots.
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  39.  4
    Feminist Interpretations of John Rawls.Ruth Abbey (ed.) - 2013 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In _Feminist Interpretations of John Rawls_, Ruth Abbey collects eight essays responding to the work of John Rawls from a feminist perspective. An impressive introduction by the editor provides a chronological overview of English-language feminist engagements with Rawls from his Theory of Justice onwards. She surveys the range of issues canvassed by feminist readers of Rawls, as well as critics’ wide disagreement about the value of Rawls’s corpus for feminist purposes. The eight essays that follow testify to the continuing (...)
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  40. Women Look at Biology Looking at Women a Collection of Feminist Critiques; Edited by Ruth Hubbard, Mary Sue Henifin, and Barbara Fried, with the Collaboration of Vicki Druss and Susan Leigh Star. --.Barbara Fried, Ruth Hubbard & Mary Sue Henifin - 1979 - G.K. Hall.
  41. Ursula Peter Ruth Kaufmann-Hayoz.Ruth Kaufmann-Hayoz - 2000 - In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. pp. 281.
     
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  42.  20
    Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives.Ruth W. Grant (ed.) - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Readers of this book are sure to view the ethics of incentives in a new light.
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  43.  45
    Ontology Revisited: Metaphysics in Social and Political Philosophy.Ruth Groff - 2012 - Routledge.
    Ontology. Revisited. Groff's argument cuts against a familiar anti-metaphysical grain. Social and political philosophy, she maintains, is not as metaphysically neutral as it may seem. Even the most deontological of theories connects up with a ...
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  44.  36
    Cognition of Value in Aristotle’s Ethics: Promise of Enrichment, Threat of Destruction.Deborah Achtenberg - 2002 - State University of New York Press.
    Argues that the central cognitive component of ethical virtue for Aristotle is awareness of the value of particulars.
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  45. .Deborah Talmi & Chris D. Frith - 2011
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  46.  36
    Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law.Deborah Hellman & Sophia Moreau (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Exploring the philosophical foundations of discrimination law as it exists in several jurisdictions, this collection of all new essays bridges the gap between abstract philosophical work on justice and fairness and legal work on specific types of discrimination.
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  47.  33
    Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection.Deborah Linderman, Julia Kristeva & Leon S. Roudiez - 1984 - Substance 13 (3/4):140.
  48. Language: A Biological Model.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2005 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Ruth Millikan is well known for having developed a strikingly original way for philosophers to seek understanding of mind and language, which she sees as biological phenomena. She now draws together a series of groundbreaking essays which set out her approach to language. Guiding the work of most linguists and philosophers of language today is the assumption that language is governed by prescriptive normative rules. Millikan offers a fundamentally different way of viewing the partial regularities that language displays, comparing (...)
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  49.  27
    A Grasshopperian Analysis Of The Strategic Foul.Deborah P. Vossen - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (3):325-346.
    The question of acceptability in respect to the strategic foul in sport has provoked a rich and seemingly irreconcilable dispute with normative theorists currently divided amongst three schools of thought including formalism, conventionalism and interpretivism. In this paper, I seek to transcend the three-way intellectual stalemate portrayed in the literature via a consideration as to whether or not the strategic foul qualifies as ‘Utopian’. More specifically, after demonstrating that Bernard Suits’ theory of game-playing is fully capable of embracing all three (...)
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  50.  35
    Pragmatic Aesthetics and the Autistic Artist. Hunter & Barnbaum - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 46 (4):48-56.
    There are striking examples of artistic achievement among persons with autism. While autism can be the source of profound social isolation and physical difficulties, it can also lead to great accomplishment: it is estimated that between 5 percent1 and 10 percent2 of persons with autism have special skills or talents. These talents range widely, from abilities to pick out prime numbers or calculating the days of the week for dates many years into the future or the past, to the musical (...)
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