Results for 'David Randell'

976 found
Order:
  1. A Spatial Logic Based on Regions and Connection.David Randell, Cui A., Cohn Zhan & G. Anthony - 1992 - KR 92:165--176.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  2.  22
    Journal editing and ethical research practice: perspectives of journal editors.Holly Randell-Moon, Nicole Anderson, Tracey Bretag, Anthony Burke, Sue Grieshaber, Anthony Lambert, David Saltmarsh & Nicola Yelland - 2011 - Ethics and Education 6 (3):225 - 238.
    This article offers perspectives from academics with recent journal editing experience on a range of ethical issues and dilemmas that regularly pose challenges for those in editorial roles. Each contributing author has provided commentary and reflection on a select topic that was identified in the research literature concerning academic publishing and journal editing. Topics discussed include the ethical responsibilities of working with international and early career contributors to develop work for publication, balancing influence and responsibility to a journal's disciplinary field (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  1
    The Metaphysics of Practice: Writings on Action, Community, and Obligation by Wilfrid Sellars (review).Ronald Loeffler - 2024 - Review of Metaphysics 77 (4):728-730.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:The Metaphysics of Practice: Writings on Action, Community, and Obligation by Wilfrid SellarsRonald LoefflerSELLARS, Wilfrid. The Metaphysics of Practice: Writings on Action, Community, and Obligation. Edited by Kyle Ferguson and Jeremy Randel Koons. New York: Oxford University Press, 2023. 745 pp. Cloth, $115.00Wilfrid Sellars thought deeply about ethics, practical reasoning, and intentional agency throughout his career and published extensively on these issues, with much additional unpublished material housed (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Worlds in the Everett interpretation.David Wallace - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (4):637-661.
    This is a discussion of how we can understand the world-view given to us by the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics, and in particular the role played by the concept of 'world'. The view presented is that we are entitled to use 'many-worlds' terminology even if the theory does not specify the worlds in the formalism; this is defended by means of an extensive analogy with the concept of an 'instant' or moment of time in relativity, with the lack of (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  5. Chinese ethics.David Wong - 2012 - In Ed Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  6.  33
    Introduction.David Lay Williams - 2021 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (3):568-574.
    This introduction to the review symposium on Ryan Patrick Hanley’s works on the relatively neglected early modern philosopher François Fénelon provides a brief overview of the symposium itself before turning to Hanley’s treatment of Fénelon’s work on the intersection of politics and religion, culminating in a comparison of Fénelon with his most celebrated admirer, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The article sketches how both francophone thinkers employ conceptions of divine justice as a measure to counter the dangers of amour-propre, contrasting Fénelon’s thick theology (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  7.  80
    Frankfurt on 'Ought implies Can' and alternative possibilities.David Widerker - 1991 - Analysis 51 (4):222.
  8.  72
    On making a difference: towards a minimally non-trivial version of the identity of indiscernibles.David Https://Orcidorg Wörner - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (12):4261-4278.
    The identity of indiscernibles states that indiscernible objects must be identical. Many philosophers have held that the PII turns out to be either true but trivial, or non-trivial but false, depending on how the notion of discernibility is spelled out. In this paper, I propose and defend an account of this notion which aims to yield a minimally non-trivial and yet plausible version of the PII. I argue moreover that this version of the principle is immune to a number of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  9. Moral Cognitivism, Moral Relativism and Motivating Moral Beliefs.David Wiggins - 1991 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:61 - 85.
    David Wiggins; IV*—Moral Cognitivism, Moral Relativism and Motivating Moral Beliefs, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 91, Issue 1, 1 June 1991, P.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  10. Gravity, Entropy, and Cosmology: in Search of Clarity.David Wallace - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):513-540.
    I discuss the statistical mechanics of gravitating systems and in particular its cosmological implications, and argue that many conventional views on this subject in the foundations of statistical mechanics embody significant confusion; I attempt to provide a clearer and more accurate account. In particular, I observe that (i) the role of gravity in entropy calculations must be distinguished from the entropy of gravity, that (ii) although gravitational collapse is entropy-increasing, this is not usually because the collapsing matter itself increases in (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  11.  33
    Local Explanations via Necessity and Sufficiency: Unifying Theory and Practice.David S. Watson, Limor Gultchin, Ankur Taly & Luciano Floridi - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):185-218.
    Necessity and sufficiency are the building blocks of all successful explanations. Yet despite their importance, these notions have been conceptually underdeveloped and inconsistently applied in explainable artificial intelligence, a fast-growing research area that is so far lacking in firm theoretical foundations. In this article, an expanded version of a paper originally presented at the 37th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, we attempt to fill this gap. Building on work in logic, probability, and causality, we establish the central role of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  45
    Isolated systems and their symmetries, part I: General framework and particle-mechanics examples.David Wallace - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92 (C):239-248.
  13.  46
    NORMATIVITY AND JUDGEMENT I–David Papineau.David Papineau - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):17-43.
  14. Moral Relativity.David B. Wong - 1986 - Philosophy East and West 36 (2):169-176.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  15.  80
    Activity, Process, Continuant, Substance, Organism.David Wiggins - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (2):269-280.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  16.  40
    XV*—Weakness of Will Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire.David Wiggins - 1979 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79 (1):251-278.
    David Wiggins; XV*—Weakness of Will Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 79, Issue 1, 1.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  17.  8
    Evolution and the Big Questions: Sex, Race, Religion, and Other Matters.David N. Stamos - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This provocative text considers whether evolutionary explanations can be used to clarify some of life’s biggest questions. Examines topics of race, sex, gender, the nature of language, religion, ethics, knowledge, consciousness and ultimately, the meaning of life Each chapter presents a main topic, together with discussion of related ideas and arguments from various perspectives Addresses questions such as: Did evolution make men and women fundamentally different? Is the concept of race merely a social construction? Is morality, including universal human rights, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  18.  8
    La filosofía como repensar y replantear la tradición: libro de homenaje a David Sobrevilla.David Sobrevilla, Rodríguez Rea, Miguel Ángel & Nelson Osorio T. (eds.) - 2012 - Lima: Universidad Ricardo Palma, Editorial Universitaria.
  19.  30
    Broad versus Blanket Consent for Research with Human Biological Samples.David Wendler - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):3-4.
    The first of two commentaries on "Respecting Donors to Biobank Research," from the January-February 2013 issue. © 2013 by The Hasti.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  20.  42
    Must research participants understand randomization?David Wendler - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):3 – 8.
    In standard medical care, physicians select treatments for patients based on clinical judgment, considering which treatment is best for the individual patient, given the patient's history and circumstances. In contrast, investigators conducting randomized clinical trials select treatments for participants based on a random selection process. Because this process represents a significant departure from the norms of standard medical care, it is widely assumed that potential research participants must understand randomization to give valid informed consent. This assumption, together with data that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  21. The philosophy of desire in the Buddhist Pali canon.David Webster - 2005 - New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
    David Webster explores the notion of desire as found in the Buddhist Pali Canon. Beginning by addressing the idea of a 'paradox of desire', whereby we must desire to end desire, the varieties of desire that are articulated in the Pali texts are examined. A range of views of desire, as found in Western thought are presented as well as Hindu and Jain approaches. An exploration of the concept of ditthi (view or opinion) is also provided, exploring the way (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  22.  30
    Cultivating the self in concert with others.David Wong - 2013 - In Amy Olberding (ed.), Dao Companion to the Analects. Springer.
    The Analects is a series of glimpses into how Confucius and his students engaged in their projects of moral self-cultivation. This chapter seeks to describe the way in which the outlines of a moral psychology arises from the text and how the text poses issues that came to be central to the Chinese philosophical tradition. It will be argued that the text provides exemplars of moral self-cultivation, that it makes emotion central to virtue and therefore makes emotional self-cultivation a central (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  89
    QFT, antimatter, and symmetry.David Wallace - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (3):209-222.
    A systematic analysis is made of the relations between the symmetries of a classical field and the symmetries of the one-particle quantum system that results from quantizing that field in regimes where interactions are weak. The results are applied to gain a greater insight into the phenomenon of antimatter.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  24. A formal proof of the born rule from decision-theoretic assumptions [aka: How to Prove the Born Rule].David Wallace - 2010 - In Simon Saunders, Jonathan Barrett, Adrian Kent & David Wallace (eds.), Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, & Reality. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    I develop the decision-theoretic approach to quantum probability, originally proposed by David Deutsch, into a mathematically rigorous proof of the Born rule in (Everett-interpreted) quantum mechanics. I sketch the argument informally, then prove it formally, and lastly consider a number of proposed ``counter-examples'' to show exactly which premises of the argument they violate. (This is a preliminary version of a chapter to appear --- under the title ``How to prove the Born Rule'' --- in Saunders, Barrett, Kent and Wallace, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  25.  24
    Disability discrimination and misdirected criticism of the quality-adjusted life year framework.David G. T. Whitehurst & Lidia Engel - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):793-795.
    Whose values should count – those of patients or the general public – when adopting the quality-adjusted life year framework for healthcare decision making is a long-standing debate. Specific disciplines, such as economics, are not wedded to a particular side of the debate, and arguments for and against the use of patient values have been discussed at length in the literature. In 2012, Sinclair proposed an approach, grounded within patient preference theory, which sought to avoid a perceived unfair discrimination against (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  39
    The sacred balance: rediscovering our place in nature.David Suzuki (ed.) - 1998 - Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
    This special 10th anniversary edition of the David Suzuki classic, re-examines our place in the natural world in light of sweeping environmental changes and recent advances in scientific knowledge.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  27.  55
    What Nozick did for decision theory.David Schmidtz & Sarah Wright - 2008 - In Person, polis, planet: essays in applied philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 282-294.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28.  28
    Recurrence Theorems: a Unified Account.David Wallace - unknown
    I discuss classical and quantum recurrence theorems in a unified manner, treating both as generalisations of the fact that a system with a finite state space only has so many places to go. Along the way I prove versions of the recurrence theorem applicable to dynamics on linear and metric spaces, and make some comments about applications of the classical recurrence theorem in the foundations of statistical mechanics.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  29.  28
    Myth and Metaphysics in Plato's Phaedo.David A. WHITE - 1994 - Noûs 28 (1):101.
  30.  21
    Traits and motives: Toward an integration of two traditions in personality research.David G. Winter, Oliver P. John, Abigail J. Stewart, Eva C. Klohnen & Lauren E. Duncan - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (2):230-250.
  31.  25
    Response latency as a function of the amount of reinforcement.David Zeaman - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (4):466.
  32.  22
    Beyond evaluative conditioning? Searching for associative transfer of nonevaluative stimulus properties.Jan De Houwer, Frank Baeyens, Tom Randell, Paul Eelen & Tom Meersmans - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):283-306.
    Evaluative conditioning refers to the changes in liking of an evaluatively neutral stimulus (the conditional stimulus or CS) as a result of merely pairing it with another, already liked or disliked stimulus (the unconditional stimulus or US). We examined whether other, non‐evaluative stimulus properties of a US can also be associatively transferred to a CS. In a series of experiments, we tried to transfer perceptions of the gender of children and the gender of first names. We found evidence for the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33. Lies, damned lies, and statistics.David Tribe - 2013 - The Australian Humanist 110 (110):10.
    Tribe, David All serious journalists and debaters garnish their opinion pieces with facts and figures seen as 'corroborative detail, intended to give artistic verisimilitude to an otherwise bald and unconvincing narrative' . This apology for a lurid pack of lies in The Mikado has long been compared with statistics. Of course it's unjust. Nevertheless, investigation shows that statistics, widely used to interpret the past and present and forecast the future, to determine or justify public policy, are often unsatisfactory through (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  22
    The Presidential Address: Nature, Respect for Nature, and the Human Scale of Values.David Wiggins - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100:1-32.
    I. The development of the earth has not progressed in the way that Leibniz so hopefully envisaged three hundred years ago. Late twentieth century disillusion demonstrated by citation. II-IV. In making sense of that disillusion it is a good beginning to abstain from speculative extravagance and simply to bring the human scale of values to bear; then to inquire how far the destruction of that which we prize has been gratuitous or economically subsidized. The human scale of values is not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  35.  26
    Measuring executive function in control subjects and TBI patients with question completion time.David L. Woods, E. William Yund, John M. Wyma, Ron Ruff & Timothy J. Herron - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  36.  9
    Human Life in the Balance.David C. Thomasma & John B. Cobb - 1990 - Westminster John Knox Press.
  37.  29
    Breaking the Rules: Examining the Facilitation Effects of Moral Intensity Characteristics on the Recognition of Rule Violations.David M. Wasieleski & Sefa Hayibor - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):275-289.
    This research project seeks to discover whether certain characteristics of a moral issue facilitate individuals’ abilities to detect violators of a conditional rule. In business, conditional rules are often framed in terms of a social contract between employer and employee. Of significant concern to business ethicists is the fact that these social contracts are frequently breached. Some researchers in the field of evolutionary psychology argue that there is a biological basis to social contract formation and dissolution in business. However, although (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  38.  12
    An Intelligent Parents Guide to Prenatal Testing: Having a Well-Born Child Without Genomic Selection.David Wasserman - 2021 - In Megan A. Allyse & Marsha Michie (eds.), Born Well: Prenatal Genetics and the Future of Having Children. Springer Verlag. pp. 125-136.
    This imaginative guide to decision-making about prenatal genomics is situated in a not-too-distant future in which parents can easily choose among embryos from gametes that have been produced in a laboratory using their own skin cells. Readers are invited into a future vision of conscientious parenting that involves testing to protect, rather than to select, a future child.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  84
    The creation myth and its symbolism in classical taoism.David C. Yu - 1981 - Philosophy East and West 31 (4):479-500.
  40.  13
    Is There Value in Identifying Individual Genetic Predispositions to Violence?David Wasserman - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):24-33.
    In this article I want to ask what we should do, either collectively or individually, if we could identify by genetic and family profding the 12% of the male population likely to commit almost half the violent crime in our society. What if we could identify some individuals in that 12% not only at birth, but in utero, or before implantation? I will explain the source of these figures later; for now, I will use them only to provide a concrete (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  41.  13
    Freedom from Necessity: The Metaphysical Basis of Responsibility.David Widerker - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (2):98.
  42.  30
    Body-scaled affordances in sensory substitution.David Travieso, Luis Gómez-Jordana, Alex Díaz, Lorena Lobo & David M. Jacobs - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:130-138.
  43. Plurality and Ambiguity.David Tracy & Donald G. Dawe - 1987
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  44. What Descartes really told Elisabeth: Mind‐body union as a primitive notion.David Yandell - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (2):249 – 273.
    (1997). What Descartes really told Elisabeth: Mind‐body union as a primitive notion. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 249-273. doi: 10.1080/09608789708570966.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  45.  36
    Reflections on Inquiry and Truth arising from Peirce's Method for the Fixation of Belief.David Wiggins - 2004 - In Cheryl Misak (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Peirce. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 87--126.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  46.  21
    Kant's 1768 Gegenden im Raume Essay.David Walford - 2001 - Kant Studien 92 (4):407-439.
  47. Inferential versus dynamical conceptions of physics.David Wallace - 2017 - In Olimpia Lombardi, Sebastian Fortin, Federico Holik & Cristian López (eds.), What is Quantum Information? New York, NY: CUP.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48. Why Richard Brandt does not need cognitive psychotherapy, and other glad news about idealized preference theories in meta-ethics.David Zimmerman - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (3):373-394.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  49.  19
    Alternate conceptions of metaphysics.David Weissman - 2024 - Metaphilosophy 55 (1):89-97.
    Metaphysics is the inquiry having categorial form as its aim. Once all but defunct, metaphysics has now revived, though without disciplinary focus. Nine points of entry dominate current studies, each separate from and largely oblivious to the others. This essay characterizes the nine, expressing its preference for a discipline grounded in the empirical sciences while pursuing issues they ignore.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  40
    Local knowledge and comparative scientific traditions.David Turnbull - 1993 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 6 (3):29-54.
    This article argues that all knowledge is inherently local and that localness provides the basis for comparison between indigenous scientific traditions or knowledge production systems. As collective bodies of knowledge, many of the significant differences between knowledge production systems lie in the work involved in creating assemblages from differing practices. Much of the work can be seen in the social strategies and technical devices employed in creating equivalences and connections whereby otherwise heterogeneous and isolated knowledges are enabled to move in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
1 — 50 / 976